British Army

ArmyBritishBritish troops
It will include: 4th (Infantry) Brigade, 7th (Infantry) Brigade, 11th (Infantry) Brigade, 51st (Infantry) Brigade, 8th Engineer Brigade, 102nd Logistic Brigade, 104th Logistic Brigade, 2nd Medical Brigade. The 6th (United Kingdom) Division, which will provide forces for asymmetric warfare, intelligence, counter-intelligence, cyber warfare and unconventional fighting will include: 1st Signal Brigade, 11th Signal Brigade, 1st Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance Brigade, 77th Brigade and the Specialist Infantry Group. Royal Bermuda Regiment. Royal Gibraltar Regiment. Falkland Islands Defence Force. Royal Montserrat Defence Force.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK or U.K.) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the northwestern coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the northeastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland.

33rd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)

33rd Armoured Brigade33 Armoured Brigade33rd Armoured Brigades
The order of battle was as follows: The order of battle was as follows: The following served with the Brigade during the 1980s: 1986The Blues and Royals (RHD/G) 1 QLR 1 RS * British Armoured formations of World War II * 1st Northamptonshire Yeomanry. 1st East Riding Yeomanry. 144th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (became 4th Royal Tank Regiment 1 March 1945). 1st Northamptonshire Yeomanry. 1st East Riding Yeomanry. 4th Royal Tank Regiment. 11th Royal Tank Regiment. Life Guards. 1st Battalion Queen's Own Highlanders. 3rd Battalion The Light Infantry.

Armoured warfare

armouredarmoredarmored warfare
In July 1935, in France the 4th Cavalry Division was transformed into the 1e Division Légère Mécanique, the first French armoured division of the Cavalry. In Germany, after the Nazi Regime started open rearmament in March 1935, on 15 October 1935 three Panzerdivisionen were formed. Though some tank brigades were part of the Cavalry or Infantry arm, most German tanks were concentrated into a special branch, from 1936 called the Panzerwaffe. The precise interpretation of this phenomenon has proven controversial among military historians. Traditionally, it has been seen as part of a "Blitzkrieg strategy" of swift world conquest by means of armoured forces.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources.

Royal Armoured Corps

RACTank CorpsThe Heavy Cavalry and Cambrai Band
Catterick: Armoured Regiment (RDG) (4th Mechanised Brigade), Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (QRL) (4th Mechanized Brigade). Tidworth: 2 x Armoured Regiment (RTR, KRH), (1st Mechanized Brigade, 12th Mechanized Brigade,). Windsor: Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (HCR) (Theatre Troops). Swanton Morley: Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (LD) (Theatre Troops). Warminster: Training/Demonstration squadron (A Squadron, RTR). Honington: Armoured Regiment (1RTR). Bovington: HQ RAC. Bad Fallingbostel: Armoured Regiment (SCOTS DG) (7 Armoured Brigade). Sennelager: Armoured Regiment (QRH), Formation Reconnaissance Regiment (QDG) (20 Armoured Brigade).

Royal Tank Regiment

Royal Tank CorpsTank CorpsThe Royal Tank Regiment
After the war, the Tank Corps was trimmed down to a central depot and four battalions: the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th battalions. On 18 October 1923, it was officially given the title Royal making it the Royal Tank Corps (RTC) by Colonel-in-Chief King George V. It was at this time that the motto, "Fear Naught", the black beret, and the unit badge were adopted. In 1933, the 6th Battalion, RTC was formed in Egypt by combining the personnel of the 3rd and 5th Regular Army Armoured Car Companies. In 1934, the 1st (Light) Battalion, RTC was formed in England with personnel drawn from the 2nd, 3rd & 5th Battalions.

Operation Plunder

AllerRhine crossingcrossing of the Rhine
One "funny" was the "Buffalo" operated by the 4th Royal Tank Regiment, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Alan Jolly, an armed and armoured amphibious tracked personnel or cargo transporter, which was able to cross soft and flooded ground. These were the vehicles for the spearhead infantry. The first part of Plunder was initiated by the 51st (Highland) Infantry Division, led by the 7th Battalion, Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of 154th Brigade at 21:00 on 23 March, near Rees, followed by the 7th Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (also of 154th Brigade). At 02:00 on 24 March, the 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division landed between Wesel and Rees.

Sherman Firefly

FireflySherman FirefliesM4A4 Sherman VC Firefly
The battle involved Fireflies from A Squadron, 1st Northamptonshire Yeomanry, 33rd Armoured Brigade; A Squadron, the Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment, 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade and B Squadron, The 144th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps, 33rd Armoured Brigade. They ambushed a group of seven Tiger tanks from the 3rd Company and HQ Company, 101st SS Heavy Tank Battalion supported by Panzer IV tanks and StuG IV assault guns. The tanks of the 1st Northamptonshire Yeomanry reached the French village of Saint-Aignan-de-Cramesnil on the morning of 8 August 1944. While B Squadron stayed around the village, A and C Squadrons moved further south into a wood called Delle de la Roque.

Tobruk

AntipyrgosTobruk, LibyaEr Regima
However, during World War II these names continued to be used. 2nd South African Infantry Division. 4th Royal Tank Regiment. 7th Royal Tank Regiment. 3rd Battalion, Coldstream Guards. 1st Battalion, Sherwood Foresters. 1st Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment. 2nd Battalion, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. 2nd Battalion, 5th Mahratta Light Infantry. 2nd Battalion, 7th Gurkha Rifles. 67 Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery. 68 Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery. 25th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery. List of cities in Libya. Railway stations in Libya. Knightsbridge War Cemetery WW2 British Commonwealth Cemetery. Tobruk: Australian toughness beats Rommel. Tobruk War cemetery - video.

East Lancashire Regiment

The East Lancashire RegimentEast LancashireEast Lancashires
The 3rd Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps, based at Burnley: renamed to 2nd Volunteer Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment in 1889. 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion. 4th Battalion (TF) (formerly 1st Volunteer Battalion) at Canterbury Street in Blackburn. 5th Battalion (TF) (formerly 2nd Volunteer Battalion) at Bank Parade in Burnley. Drummer Spencer John Bent, 1st Battalion (Le Gheer, Belgium, 1 –2 November 1914). Private William Young, 8th Battalion (Fonquevillers, France, 22 December 1915). Second Lieutenant Alfred Victor Smith, 1/5th Battalion (Helles, Galliopoli, Turkey, 23 December 1915).

Regiment

Infantry Regimentregimentalregiments
While provisional regiments, designated variously as the 1st through 4th Regiments, had been formed for expeditionary operations in Panama (1895) and Philippines (1899), the lineage of modern USMC regiments began in 1913 with the creation of the 1st and 2nd Advanced Base Force Regiments. These two regiments, (currently the 2nd and 1st Marines, respectively), along with the numerical forbearers of the 3rd and 4th Marines, (formed in 1914 for the short-lived Tampico Affair with Mexico, involving the occupation of Veracruz, Mexico), are the pre-World War I antecedents to the several regiments of the modern U.S. Marine Corps. Beginning in World War I, with the U.S.

Infantry tank

infantry tanksinfantry supportInfantry
The infantry tank was a concept developed by the United Kingdom and France in the years leading up to World War II. Infantry tanks were designed to support infantrymen in an attack. To achieve this, the vehicles were generally heavily armoured to allow them to operate in close concert with infantry even under heavy fire. The extra armour came at the expense of speed, which was not an issue when supporting relatively slow-moving foot soldiers.

Churchill tank

ChurchillChurchill AVREChurchill tanks
The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles. It was one of the heaviest Allied tanks of the war.

51st (Highland) Division

51st (Highland) Infantry Division51st Highland DivisionHighland Division
Sergeant John Meikle, 4th Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders. Lieutenant William Davidson Bissett, 1/6th Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. Major-General Richard Bannatine-Allason: August 1914-September 1915. Major-General George M. Harper: 25. September 1915-10. March 1918. Major-General George T.C. Carter-Campbell: 11. March 1918- June 1919. Major-General Ewen G. Sinclair-Maclagan: June 1919-June 1923. Major-General Sir Archibald B. Ritchie: June 1923-June 1927. Major-General Sir William M. Thomson: June 1927-June 1931. Major-General Sir James L.G. Burnett of Leys, Bt.: June 1931-June 1935. Major-General W. Douglas S. Brownrigg: June 1935-January 1938.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, the Seminal Catastrophe, and initially in North America as the European War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history.

Landing Vehicle Tracked

LVTLVTsAmtrac
The Landing Vehicle, Tracked (LVT) is an amphibious warfare vehicle and amphibious landing craft, introduced by the United States Navy. The United States Marine Corps, United States Army, and Canadian and British armies used several LVT models during World War II.

43rd Royal Tank Regiment

43 RTR43rd (6th (City) Battalion, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers) Battalion, Royal Tank Corps43rd (6th (City) Battalion, The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers) Royal Tank Regiment
In October 1941, 43 RTR was transferred to 33rd Tank Brigade, which was being formed in the Dukeries area of Nottinghamshire to supervise the training of infantry battalions converting to tanks. 43 RTR was stationed at Welbeck Abbey, where it provided training courses for the other battalions in the brigade: 144th and 148th Regiments Royal Armoured Corps. The brigade was equipped with Churchill tanks, replacing 43 RTR's Matildas. Throughout 1942, training continued, first at Welbeck, later at Berkhamsted.

Lionel Ellis

Major L. F. EllisL.F. EllisL. F. Ellis
Lionel Frederic Ellis CVO CBE DSO MC (13 May 1885 – 19 October 1970) was a British Army officer and military historian, author of three volumes of the official History of the Second World War.

79th Armoured Division (United Kingdom)

79th Armoured DivisionBritish 79th Armoured DivisionBuffalo
Royal Tank Regiment. 11th Royal Tank Regiment.

3rd (United Kingdom) Division

3rd Division3rd Infantry DivisionBritish 3rd Infantry Division
In June 1942, 3rd Infantry Division was reorganised as a 'Mixed' Division, with 33rd Tank Brigade replacing 7th Infantry Brigade. By early 1943, the experiment with 'mixed' divisions was abandoned, and division reverted to being an infantry formation, 33rd Tank Brigade being replaced by 185th Infantry Brigade. The 3rd British Infantry Division was the first British formation to land at Sword Beach on D-Day, 6 June 1944, as part of the invasion of Normandy, part of the larger Operation Overlord. For the assault landing, 3rd British Division was organised as a Division Group, with other formations temporarily under its command.

List of Royal Armoured Corps Regiments in World War II

Some had been disbanded before transfer to the RAC in 1944, some had been converted from RAC regiments and consequently returned to the corps in 1944. * * 1st King's Dragoon Guards. 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays). 3rd Carabiniers (Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards). 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. 3rd The King's Own Hussars. 4th Queen's Own Hussars. 7th Queen's Own Hussars. 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own). 11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own). 12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's). 13th/18th Royal Hussars. 14th/20th King's Hussars. 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. 16th/5th Lancers. 17th

British military vehicle markings of World War II

vehiclesmarkings for British vehicles
The 21st Army Tank Brigade in North Africa painted the Infantry Division sign (4th) they were supporting, alongside their own. Discussed in detail from May 1939 the system was summarised in a War Office letter of 12 April 1940 updated in 1941, 1942 and 1943. All vehicles carried arm of service (AoS) markings comprising a 9 inch square with a white two or three digit number (both one and four digits were occasionally used). Where the background colour is pale, the number may be coloured. The background colour explained the AoS, the number differentiated the AoS HQ and the individual battalions or companies within that AoS.

East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry

1st East Riding YeomanryEast Riding Yeomanry1/1st East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry
When new material became available in Spring 1942, the Regiment reequipped with Covenanter tanks and Honeys, and together with the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards (replaced by the Staffordshire Yeomanry in January 1944) and the 13th/18th Royal Hussars, it formed 27th Armoured Brigade in 79th Armoured Division ('Hobart's Funnies'), experimenting with specialist assault armour. In April 1943, the Regiment again re-equipped, this time with Sherman Duplex Drive tanks. Between 8 October 1943 and 17 February 1944, 1ERY formed part of 33rd Tank Brigade in 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division before returning to the 27th.

Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire)

Loyal North Lancashire RegimentThe Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire)Loyal Regiment
In 1941, the battalion was transferred to the Royal Armoured Corps and converted into the 148th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps. However, they continued to wear their Loyal Regiment cap badge on the black beret of the Royal Armoured Corps, as did all infantry units converted in such a way. The regiment joined 33rd Armoured Brigade (previously 33rd Tank Brigade) and landed on the beaches of Normandy on 13 June 1944. The regiment fought throughout the Battle for Caen until it was disbanded, due to an acute shortage of manpower, on 16 August 1944, and replaced in the brigade by the 1st East Riding Yeomanry. The 50th (Holding) Battalion was raised in June 1940.