Spanish missionaries and colonists founded settlements in El Paso, San Antonio, Tucson, Albuquerque, San Diego, Los Angeles and San Francisco, to name a few. As late as 1783, at the end of the American Revolutionary War (a conflict in which Spain aided and fought alongside the rebels), Spain held claim to roughly half the territory of today's continental United States. From 1819 to 1848, the United States (through treaties, purchase, diplomacy, and the Mexican–American War) increased its area by roughly a third at Spanish and Mexican expense, acquiring its three currently most populous states—California, Texas and Florida.
HispanicHispanic or LatinoHispanic American
About 41 percent of the Vietnamese immigrant population lives in five major metropolitan areas: in descending order, Los Angeles, San Jose, Houston, San Francisco and Dallas-Fort Worth. The Vietnamese immigration pattern has shifted to other states, including Denver, Boston, Chicago, Oklahoma (Oklahoma City and Tulsa in particular) and Oregon (Portland in particular). Vietnamese Americans are more likely to be Christians than the Vietnamese in Vietnam. Christians (mainly Roman Catholics) make up about six percent of Vietnam's population and about 23 percent of the Vietnamese American population.
--Roseville, CA MSA - 8,701 (0.4%) * 19) Bakersfield-Delano, CA MSA - 8,485 (1.0%) * 20) Richmond, VA MSA - 8,238 (0.7%) * 1) Los Angeles, California - 228,990 * 2) Houston, Texas - 75,907 * 3) New York, New York - 38,559 * 4) Washington, D.C. - 16,611 * 5) San Francisco, California - 16,165 * 6) Brentwood, New York - 15,946 * 7) Dallas, Texas - 15,696 * 8) Irving, Texas - 12,544 * 9) Boston, Massachusetts - 10,850 * 10) Hempstead, New York - 10,707 * 11) Charlotte, North Carolina - 9,516 * 12) Palmdale, California - 9,488 * 13) Wheaton, Maryland - 8,912 * 14) Las Vegas, Nevada - 8,392 * 15) Elizabeth, New Jersey - 7,364 * 16) Chillum, Maryland - 7,315 * 17) Oakland, California
Mexican Warwar with MexicoMexican-American War
Stockton's army entered Los Angeles unopposed on August 13, whereupon he sent a report to the Secretary of State that "California is entirely free from Mexican dominion." Stockton, however, left a tyrannical officer in charge of Los Angeles with a small force. The Californios under the leadership of José María Flores, acting on their own and without federal help from Mexico, in the Siege of Los Angeles, forced the American garrison to retreat on September 29. They also forced small U.S. garrisons in San Diego and Santa Barbara to flee. Captain William Mervine landed 350 sailors and Marines at San Pedro on October 7.
warm-summer Mediterranean climateMediterraneanCsb
For instance, in the case of winters, Valencia and Los Angeles experience mild temperatures in the winter, with frost and snowfall almost unknown, whereas Tashkent has colder winters with annual frosts and snowfall. Or to consider summer, Athens experiences rather high temperatures in that season (48 C has been measured in nearby Eleusis). In contrast, San Francisco has cool summers with daily highs around 21 C due to the continuous upwelling of cold subsurface waters along the coast.
List of US cities by populationmost populous citylargest city
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States. As defined by the United States Census Bureau, an "incorporated place" includes a variety of designations, including city, town, village, borough, and municipality. A few exceptional Census Designated Places (CDPs) are also included in the Census Bureau's listing of incorporated places. Consolidated city-counties represent a distinct type of government that includes the entire population of a county, or county equivalent. Some consolidated city-counties, however, include multiple incorporated places.
According to the 2012 Census estimates, the three metropolitan areas with the largest Chinese American populations were the Greater New York Combined Statistical Area at 735,019 people, the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area at 629,243 people, and the Greater Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area at about 566,968 people. New York City is home to the highest Chinese American population of any city proper (522,619), while the Los Angeles County city of Monterey Park has the highest percentage of Chinese Americans of any municipality, at 43.7% of its population, or 24,758 people.
OaklandOakland, CACity of Oakland
Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States. A major West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, the third largest city overall in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth most populated city in California, and the 45th largest city in the United States. With a population of 412,040, it serves as a trade center for the San Francisco Bay Area; its Port of Oakland is the busiest port in the San Francisco Bay, the entirety of Northern California, and the fifth busiest in the United States of America.
charter citychartered citycharter cities
For example, in California, cities which have not adopted a charter are organized by state law. Such a city is called a General Law City, which will be managed by a 5-member city council. A city organized under a charter may choose different systems, including the "strong mayor" or "city manager" forms of government. As of 22 February 2013, 121 of California's 478 cities are charter cities. A few examples include Norco, Oakland, Newport Beach, Palo Alto, Huntington Beach, Alameda, San Francisco, Irvine, Los Angeles, San Jose, Merced and the capital, Sacramento.
Columban's Church in Los Angeles. In 1997, the Filipino oratory was dedicated at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, owing to increased diversity within the congregations of American Catholic parishes. The first-ever American Church for Filipinos, San Lorenzo Ruiz Church in New York City, is named after the first saint from the Philippines, San Lorenzo Ruiz. This was officially designated as a church for Filipinos in July 2005, the first in the United States, and the second in the world, after a church in Rome.
State AssemblyAssemblyState Assemblyman
State Legislature, 1997–98 session * California State Legislature, 1999–2000 session * California State Legislature, 2001–02 session * California State Legislature, 2003–04 session * California State Legislature, 2005–06 session * California State Legislature, 2007–08 session * California State Legislature, 2009–10 session * California State Legislature, 2011–12 session * California State Legislature, 2013–14 session * California State Legislature, 2015–16 session * California State Legislature, 2017–18 session * Bill (proposed law) * California State Assembly districts * California State Assembly election, 2012 * California State Assembly election, 2014 * California State Assembly
* The California Frontier Project: Dedicated the early California, including the Spanish missions * California Mission Studies Association * California's Spanish Missions * Library of Congress: American Memory Project: Early California History, The Missions * Tricia Anne Weber: The Spanish Missions of California * Album of Views of the Missions of California, Souvenir Publishing Company, San Francisco, Los Angeles, 1890's. * The Missions of California, by Eugene Leslie Smyth, Chicago: Alexander Belford & Co., 1899.
While there are not many Gold Rush era ghost towns still in existence, the remains of the once-bustling town of Shasta have been preserved in a California State Historic Park in Northern California. Gold was also discovered in Southern California but on a much smaller scale. The first discovery of gold, at Rancho San Francisco in the mountains north of present-day Los Angeles, had been in 1842, six years before Marshall's discovery, while California was still part of Mexico. However, these first deposits, and later discoveries in Southern California mountains, attracted little notice and were of limited consequence economically.
San JoseSan Jose, CASan José
U.S. 101 runs south to the California Central Coast and Los Angeles, and then runs north up near the eastern shore of the San Francisco Peninsula to San Francisco. I-280 also heads to San Francisco, but goes along just to the west of the cities of San Francisco Peninsula. I-880 heads north to Oakland, running parallel to the southeastern shore of San Francisco Bay. I-680 parallels I-880 to Fremont, but then cuts northeast to the eastern cities of the San Francisco Bay Area. Several state highways also serve San Jose: SR 17, SR 85, SR 87 and SR 237.
Los Angeles CountyLos AngelesCounty of Los Angeles
* List of museums in Los Angeles * List of museums in Los Angeles County, California * List of school districts in Los Angeles County, California * List of schools in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles * National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles County, California
Southern PacificSouthern Pacific RailroadSP
* Los Angeles River Railroads * Abandoned Rails.com: History of the Santa Ana and Newport Railroad.
Since 1965, foreign immigration has spurred increases in the number of majority–minority areas, most notably in California. Its legal resident population was 89.5% 'non-Hispanic white' in the 1940s, but in 2016 was estimated at 37.7% 'non-Hispanic white'. Many cities in the United States became majority–minority by 2010. Out of the cities that had a peak population of 500,000 or more before 1990, the cities now classified as majority–minority include Phoenix, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Washington D.C., Chicago, Birmingham, Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Detroit, Orlando, Miami, St.
northern CaliforniaNorthernnorthern portion
Jose and Antioch * Caltrain – commuter rail between San Francisco to Gilroy (south of San Jose) * Muni Metro (San Francisco) * VTA Light Rail (San Jose) * Altamont Commuter Express (ACE) – commuter train connecting Stockton and the Central Valley with San Jose and the Bay Area * Sacramento Regional Transit District light rail * Amtrak: * California Zephyr – connects Chicago to the Bay Area * Capitol Corridor – San Jose to Auburn (eastern suburb of Sacramento) * Coast Starlight – coastal train between Los Angeles and Seattle with northern California stops in San Jose, Oakland, and Sacramento * San Joaquin – Central Valley train linking Bakersfield in Southern California to Sacramento
Long BeachLong Beach, CAStreets of Long Beach
Long Beach is a city on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Greater Los Angeles area of Southern California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257. It is the 39th most populous city in the United States and the 7th most populous in California. Long Beach is the second-largest city in the Los Angeles metropolitan area and the third largest in Southern California behind Los Angeles and San Diego. Long Beach is a charter city. The Port of Long Beach is the second busiest container port in the United States and is among the world's largest shipping ports.
Los Angeles, California has the largest Thai population outside of Asia. It is home to the world's first Thai Town. In 2002, it was estimated that over 80,000 Thais and Thai Americans live in Los Angeles. Other large Thai communities are in Clark County, Nevada; Cook County, Illinois; Tarrant County, Texas; Orange County, California; San Bernardino County, California; San Diego County, California; San Francisco, California; Fresno, California; Sacramento, California; King County, Washington; Fairfax County, Virginia; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Queens, New York; Seattle, Washington and Montgomery County, Maryland.
Bay AreaSan Francisco Bay AreaSan Francisco
* List of metropolitan areas of the United States * Coastal California * List of companies based in the San Francisco Bay Area * Lists of San Francisco Bay Area topics * Timeline of the San Francisco Bay Area * Discover the Bay Area website run by Discover California * Bay Area Tourism Guide by the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce * List of metropolitan areas of the United States * Coastal California * List of companies based in the San Francisco Bay Area * Lists of San Francisco Bay Area topics * Timeline of the San Francisco Bay Area * Discover the Bay Area website run by Discover California * Bay Area Tourism Guide by the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce
immigrationimmigrantsimmigration to the United States
More than 80 cities in the United States, including Washington D.C., New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco, San Diego, San Jose, Salt Lake City, Phoenix, Dallas, Fort Worth, Houston, Detroit, Jersey City, Minneapolis, Denver, Baltimore, Seattle, Portland, Oregon and Portland, Maine, have sanctuary policies, which vary locally. ;Inflow of New Legal Permanent Residents by region, in 2014, 2015 and 2016 Source: US Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics Top 10 sending countries in 2015 and 2016 The United States admitted more legal immigrants from 1991 to 2000, between ten and eleven million, than in any previous decade.
West CoastPacific CoastWest
Major cities and metropolitan areas on the West Coast include (from north to south): * Spokane metropolitan area * Spokane * Spokane Valley * Seattle metropolitan area * Seattle * Bellevue * Tacoma * Portland metropolitan area * Portland * Gresham * Vancouver * Eugene * Sacramento metropolitan area * Sacramento * San Francisco Bay Area * San Francisco * Oakland * San Jose * Stockton * Modesto * Fresno * Bakersfield * Inland Empire * San Bernardino * Riverside * Los Angeles metropolitan area * Los Angeles * Long Beach * Anaheim * San Diego However, of these aforementioned cities and metropolitan areas, only Los Angeles, Long Beach, San Francisco, and San Diego are
Combined Statistical AreaSan Jose-San Francisco-OaklandSan Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara
The San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area is a 12-county Combined Statistical Area (CSA) designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget in Northern California that includes the San Francisco Bay Area. The CSA is more extensive than the popular local definition of the Bay Area, which consists of only the nine counties bordering San Francisco and San Pablo Bays: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma. This group of counties also elects boards for regional planning and air quality control regulation.
However, they do have "trifectas" (the executive branch and both chambers of the legislative branch) in eight states and the mayoralty of numerous major American cities, such as Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Louisville, New York City, San Francisco, Seattle, and Washington, D.C. In the Supreme Court, four of the nine seats are filled by justices appointed by Democratic presidents. Democratic Party officials often trace its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. That party also inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans.