In addition to the dance and fashion aspects of the disco club scene, there was also a thriving club drug subculture, particularly for drugs that would enhance the experience of dancing to the loud, bass-heavy music and the flashing coloured lights, such as cocaine (nicknamed "blow"), amyl nitrite "poppers", and the "... other quintessential 1970s club drug Quaalude, which suspended motor coordination and gave the sensation that one's arms and legs had turned to "Jell-O." Quaaludes were so popular at disco clubs that the drug was nicknamed "disco biscuits". Paul Gootenberg states that "[t]he relationship of cocaine to 1970s disco culture cannot be stressed enough..."
discodisco musicdisco era
recreational drug userecreational drugdrug use
What controlled substances are considered illegal drugs varies by country, but usually includes methamphetamines, heroin, cocaine, and club drugs. In 2015, it was estimated that about 5% of people aged 15 to 65 had used illegal drugs at least once (158 million to 351 million). Many researchers have explored the etiology of recreational drug use.
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Ginna Sulcer Marston
Ginna Sulcer-Marston (born Ginna Sulcer February 19, 1958 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American advertising executive notable for anti-drug public service advertising campaigns at the Partnership for a Drug Free America, a nonprofit consortium of advertising professionals which ran targeted media campaigns to unsell illegal drugs. She was a founder of the organization in 1986 which produced the well-known commercial This is your brain on drugs and other "hard-hitting, unsentimental ads" which depicted the "unglamorous reality of drug abuse".
Among the various elements of 1970s disco subculture that ravers drew on, in addition to basing their scene around dance music mixed by DJs, ravers also inherited the positive attitude towards using club drugs to "enhanc[e]...the sensory experience" of dancing to loud music. However, disco dancers and ravers preferred different drugs. Whereas 1970s disco scene members preferred cocaine and the depressant/sedative Quaaludes, ravers preferred MDMA, 2C-B, amphetamine, morphine and other pills. According to the FBI, raves are one of the most popular venues where club drugs are distributed, and as such feature a prominent drug subculture.
In addition to the dance and fashion aspects of the disco club scene, there was also a thriving drug subculture, particularly for recreational drugs that would enhance the experience of dancing to the loud music and the flashing lights, such as cocaine (nicknamed "blow"), amyl nitrite "poppers", and the "... other quintessential 1970s club drug Quaalude, which suspended motor coordination and turned one's arms and legs to Jell-O". The "massive quantities of drugs ingested in discothèques by newly liberated gay men produced the next cultural phenomenon of the disco era: rampant promiscuity and public sex.
date rape drugdate rape drugsdate-rape drug
This drug is also known as Whitleys, Trip-and-Fall, Ruffies, Rophies, Rope, Roopies, Roofies, Roches, Roach-2, Roach, Mind Erasers, Rib, Lunch Money, R-2, Poor Man’s Quaalude, Mexican Valium, LA Rochas, Forget Pill, and Circles. Rohypnols comes as a pill that dissolves in liquids. Some are small, round, and white. Newer pills are oval and green-gray in color. When slipped into a drink, a dye in these new pills makes clear liquids turn bright blue and dark drinks turn cloudy. But this color change might be hard to see in a dark drink, like cola or dark beer, or in a dark room.
illegal drugdrug prohibitionprohibition
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Michael AligParty MonsterGlory Daze: The Life and Times of Michael Alig
During this time, Alig and other regular clubgoers began creating flamboyant personas, and later became known as "Club Kids". The Club Kids wore outrageous costumes that former Club Kid and celebutante James St. James later described as "part drag, part clown, part infantilism". They were also known for their frequent use of ketamine (known as Special K), Ecstasy, Rohypnol, heroin, and cocaine. Alig's Club Kids included (among others): "Ernie Glam", "Gitsie", "Jennytalia", "Superstar DJ Keoki", Amanda Lepore, Charlie "Dash" Prestano, "Richie Rich", Robert "Freeze" Riggs, RuPaul, and "Walt Paper".
James St. James
James morphed from celebutante to Club Kid while helping Alig create the new scene. Alig and St. James threw many parties together, eventually setting up the Disco 2000 club night at the New York City club The Limelight. St. James wrote several columns, most famously for the short lived New York City-based gay publication OutWeek during the magazine's two year life span, from 1989–1991. St. James appeared many times on television talk shows to discuss the Club Kids during the 1980s and 1990s, including The Oprah Winfrey Show, The Phil Donahue Show, The Jerry Springer Show, Geraldo, and the Joan Rivers Show. St.
He appeared in numerous films, guest starred on many TV shows, and was the principal actor in over 200 television commercials, including the famed This Is Your Brain on Drugs public service announcement.
Party Monster2003Party Monster'' soundtrack
In the Nineties, Alig was ringleader of New York City's ‘Club Kids’, and the majordomo for Peter Gatien's nightclub empire (which included Limelight, the Palladium, and the Tunnel). But in 1996, Alig and his friend Robert ‘Freeze’ Riggs argued with a drug dealer named Angel Melendez, killed him and dismembered his body in gruesome fashion before disposing of the corpse in the Hudson River. ... Post-prison, Alig has returned to New York City to find that the world had changed, but that he was still the subject of media attention and tabloid headlines." * Macaulay Culkin as Michael Alig * Brendan O'Malley as Young Michael * Seth Green as James Clark/James St.
His work includes critically acclaimed commercials and public service announcements such as the fried egg version of This Is Your Brain on Drugs (1987), which Entertainment Weekly named the 8th best commercial of all time. |1986||Santa Barbara NBC (1986–87)||Daytime Emmy Honors Award Outstanding Music Direction and Composition for a Drama Series || |1990||Calif.
The former Club Kid has appeared in advertising for numerous companies. Lepore is also noted as a regular subject in photographer David LaChapelle's work, serving as his muse, as well as many other photographers, such as Terry Richardson and Ruben van Schalm. She participated in LaChapelle's Artists and Prostitutes 1985–2005 exhibit in New York City, where she "lived" in a voyeuristic life-sized set. Lepore has also released several singles, many written by and/or recorded with Cazwell. In 2011, she released her debut studio album, I...Amanda Lepore, on Peace Bisquit. Amanda, born in 1967, grew up in the Essex County community of Cedar Grove, New Jersey.
Andre "Angel" MelendezAngel MelendezParty Monster: The Shockumentary
Michael Alig, a night club party promoter, known as "King of the Club Kids", became an important customer, leading Melendez into the world of the Club Kids, which group included such members as Alig's mentor/rival James St. James, boyfriend DJ Keoki, and drug dealer/roommate Robert D. "Freeze" Riggs. On Sunday, March 17, 1996, Melendez was killed by Alig and Alig's roommate, Robert D. "Freeze" Riggs, after going to their Riverbank West apartment (at 560 West 43 Street, Apartment 3K, at 11 Avenue) and engaging with Alig in an argument, purportedly about a delinquent debt.
In the mid-1990s, Rich was a hanger on in the New York City Club Kids scene, and he made a cameo appearance in the film Party Monster (2003). Rich was also featured as one of the Club Kids on the Joan Rivers Show, Phil Donahue Show, and Geraldo. Rich promoted and hosted parties at such nightclubs as The Limelight, Club USA, and Tunnel. He also assisted and toured with the "Nightlife Queen", Susanne Bartsch. During this period Rich released two "club" singles, "MAGIC" and "Collision", and toured throughout Europe and Japan. As a hobby, Rich would create "looks" for himself and fellow Club Kids of glittery embellished designs.
After being dubbed a "celebutante" by The New York Times magazine during her club kid days, Edelstein used her new-found celebrity to write, compose and star in an original musical called Positive Me in response to the growing AIDS crisis of the 1980s. The play, performed at La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club in New York City, received many accolades. After a regrettable experience hosting Awake on the Wild Side for MTV in 1990, she appeared for a few seconds as a backstage make-up artist in the Jim Morrison biography The Doors followed by guest roles on several popular comedies, including Mad About You, Wings, and The Larry Sanders Show.
The balloon effect is an often-cited criticism of United States drug policy. The name draws an analogy between efforts to eradicate the production of illegal drugs in South American countries and the phenomenon of the same name when a latex balloon is squeezed: The air is moved, but does not disappear, instead moving into another area of less resistance.
GHBgamma-hydroxybutyric acidγ-hydroxybutyric acid
GHB continued to be manufactured and sold illegally and it and analogs were adopted as a club drug and came to be used as a date rape drug, and the DEA made seizures and the FDA reissued warnings several times throughout the 1990s. At the same time, research on the use of GHB in the form of sodium oxybate had formalized, as a company called Orphan Medical had filed an investigational new drug application and was running clinical trials with the intention of gaining regulatory approval for use to treat narcolepsy.
muscle relaxantskeletal muscle relaxantmuscle relaxants
Other skeletal muscle relaxants of that type used around the world come from a number of drug categories and other drugs used primarily for this indication include orphenadrine (anticholinergic), chlorzoxazone, tizanidine (clonidine relative), diazepam, tetrazepam and other benzodiazepines, mephenoxalone, methocarbamol, dantrolene, baclofen, Drugs once but no longer or very rarely used to relax skeletal muscles include meprobamate, barbiturates, methaqualone, glutethimide and the like; some subcategories of opioids have muscle relaxant properties, and some are marketed in combination drugs with skeletal and/or smooth muscle relaxants such as whole opium products, some ketobemidone, piritramide
Walt Cassidy, born in Los Alamitos California, is a New York City-based artist, notable for his contemporary art and participation in the New York City Club Kids culture. His exploratory art and design emphasizes narrative abstraction, aestheticism, and conceptualism. In 2014, Walt Cassidy Studio was established as a unisex brand encompassing jewelry, garments and functional objects. The jewelry gained attention through social media platforms, such as Instagram, and was discovered by Mark Holgate and profiled in Vogue in 2015.
KeokiDJ KeokiSuperstar DJ Keoki
Alig rose to international notability as the head of the Club Kids, a group of diverse partygoers who would dress in costumes each night and form parties in New York and all over the United States. Dance music writer Jennifer Warner remembers, While DJing at "Disco 2000", Alig's party night at the Limelight, Franconi was alleged to have passed out on the turntables while performing a set. He has completely denied the allegation, supposedly having stated: "I guarantee you that never fucking happened".
Jeffries' first began acting in 1989 in the role of Eddie in the educational short film A Nightmare on Drug Street, which was released on VHS as a teaching tool for schools. After appearing in several television series and television movies, Jeffries landed the role of Lester Freeman in the short-lived 1990 Fox series True Colors. The series was canceled in 1992. The next year, he portrayed Thea Vidale's oldest son, Jarvis Turrell, Jr., in the short-lived ABC series Thea. In 1995, he appeared in an episode of The Client, another short-lived series that was based on the 1994 hit film. In 2000, he had a role in the soap opera Days of Our Lives.