Do-support

do''-supportdo-supportinserted
(the copula is inverts with the subject she) This applies not only in yesno questions but also in questions formed using interrogative words: However, if there is no auxiliary or copula present, inversion requires the introduction of an auxiliary in the form of do-support: * I know. → Do I know? (Compare: *Know I?) * He laughs. → Does he laugh? (Compare: *Laughs he?) * She came home. → Did she come home? (Compare: *Came she home?) The finite (inflected) verb is now the auxiliary do; the following verb is a bare infinitive which does not inflect: does he laugh? (not laughs); did she come? (not came).

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
Both yesno questions and wh-questions in English are mostly formed using subject–auxiliary inversion (Am I going tomorrow?, Where can we eat?), which may require do-support (Do you like her?, Where did he go?). In most cases, interrogative words (wh-words; e.g. what, who, where, when, why, how) appear in a fronted position. For example, in the question What did you see?, the word what appears as the first constituent despite being the grammatical object of the sentence. (When the wh-word is the subject or forms part of the subject, no inversion occurs: Who saw the cat?.) Prepositional phrases can also be fronted when they are the question's theme, e.g.

English grammar

Englishgrammarthere is
(no special verb present; do-support required) The above concerns yes-no questions, but inversion also takes place in the same way after other questions, formed with interrogative words such as where, what, how, etc. An exception applies when the interrogative word is the subject or part of the subject, in which case there is no inversion. For example: * I go. → Where do I go? (wh-question formed using inversion, with do-support required in this case) * He goes. → Who goes? (no inversion, because the question word who is the subject) Note that inversion does not apply in indirect questions: I wonder where he is (not *... where is he).

Wh-movement

wh-movementwh''-frontingwh-fronting
In linguistics, wh-movement (also known as wh-fronting or wh-extraction or long-distance dependency) concerns special rules of syntax, observed in many languages around the world, involving the placement of interrogative words. The special interrogatives, whatever the language, are known within linguistics as wh-words because most interrogative words in the English language start with a wh-; for example, who(m), whose, what, which, etc. Wh-words are used to form questions, and can also occur in relative clauses.

Question mark

question mark????
–1227) In Spanish, since the second edition of the Ortografía of the Real Academia Española in 1754, interrogatives require both opening and closing question marks. An interrogative sentence, clause, or phrase begins with an inverted question mark and ends with the question mark, as in: :Ella me pregunta «¿qué hora es?» – 'She asks me, "What time is it?Question marks must always be matched, but to mark uncertainty rather than actual interrogation omitting the opening one is allowed, although discouraged: :Gengis Khan (¿1162?–1227) is preferred in Spanish over Gengis Khan (1162?

List of glossing abbreviations

abbreviatedglossing abbreviationglossing abbreviations
This page lists common abbreviations for grammatical terms that are used in linguistic interlinear glossing.

Content clause

content clauseindirect questiondeclarative content clause
Notice how, in English (and in some other languages), different syntax is used in direct and indirect questions: direct questions normally use subject-verb inversion, while indirect questions do not. Reported questions (as in the last of the examples) are also subject to the tense and other changes that apply generally in indirect speech. For more information see interrogative mood and English grammar. Indirect questions can serve as adjective and noun complements.

A-not-A question

A-not-A
* Closed-ended question * Echo answer * Interrogative * Yes-no question * 1) The A-not-A operator targets the closest MWd that is the X’-theoretic head that it c-commands. * 2) Closeness of the head is qualified by: (i) The closest head is a X’-theoretic head of the maximal which is immediately dominated by the maximal projection of the A-not-A operator. (ii) The target must have overt phonological realization. * 3) There is not any non-X’-theoretic head or SWd intervening between the A-not-A operator and its target. * 4) Intervention is defined by c-command relation. * Closed-ended question * Echo answer * Interrogative * Yes-no question

Aporia

aporiaaporeticaporetically
Aporia is also a rhetorical device whereby the speaker expresses a doubt—often feigned—about his position or asks the audience rhetorically how he or she should proceed. One aim of aporia may be to discredit the speaker's opponent. Aporia is also called dubitatio. For example: * Antinomy * Dubitative mood * Figure of speech * Rhetorical question * Zeno's paradoxes * Vasilis Politis (2006). "Aporia and Searching in the Early Plato" in L. Judson and V. Karasmanis eds. Remembering Socrates. Oxford University Press. * Antinomy * Dubitative mood * Figure of speech * Rhetorical question * Zeno's paradoxes

DSRP

Guiding questions provide users with something akin to the Socratic method of questioning but using DSRP as the underlying logic. Users pose "guiding questions", of which there are two for each structure of DSRP. The guiding questions are: * Distinctions * What is __________? * What is not __________? * Systems * Does _________ have parts? * Can you think of _________ as a part? * Relationships * Is ________ related to __________? * Can you think of ________ as a relationship? * Perspectives * From the perspective of __________, [insert question]? * Can you think about ____________ from a different perspective?

ASLwrite

Questions in written ASL are denoted by eyebrow marks bounding the question not unlike Spanish's "¿ ?." Question words or wh-questions in ASL can also form the interrogative. There are in total 105 characters in ASLwrite with 67 digits, five diacritic marks, twelve locatives, sixteen extramanual marks and five movement marks. Since its creation, it has evolved to include more digits, locatives, movements and marks as well as modify those already present. si5s, a system built from SignWriting, was first proposed by Robert Arnold in his 2007 Gallaudet thesis A Proposal of the Written System for ASL.

Index of philosophy articles (I–Q)

fallacy * Informal logic * Informal mathematics * Information bias (psychology) * Information ethics * Information theory * Informed consent * Informed refusal * Infoshop * Infoshop.org * Ingeborg Bachmann * Ingeborg i Mjärhult * Ingenuity * Ingo Zechner * Ingroup bias * Ingsoc * Inherence * Inherence relation * Inherent * Inherent value * Inherently funny word * Iniciales * Inka * Innate idea * Innate ideas * Innate knowledge * Innatism * Inne pieśni * Inner peace * Innocence * Inocenc Arnošt Bláha * Inoue Tetsujirō * Inquiry * Inside Front * Insight * Insolubilia * Instantiation * Instantiation principle * Institute for Anarchist Studies * Institute for

Khmer language

KhmerCambodianKhmer (Cambodian)
There are three basic types of questions in Khmer. Questions requesting specific information use question words. Polar questions are indicated with interrogative particles, most commonly, a homonym of the negation particle. Tag questions are indicated with various particles and rising inflection. The SVO word order is generally not inverted for questions.

Lakota language

LakotaLakhotaStandard Lakota Orthography
There are also various interrogative enclitics, which in addition to marking an utterance as a question show finer distinctions of meaning. For example, while he is the usual question-marking enclitic, huŋwó is used for rhetorical questions or in formal oratory, and the dubitative wa functions somewhat like a tag question in English (Rood and Taylor 1996; Buchel 1983). (See also the section below on men and women's speech.) A small number of enclitics (approximately eight) differ in form based on the gender of the speaker. Yeló (men) ye (women) mark mild assertions. Kštó (women only according to most sources) marks strong assertion.

Iatmül language

IatmülIatmulian
The canonical sentence structure is SOV: Adverb - Subject - Adjunct - Object - Verb Yes-no questions are not expressed syntactically but via intonation. The expression of negation is accomplished by different morphological structures which often are etymologically unrelated. Verbs are negated by placing the particle ana before the inflected verb. In case of non-verbal predicates or predicatively used adjectives, ana is placed in front of the pronominal subject marker. In dependent clause s, negation on the predicate is not possible.

Chinese grammar

ChineseChinese aspectsChinese aspect markers
* 吗 [嗎] ma, which changes a statement into a yes-no question * 呢 ne, which expresses surprise, or produces a question "with expectation" * 吧 ba, which serves as a tag question ("don't you think so?"), produces a suggestion ("let's"), or lessens certainty of a decision. * 啊 a (also 呀 ya, 哇 wa, etc. depending on the preceding sound), which reduces forcefulness, particularly of an order or question. It can also be used to add positive connotation to certain phrases or inject uncertainty when responding to a question.

Pipil language (typological overview)

typological overview
Yes-no questions have no special grammatical marking, while wh-questions are identified by the presence of a question word, which usually precedes the verb (or other predicate). Subordinate clauses are either introduced by a subordinator in clause-initial position or else are juxtaposed with no subordinating conjunction. * Pipil language * Pipil grammar * Campbell, Lyle (1985). The Pipil language of El Salvador. Mouton Grammar Library (No. 1). Berlin: Mouton Publishers. (U.S.),. * Campbell, Lyle, Terrence Kaufman and Thomas C. Smith-Stark (1986). "Meso-America as a Linguistic Area." Language 62:3, p. 530–570. * Pipil language * Pipil grammar * Campbell, Lyle (1985).

Tunisian Arabic

TunisianTunisian Arabicaeb
As for verbs, they are conjugated in five tenses: perfective, imperfective, future, imperative, conditional present and conditional past Tenses and in four forms: affirmative, exclamative, interrogative and negative forms. They can be preceded by modal verbs to indicate a particular intention, situation, belief or obligation when they are conjugated in perfective or imperfective tenses. Questions in Tunisian Arabic can be āš (wh question) or īh/lā (yes/no question). The question words for āš questions can be either a pronoun or an adverb. As for negation, it is usually done using the structure mā noun+š.

Observation

observationobserverobservations
It consists of the following steps: * 1) Ask a question about a natural phenomenon * 2) Make observations of the phenomenon * 3) Formulate a hypothesis that tentatively answers the question * 4) Predict logical, observable consequences of the hypothesis that have not yet been investigated * 5) Test the hypothesis' predictions by an experiment, observational study, field study, or simulation * 6) Draw a conclusion from data gathered in the experiment, or revise the hypothesis or form a new one and repeat the process * 7) Write a descriptive method of observation and the results or conclusions reached * 8) Have peers with experience researching the same phenomenon evaluate the results Observations

Tag question

tag questiontag questionsquestion tag
English tag questions can have a rising or a falling intonation pattern. This can be contrasted with Polish, French or German, for example, where all tags rise, or with the Celtic languages, where all fall. As a rule, the English rising pattern is used when soliciting information or motivating an action, that is, when some sort of response is required. Since normal English yes/no questions have rising patterns (e.g. Are you coming?), these tags make a grammatical statement into a real question: The falling pattern is used to underline a statement. The statement itself ends with a falling pattern, and the tag sounds like an echo, strengthening the pattern.

Socrates

SocraticSocratesSocrate
The development and practice of this method is one of Socrates's most enduring contributions, and is a key factor in earning his mantle as the father of political philosophy, ethics or moral philosophy, and as a figurehead of all the central themes in Western philosophy. The Socratic method has often been considered as a defining element of American legal education. To illustrate the use of the Socratic method, a series of questions are posed to help a person or group to determine their underlying beliefs and the extent of their knowledge.

Socratic questioning

Socraticsocratic questioningSocratic questions
* Argument map * Argumentation theory * Critical thinking * Cross-examination * Inquiry * Intellectual virtue * Interrogation

Sentence (linguistics)

sentencesentencesdeclarative sentence
" * An interrogative sentence or question is commonly used to request information—"Do I have to go to work?"—but sometimes not; see rhetorical question. * An exclamatory sentence or exclamation is generally a more emphatic form of statement expressing emotion: "I have to go to work!" * An imperative sentence or command tells someone to do something (and if done strongly may be considered both imperative and exclamatory): "Go to work." or "Go to work!" * An "instructive sentence" or instruction is used to provide information on what something is or how something can be done.

Complex question

trick questionfallacy of many questionscomplex question
For example, a classic loaded question, containing incriminating assumptions that the questioned persons seem to admit to if they answer the questions instead of challenging them, is "Have you stopped beating your wife?" If the person questioned answers, "Yes", then that implies that he has previously beaten his wife. A loaded question may be asked to trick the respondent into admitting something that the questioner believes to be true, and which may in fact be true.

Intonation (linguistics)

intonationintonationalintonations
Sometimes yes/no questions begin with a topic phrase, specifying the focus of the utterance. Then, the initial topic phrase follows the intonation pattern of a declarative sentence, and the rest of the question follows the usual yes/no question pattern: *''Et cette pho↘to, tu l'as ↗prise?...... Information questions begin with a question word such as qui, pourquoi, combien, etc., referred to in linguistics as interrogatives. The question word may be followed in French by est-ce que (as in English "(where) is it that ...") or est-ce qui, or by inversion of the subject-verb order (as in "where goes he?").