San Francisco Bay Area

Bay AreaSan Francisco Bay AreaSan Francisco
* List of metropolitan areas of the United States * Coastal California * List of companies based in the San Francisco Bay Area * Lists of San Francisco Bay Area topics * Timeline of the San Francisco Bay Area * Discover the Bay Area website run by Discover California * Bay Area Tourism Guide by the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce * List of metropolitan areas of the United States * Coastal California * List of companies based in the San Francisco Bay Area * Lists of San Francisco Bay Area topics * Timeline of the San Francisco Bay Area * Discover the Bay Area website run by Discover California * Bay Area Tourism Guide by the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce

Northern California

northern CaliforniaNorthernnorthern portion
Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. Spanning the state's northernmost 48 counties its main population centers include the San Francisco Bay Area (anchored by the cities of San Jose, San Francisco, and Oakland), the Greater Sacramento area (anchored by the state capital Sacramento), and the Metropolitan Fresno area (anchored by the city of Fresno).

California Gold Rush

Gold RushForty-Niners49er
An alternative was to sail to the Atlantic side of the Isthmus of Panama, take canoes and mules for a week through the jungle, and then on the Pacific side, wait for a ship sailing for San Francisco. There was also a route across Mexico starting at Veracruz. Many gold-seekers took the overland route across the continental United States, particularly along the California Trail. Each of these routes had its own deadly hazards, from shipwreck to typhoid fever and cholera. Supply ships arrived in San Francisco with goods to supply the needs of the growing population.

Spanish missions in California

missionsmissionSpanish missions
* The California Frontier Project: Dedicated the early California, including the Spanish missions * California Mission Studies Association * California's Spanish Missions * Library of Congress: American Memory Project: Early California History, The Missions * Tricia Anne Weber: The Spanish Missions of California * Album of Views of the Missions of California, Souvenir Publishing Company, San Francisco, Los Angeles, 1890's. * The Missions of California, by Eugene Leslie Smyth, Chicago: Alexander Belford & Co., 1899.

Golden Gate Bridge

Golden GateGolden Gate BridgeDoyle Drive Replacement Project
The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the 1 mi strait connecting San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. The structure links the American city of San Francisco, California – the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula – to Marin County, carrying both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1 across the strait. The bridge is one of the most internationally recognized symbols of San Francisco, California, and the United States. It has been declared one of the Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge

Bay BridgeBaySan Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge
The San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge, known locally as the Bay Bridge, is a complex of bridges spanning San Francisco Bay in California. As part of Interstate 80 and the direct road between San Francisco and Oakland, it carries about 260,000 vehicles a day on its two decks. It has one of the longest spans in the United States. The toll bridge was conceived as early as the gold rush days, but construction did not begin until 1933. Designed by Charles H. Purcell, and built by American Bridge Company, it opened on November 12, 1936, six months before the Golden Gate Bridge.

Silicon Valley

Silicon ValleySilicon Valley, CaliforniaSan Jose
Silicon Valley (abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California, referring to the Santa Clara Valley, which serves as the global center for high technology, innovation and social media. San Jose is the Valley's largest city, the 3rd-largest in California, and the 10th-largest in the United States. Other major SV cities include Palo Alto, Santa Clara, Mountain View, and Sunnyvale. The San Jose Metropolitan Area has the third highest GDP per capita in the world (after Zurich, Switzerland and Oslo, Norway), according to the Brookings Institution.

San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area

Combined Statistical AreaSan Jose-San Francisco-OaklandSan Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara
The San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area is a 12-county Combined Statistical Area (CSA) designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget in Northern California that includes the San Francisco Bay Area. The CSA is more extensive than the popular local definition of the Bay Area, which consists of only the nine counties bordering San Francisco and San Pablo Bays: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma. This group of counties also elects boards for regional planning and air quality control regulation.

Farallon Islands

FarallonSoutheast Farallon IslandFarallons
The Farallon Islands, or Farallones (from the Spanish farallón meaning "pillar" or "sea cliff"), are a group of islands and sea stacks in the Gulf of the Farallones, off the coast of San Francisco, California, United States. The islands are also sometimes referred to by mariners as the "Devil's Teeth Islands," in reference to the many treacherous underwater shoals in their vicinity. The islands lie 30 mi outside the Golden Gate and 20 mi south of Point Reyes, and are visible from the mainland on clear days. The islands are part of the City and County of San Francisco.

San Jose, California

San JoseSan Jose, CASan José
U.S. 101 runs south to the California Central Coast and Los Angeles, and then runs north up near the eastern shore of the San Francisco Peninsula to San Francisco. I-280 also heads to San Francisco, but goes along just to the west of the cities of San Francisco Peninsula. I-880 heads north to Oakland, running parallel to the southeastern shore of San Francisco Bay. I-680 parallels I-880 to Fremont, but then cuts northeast to the eastern cities of the San Francisco Bay Area. Several state highways also serve San Jose: SR 17, SR 85, SR 87 and SR 237.

University of California, San Francisco

UCSFUC San FranciscoUniversity of California San Francisco
The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is a research university in San Francisco, California, and part of the University of California system. The university, which is dedicated entirely to health sciences, is a major center of medical and biological research and teaching, and is ranked as one of the top universities in the biomedical field in the country and around the world. UCSF was founded as Toland Medical College in 1864, and in 1873 it became affiliated with the University of California. The UCSF School of Medicine is the oldest medical school in the Western United States.

Majority minority

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Since 1965, foreign immigration has spurred increases in the number of majority–minority areas, most notably in California. Its legal resident population was 89.5% 'non-Hispanic white' in the 1940s, but in 2016 was estimated at 37.7% 'non-Hispanic white'. Many cities in the United States became majority–minority by 2010. Out of the cities that had a peak population of 500,000 or more before 1990, the cities now classified as majority–minority include Phoenix, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Washington D.C., Chicago, Birmingham, Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Detroit, Orlando, Miami, St.

San Francisco Municipal Railway

MuniSan Francisco Municipal RailwaySan Francisco Muni
The San Francisco Municipal Railway (SF Muni or Muni) is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California. In 2006, Muni served 46.7 sqmi with an operating budget of about $700 million. In ridership terms, Muni is the seventh largest transit system in the United States, with 210,848,310 rides in 2006 and the second largest in California behind Metro in Los Angeles. With a fleet average speed of 8.1 mph, it is the slowest major urban transit system in America and one of the most expensive to operate, costing $19.21 per mile per bus and $24.37 per mile per train. However, it has more boardings per mile and more vehicles in operation than similar transit agencies.

Hispanic and Latino Americans

HispanicHispanic or LatinoHispanic American
Spanish missionaries and colonists founded settlements in El Paso, San Antonio, Tucson, Albuquerque, San Diego, Los Angeles and San Francisco, to name a few. As late as 1783, at the end of the American Revolutionary War (a conflict in which Spain aided and fought alongside the rebels), Spain held claim to roughly half the territory of today's continental United States. From 1819 to 1848, the United States (through treaties, purchase, diplomacy, and the Mexican–American War) increased its area by roughly a third at Spanish and Mexican expense, acquiring its three currently most populous states—California, Texas and Florida.

San Francisco International Airport

San FranciscoSan Francisco, CaliforniaSFO
* List of airports in California * Transportation in the San Francisco Bay Area * California World War II Army Airfields * San Francisco International Airport website * San Francisco International Airport Community Roundtable Homepage * San Francisco International Airport Live Flight Track (ten-minute delay) * San Francisco International Airport Aircraft Noise Abatement Office * Overscheduling at SFO

San Francisco Board of Supervisors

Board of SupervisorsSupervisorSan Francisco supervisor
The San Francisco Board of Supervisors is the legislative body within the government of the City and County of San Francisco, California, United States. The City and County of San Francisco is a consolidated city-county, being simultaneously a charter city and charter county with a consolidated government, a status it has had since 1856. Since it is the only such consolidation in California, it is therefore the only California city with a mayor who is also the county executive, and a county board of supervisors that also acts as the city council.

Vietnamese Americans

VietnameseVietnamese-AmericanVietnamese American
About 41 percent of the Vietnamese immigrant population lives in five major metropolitan areas: in descending order, Los Angeles, San Jose, Houston, San Francisco and Dallas-Fort Worth. The Vietnamese immigration pattern has shifted to other states, including Denver, Boston, Chicago, Oklahoma (Oklahoma City and Tulsa in particular) and Oregon (Portland in particular). Vietnamese Americans are more likely to be Christians than the Vietnamese in Vietnam. Christians (mainly Roman Catholics) make up about six percent of Vietnam's population and about 23 percent of the Vietnamese American population.

List of United States cities by population

List of US cities by populationmost populous citylargest city
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States. As defined by the United States Census Bureau, an "incorporated place" includes a variety of designations, including city, town, village, borough, and municipality. A few exceptional Census Designated Places (CDPs) are also included in the Census Bureau's listing of incorporated places. Consolidated city-counties represent a distinct type of government that includes the entire population of a county, or county equivalent. Some consolidated city-counties, however, include multiple incorporated places.

Immigration to the United States

immigrationimmigrantsimmigration to the United States
Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1985. * Portes, Alejandro, and József Böröcz. "Contemporary Immigration: Theoretical Perspectives on Its Determinants and Modes of Incorporation." International Migration Review 23 (1989): 606–30. * Portes, Alejandro, and Rubén Rumbaut. Immigrant America. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1990. * Reimers, David. Still the Golden Door: The Third World Comes to America. New York: Columbia University Press, (1985). * Smith, James P., and Barry Edmonston, eds. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration (1998), online version * Waters, Tony.

San Mateo County, California

San Mateo CountySan MateoSan Mateo Counties
San Mateo County (Spanish for "Saint Matthew") is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 718,451. The county seat is Redwood City. San Mateo County is included in the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, Calif. Metropolitan Statistical Area, and is part of the San Francisco Bay Area, the nine counties bordering San Francisco Bay. It covers most of the San Francisco Peninsula. San Francisco International Airport is located at the northern end of the county, and Silicon Valley begins at the southern end. The county's built-up areas are mostly suburban with some areas being very urban, and are home to several corporate campuses.

Salvadoran Americans

SalvadoranSalvadoransSalvadoran-American
--Roseville, CA MSA - 8,701 (0.4%) * 19) Bakersfield-Delano, CA MSA - 8,485 (1.0%) * 20) Richmond, VA MSA - 8,238 (0.7%) * 1) Los Angeles, California - 228,990 * 2) Houston, Texas - 75,907 * 3) New York, New York - 38,559 * 4) Washington, D.C. - 16,611 * 5) San Francisco, California - 16,165 * 6) Brentwood, New York - 15,946 * 7) Dallas, Texas - 15,696 * 8) Irving, Texas - 12,544 * 9) Boston, Massachusetts - 10,850 * 10) Hempstead, New York - 10,707 * 11) Charlotte, North Carolina - 9,516 * 12) Palmdale, California - 9,488 * 13) Wheaton, Maryland - 8,912 * 14) Las Vegas, Nevada - 8,392 * 15) Elizabeth, New Jersey - 7,364 * 16) Chillum, Maryland - 7,315 * 17) Oakland, California

UCSF Medical Center

Mount Zion HospitalUniversity of California Medical CenterUniversity of California San Francisco Medical Center
The University of California, San Francisco Medical Center is a research and teaching hospital in San Francisco, California and is the medical center of the University of California, San Francisco. It is one of the leading hospitals in the United States and with the UCSF School of Medicine has been the site of various breakthroughs in all specialties of medicine. In 2017, it was ranked as the 5th-best overall medical center in the United States and the #1 hospital in California by U.S. News & World Report. It was founded in 1907 at the site of Parnassus Heights, on Mount Sutro, following the 1906 earthquake, and it was the first hospital in the University of California system.

Mexican–American War

Mexican Warwar with MexicoMexican-American War
San Francisco, then called Yerba Buena, was occupied by the Bear Flaggers on July 2. On July 5 Frémont's California Battalion was formed by combining his forces with many of the rebels. Commodore John D. Sloat, commander of the U.S. Navy's Pacific Squadron, near Mazatlan, Mexico, had received orders to seize San Francisco Bay and blockade California ports when he was positive that war had begun. Sloat set sail for Monterey, reaching it on July 1. Sloat, upon hearing of the events in Sonoma and Frémont's involvement, erroneously believed Frémont to be acting on orders from Washington and ordered his forces to occupy Monterey on July 7 and raise the American flag.

Chinese Americans

ChineseChinese-AmericanChinese American
San Francisco, California has the highest per capita concentration of Chinese Americans of any major city in the United States, at an estimated 21.4%, or 172,181 people, and contains the second-largest total number of Chinese Americans of any U.S. city. San Francisco's Chinatown was established in the 1840s, making it the oldest Chinatown in North America and one of the largest neighborhoods of Chinese people outside of Asia, composed in large part by immigrants hailing from Guangdong province and also many from Hong Kong. The San Francisco neighborhoods of Sunset District and Richmond District also contain significant Chinese populations.