Dirham coin of Abd al-Rahman I
The Age of the Caliphs
Silver dirham of Abd al-Rahman III
Emirate of Córdoba in 929 (green)
Statue of Abd al-Rahman I in Almuñécar, Spain
The province of al-Andalus in 750
The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba.
Excavated Late Roman mosaics visible under the floor of the Mosque-Cathedral today
The columns and double-tiered arches in the oldest section of the Great Mosque of Cordoba in Spain, founded in 785
The domains of the Fihrids between 750-755
Interior of the Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba formerly the Great Mosque of Córdoba. The original mosque (742), since much enlarged, was built on the site of the Visigothic Christian 'Saint Vincent Basilica' (600).
Dirham of Abd al-Rahman III, minted in Medina Azahara in 959/960 AD
The columns and double-tiered arches in the original section of the mosque building
An illustration of The Song of Roland from the Grandes Chroniques de France, A romanticization of Battle of Roncevaux Pass.
Statue of Abd al Rahman in Almuñécar
Bab al-Wuzara ("Viziers' Gate", today the Puerta de San Esteban), one of the oldest surviving gates of the mosque; its decoration dates from 855
The famous horseshoe arches of the grand Mosque of Cordoba, built by Abd al Rahman I.
Mosaic covered mihrab inside the Cordoba mosque
Floor plan of the expanded mosque, with each major historical phase of expansion labelled for the ruler who commissioned it and the documented starting date (which sometimes varies depending on the sources)
The Caliphate of Cordoba in 910
In addition to a minaret, Abd ar-Rahman III expanded the courtyard and probably added a gallery around the edges (though the current gallery was rebuilt by architect Hernán Ruiz I in the early 16th century )
The taifas (green) in 1031 AD
The mosaic-decorated mihrab (center) and the interlacing arches of the maqsura (left and right) in the extension added by al-Hakam II after 961
Map showing the extent of the Almoravid empire
Prayer hall in al-Mansur's extension (after 987). The design of the arches has remained constant but the details of the new capitals have been much simplified.
Expansion of the Almohad state in the 12th century
Floor plan of the cathedral-mosque today, following multiple additions in the Christian era of the building. Most notably, the current Capilla Mayor (center) was added in the 16th century.
The Giralda of Seville originally built by the Almohads is a prime example of Andalusi architecture.
The Mudéjar-style Capilla Real (Royal Chapel), finished in 1371 and once containing the tombs of Ferdinand IV and Alfonso XI
A silk textile fragment from the last Muslim dynasty of Al-Andalus, the Nasrid Dynasty (1232–1492), with the epigraphic inscription "glory to our lord the Sultan".
The Gothic nave of the Villaviciosa Chapel, dating from the late 15th century and the former main chapel of the cathedral
Manuel Gómez-Moreno González's 19th-century depiction of Muhammad XII's family in the Alhambra moments after the fall of Granada.
The ceilings of the Renaissance nave and transept, completed by Juan de Ochoa in 1607
The Court of the Lions as shown from the Alhambra, the palace of Nasrid Granada
Bell tower as seen from Court of Oranges; the tower encases the remains of the mosque's former minaret
Male clothing of al-Andalus in the 15th century, during the Emirate of Granada
Córdoba Mosque–Cathedral across the Guadalquivir, as it appears today
A Christian and a Muslim playing chess in 13th-century al-Andalus
Hypostyle prayer hall
Image of a Jewish cantor reading the Passover story in al-Andalus, from a 14th-century Spanish Haggadah
View of the maqsura arches and the mihrab behind it, with the lateral doors on the right and left
Linguistic map of southwestern Europe
The Courtyard of the Orange Trees today
A section of the hypostyle hall in the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba, begun in 785
The bell tower today, dating from the late 16th and 17th centuries
The Pyxis of al-Mughira, a carved ivory casket made at Madinat al-Zahra, dated to 968
One of the coat-of-arms on the Puerta de Santa Catalina (gate on the east side of the courtyard today) which depicts the minaret tower (serving as a bell tower) before its reconstruction in 1593
The Alhambra, begun by the first Nasrid emir Ibn al-Ahmar in the 13th century
Model of the reconstructed minaret of Abd ar-Rahman III at the Archeological Museum of Cordoba
The cultivation of sugarcane had reached the south of the Iberian Peninsula by the 16th century CE due to Arab conquest and administration of the region.
Remains of the Puerta del Punto, one of the former eastern gates of the mosque from Al-Hakam II's 10th-century expansion, before Al-Mansur's subsequent eastward extension of the building
Diffusion of bananas from India to the Iberian peninsula during Islamic rule.
Puerta de las Palmas, seen from the Courtyard of the Oranges
Averroes, founder of the Averroism school of philosophy, was influential in the rise of secular thought in Western Europe. Detail from Triunfo de Santo Tomás by Andrea Bonaiuto, 14th century
This painting by Edwin Lord Weeks (circa 1880) depicts an old Moor preaching holy war against Christians at the mosque's mihrab. "Despite the painting's illusion of reality, such a jihad, or holy war, would never have been called for in a mosque." Walters Art Museum
Jewish Street Sign in Toledo, Spain
The mihrab
Carved marble decoration on the lower walls around the mihrab
The mosaics in the voussoirs of the mihrab arch
Kufic inscriptions in the mosaics of the alfiz above the mihrab
The blind arcade above the alfiz, with mosaics
Interior of the mihrab and its shell-shaped dome
The middle dome over the maqsura, in front of the mihrab
View of the intersecting arches in the maqsura area around the mihrab
Eastern door in the maqsura area (left of the mihrab), which led to the mosque's treasury
Eastern dome of the maqsura (left of the mihrab)
Western door in the maqsura area (right of the mihrab), which led to the passage connecting to the Caliph's palace
Western dome of the maqsura (right of the mihrab)
The interlacing arches at the entrance to Al-Hakam II's 10th-century extension (the Villaviciosa Chapel)
The ribbed dome at the entrance Al-Hakam II's 10th-century extension (the Villaviciosa Chapel)
Details of one of the corners of the dome
The nave of the cruciform core of the cathedral or Capilla Mayor, looking towards the altar
Details of the Gothic lines and iconographic sculpting over the altar of the Capilla Mayor
Elliptical dome over the crossing
One of the arms of the transept
Gothic decoration on the ceilings of the transept arms
Example of the arches of the former mosque incorporated into the sides of the transept
The choir section and ceiling
Details of the barrel vault ceiling over the choir
The main altar
The tabernacle (center) and the lower region of the altar
The upper region of the altar, with the central canvas of the Assumption
Overall view of the choir
View of the seats on the upper and lower rows
The upper part of the episcopal throne of the choir, featuring a life-size representation of the Ascension
Capilla de Villaviciosa
Capilla Sagrario
Capilla Real
Capilla Teresa
Capilla San Clemente
Capilla de la Concepción
Postigo de la Leche
Puerta de los Deanes
Puerta de San Esteban
Puerta de San Miguel
Puerta del Espíritu Santo
Postigo del Palacio
Puerta de San Ildefonso
Puerta del Sabat
Puerta de la Grada Redonda
Puerta de Santa Catalina
Puerta de San Juan
Puerta del Baptisterio
Puerta de San Nicolás
Puerta de la Concepción Antigua
Puerta de San José
Puerta del Sagrario
Puerta de Jerusalén
Puerta del Perdón
Puerta del Caño Gordo
Doors on the eastern façade of the Mosque-Cathedral in 1895, prior to 20th-century restorations

ʿAbd al-Rahmān ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn al-Ḥakam al-Rabdī ibn Hishām ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Dākhil (عبدالرحمن بن محمد بن عبداللہ بن محمد بن عبدالرحمن بن الحكم بن هشام بن عبد الرحمن الداخل) or ʿAbd al-Rahmān III (890 - 961), was the Umayyad Emir of Córdoba from 912 to 929, at which point he founded the Caliphate of Córdoba, serving as its first caliph until his death.

- Abd al-Rahman III

The territories of the Emirate, located in what the Arabs called Al-Andalus, had formed part of the Umayyad Caliphate since the early eighth century.

- Emirate of Córdoba

The Great Mosque was constructed on the orders of Abd ar-Rahman I in 785 CE, when Córdoba was the capital of the Muslim-controlled region of Al-Andalus.

- Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba

As a political domain, it successively constituted a province of the Umayyad Caliphate, initiated by the Caliph al-Walid I (711–750); the Emirate of Córdoba (c.

- Al-Andalus

Their next step would be to cross the sea to al-Andalus, where Abd al-Rahman could not have been sure whether or not he would be welcomed.

- Abd al-Rahman I
The Xpdf viewer
Example showing comparison of vector graphics and raster graphics upon magnification
The Xpdf viewer
A free software Asteroids-like video game played on a vector monitor
This vector-based (SVG format) image of a round four-color swirl displays several unique features of vector graphics versus raster graphics: there is no aliasing along the rounded edge (which would result in digital artifacts in a raster graphic), the color gradients are all smooth, and the user can resize the image infinitely without losing any quality.
Original reference photo before vectorization
Detail can be added to or removed from vector art.
Example showing comparison of vector graphics and raster graphics upon magnification

Xpdf is a free and open-source PDF viewer for operating systems supported by the Qt toolkit.

- Xpdf

pdfimages is an open-source command-line utility for lossless extraction of images from PDF files, including JPEG2000 and JBIG2 format when used with option -all.

- Pdfimages

Based on the PostScript language, each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout flat document, including the text, fonts, vector graphics, raster images and other information needed to display it.


An image file format may store data in an uncompressed format, a compressed format (which may be lossless or lossy), or a vector format.

- Image file format

Vector graphics are commonly found today in the SVG, WMF, EPS, PDF, CDR or AI types of graphic file formats, and are intrinsically different from the more common raster graphics file formats such as JPEG, PNG, APNG, GIF, WebP, BMP and MPEG4.

- Vector graphics
The Xpdf viewer
Chris Hani
The South African Native National Congress delegation to England, June 1914. Left to right: Thomas Mtobi Mapikela, Rev Walter Rubusana, Rev John Dube, Saul Msane, and Sol Plaatje
South African President F. W. de Klerk in May 1990.
Plaque in Camden Town
The ANC flag with three equal horizontal bands
Nelson Mandela (right) gives one of his first press interviews after his release from prison in February 1990.
The grave of Joe Slovo in Avalon Cemetery, Soweto
Old logo of the ANC from 1990
De Klerk and Mandela at the World Economic Forum in January 1992, shortly after CODESA I.
Oliver Tambo, ANC president in exile from 1967 to 1991.
Mandela casting his vote on 27 April 1994.
Cyril Ramaphosa was elected ANC president at the 2017 conference.
As ANC president (1991–97), Nelson Mandela saw the ANC expand and informally absorb other anti-apartheid groups.
Proportion of votes cast for the ANC in the 2014 election, by ward.

Chris Hani (28 June 1942 – 10 April 1993), born Martin Thembisile Hani was the leader of the South African Communist Party and chief of staff of uMkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC).

- Chris Hani

The negotiations culminated in the passage of a new interim Constitution in 1993, a precursor to the Constitution of 1996; and in South Africa's first non-racial elections in 1994, won by the African National Congress (ANC) liberation movement.

- Negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa

A Marxist-Leninist, he was a long-time leader and theorist in the South African Communist Party (SACP), a leading member of the African National Congress (ANC), and a commander of the ANC's military wing Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK).

- Joe Slovo

It is a member of the ruling Tripartite Alliance alongside the African National Congress and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and through this it influences the South African government.

- South African Communist Party

Headquartered in Lusaka, Zambia, the exiled ANC dedicated much of its attention to a campaign of sabotage and guerrilla warfare against the apartheid state, carried out under its military wing, uMkhonto we Sizwe, which was founded in 1961 in partnership with the South African Communist Party (SACP).

- African National Congress
Haykaberd or Çavuştepe
Elazığ districts
Hoşap Castle
Elâzığ Train Station
Muradiye Fall
Culture Park
The Armenian Cathedral of the Holy Cross (10th century) on Akdamar Island
City view at night
The Armenian Monastery of Narek (10th century)
Doğukent Stadium
Varagavank Armenian monastery (11th century)
Stone Bridge, Palu
The Armenian  Monastery of Saint Bartholomew (13th century)
Ruined Ottoman mosque in the old ruined part of Van city (16th century)
Tomb of Halime Hatun in Gevaş (14th century)
Ruined Ottoman minaret in the old part of Van city

Its adjacent provinces are Bitlis to the west, Siirt to the southwest, Şırnak and Hakkâri to the south, and Ağrı to the north.

- Van Province

On January 1, 1928, the First Inspectorate-General (Birinci Umumi Müfettişlik) including the provinces of Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Urfa, Bitlis, Van, Hakkâri, Siirt and Mardin was established with the center in Diyarbakır.

- Inspectorates-General (Turkey)

In order to Turkify the local population, in June 1927 the Law 1164 was passed which allowed the creation of Inspectorates-General (Turkish: Umumi Müffetişlik, UM).

- Diyarbakır Province

The province was included in the first Inspectorate General (Umumi Müfettişlik, UM) over which the Inspector General ruled.

- Elazığ Province

The Bitlis province was included in the first Inspectorate General (Umumi Müfettişlik, UM) over which the Inspector General ruled.

- Bitlis Province
Douglas DC-3 Seulawah, the first Garuda Indonesia aircraft on display in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta. It is a contribution from the Acehnese people.
Japan Airlines flight attendants in front of Martin 2-0-2 Mokusei (もく星) on the occasion of the airline's inaugural flight, 25 October 1951
A Korean National Airlines Douglas DC-4 at Oakland in 1953
An early Bellanca aircraft of Aeroméxico, México City – Acapulco ca. 1935.
Historic Air France Logo.
A Garuda Indonesia Douglas DC-8 at Kai Tak Airport in 1967
A Japan Airlines Douglas DC-6A (named City of Nara) at San Francisco International Airport in March 1954
KAL introduction of the Boeing 747 for its international Pacific routes in 1973
Aeronaves de Mexico Bristol Britannia at New York JFK in 1958.
The inauguration of the Aérogare des Invalides on 21 August 1951
JAL's first jet, the Douglas DC-8, named Yoshino, in 1960
Korean Air Lines Boeing 747SP at EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg in 1985
An Aeronaves de Mexico Douglas DC-8 at Toronto International Airport in 1971.
1936 Air France ad for service using Potez 62 twin-engine aircraft
A boarding ticket issued by Garuda Indonesia
A Tupolev Tu-114 in Aeroflot/JAL livery, used between Japan and Europe via Moscow
Korean Air takes delivery of its first Airbus A380 at Toulouse–Blagnac Airport, France, May 25, 2011.
An Aeroméxico Douglas DC-9-32 at Miami International Airport in 1975.
An Air France Douglas DC-3 at Manchester Airport in 1952
A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 of Garuda at Sepinggan International Airport in 2001
Former Japanese Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita deplanes from a JAL McDonnell Douglas DC-10 while on a state visit to the United States in 1989
One of the airline's offices, the KAL Building in Seoul
An Aeroméxico Boeing 767-300 at Los Cabos International Airport.
A Lockheed Super Constellation of Air France at Heathrow Airport in April 1955
Comparison between Garuda's current and previous livery. Aircraft on right is in the current livery; the other two are in the airline's previous livery. (2010)
JAL McDonnell Douglas DC-10 in 1989 to 2002 livery
Korean Air Airbus A380-800 Business Class cabin
A Boeing 737-700 in the airline's old livery.
Passengers disembarking an Air France Sud-Est SE-161
A Japan Air System (JAS) Airbus A300-600R with JAL logo on the fuselage
Korean Air Airbus A380-800 Economy Class cabin
An Aeroméxico Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner painted in special Quetzalcoatl livery.
Air France Caravelle in 1977
Garuda's Boeing 737-800s on stand at Terminal 3 of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, which is the airline's main hub
JAL Boeing 737-800 short-haul airliner
An Aeroméxico Boeing 737-800.
An Air France Concorde at Charles de Gaulle Airport in 2003
Garuda Indonesia Bombardier CRJ1000 at Komodo Airport
Japan Airlines McDonnell Douglas MD-11
One of Aeroméxico's Boeing 787-8 Dreamliners.
Air France operated 33 Boeing 747s by 1983. Here, a 747–100 is seen at Paris (CDG) in 1978
A Bombardier CRJ1000 of Garuda Indonesia Explore-jet landing at Christmas Island Airport on its weekly service from Jakarta (February 2017)
JAL Boeing 777-300 (JA8941) with special Oneworld livery
A Dassault Mercure of Air Inter, which became part of Air France in 1990.
A Garuda Indonesia Boeing 777-300ER (PK-GII) taxiing at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. The aircraft are wearing the SkyTeam livery to represent Garuda's membership within SkyTeam Airline Alliance.
JAL was one of the largest Boeing 747-400 operators (the other being British Airways and Singapore Airlines). The last 747 was retired in early 2011 as part of its restructuring program, ending 41 years of 747 service.
The merger of Air France and KLM occurred in 2004
Garuda Indonesia Boeing 777-300ER Business Class
Subsidiaries and Affiliates of Japan Airlines.
An Air France 777-200ER taking off from Vancouver International Airport
Garuda Indonesia A330-200 older Economy Class
Japan Airlines headquarters in Shinagawa, Tokyo
Air France's former head office, Square Max Hymans
Former Garuda Indonesia ticket sales counter at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
A Japan Airlines McDonnell-Douglas MD-81 in the former "Arc of the Sun" livery and with a Unicef logo
Aérogare des Invalides, 7th arrondissement, Paris
GarudaMiles logo.
JAL Boeing 787-8 in the current "tsurumaru" livery at Domodedovo International Airport in Moscow
An Air France regional jet operated by Brit Air, now Air France Hop
Business Lounge at Terminal 3 of Soekarno-Hatta Airport
JAL Eco Jet
An Air France Cargo Asie Boeing 747-200F
Garuda Indonesia Business Lounge at Hang Nadim Airport
Japan Airlines hubs map
An Air France Boeing 777-300ER specially painted in SkyTeam livery to commemorate the airline's membership
Garuda Indonesia Airbus A330-300 in Liverpool FC onboard marking at Liverpool John Lennon Airport
A Boeing 727-100 at Tokyo's Haneda Airport in 1964
Air France A350-900
Garuda Indonesia flight attendants wearing mask during COVID-19 pandemic
JAL Boeing 747-100BSR/SUD with stretched upper deck in 1987
The aerial view of an Air France Concorde (registration: F-BVFA) at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia
JAL Cargo Boeing 747-400BCF just after takeoff from London Heathrow Airport in 2007
A retired Air France Boeing 747-400
A Convair 880 at Los Angeles International Airport in 1964
La Première seats on one of Air France's Boeing 777s
A Douglas DC-8-53 at New York in 1970
Premium Economy seats on a refurbished Air France Boeing 777-200ER
JAL Suite First Class
The Economy cabin on a former Air France Airbus A380-800
JAL Executive Class Seasons Shell Flat seat
A gourmet appetizer and seasonal salad served in Air France's Business cabin
JAL Economy cabin with MAGIC systems
Air France's Le Salon La Première
In-flight nose camera view
Air France Sud Aviation Caravelle in the oldest Livery
JAL Executive Class Seasons in-flight meal
Air France Airbus A310 in the 1976 Livery
Sakura Lounge in Narita International Airport Terminal 2
Air France Boeing 777 in the 2009 Livery
Air France Boeing 787 in the 2017 revised livery
Air France Airbus A350 in the 2019 revised livery

Aeroméxico is one of the four founding members of the SkyTeam airline alliance, along with Air France, Delta Air Lines and Korean Air.

- Aeroméxico

On 23 June 2000, along with Aeroméxico, Air France and Delta Air Lines, Korean Air founded world's major airline alliance, SkyTeam and SkyTeam Cargo, founded on 28 September 2000.

- Korean Air

JAL also had talks with Skyteam members Air France-KLM and Korean Air regarding their potential involvement.

- Japan Airlines

Air France–KLM remained part of the SkyTeam alliance, which then included Aeroflot, Delta Air Lines, Aeroméxico, Korean Air, Czech Airlines, Alitalia, Northwest Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Air Europa, Continental Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Vietnam Airlines and Saudi Arabian Airlines.

- Air France

In December 2009, three SkyTeam members – Korean Air, KLM, and Delta Air Lines (China Airlines joined as fourth member to support Garuda after its 2011 SkyTeam inclusion) – committed to supporting Garuda Indonesia to join SkyTeam.

- Garuda Indonesia
Bust, Musée Saint-Raymond, Toulouse
Bust, National Archaeological Museum of Athens
A bust at the National Museum, Warsaw
Bust of Agrippa in the Louvre, Paris
Tiberius and his mother Livia, AD 14–19, from Paestum, National Archaeological Museum of Spain, Madrid
Sculpture of Livia in Egyptian basalt, c. 31 BC, Louvre, Paris
Bust of Agrippa, Pushkin Museum
Cover of the US release of the first I, Claudius DVD. There has since been a remastered edition with a different cover.
"Probable" portrait bust of Vipsania (recovered from Leptis Magna, near Khoms, Libya
Sardonyx cameo of Livia with the bust of the Divus Augustus (Vienna)
During the reign of Caligula, coins like the one pictured here were issued depicting his three sisters, Drusilla, Livilla, and Agrippina the Younger.
The theatre at Merida, Spain; it was promoted by Agrippa, built between 16 and 15 BC.
The campaigns of Tiberius, Ahenobarbus, and Saturninus in Germania between 6 BC and 1 BC
Livia and her son Tiberius, AD 14–19, from Paestum, National Archaeological Museum of Spain, Madrid
Messalina holding her son Britannicus (Louvre)
The Maison Carrée at Nîmes, modern France, built in 19 BC; Agrippa was its patron.
In 1 AD Augustus sent his stepson Tiberius to subdue the Germanic tribes on the Rhine frontier. In his campaigns, Tiberius eventually extended the Roman border as far as the Elbe but was forced to cancel plans to conquer the Suevic Marcomanni when revolt broke out in Illyria in 6 AD.
Livia Drusilla statue, from Paestum
Coins of Agrippina and Claudius as the de facto co-rulers of the empire
An Audience at Agrippa's, by Lawrence Alma-Tadema
Aureus of Tiberius, c. 27–30 AD. Caption: TI. CAESAR DIVI AVG. F. AVGVSTVS / MAXIM. PONTIF.
Dupondius depicting Livia as Pietas.
Marble bust of Nero. Antiquarium of the Palatine.
A bust of the adopted son of Tiberius, Germanicus, from the Louvre, Paris
Historical picture in the direction of the vineyards by the sea between Prosecco and Barcola where the Empress' favorite wine was grown
Sculpture of Agrippina crowning her young son Nero (c. AD 54 –59)
Ruins from the Villa Jovis on the island of Capri, where Tiberius spent much of his final years, leaving control of the empire in the hands of the prefect Lucius Aelius Sejanus.
Gustav Wertheimer: The Shipwreck of Agrippina (1874)
A denarius of Tiberius. Caption: TI. CAESAR DIVI AVG. F. AVGVSTVS
The Death of Tiberius by Jean Paul Laurens
Statue of Tiberius from Priverno, made shortly after 37 AD, now in the Museo Chiaramonti of the Vatican Museums
An example of Indo-Roman trade and relations during the period: silver denarius of Tiberius (14–37) found in India and Indian copy of the same, 1st-century coin of Kushan king Kujula Kadphises copying a coin of Augustus.
The tribute penny mentioned in the Bible is commonly believed to be a Roman denarius depicting the emperor Tiberius. Caption: TI. CAESAR DIVI AVG. F. AVGVSTVS / MAXIM. PONTIF.
Remnants of Tiberius' villa at Sperlonga, on the coast midway between Rome and Naples

Tiberius was born in Rome in 42 BC. His father was the politician Tiberius Claudius Nero and his mother was Livia Drusilla, who would eventually divorce his father, and marry the future-emperor Augustus in 38 BC. Following the untimely deaths of Augustus' two grandsons and adopted heirs, Gaius and Lucius Caesar, Tiberius was designated Augustus' successor.

- Tiberius

She married Tiberius Claudius Nero around 43 BC, and they had two sons, Tiberius and Drusus.

- Livia

Her father, Germanicus, was the nephew and heir apparent of the second emperor, Tiberius.

- Agrippina the Younger

The series opens with Augustus, the first Emperor of Rome, attempting to find an heir, and his wife, Livia, plotting to elevate her own son Tiberius to this position.

- I, Claudius (TV series)

Agrippa was also husband to Julia the Elder (who had later married the second Emperor Tiberius), and was the maternal grandfather of Caligula and the maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero.

- Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
Bust, Musée Saint-Raymond, Toulouse
St Bartholomew's Cathedral, Barrackpore
The Baraha-mihir or Khana-mihir mound at Berachampa. It was first excavated in 1956–57 revealing a continuous sequence of cultural remains from 11th century BC pre-Mouryan period to 12th century AD Pala period.
Barrackpore Chiria More is the junction of Barrackpore Trunk Road and Surendranath Banerjee Road
Omega and Infinity Benchmark, office buildings in Salt Lake, Kolkata
Tala Bridge, Barrackpore Trunk Road ( BT Road) is a four-laned road in Kolkata, India. It connects Shyambazar 5-point Crossing with Barrackpore Chiria More.
The Bengal Intelligent Park in Sector V.
Kolkata new proposed Metro Line 5 (Baranagar - Barrackpore)
The Cognizant Technology Solutions office in Sector V.
Kendriya Vidyalaya Barrackpore Army HQ
Narula Institute of Technology
B.N. Bose Subdivisional Hospital, B.T. Road
Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School
Disha Eye Hospitals, Ghosh Para Road
Dakshineswar Kali Temple
Durga idol at a pandel in Baranagar
Cityside view of the new Integrated Terminal of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
Kolkata Suburban EMU Train
Kolkata Metro's largest station Noapara metro station at Noapara, Baranagar

Barrackpore (also known as Barrackpur) is a city and a municipality of urban Kolkata of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

- Barrackpore

North Dum Dum (also known as Uttar Dumdum) is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

- North Dum Dum

New Barrackpore is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

- New Barrackpore

Ruiya is a census town in Barrackpore II CD Block in Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

- Ruiya

. The North 24 Parganas which was included to the Presidency Division has been formed with five sub-divisions of the Greater 24 Parganas, namely Barasat Sadar (Headquarters), Barrackpore, Basirhat, Bangaon, and Bidhannagar (a satellite township of Kolkata, popularly known as Salt Lake).

- North 24 Parganas district
St Bartholomew's Cathedral, Barrackpore
The Baraha-mihir or Khana-mihir mound at Berachampa. It was first excavated in 1956–57 revealing a continuous sequence of cultural remains from 11th century BC pre-Mouryan period to 12th century AD Pala period.
Dutch Kuthi in Baranagar
Clive House, Ramgarh, Nagerbazar
Omega and Infinity Benchmark, office buildings in Salt Lake, Kolkata
Halisahar railway station
Satellite view of city Baranagar
Shyamasundari Temple, Purba Sinthee
The Bengal Intelligent Park in Sector V.
Baranagar Road railway station
Alcove Gloria (Apartment Complex), Lake Town
The Cognizant Technology Solutions office in Sector V.
Ferry ghat at Kuthi Ghat in Baranagar
Saltee Plaza (Commercial Complex), Nagerbazar
Narula Institute of Technology
Indian Statistical Institute
Diamond Plaza Mall, Shyamnagar-Satgachhi
Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School
Pond Heron in Baranagar
Inside View of Diamond Plaza Mall, Shyamnagar-Satgachhi
Dakshineswar Kali Temple
Stork-billed Kingfisher in Baranagar
Durga idol at a pandel in Baranagar
White-throated kingfisher in Baranagar
Cityside view of the new Integrated Terminal of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
Kolkata Suburban EMU Train
Kolkata Metro's largest station Noapara metro station at Noapara, Baranagar

South Dum Dum is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

- South Dum Dum

Halisahar is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

- Halisahar

Baranagar or Baranagore is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

- Baranagar

New Barrackpore is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

- New Barrackpore

In 1817, Falta and Baranagar and in 1820, some portions of Nadia's Balanda and Anwarpur were encompassed to it.

- North 24 Parganas district
The South Africa team that played the second test against the British Isles in 1891
The England team before playing in their first international match, versus Scotland in Edinburgh, 1871
France playing Wales during the Six Nations Championship.
Lineup of the Italy national rugby union team vs France, 1975
The 1906 Springboks team
Illustration by Frank Gillett showing the England versus The Original All Blacks Test attended by a then-record crowd of at least 50,000. The New Zealanders won 15–0.
The opening ceremony of the 2007 Rugby World Cup
France in their first shirt (white) before playing Great Britain in October 1900
The current badge on the Italy jersey
The Springboks team that faced New Zealand in 1921
Celebrations at Trafalgar Square after England's 2003 World Cup victory
The Eiffel Tower in Paris decorated with a giant rugby ball for the 2007 Rugby World Cup.
Jersey of the French rugby team of 2007, with the traditional Gallic rooster symbol
Italy vs All Blacks at the Giuseppe Meazza Stadium with a record 80,000 sellout crowd, November 2009
The complete squad that toured New Zealand and Australia in 1937
The England national squad training for the 2007 Rugby World Cup at the University of Bath
Nations participating in qualifying competition and those that have qualified automatically; Asia (purple), Africa (orange), Americas (green), Europe (blue) and Oceania (yellow). In total, over 90 nations took part.
France hosting the All Blacks at the Stade de France which is in Saint-Denis, near Paris
Italy contesting a lineout with Scotland during the 2012 Six Nations
Bobby Skinstad in June 2007
Aerial view of Twickenham Stadium
The 2007 World Cup was hosted by France, with additional venues at Edinburgh and Cardiff.
Italian fans on their way to see Italy play Scotland at Murrayfield in the Six Nations Championship, 2013
Percy Montgomery running the ball for the Springboks against Samoa in 2007
Twickenham before a match in November 2012
The official Rugby World Cup shop in Paris
The Stadio Olimpico in Rome, current home of the Italian rugby team
The Springboks before their 2007 World Cup match against Samoa
Tom Palmer wearing the traditional white England shirt at the 2011 World Cup
The first springbok logo was introduced in 1906; this emblem has been regarded as representing apartheid's exclusion politics
The red rose has been the emblem of England since the first international v Scotland in 1871
Since 1992, the protea has been displayed on team jerseys (alongside the springbok) and used as the official emblem on blazers and caps
England versus New Zealand in 2006.
2002 South Africa jersey, made by Nike, with springbok emblem on the left side
Percy Montgomery holds the South African record for most test points

They compete in the annual Six Nations Championship with France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales.

- England national rugby union team

They are currently the reigning World Champions and have won the World Cup on 3 occasions, (1995, 2007, and 2019).

- South Africa national rugby union team

Since 2000, Italy has competed annually in the Six Nations Championship with England, France, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

- Italy national rugby union team

The competition opened with a match between hosts France and Argentina on 7 September at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, outside Paris.

- 2007 Rugby World Cup

France hosted the 2007 Rugby World Cup, where, as in 2003, they were beaten in the semi-finals by England, and will once again host the tournament in 2023.

- France national rugby union team
The South Africa team that played the second test against the British Isles in 1891
Nash in 2012
Hall, c. late 1990s
The nWo logo
WWE Hall of Fame logo since 2019
Nash (as Diesel) in 1994
Hall as Razor Ramon, 1995
The nWo logo
Dana Warrior presents the inaugural Warrior Award at the 2015 Hall of Fame ceremony
Diesel in 1994
Hall held the WWF Intercontinental Championship four times, a former record for the championship
Scott Hall, whose on-screen antics led the WWF to claim that WCW had infringed on their intellectual property
The induction of Bret Hart into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2006
Nash, Scott Hall and Sean Waltman called themselves "The Wolfpac" and made hand gestures the crowd is seen giving Nash here.
During his time with the nWo, Hulk Hogan became known as Hollywood Hulk Hogan, often shortened to Hollywood Hogan
Vince McMahon, the owner, chairman and CEO of the WWE since 1982
WWE Hall of Fame 2009 ceremony
Nash in the ring with Sting, who he would later join forces with after the formation of the nWo Wolfpac
Syxx was the sixth person to join the nWo
Current WWE minority owners/front office executives/wrestlers Triple H and his wife Stephanie McMahon
2013 headliner Bruno Sammartino previously refused to accept an induction
Nash in TNA in 2008
Then WCW Vice President Eric Bischoff, who in November 1996 revealed that he had secretly been a member of the nWo all along
Koko B. Ware's 2009 induction remains controversial
Nash with The Main Event Mafia
Scott Steiner joined the nWo at SuperBrawl VIII
Raw and SmackDown have been WWE's two main brands since the brand extension concept was first initiated in 2002
Nash posing after a match in April 2012
Kevin Nash and Sting, here standing opposite each other in the ring, would later join forces after the formation of the nWo Wolfpac to fight off the nWo Hollywood led by Hogan
Nash entering the ring in November 2011
Konnan was a member of the nWo Wolfpac led by Nash
Nash (left) at WrestleMania 31 in 2015, alongside Hulk Hogan (middle) and Scott Hall, as the nWo
Fans make Wolfpac hand gestures towards Nash
Nash (standing) is a two-time WWF Tag Team Champion – with both reigns being alongside Shawn Michaels (front).
Hogan making his entrance at WrestleMania X8 in March 2002, his first WrestleMania after nine years
Nash (left) is a nine-time WCW World Tag Team Champion – with two of those reigns alongside Diamond Dallas Page (right).
The nWo making their way to the ring at WrestleMania 31
Nash is a two-time WWE Hall of Fame inductee - in 2015 for his individual career and in 2020 as a member of the nWo.

Kevin Scott Nash (born July 9, 1959) is an American professional wrestler and former actor, signed to WWE under a legends contract.

- Kevin Nash

The New World Order (commonly abbreviated as nWo) is a professional wrestling stable that originally consisted of "Hollywood" Hulk Hogan, Scott Hall and Kevin Nash.

- New World Order (professional wrestling)

The WWE Hall of Fame is a hall of fame which honors professional wrestlers and professional wrestling personalities maintained by WWE.

- WWE Hall of Fame

He was best known for his tenures with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE) under the ring name Razor Ramon and with World Championship Wrestling (WCW) under his real name.

- Scott Hall

During this period, the WWF promoted wrestlers of a younger age comprising "The New Generation", featuring Shawn Michaels, Diesel, Razor Ramon, Bret Hart, and The Undertaker, in an effort to promote new talent into the spotlight.

Nash in 2012