The 5th and current caliph is Mirza Masroor Ahmad. After the death of Ghulam Ahmad, his successors directed the Ahmadiyya Community from Qadian, India which remained the headquarters of the community until 1947 with the creation of Pakistan. From this time on the headquarters remained in Rabwah, a town built on land bought in Pakistan by the community in 1948. In 1984, Ordinance XX was promulgated by the government of Pakistan which prohibited Ahmadi Muslims from any public expression of the Islamic faith, rendering the caliph unable to perform his duties as the leader of the community.
Caliph IVFourth CaliphFourth Caliphate
The newly elected Caliph Mirza Masroor Ahmad, as the Khalifatul Masih V, led the funeral prayer on 23 April 2003, attended by over 40,000 people from around the world. Mirza Tahir Ahmad regularly held question and answer sessions both with Ahmadis and non-Ahmadis from around the world. Since his migration to England, separate sessions were held in Urdu and English and in addition to these, since the launch of the satellite TV channel MTA in 1994, separate sessions were held – through translators – with Arabic, French and Bengali speakers. Towards the end of his life these question and answers were held almost on a daily basis.
Ahmadiyya Theological UniversityAhmadiyya University of Theology and LanguagesInternational Ahmadiyya University Of Theology
Upon completion of their degrees, they are sent to various parts of the world including South America, Africa, North America, Europe, and Far East as appointed by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, present head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Jamia students may be appointed by the Caliph either as Missionaries of the Community (often called Murrabi, Imam, or Mawlana) or as Qadis or Muftis of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community with a specialisation in matters of fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence).
Annual Conventionannual gatheringAnnual Conference
In 2004 from 3 to 5 September, the 22nd Jalsa Salana was held in the presence of Mirza Masroor Ahmad, the head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, in the multi-purpose hall of Forch near Zurich. The 27th Jalsa Salana Switzerland was held in the hamlet of Wigoltingen from 12 to 14 June 2009. The first Jalsa Salana in the UK took place in 1964. Jalsa Salana UK serves as an International Jalsa, since the Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Mirza Masroor Ahmad resides in this country after his migration from Pakistan.
Chenab NagarRabwah (Chenab Nagar)Rabwah Railway Station
Khalīfatul Masīh II of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Mirza Nasir Ahmad, Khalifatul Masih III of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Mirza Tahir Ahmad, Khalifatul Masih IV of the community. Mirza Masroor Ahmad, Khalifatul Masih V of the community. The Ahmadis by Antonio R. Gualtieri. Pictures of Rabwah. Pictures of Rabwah.
Ghulam AhmadPromised MessiahGhulām Ahmad
Valentine, 'Islam & the Ahmadiyya Jama'at', Hurst & Co, London/New York, 2008. Official Website of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Official Website of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement. Complete List of the Works of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Islam-Ahmadiyya specifically caters to an Arabic-speaking audience. Like Al Islam itself, Islam-Ahmadiyya is home to a wide variety of content including books, articles and multimedia content. How To Distinguish Between A True Prophet And A False Prophet.
Qadian, British India
A remote and unknown town, Qadian emerged as a centre of religious learning in 1889, when Mirza Ghulam Ahmad established the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, and in 1891 it became the venue for the Community's annual gatherings. Qadian remained the administrative headquarters and capital of the Ahmadiyya Caliphate until the partition of India in 1947, when much of the Community migrated to Pakistan.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has published a ten-volume Urdu commentary on the Quran, with the name Tafseer e Kabir. . Following this commentary, a five volume English commentary was also published as The English Commentary of the Holy Quran. Esoteric or Sufi interpretation attempts to unveil the inner meanings of the Quran. Sufism moves beyond the apparent (zahir) point of the verses and instead relates Quranic verses to the inner or esoteric (batin) and metaphysical dimensions of consciousness and existence. According to Sands, esoteric interpretations are more suggestive than declarative, they are allusions (isharat) rather than explanations (tafsir).
in 1974ordinance in 1984Ordinance No. XX
Ordinance XX (Urdu: آرڈیننس 20) is a legal ordinance of the Government of Pakistan that was promulgated under the regime of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq on 26 April 1984 and is meant to prohibit the practice of Islam and the usage of Islamic terms and titles for the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. The ordinance bars Ahmadi Muslims, who are deemed Non-Muslims under the Pakistani constitution, from publicly practising the Islamic faith and also disallows them from using any Islamic texts for praying purposes. It is in addition to – but separate from – the 1974 Second Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan.
The movement opposed Ahmadiyya Movement and is famous for the celebration of Mawlid. Today the movement is spread across the globe with followers in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Turkey, Afghanistan, Iraq, Sri Lanka, South Africa, United States, and UK among other countries. The movement now has over 200 million followers. Contact with industrialized nations brought Muslim populations to new areas through economic migration. Many Muslims migrated as indentured servants, from mostly India and Indonesia, to the Caribbean, forming the largest Muslim populations by percentage in the Americas.
London, EnglandLondon, UKLondon, United Kingdom
Notable mosques include the East London Mosque in Tower Hamlets, which is allowed to give the Islamic call to prayer through loudspeakers, the London Central Mosque on the edge of Regent's Park and the Baitul Futuh of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Following the oil boom, increasing numbers of wealthy Middle-Eastern Arab Muslims have based themselves around Mayfair, Kensington, and Knightsbridge in West London. There are large Muslim communities in the eastern boroughs of Tower Hamlets and Newham. Large Hindu communities are in the north-western boroughs of Harrow and Brent, the latter of which hosts what was, until 2006, Europe's largest Hindu temple, Neasden Temple.
Prophethood (Ahmadiyya). Relics of Muhammad. Umm Ayman (Barakah). Muḥammad, in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Muhammad, article on Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Muhammad: Legacy of a Prophet — PBS Site.
Second CaliphateMirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud AhmadMirza Mahmood Ahmad
They declared that their objectives were to guide the Muslims of India on matters of nationalism as well as religion and violently opposed the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in India on a political level. In 1931 they held a series of conferences and a strong legal protest nearby Qadian where they are reported to have incited hatred against the Ahmadiyya. These were followed by incidents of severe persecution against Ahmadis, many of whom were reported to have been attacked, beaten, stoned, looted and their mosques occupied in a number of places.
Founded in 1898 in Qadian, India by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, the college was the inspiration of the community's founder Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Originally starting out as a middle school, the institution traces its roots to two rooms in a guest house located in Qadian. It was established to provide an Ahmadiyya-based curriculum in a town that had a small number of schools where most teachers taught with a bias against Islam. Inaugurated on 1 January 1898 as Madrassa Talim-ul-Islam, the school quickly became a high school within a three-year period.
MTAMTA InternationalMTA Muslim TV
MTA International (formerly known as Muslim Television Ahmadiyya or MTA) is a globally-broadcasting, nonprofit satellite television network and a division of Al Shirkatul-Islamiyyah which consists of 4 international channels that are run and funded entirely from donations by members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. The first channel to be launched by the MTA network was AMP or Ahmadiyya Muslim Presentation on 31 January 1992 and was established by Mirza Tahir Ahmad (fourth Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community).
The Ahmadis, a small minority representing 0.22–2% of Pakistan's population, are officially considered non-Muslims by virtue of the constitutional amendment. The Ahmadis are particularly persecuted, especially since 1974 when they were banned from calling themselves Muslims. In 1984, Ahmadiyya places of worship were banned from being called "mosques"., 12% of Pakistani Muslims self-identify as non-denominational Muslims. There are also several Quraniyoon communities. Sufism, a mystical Islamic tradition, has a long history and a large following among the Sunni Muslims in Pakistan, at both the academic and popular levels.
Lahore, PakistanLahore CityLahore, Punjab
Lahore is a city in the Pakistani province of Punjab. Lahore is the country's second-most populous city after Karachi, and is one of Pakistan's wealthiest cities with an estimated GDP of $58.14 billion (PPP) as of 2015. Lahore is the largest city, and historic cultural centre of the Punjab region, and one of Pakistan's most socially liberal, progressive, and cosmopolitan cities.
holy warjihādoffensive jihad
In Ahmadiyya Islam, jihad is primarily one's personal inner struggle and should not be used violently for political motives. Violence is the last option only to be used to protect religion and one's own life in extreme situations of persecution. Quranists do not believe that the word jihad means holy war. They believe it means to struggle, or to strive. They believe it can incorporate both military and non-military aspects. When it refers to the military aspect, it is understood primarily as defensive warfare.
The group also claimed the 2009 Lahore bombing shortly after the attack, although the attack was also claimed by Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, and the May 2010 attacks on Ahmadi mosques in Lahore which were aimed at the Ahmadi minority sect. Pamphlets found at the scene of the March 2011 assassination of Shahbaz Bhatti implicated the Punjabi Taliban. On 24 August 2013, a spokesman for the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan claimed that the head of the Punjabi Taliban faction, Asmatullah Muawiya, had been stripped of his leadership for welcoming the Pakistani government's peace talks offer.
Commander of the Faithfulamīr al-muʾminīnAmir ul Mu´minin
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Caliph, Mirza Masroor Ahmad. According to the Moroccan constitution the King of Morocco is also Amir al-Mu'minin. The Sultan of Sokoto. The supreme leader of the Afghan Taliban. The self proclaimed Caliph of ISIL. Muhammad Umar Khan of the Kokand Khanate took on the title. Abdelkader El Djezairi assumed the title in 1834. Dost Mohammad Khan was conferred the title in 1836 by the ulama of Kabul, granting legitimacy to his Emirate and his jihad against the Sikh Empire.
PunjabPunjab ProvincePakistani Punjab
The other minorities include Ahmadiyya, Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis and Bahá'í. The Government of Punjab is a provincial government in the federal structure of Pakistan, is based in Lahore, the capital of the Punjab Province. The Chief Minister of Punjab (CM) is elected by the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab to serve as the head of the provincial government in Punjab, Pakistan. The current Chief Minister is Shahbaz Sharif, who became the Chief Minister of Punjab as being restored after Governor's rule starting from 25 February 2009 to 30 March 2009. Thereafter got re-elected as a result of 11 May 2013 elections.
King AbdullahAbdullahCrown Prince Abdullah
On 24 January 2007, Human Rights Watch sent an open letter to King Abdullah asking him to cease religious persecution of the Ahmadi faith in Saudi Arabia. Two letters were sent in November 2006 and February 2007 asking him to remove the travel ban on critics of the Saudi government. Human Rights Watch has not yet indicated whether they have received any response to these letters. On 30 October 2007, during a state visit to the UK, King Abdullah was accused by protestors of being a "murderer" and a "torturer". Concerns were raised about the treatment of women and homosexuals by the Saudi kingdom and over alleged bribes involving arms deals between Saudi Arabia and the UK.
🇸🇦SaudiKingdom of Saudi Arabia
And at least one religious minority, the Ahmadiyya Muslims, had its adherents deported, as they are legally banned from entering the country. Saudi Wahhabism is hostile to any reverence given to historical or religious places of significance for fear that it may give rise to 'shirk' (idolatry), and the most significant historic Muslim sites (in Mecca and Medina) are located in the western Saudi region of Hejaz. As a consequence, under Saudi rule, an estimated 95% of Mecca's historic buildings, most over a thousand years old, have been demolished for religious reasons.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Peace Prize, formally Ahmadiyya Muslim Prize for the Advancement of Peace, is awarded annually "in recognition of an individual’s or an organisation’s contribution for the advancement of the cause of peace". The prize was first launched in 2009 by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Peace Prize Committee under the directive of the caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Mirza Masroor Ahmad. The Prize is announced annually at the United Kingdom Annual Convention and is presented the following year at the National Peace Symposium held at the Baitul Futuh Mosque in London. The Prize includes a monetary sum, which is normally set at 10,000 pounds sterling.
Bait'ul FutuhBait-ul-Futuh MosqueBaitul Futuh
Similarly, the mosque is host to the weekly Friday Sermons delivered by the Head of the Ahmadiyya Community, Mirza Masroor Ahmad. These speeches by Mirza Masroor Ahmad are relayed live across a global TV network. His Holiness Mirza Tahir Ahmad, who was the head of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community at the time, launched an appeal for funds for the building on 24 February 1995, and the land was purchased on 29 March 1996. The designs were produced by Oxford architectural studio, Sutton Griffin.