Supreme Revolutionary Council (Somalia)

Supreme Revolutionary CouncilSomali Women's Democratic Organization1969–1976; 1980–1991
The Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) (Gollaha Sare ee Kacaanka, المجلس الثوري الأعلى) was the governmental body that ruled Somalia from 1969 to 1976.

Somali Armed Forces

Somali National ArmySomali ArmySomali military
Under the leadership of General Abdullah Mohamed Fadil, Abdullahi Ahmed Irro and other senior Somali military officials formulated a plan of attack for what was to become the Ogaden War in Ethiopia. This was part of a broader effort to unite all of the Somali-inhabited territories in the Horn region into a Greater Somalia (Soomaaliweyn). At the start of the offensive, the SNA consisted of 35,000 soldiers, and was vastly outnumbered by the Ethiopian forces. Somali national army troops seized the Godey Front on 24 July 1977, after Division 60 defeated the Ethiopian 4th Infantry Division.

Mohammad Ali Samatar

Muhammad Ali SamatarMohamed Ali SamatarAli Samatar
Abdullah Mohamed Fadil. Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed. Salaad Gabeyre Kediye. Mohamed Ali Sharman. Ismail Ali Abokor. Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle. Abdirizak Mohamud Abubakar. Nur Cadow. Yussuf Salhan. Abdullahi Ahmed Irro. Mohamed Farah Aidid. Omar Haji Mohamed. Aden Abdullahi Nur Gabeyow. Mohamed Osman Irro. (in Somali). (in Somali).

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
Jaalle Mohamed Siad Barre (Jaale Maxamed Siyaad Barre; محمد سياد بري; October 6, 1919 – January 2, 1995) was a Somali politician who served as the President of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1969 to 1991.


SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Somalia ( Soomaaliya; الصومال), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia (Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya; جمهورية الصومال الاتحادية), is a sovereign country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Somali Sea to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. The country claims a border with Djibouti through the disputed territory of Somaliland. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa's mainland, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands. Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall.

Vice President of Somalia

Vice President
The Vice President of Somalia is a former political position in Somali Democratic Republic. Vice presidents were appointed on the discretion of the President of Somalia, Mohamed Siad Barre.

Abdullahi Ahmed Irro

Abdullahi Yusuf Irro
Abdullah Mohamed Fadil. Ismail Ali Abokor. Abdirizak Mohamud Abubakar. Salaad Gabeyre Kediye. Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed. Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle. Ali Matan Hashi. Omar Massale. Mohamed Osman Irro. Dahir Adan Elmi. (in Somali). (in Somali). (in Somali). (in Somali). (in Somali).

Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed

Abdullahi Yusuf2006 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed assassination attemptAbdullahi tYusuf Ahmed
Abdullah Mohamed Fadil. Ismail Ali Abokor. Abdirizak Mohamud Abubakar. Ali Matan Hashi. Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle. Mohamed Osman Irro.

Abdirizak Mohamud Abubakar

He was selected by the commanding officers to be part of the Supreme Revolutionary Council in 1969 along with his seniors Muhammad Ali Samatar, Abdullah Mohamed Fadil and others under the leadership of the Chief Commanding Officer Siad Barre. His efforts aided Somalia's forces defeat the Ethiopina Army in 1977 under the leadership of General Muhammad Ali Samatar and his subordinates.

Ali Matan Hashi

Abdullah Mohamed Fadil. Abdirizak Mohamud Abubakar. Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle. Abdullahi Ahmed Irro. Asli Hassan Abade. Salaad Gabeyre Kediye.


SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
The Somali (Soomaalida) are an ethnic group belonging to the Cushitic peoples inhabiting the Horn of Africa. The overwhelming majority of Somalis speak the Somali language, which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic (formerly Hamito-Semitic) family. They are predominantly Sunni Muslim. Ethnic Somalis number around 28-30 million and are principally concentrated in Somalia (around 14.5 million), Ethiopia (8.5 million), Kenya (2.4–3 million), and Djibouti (534,000). Somali diasporas are also found in parts of the Middle East, North America, Western Europe, African Great Lakes region, Southern Africa and Oceania.


Republic of YemenYemeniJemen
Yemen, sometimes spelled Yaman, officially the Republic of Yemen (ٱلْجُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْيَمَنِيَّة, literally "Yemeni Republic"), is a country at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is the second-largest Arab sovereign state in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 km2. The coastline stretches for about 2000 km. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and the Arabian Sea and Oman to the east. Yemen's territory encompasses more than 200 islands, including Socotra, one of the largest islands in the Middle East.


A musketeer (mousquetaire) was a type of soldier equipped with a musket. Musketeers were an important part of early modern armies, particularly in Europe, as they normally comprised the majority of their infantry. The musketeer was a precursor to the rifleman. Muskets were replaced by rifles in most western armies during the mid-1850s. The traditional designation of "musketeer" for an infantry private survived in the Imperial German Army until World War I.

Sultanate of Hobyo

Sultan of Hobyo
The Sultanate of Hobyo (Saldanadda Hobyo, سلطنة هوبيو), also known as the Sultanate of Obbia, was a 19th-century Somali kingdom in present-day northeastern and central Somalia and eastern Ethiopia. It was established in 1870s by Yusuf Ali Kenadid, cousin of the Majeerteen Sultanate ruler Boqor Osman Mahamuud, after overpowering the local Hawiye clans.


MajerteenIsmaan SultanateMajeerteen Sultanate
The Majeerteen (Majeerteen, ماجرتين; also spelled Majerteen, Macherten, Majertain, or Mijurtin) is a Somali clan. It is one of the major Somali clans, with a vast traditional territory spanning 3 major regions of Somalia: Bari, Nugaal and Mudug. From Bosaso down to Garacad, the Majerteen are settled in what is literally considered to be the 'Horn of Africa'. Its members form a part of the Darod clan family, and primarily inhabit the Puntland state of northeastern Somalia.

Ali Yusuf Kenadid

Ali Yusuf
Ali Yusuf Kenadid (Cali Yuusuf Keenadiid, علي يوسف كينايديض) was a Somali ruler. He was the second Sultan of the Sultanate of Hobyo.

Yusuf Ali Kenadid

Yusuf Ali Keenadid
Yusuf Ali Kenadid (Yuusuf Cali Keenadiid) was a Somali Sultan. He was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo in the 1870s. Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate, Yusuf Ali was one of the three prominent rulers of present-day Somalia at the turn of the 20th century. He was succeeded atop the throne by his son Ali Yusuf Kenadid. The army of Yusuf Ali Kenadid conquered the local Hawiye clan and established Sultanate of Hobyo in 1870s.


Burao (var. Bur'o ) (Burco, برعو) is the largest city in the Togdheer, Somaliland, and also serves as the capital of Togdheer region. Burao was the site of the unilateral declaration of an independent Somaliland on May 18, 1991.

Major general

Major-GeneralMaj. Gen.General-major
Major General (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of Sergeant Major General. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a Lieutenant General outranks a Major General while a Major outranks a Lieutenant.


England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Royal Military Academy Sandhurst

SandhurstRoyal Military Academy, SandhurstRoyal Military College, Sandhurst
The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS or RMA Sandhurst), commonly known simply as Sandhurst, is one of several military academies of the United Kingdom and is the British Army's initial officer training centre. It is located in the town of Sandhurst, Berkshire, though its ceremonial entrance is in Camberley, southwest of London. The Academy's stated aim is to be "the national centre of excellence for leadership". All British Army officers, including late-entry officers who were previously Warrant Officers, as well as other men and women from overseas, are trained at The Academy.

Horn of Africa

HornSomali peninsulanortheastern Africa
The Horn of Africa (Geeska Afrika, Gaaffaa Afriikaa, የአፍሪካ ቀንድ, {{lang-ti|ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ}|q’ärnī afīrīqa}}, القرن الأفريقي) (shortened to HOA) is a peninsula in East Africa. It extends hundreds of kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. The area is the easternmost projection of the African continent. Referred to in ancient and medieval times as the land of the Barbara and Habesha, the Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

Greater Somalia

Greater Somalia (Soomaaliweyn, الصومال الكبير) comprises the regions in or near the Horn of Africa in which ethnic Somalis live and have historically inhabited. The territory historically encompassed British Somaliland, Italian Somaliland, French Somaliland, the Ogaden in the Ethiopian Empire and the Northern Frontier District in the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya. At the present day, it encompasses Northern De facto Somaliland, southern Somalia, eastern Djibouti, the Somali region and Dire Dawa in Ethiopia, and the Lamu, Garissa, Wajir and Mandera Counties (all except Lamu formed part of the former North Eastern Province, which was abolished in 2013) in Kenya.

British Somaliland

SomalilandSomaliland ProtectorateBritish Somaliland Protectorate
British Somaliland, officially the British Somaliland Protectorate (Dhulka Maxmiyada Soomaalida ee Biritishka), was a British protectorate in present-day Somaliland. For much of its existence, the territory was bordered by Italian Somalia, French Somaliland and Ethiopia.