United States

Adoption in the United States is common and relatively easy from a legal point of view (compared to other Western countries). In 2001, with over 127,000 adoptions, the U.S. accounted for nearly half of the total number of adoptions worldwide. Same-sex marriage is legal nationwide, owing to the Supreme Court's 2015 decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, and it is legal for same-sex couples to adopt. Polygamy is illegal throughout the U.S. The United States had a life expectancy of 78.6 years at birth in 2017, which was the third year of declines in life expectancy following decades of continuous increase. The recent decline is largely due to sharp increases in the drug overdose and suicide rates.

United Kingdom

Unchallenged at sea, British dominance was later described as Pax Britannica ("British Peace"), a period of relative peace among the Great Powers (1815–1914) during which the British Empire became the global hegemon and adopted the role of global policeman. By the time of the Great Exhibition of 1851, Britain was described as the "workshop of the world". The British Empire was expanded to include India, large parts of Africa and many other territories throughout the world. Alongside the formal control it exerted over its own colonies, British dominance of much of world trade meant that it effectively controlled the economies of many regions, such as Asia and Latin America.

Native Americans in the United States

Native AmericanNative AmericansAmerican Indian
While numerous tribes used captive enemies as servants and slaves, they also often adopted younger captives into their tribes to replace members who had died. In the Southeast, a few Native American tribes began to adopt a slavery system similar to that of the American colonists, buying African American slaves, especially the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Creek. Though less than 3% of Native Americans owned slaves, divisions grew among the Native Americans over slavery. Among the Cherokee, records show that slave holders in the tribe were largely the children of European men that had shown their children the economics of slavery.


married couplesopposite-sex married couplesmarried
During the first half of the 20th century, unmarried women in some Western countries were coerced by authorities to give their children up for adoption. This was especially the case in Australia, through the forced adoptions in Australia, with most of these adoptions taking place between the 1950s and the 1970s. In 2013, Julia Gillard, then Prime Minister of Australia, offered a national apology to those affected by the forced adoptions. Some married couples choose not to have children. Others are unable to have children because of infertility or other factors preventing conception or the bearing of children. In some cultures, marriage imposes an obligation on women to bear children.

Cyntoia Brown

Allen was a real estate broker and a United States Army veteran. Based on what Brown told investigators, Allen asked her if she was hungry and if she was homeless. Brown answered yes to both questions and accepted Allen's offer to take her to his house. Brown and Allen ordered dinner and Allen drove the pair to his home. At a later hearing, Brown testified that she agreed to have sex with Allen for US$150, but claimed that they never actually engaged in sexual intercourse. At some point during the encounter Brown shot Allen in the back of the head using her .40-caliber handgun.

Repugnant market

Real estate broker/agent profession or flipping real estate. Metered parking. Simony. Prohibitionism. Repugnancy costs. Taboo. Yuck factor. Transcript of BBC broadcast on repugnant markets. Google video on Market Failure and Market Design.

List of Halloween characters

JudithTommy DoyleLynda Van Der Klok
Appears in the novel Halloween (1979) by Curtis Richards In the novelization of the first film, Chester Strode is the father of Laurie Strode and a real estate broker. Like his counterpart in the film, he is trying to sell the old Myers house. However, in the novel it is revealed that Donald and Edith Myers moved to the state of Indiana shortly after Judith's murder and that they still owned the house and that they were still making payments on the house until it could be sold. There is nothing in the Halloween novel saying that he is the adoptive father of Laurie. It is only in the movie Halloween II, that Laurie's adoption is explained. Appears in: Halloween III: Season of the Witch.

List of American Dad! characters

Jeff FischerJeffPearl Bailey High School
After Stan frees Bullock's wife Miriam from Fallujah, she immediately accepts and loves A.J. as her adopted son. Jackson (voiced by Mike Henry) – One of Stan's co-workers at the CIA. He was once a real estate agent, and is a "former homosexual". Apparently, when he stopped selling houses, his "sodomy cleared right up." His conversion has been suggested to be unsuccessful, suggesting that he may be transgender as well. Moreover, when asked if he ever "did it with a dead mermaid," he replied "Mermaid, no." He had a body double who was accidentally killed by Stan. He is almost always seen with something in his hands, such as a coffee cup.

List of Halloween (film series) characters

Appears in the novel Halloween (1979) by Curtis Richards In the novelization of the first film, Chester Strode is the father of Laurie Strode and a real estate broker. Like his counterpart in the film, he is trying to sell the old Myers house. However, in the novel it is revealed that Donald and Edith Myers moved to the state of Indiana shortly after Judith's murder and that they still owned the house and that they were still making payments on the house until it could be sold. There is nothing in the Halloween novel saying that he is the adoptive father of Laurie. It is only in the movie Halloween II, that Laurie's adoption is explained.


parenthoodchild-rearingchild rearing
Others may be adopted, raised in foster care, or placed in an orphanage. Parenting skills vary, and a parent with good parenting skills may be referred to as a good parent. Parenting styles vary by historical time period, race/ethnicity, social class, and other social features. Additionally, research has supported that parental history both in terms of attachments of varying quality as well as parental psychopathology, particularly in the wake of adverse experiences, can strongly influence parental sensitivity and child outcomes. Social class, wealth, culture and income have a very strong impact on what methods of child rearing parents use.

Adoption in ancient Rome

Like a marriage contract, adoption was a way to reinforce interfamily ties and political alliances. The adopted child was often in a privileged situation, enjoying both original and adoptive family connections. Almost every politically famous Roman family used it. Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire, is possibly the most famous example of adoption in ancient Rome. Born into relative obscurity under the name "Gaius Octavius", he was adopted into the Julii Caesares by testament of his maternal great-uncle, the Roman dictator Julius Caesar.


Rugeley Urban District
Rugeley is twinned with Western Springs, Illinois and in July 1962 the towns made telephone history on national television when the chairman of Rugeley Urban District Council made the first telephone call via the new Telstar satellite to the Mayor of Western Springs. The town, historically known as Rudgeley or Ridgeley, is listed in the Domesday Book. This name is thought to be derived from 'Ridge lee', or 'the hill over the field'. In the mediaeval period, it thrived on iron workings and was also a site of glass manufacturing.


triple filiation
When an adoption takes place under the laws of the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and the United Kingdom, a complete transfer of filiation takes place. A standard example in U.S. adoption law is seen in the California State Code: 8616. After adoption, the adopted child and the adoptive parents shall sustain towards each other the legal relationship of parent and child and have all the rights and are subject to all the duties of that relationship. In other nations, a form of "incomplete adoption" may allow filiation with the natural family to remain.

National Association of Realtors

Chadbourn, then a real estate agent in Minneapolis and vice-president of the National Association of Real Estate Boards, wrote "I propose that the National Association adopt a professional title to be conferred upon its members which they shall use to distinguish them from outsiders. That this title be copyrighted and defended by the National Association against misuse... I therefore, propose that the National Association adopt and confer upon its members, dealers in realty, the title of realtor (accented on the first syllable)." The association adopted the term the following year, at its national convention in New Orleans in April 1916.


Other Polynesian cultures, such as the Tahitians and the Māori, have similar practices of adoptions.


In others, the use of a lawyer is optional and banks, title companies, or realtors may be used instead. In some civil law jurisdictions, real estate transactions are handled by civil law notaries. In England and Wales a special class of legal professional–the licensed conveyancer–is also allowed to carry out conveyancing services for reward. In many countries, only lawyers have the legal authority to draft wills, trusts, and any other documents that ensure the efficient disposition of a person's property after death. In some civil law countries this responsibility is handled by civil law notaries.


Adrogation, among ancient Romans, was a kind of adoption in which the person adopted was free, and consented to be adopted by another. It was done at the assembly of the people while the commonwealth subsisted, and later by a rescript of the emperors. The Roman practice of adrogation required the adrogator to be at least 60 years old, for otherwise it was expected that they be procreating rather than adopting. Exception was made for the infertile and those who wished to adopt within the family. This is contrasted with arrogation, in which one claims another for oneself without the right. *Adoption in ancient Rome

Multiple listing service

MLSMultiple Listingmultiple listing system
"Justice Department Sues National Association Of Realtors For Limiting Competition Among Real Estate Brokers", Department of Justice antitrust lawsuit press release, 8 September 2005.

Commission (remuneration)

An example in the US could be a real estate agent. A commission is not offered at most entities that receive donations or gifts. This is likely against the will of most donors. However, it is commonly argued that this would increase the motivation and efficiency of those requesting donations. Industries, where a commission is commonly paid include car sales, property sales, insurance broking, and many other sales jobs. In the United States, a real estate broker who successfully sells property might collect a commission of 6% of the sale price, but one who makes no sales will collect no compensation whatsoever.

Baby Scoop Era

Beggars And Choosers: How The Politics Of Choice Shapes Adoption, Abortion And Welfare In The U.S. (Hill and Wang). Terranova, D. (2014). Baby Farm. Brisbane: Terranova Publications. ISBN: 978-0-9941700-0-2. A novel about forced adoptions in Australia in the 1970s.

Real estate trends

At one time, all real estate brokers and agents, or Realtors, practiced "single agency," meaning they represented only the buyer or the seller. In the 1990s, the concept of buyer agency became popular, allowing a buyer to retain an agent who would represent the best interests of the buyer alone. The first national company to provide this service was The Buyer's Agent, Inc. A 2008 study by Consumer Reports indicates that prior to this development, a Realtor was presumed by state law to be working for the seller. The same study shows that buyers using buyer agents obtained a savings of $5000 in the price of the home as compared to prices paid by unrepresented buyers.

Illinois's 3rd congressional district

3rd3rd district3
First Congregational Church of Western Springs. Grossdale Station, Brookfield. Haymarket Martyrs' Monument National Historic Landmark, Forest Park. Hofmann Tower, Lyons. La Grange Village Historic District. Lyons Township Hall, La Grange. Oak Lawn School, Oak Lawn. Old Stone Gate of Chicago Union Stockyards National Historic Landmark, New City, Chicago. George E. Purple House, La Grange. Ridge Historic District, Beverly/Morgan Park, Chicago. Riverside Landscape Architecture District, Riverside. Robert Silhan House, Berwyn. F.F. Tomek House, Riverside. Western Springs Water Tower. Illinois's congressional districts. List of United States congressional districts.


Sub-agent (Sub-agency) is a real estate term in the United States and Canada describing the relationship which a real estate broker and his/her agents have with a buyer of a business, home, or property. Lasting until the early 1990s, the broker provided a conventional full-service, commission-based brokerage relationship under a signed listing agreement only with a seller, thus creating an agency relationship with fiduciary obligations under common law in most of the US and Canada. The seller was then a client of the broker. However, no such agency relationship existed with the buyer, and the broker's agents helped the buyer (who was typically known as his or her "customer").

Cook County, Illinois

Cook CountyCookCook counties
Western Springs. Wheeling. Willow Springs. Wilmette. Winnetka. Worth. Central Stickney. Hines. La Grange Highlands. Nottingham Park. Sag Bridge. Sutton. Thornton Township – 169,326. Wheeling Township – 153,630. Worth Township – 152,633. Proviso Township – 151,704. Maine Township – 135,772. Schaumburg Township – 131,288. Palatine Township – 112,994. Lyons Township – 111,688. Bremen Township – 110,118. Niles Township – 105,882. Hanover Township – 99,538. Orland Township – 97,558. Elk Grove Township – 92,905. Leyden Township – 92,890. Bloom Township – 90,922. Northfield Township – 85,102. Cicero Township – 83,891. Rich Township – 76,727. Berwyn Township – 56,657. New Trier Township – 55,424.

Adoption in Australia

adoptionAdoption in Australia: Stolen generationsAustralia
Adoption in Australia deals with the adoption process in the various parts of Australia, whereby a person assumes or acquires the permanent, legal status of parenthood in relation to a child under the age of 18 in place of the child's birth or biological parents. Australia classifies adoptions as local adoptions (placement within the country), and intercountry adoptions (adoption of children born overseas). Known child adoptions (adoption by relatives, stepparents or carers) are a form of local adoptions. Adoptions in Australia are handled by state and territorial government agencies or approved adoption agencies.