Battle of Mindoro

Mindoroinvasion of MindoroMindoro landings
For the invasion of Luzon, U.S. forces needed air bases that were closer to the northern island than Leyte Island. Mindoro was the logical choice. Located not too far south of Luzon, and being about one-half the size of New Jersey, Mindoro is mostly covered by hills and mountains, with a few narrow plains along its seacoasts. Almost daily rains and high humidity, caused by clouds moving up from the south trapped by the high peaks made it a breeding ground for malaria and other tropical diseases. However, Japanese defenses on the island were minimal.

11th Armoured Division (United Kingdom)

11th Armoured DivisionBritish 11th Armoured Division11th Armoured
From 26 December onwards, the Germans started to withdraw and 11th Armoured was replaced by the 6th Airborne Division, after having pushed the enemy back beyond Celles. Only 29th Armoured Brigade was retained in support of the airborne troops. It forced the Germans back to La Bure and Wavreille between 3 and 7 January. From the 9th on, it reached Grupont, before being finally directed the following day to Ypres for rest, refit and training activities. On 17 February 1945 the 159th Brigade was recalled to the front, to add its weight to the reinforce XXX Corps fighting in Operation Veritable (Lower Rhine region).

House of Representatives of the Philippines

DistrictHouse of RepresentativesPhilippine House of Representatives
Leyte (5). Maguindanao (2). Marinduque (1). Masbate (3). Misamis Occidental (2). Misamis Oriental (2). Mountain Province (1). Negros Occidental (6). Negros Oriental (3). Northern Samar (2). Nueva Ecija (4). Nueva Vizcaya (1). Occidental Mindoro (1). Oriental Mindoro (2). Palawan (3). Pampanga (4). Pangasinan (6). Quezon (4). Quirino (1). Rizal (2). Romblon (1). Samar (2). Sarangani (1). Siquijor (1). Sorsogon (2). South Cotabato (2). Southern Leyte (2). Sultan Kudarat (2). Sulu (2). Surigao del Norte (2). Surigao del Sur (2). Tarlac (3). Tawi-Tawi (1). Zambales (2). Zamboanga del Norte (3). Zamboanga del Sur (2). Zamboanga Sibugay (2). Antipolo (2). Bacolod (1). Baguio (1). Biñan (1).

Fort Bragg

Fort Bragg, North CarolinaFt. BraggFort Bragg, NC
Headquarters and Headquarters Company. 1st Special Forces Command Intelligence Battalion. 3rd Special Forces Group (Airborne). United States Army Special Operations Aviation Command. 4th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne). 8th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne). 95th Civil Affairs Brigade (Airborne). 528th Sustainment Brigade (Airborne). John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School.

Alamo Scouts Training Center

Their locations were; two at Kalo Kalo, Fergusson Island, New Guinea. one at Mange Point, Finschafen Area, New Guinea, two at Cape Kassoe, Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea, one at the mouth of Cadacan River, on the Philippine island of Leyte, and three at Mabayo (Subic Bay) on the Philippine island of Luzon. Silent Warriors of World War II, The Alamo Scouts Behind Japanese Lines by Lance Q. Zedric. Pathfinder Publishing 1995. Silent No More, The Alamo Scouts In Their Own Words by Lance Zedric and Russ Blaise. War Room Press 2013. Johnson, Forrest Bryant. Hour of Redemption: The Heroic WW II Saga of America's Most Daring POW Rescue. Warner Books, 2002. Originally published in 1978.

List of military divisions by number

U.S. 10th Mountain Division. 10th Guards Motor Rifle Division (Soviet Army). 10th Division (Vietnam People's Army). 11th Division :. Australian 11th Division. British 11th (Northern) Division. British 11th Armoured Division. 11th Bavarian Infantry Division. Imperial German 11th Division. Imperial German 11th Landwehr Division. Imperial German 11th Reserve Division. German 11th Luftwaffe Field Division. German 11th Parachute Division. 11th Indian Division of the British Indian Army during the First World War. Indian 11th Infantry Division. Italian 11th Infantry Division. Imperial Japanese 11th Division. U.S. 11th Airborne Division. U.S. 11th Armored Division. U.S. 11th Infantry Division.

Jerrold Tarog

He was an only child of parents Jose, an Overseas Filipino Worker from Bicol, and Aurora, who hails from Leyte. At age six Tarog learned to play the drums, and he took piano lessons at age seven. Tarog graduated from the University of the Philippines Rural High School in Los Baños, Laguna for his primary education and spent two years in the University of the Philippines Los Baños to study agribusiness management for his secondary education; he eventually withdrew from the latter school having performed poorly.

List of lakes of the Philippines

Lakes in the Philippineslake in the Philippineslakes
The origin of most of the lakes in the Philippines is closely related to volcanic and tectonic activity. A number of smaller lakes occupy the craters of extinct volcanoes. Some lake basins are developed by subsidence due to tectonic or volcanic activity. Others owe their existence to obstruction of drainage courses by landslides, lava flows and by fragmental volcanic ejecta. Among the lakes which are known in the Philippines only three, namely, Laguna de Bay in Luzon, Taal Lake in Luzon, and Lake Lanao in Mindanao, stand out prominently because of their size or economic importance.

40th Airlift Squadron

40th Tactical Airlift Squadron40th Troop Carrier Squadron40th
The squadron also participated in the airdrop of the 11th Airborne Division on Mindoro Island, and the airdrop of the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment on Los Banos, on the Batangas Peninsula of Luzon. In February 1945, the squadron carried the "most valuable cargo ever moved in the Southwest Pacific Theater." It brought 120 doctors and nurses to Mabalacat to care for American prisoners liberated from Japanese prisoner of war camps after three years of imprisonment. In March, the squadron moved to Clark Field, Philippines.

Spanish influence on Filipino culture

Hispanic influence on Filipino cultureHispanic culture in The Philippinescountry's historic ties to Spain
Many cities and towns are also named in Spanish, such as Medellin, La Libertad, Naga City (prior to 1919 was known as Nueva Cáceres), Las Piñas, Prosperidad, Isabela, Sierra Bullones, Angeles, La Paz, Esperanza, Buenavista, Pilar, La Trinidad, Garcia Hernandez, Trece Martires, Los Baños, and many more. There are numerous other towns and cities named after saints, such as San Fernando, Santa Rosa, San Isidro, San José, San Juan and San Pablo, as well as after Spanish places like Madrid, Santander, Toledo, Cádiz, Valencia, Murcia, Lucena, and Pamplona. Other native Filipino names are spelled using Spanish orthography, such as Cagayán de Oro, Parañaque, and Cebú.

41st Airlift Squadron

41st Tactical Airlift Squadron41st Troop Carrier Squadron41st
Leyte, Philippines, 17 November 1944. Clark Field, Luzon, Philippines, 6 March 1945. Okinawa, August 1945. Kimpo Air Base, South Korea, October 1945. Seoul Air Base, South Korea, 7 January 1946. Tachikawa Air Base, Japan, 19 January 1946. Nagoya Air Base, Japan, 30 April 1947. Tachikawa Air Base, Japan, September 1947– 22 September 1948. Wiesbaden Air Base, Germany, 30 September 1948. RAF Celle, Germany, 19 December 1948 – 14 September 1949. Rhein-Main Air Base, Germany, 14 July 1952. Neubiberg Air Base, Germany, 21 March 1953. Évreux-Fauville Air Base, France, 15 March 1957 – 20 June 1964.

Elmer E. Fryar

He re-enlisted in the Army, and by December 8, 1944 was serving as a private in Company E, 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 11th Airborne Division. On that day, in Leyte, the Philippines, he single-handedly held off an enemy platoon which was trying to flank his company. Later, while helping a wounded soldier to the rear, he saw an enemy sniper aiming at his platoon leader. Fryar jumped forward and blocked the sniper's fire with his body. Although mortally wounded, he managed to kill the sniper with a hand grenade before succumbing. For these actions, he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor five months later, on May 9, 1945. Fryar's body was never recovered.

Philippine resistance against Japan

Filipino guerrillasFilipino resistancePhilippine guerrillas
This force would later be instrumental, providing intelligence to the liberating forces led by General Douglas MacArthur, and took an active role in numerous battles, such as the Raid at Los Baños. When war broke out in the Philippines, some 300 Philippine Military Academy and ROTC cadets, unable to join the USAFFE units because of their youth, banded together in a common desire to contribute to the war effort throughout the Bataan campaign. The Hunters originally conducted operations with another guerrilla group called Marking's Guerrillas, with whom they went about liquidating Japanese spies.

List of shopping malls in the Philippines

Puregold Price Clubshopping mallslargest shopping mall
This is a list of notable shopping malls in the Philippines. The retail industry in the Philippines is an important contributor to the national economy as it accounts for approximately 15% of the Philippines' total Gross National Product (GNP) and 33% of the entire services sector. It employs some 5.25 million people, representing 18% of the Philippines' workforce. The Philippine Retailers Association is the association of retailers, mall, and shopping center operators in the country.

Philippine Army

ArmyPhilippine Commonwealth ArmyPA
Formed in the same time was the 1st Scout Ranger Regiment, and in 1962 the PA raised its airborne and special forces formation, the Special Forces Regiment (Airborne) following the traditions of the US Army Special Forces (the Green Berets) and the 11th Airborne Division that helped liberate Southern Luzon and Manila at the closing stages of the Japanese occupation of the country.

Hugh McCollum Curran

From 1929 until the end of 1941 he was a professor of tropical forestry at the Philippines Agricultural College in Los Baños, Laguna. After surviving Los Baños Internment Camp during WWII, Hugh M. Curran, Sr. lived with his wife in Venezuela, where he worked as a forestry consultant. His wife died in Caracas in 1952. Curran collected several new species of flowering plants in Brazil in 1915 and in Colombia in the early part of 1916. The botanical specimens were described and named by Sidney F. Blake and represent trees or shrubs of at least local economic significance. *Dicranopteris curranii (named by Edwin Bingham Copeland in honor of Hugh M. Curran, Sr.)

State Colleges and Universities Athletic Association

Cruz, Laguna. host 2006 PSU of Puerto Princesa City, Palawan. host 2007 MSC of Boac, Marinduque; Over-all Champion CvSU Hornets. host 2008 RSC of Odiongan, Romblon. host 2009 SLSU of Lucban, Quezon Province; Over-all Champion CvSU Hornets. host 2010 CvSU of Indang, Cavite; Over-all Champion CvSU Hornets. host 2011 RSU of Odiongan, Romblon; Over-all Champion CvSU Hornets. host 2012 CvSU of Indang, Cavite; Over-all Champion PSU Bearcats. host 2013 MinSCAT of Victoria, Oriental Mindoro; Over-all Champion PSU Bearcats. host 2013–2014 BatStateU of Batangas City; Over-all Champion BatStateU Red Blades. host 2014–2015 UP Los Baños, Laguna; Over-all Champion PSU Bearcats. host 2015–2016 WPU of Aborlan

317th Operations Group

317th Troop Carrier Group317th Transport Group317th Transport Group (later 317th Troop Carrier Group)
The group dropped part of 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment near Aparri on 23 June 1945 to split Japanese forces in the Cagayen Valley and prevent them from retreating to the hills in northern Luzon. The 317th was the first Allied unit to touch down on Japanese soil after the surrender of Japan, when twelve of its planes led a 16 ship formation that landed at Atsugi Air Base on 28 August. Colonel John Lackey, commanding officer of the 317th, was the first American pilot to land in Japan. His plane, and the next two to land were equipped with special communications gear in order to establish an initial command and control network for the occupying forces.

LGBT rights in the Philippines

PhilippinesLGBT rightsLGBT rights movement
Pride marches are also common activities in the other campuses, including the Baguio (Cordillera), Pampanga (Central Luzon), Olongapo (Pampanga), Los Baños (Laguna), Manila, Iloilo (Western Visayas), Davao City (Davao Region), Tacloban (Leyte) and Cebu City campuses. The Cebu-based University of San Carlos is viewed as LGBT-tolerant. The university has approved various LGBT-related speaking events at the campus. However, the university is far from being LGBT inclusive as it still implements a "no crossdressing policy" which is routinely used to discriminate against transgender students.

List of city and municipality nicknames in the Philippines

This partial list of city and municipality nicknames in the Philippines compiles the aliases, sobriquets and slogans that cities and municipalities in the Philippines are known by (or have been known by historically), officially and unofficially, to municipal governments, local people, outsiders or their tourism boards or chambers of commerce. City nicknames can help in establishing a civic identity, helping outsiders recognize a community or attracting people to a community because of its nickname; promote civic pride; and build community unity. Nicknames and slogans that successfully create a new community "ideology or myth" are also believed to have economic value.

List of festivals in the Philippines

fiestacapital of the world's festivitiesFestivals in the Philippines
This is a list of festivals in the Philippines, known as "fiestas". The majority of fiestas in the Philippines also have their own peryas (trade fairs with temporary amusement parks). The origin of most early fiestas are rooted in Christianity, dating back to the Spanish colonial period when the many communities (such as barrios and towns) of the predominantly Catholic Philippines almost always had a patron saint assigned to each of them. Originally encouraged by the Spanish to coincide with Christian holy days, early festivals became vital instruments in spreading Christianity throughout the country.

43rd Air Mobility Operations Group

43d Bombardment Group43rd Bombardment Group43d Operations Group
The group's primary mission focuses on providing enroute operations and enabling global response and airborne support for Fort Bragg's 82nd Airborne Division. The 43d Operations Group was redesignated the 43d Airlift Group on 1 March 2011 after the inactivation of the 43d Airlift Wing. It was later redesignated the 43d Air Mobility Operations Group on 14 June 2016. The 43d Air Mobility Operations Group is part of the air force component of United States Transportation Command. It provides rapid strategic deployment of forces assigned to Joint Special Operations Command, the XVIII Airborne Corps and 82nd Airborne Division.

USS Taylor (DD-468)

TaylorUSS ''Taylor'' (DD-468)(DD-468) ''Taylor
On 29 October, she joined TG 77.2 and departed the area of Leyte Gulf. After visits to Seeadler Harbor, Ulithi Atoll, and Kossol Roads, she returned to Leyte Gulf on 16 November. Between 16 and 29 November, the destroyer continued to screen TG 77.2 and to patrol the eastern entrance to the Surigao Strait. Again, she joined her sister ships in beating off heavy enemy air raids, climaxed by a large attack of kamikaze suicide planes and dive bombers on the 29th. She claimed one sure kill and two assists during those raids. Taylor then cleared Leyte Gulf for almost a month at Seeadler Harbor before returning to Leyte on 28 December to prepare for the invasion of Luzon.

New Bilibid Prison

Bilibid PrisonBilibidOld Bilibid Prison
He was incarcerated while undergoing trial for war crimes committed during the Japanese Occupation and was eventually executed by hanging in Los Baños, Laguna on 23 February 1946. Luis Taruc, who pleaded guilty to a charge of rebellion in 1954 and was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment. He was later sentenced to four life terms for additional crimes. He was pardoned in 1968 by president Ferdinand Marcos. 2014 New Bilibid Prison raids. New Bilibid Prison drug trafficking scandal. Muntinlupa Sunken Garden. Images by Gerhard Joren at Getty Images. " The lethal injection chamber at New Bilibid Prison." February 24, 2004. " The lethal injection chamber at New Bilibid Prison."