7.92×33mm Kurz

7.92×33mm8×33mm Kurz7.92x33mm Kurz
Table of handgun and rifle cartridges. Kapell, Dr. Dieter, Die deutsche Kurzpatrone 7,92×33, Books on Demand GmbH, Norderstedt Germany, 2007. Handrich, Hans-Dieter, Sturmgewehr! From Firepower to Striking Power, Collector Grade Publications Inc., Cobourg, Canada, 2004.

7.62×51mm NATO

7.62×51mm7.62 mm7.62mm
Used in M240 general purpose machineguns. 7 mm caliber. 7.62 mm caliber. .276 Pedersen. 7.62×51mm CETME. Caliber conversion sleeve. NATO EPVAT testing. STANAG (Standardization Agreements of NATO). List of rifle cartridges. Table of handgun and rifle cartridges.

StG 44

Sturmgewehr 44StG44StG-44
Apart from external layout similarity and the gas-operation principle, the AK-47 was not a copy of the German gun because the AK-47 used a very different mechanism. However, tens of thousands of Sturmgewehrs were captured by the Soviets and were likely provided to Kalashnikov and his team, so it is likely that he knew of it while designing the AK-47. The 7.62×39mm cartridge, however, was more directly influenced by the 7.92×33mm cartridge used in the StG 44. In July 1943, the Soviet Technical Council of the People's Commissariat for Armament (NKV) met to consider new foreign weapons firing lower-powered rounds.

Intermediate cartridge

intermediateintermediate rifle cartridgeintermediate caliber
List of assault rifles. Table of handgun and rifle cartridges.

Firearm

small armsfirearmssmall-arms
Soviet engineer Mikhail Kalashnikov quickly adapted the German concept, using a less-powerful 7.62×39mm cartridge derived from the standard 7.62×54mmR Russian battle rifle round, to produce the AK-47, which has become the world's most widely used assault rifle. Soon after World War II, the Automatic Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle began to be fielded by the Soviet Union and its allies in the Eastern Bloc, as well as by nations such as China, North Korea, and North Vietnam.

Service rifle

infantry riflestandard issueList of service rifles of national armies
The STG44 was to serve as the precursor to other assault rifles such as the Soviet AK-47, the American M-16, the Belgian FN FAL and the Swiss Sturmgewehr 58, which today is the common used type of rifle in armies. The Haitian Army was again disbanded in 1995. List of assault rifles. Service firearm competitions.

Mosin–Nagant

Mosin-NagantMosin–Nagant M91/30Mosin–Nagant rifle
M/56: An experimental 7.62×39mm version. M/28-57: A biathlon 7.62×54mmR version. M/28-76: A special marksman and target rifle for continuation training and competition, produced in two different versions by the Finnish Army. They were built from modified M/28-30 and M/39 rifles. 7.62 Tkiv 85: A modern designated marksman/sniper rifle in which the original Mosin–Nagant receiver is modified and assembled by Valmet and Finnish Defence Forces (FDF) Asevarikko 1 (Arsenal 1) in Kuopio. VZ91/38 Carbine: Very similar to the M91/59, it is an M38-style carbine produced by cutting down Model 1891 Infantry, Dragoon, and Cossack rifles.

FN FAL

FALFN-FALR1
Replaced by the Heckler & Koch G3. FN-49, predecessor to the FAL. L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle, the British Commonwealth pattern of the FAL. FN CAL, an unsuccessful FN 5.56mm NATO assault rifle that externally resembles the FAL. IMBEL MD97. ParaFAL. Heckler & Koch G3, a German 7.62 battle rifle designed in the 1950s. Desarrollos Industriales Casanave SC-2005, the Peruvian pattern upgrade of the FAL. A fonso, Aniceto and Gomes, Carlos de Matos. Guerra Colonial, 2000. Chanoff, David; Doan Van Toai. Vietnam, A Portrait of its People at War. London: Taurus & Co, 1996. ISBN: 1-86064-076-1. Ezell, Clinton. Small Arms of the World, Stackpole Books, 1983.

5.45×39mm

5.45×39mm M745.45x39mm5.45x39 mm
The twist rate used in the AK-74M assault rifle that has been adopted as the new service rifle of the Russian Federation in 1991 is 200 mm. 7.62×39mm. 9×39mm. 5.45×18mm. Table of handgun and rifle cartridges. Fackler ballistics study. Terminal Ballistics Study - Bosnia - Military Medicine/December 2001. Photos of various different types of 5.45×39mm ammunition. 5.45x39mm cartridges. 5.45x39 submachine gun cartridges. Assault Rifles and Their Ammunition: History and Prospects by Anthony G. Williams, Online Article, October 21, 2006. 5.45×39: Small But Perfect, A History of Development (Part 1).

Assault rifle

assault riflesassaultrifle
The Soviets soon developed the 7.62×39mm M43 cartridge, the semi-automatic SKS carbine and the RPD light machine gun. Shortly after World War II, the Soviets developed the AK-47 assault rifle, which would quickly replace the SKS in Soviet service. The AK-47 was finalized, adopted and entered widespread service in the Soviet army in the early 1950s. Its firepower, ease of use, low production costs, and reliability were perfectly suited for the Red Army's new mobile warfare doctrines.

Magazine (firearms)

magazinebox magazinemagazines
The M14 rifle, which was based on incremental changes to the Garand action, switched to a detachable box magazine. However, the M14 with magazine attached could also be loaded via 5-round stripper-clips. The Soviet SKS carbine, which entered service in 1945, was something of a stopgap between the semi-automatic service rifles being developed in the period leading up to World War II, and the new assault rifle developed by the Germans. The SKS used a fixed magazine, holding ten rounds and fed by a conventional stripper clip. It was a modification of the earlier AVS-36 rifle, shortened and chambered for the new reduced power 7.62×39mm cartridge.

AK-74

AKS-74UAK-74MAKS-74
The AK-74 (Russian: Автомат Калашникова образца 1974 года or "Kalashnikov automatic rifle model 1974") is an assault rifle developed in the early 1970s by Russian weapons designer Mikhail Kalashnikov to replace the earlier AKM (itself a refined version of the AK-47). It uses a smaller 5.45×39mm cartridge, replacing the 7.62×39mm chambering of earlier Kalashnikov-pattern weapons. The rifle first saw service with Soviet forces in the 1979 Afghanistan conflict. The head of the Afghan bureau of the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence claimed that the CIA paid $5,000 for the first AK-74 captured by the Mujahideen during the Soviet–Afghan War.

.280 British

.280.280 (7 mm Mk1Z).280 in
Soon after America's large-scale involvement in Vietnam commenced in 1965 the 5.56×45mm NATO ArmaLite AR-15 rifle, later standardised as the M16, was purchased in ever increasing numbers and by the late 1960s had displaced the 7.62×51mm NATO M14 rifle in combat units. After insisting on a .30 calibre round with full-power ballistics almost identical to those of the existing .30-06 Springfield, the U.S. then adopted the 5.56×45mm NATO intermediate cartridge, which demonstrated the emergence and dominance of intermediate cartridges on the battlefield (the other notable one being the 7.62×39mm AK-47 round).

5.56×45mm NATO

5.56×45mm5.56mm5.56 mm
Table of handgun and rifle cartridges. List of rifle cartridges.

SKS

SKS carbineType 56 carbineSKS rifle
Table of handgun and rifle cartridges. Soviet SKS Operation Manual from 1974. Simonov SKS (CKC45g). Why is the SKS Rifle Popular?.

Lee–Enfield

Lee-EnfieldLee–Enfield rifleEnfield rifle
The Brisbane-based Australian International Arms also manufactured a modern reproduction of the No. 4 Mk II rifle, which they marketed as the '''AIA No. 4 Mk IV'''. The rifles were manufactured by parts outsourcing and were assembled and finished in Australia, chambered in 7.62×51mm NATO and fed from modified M14 magazines. The No. 4 Mk IV was designed with the modern shooter in mind, and has the ability to mount a telescopic sight without drilling and tapping the receiver. AIA also offered the AIA M10-A1 rifle, a Jungle Carbine-styled version chambered in 7.62×39mm Russian, which uses AK-47 magazines.

7.92×57mm Mauser

7.92 mm7.92×57mm8×57mm IS
("sighting-in cartridge s.S.") — s.S. cartridge purpose-manufactured with particularly low production tolerances. These were used for zeroing in new arms. Due to their precision they were also popular with snipers. There were no markings on the cartridge itself present to distinguish it from a normal s.S. cartridge. For recognition the cartridge boxes had a label with the word Anschuß on the outside. 5.6×57mm. 6×57mm Triebel (wildcat). 8×60mm S. 9×57mm Mauser. 9.3×57mm. List of rifle cartridges. Table of handgun and rifle cartridges. 8mm caliber. 7.92×33mm Kurz. Contemporary military rifle cartridges. 7.5×55mm Swiss. 7.62×54mmR. 8mm Lebel. .303 British. .30-06 Springfield.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The assault rifle, a late war development incorporating many features of the rifle and submachine gun, became the standard postwar infantry weapon for most armed forces. Most major belligerents attempted to solve the problems of complexity and security involved in using large codebooks for cryptography by designing ciphering machines, the most well known being the German Enigma machine. Development of SIGINT (signals intelligence) and cryptanalysis enabled the countering process of decryption.

M16 rifle

M16M-16M16A1
The Special Operations Assault Rifle (SOAR) assault carbine was developed by Ferfrans based on the M16 rifle. It is used by the Special Action Force of the Philippine National Police. Taiwan uses piston-driven M16-based weapons as their standard rifle. These include the T65, T86 and T91 assault rifles. Ukraine has announced plans in January 2017 for Ukroboronservis and Aeroscraft to produce the M16 WAC47, an accurized M4 variation that uses standard 7.62×39mm AK-47 magazines. 🇦🇫 Afghanistan: Standard issue rifle of the Afghan National Army.

.30-06 Springfield

.30-06.30 caliber30-06
M1941 Johnson rifle, feeding from a 10-round internal rotary magazine, loading from stripper clips. M1941 Johnson LMG, feeding from magazine. .303 British. 7 mm caliber. Caliber conversion sleeve. Delta L problem. .30-06 Springfield wildcat cartridges. List of rifle cartridges. Sectional density. Table of handgun and rifle cartridges. C.I.P. CD-ROM edition 2003. C.I.P. decisions, texts and tables ( free current C.I.P. CD-ROM version download) (ZIP and RAR format).

M1 Garand

M1 Garand rifleM1 rifleM-1 rifle
M1 carbine. Garand carbine – another John Garand-designed weapon. Gewehr 43. List of U.S. Army weapons by supply catalog designation SNL B-21. SVT-40. Table of handgun and rifle cartridges. Canfield, Bruce. "7.62x51mm NATO U.S. Navy Garand Rifles", American Rifleman magazine (published online Monday, December 23, 2013). FM 23-5 BASIC FIELD MANUAL U.S. RIFLE, CALIBER .30, M1 1940. FM 23-5 DEPARTMENTS OF THE ARMY AND AIR FORCE FIELD MANUAL U.S. RIFLE, CALIBER .30, M1 1951. Fulton Armory list of M1 Garand Serial Numbers By Month and Year. M1 Garand History. Springfield Armory Museum - Collection Record.

SIG SG 550

SG 550SIG 550SIG 552
In 2012 the SIG556R or SIG556 Russian chambered for the 7.62×39mm cartridge and using AK-pattern box magazines was introduced. The first generation of SIG556R rifles had a number of performance issues that were later resolved in later production runs of the SIG556R. In January 2014, SIG introduced the 556xi series rifles as an improvement to the 556 and 556R series rifles. As of May 2017, SIG has discontinued the SIG556, SIG556R, and 556xi series of rifles and no longer displays those models on the products section of their website. The SIG 522LR is a .22-caliber sporting rifle styled after the SG 551.

Rifle cartridge

full-powered cartridgefull-powered rifle cartridgerifle
Other examples include the Soviet 7.62×39mm used in the AK-47 and AKM series, the .280 British round developed for the EM-2, and the 5.56x45mm NATO for the AR-15/M16/M4 series rifles. List of rifle cartridges. Ammunition. Handgun cartridge. Shotgun shell.

Centerfire ammunition

centerfirecentrefireprimer
(Despite the names pistol and rifle, the primer used depends on the cartridge, not the firearm; a few high-pressure pistol cartridges like the .221 Fireball and .454 Casull use rifle primers, while lower-pressure pistol and revolver cartridges like the .32 and .380 Autos, 9mm Luger, .38 Special, .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum and .45 ACP and traditional revolver cartridges like .32-20, .44-40 and .45 Colt, also used in lever action rifles, still would be loaded with pistol primers. Virtually all cartridges used solely in rifles do, however, use rifle primers.) All modern shotgun shells (excluding specialized rimfire .22 "snake loads" or birdshot cartridges) are centerfire.

Battle rifle

battle riflesriflesBattle
A battle rifle is a military service rifle that is fed ammunition via a detachable magazine and fires a full-powered rifle cartridge. The term "battle rifle" was created largely out of a need to better differentiate the intermediate-power assault rifles (e.g. StG-44, AK-47, M16, AUG) from full-powered automatic rifles (e.g. FG 42, FN FAL, M14, H&K G3) as both classes of firearms have a similar appearance and share many of the same features such as detachable magazines, pistol grips, etc. This term may also describe older military full-powered semi-automatic rifles such as the Fedorov Avtomat, M1 Garand, SVT-40, Gewehr 43, FN Model 1949, and the MAS-49.