Jim Cooper

Cooper, JimJames H.S. CooperU.S. Representative Jim Cooper
In 1994, Cooper ran for the Senate seat vacated by Al Gore's election to the Vice Presidency, but was defeated by Republican attorney and actor Fred Thompson. Cooper received just under 40 percent of the vote. It was a bad year overall for Democrats in Tennessee, as Republican Bill Frist captured Tennessee's other Senate seat and Don Sundquist was elected governor. The 4th district seat was also won by a Republican, Van Hilleary, as the GOP gained a majority of the state's congressional delegation for only the second time since Reconstruction.

Ellen R. Sandor

Ellen Sandor
Sandor and her husband, economist Richard L. Sandor, have assembled a private art collection with over 1,800 objects dating from the 1840s to the present. In 1988, 2001, and 2002 the Sandors were listed by Art & Antiques magazine as one of America’s top 100 private collectors. The Richard and Ellen Sandor Family Collection contains photographs, paintings, drawings, sculptures, and new media works focusing around themes such as 19th- and 20th-century icons, Paris between the wars, the American West, Hollywood portraits, and surrealism. Ellen Sandor is chair of the advisory board of the Gene Siskel Film Center.

Communications, Computers, and Networks

Scientific American Special Issue on Communications, Computers, and Networks
Al Gore: "Infrastructure for the Global Village". Anne W. Branscomb: "Common Law for the Electronic Frontier". Mitch Kapor: "Civil Liberties in Cyberspace". UC Berkeley, "Current_Cites", Library Technology Watch Program - Sept. 1991. University of Houston Computer Science Forum - Sept. 1991. Overview of the issue - Humanist Discussion Group, Sept. 1991.

Supreme Court of the United States

United States Supreme CourtU.S. Supreme CourtSupreme Court
Gore decision, in which the Supreme Court intervened in the 2000 presidential election and effectively chose George W. Bush over Al Gore, has been criticized extensively, particularly by liberals. Another example are Court decisions on apportionment and re-districting: in Baker v. Carr, the court decided it could rule on apportionment questions; Justice Frankfurter in a "scathing dissent" argued against the court wading into so-called political questions. Senator Arlen Specter said the Court should "decide more cases".

Ted Kennedy

Edward KennedyEdward M. KennedyTeddy Kennedy
During the long, disputed post-presidential election battle in Florida in 2000, Kennedy supported Vice President Al Gore's legal actions. After the bitter contest was over, many Democrats in Congress did not want to work with incoming President George W. Bush. Kennedy, however, saw Bush as genuinely interested in a major overhaul of elementary and secondary education, Bush saw Kennedy as a potential major ally in the Senate, and the two partnered together on the legislation. Kennedy accepted provisions governing mandatory student testing and teacher accountability that other Democrats and the National Education Association did not like, in return for increased funding levels for education.

Vanderbilt University

VanderbiltOberlin Graduate School of TheologyVanderbilt Divinity School
Three alumni, biochemist Stanford Moore (B.A. 1935), economist and microcredit pioneer Muhammad Yunus (Ph.D. 1971), and former Vice President Al Gore have won the Nobel Prize. Four current or former members of the faculty also share that distinction: biochemist Stanley Cohen, physiologist Earl Sutherland, and pioneer molecular biologist Max Delbrück; Nobel laureate and neuroscientist Paul Greengard was a visiting scholar. Alain Connes and Vaughan Jones, both Fields Medalists, are Distinguished Professors of Mathematics at the university. Norman Shumway (M.D. 1949) taught at Stanford Medical School and was the first person to perform a successful heart transplant in the United States.

2004 Democratic National Convention

2004Democratic National Convention2004 Democratic Convention
In addition to the Obama, Edwards, and Kerry addresses, there were also speeches from former Presidents Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter, former Vice-President and 2000 Presidential nominee Al Gore, New York Senator and former First Lady Hillary Clinton, Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy, former candidate Al Sharpton, and Presidential Advisory Counsel on HIV/AIDS Denise Stokes. Ron Reagan, son of Republican President Ronald Reagan, also spoke at the Convention, blaming Bush's hijacking of his father's legacy for his switch in support to the Democrats.

Pigeon River (Tennessee–North Carolina)

Pigeon RiverPigeonPigeon River Valley
As Al Gore started his first run for the Presidency, Newsweek magazine reported that Gore was pressured by North Carolina Senator Terry Sanford and Congressman Jamie Clarke to ease up on his campaign against Champion's wastewater discharges into the Pigeon River. According to Newsweek, Gore complied with their request, writing to the United States Environmental Protection Agency to oppose tighter water pollution control requirements. This issue came up again during the 2000 Presidential election. Recreational rafting is popular in two sections of the river, the Upper and the Lower. Both sections are found in Hartford, Tennessee.

Silent Spring

The Silent Springbook of the same title
Former Vice President of the United States and environmentalist Al Gore wrote an introduction to the 1992 edition of Silent Spring. He wrote: "Silent Spring had a profound impact ... Indeed, Rachel Carson was one of the reasons that I became so conscious of the environment and so involved with environmental issues ... [she] has had as much or more effect on me than any, and perhaps than all of them together."

Jeffrey St. Clair

St. Clair, Jeffrey
This was followed by A Field Guide to Environmental Bad Guys (with James Ridgeway), and with Cockburn, Five Days that Shook the World: Seattle and Beyond, and Al Gore: a User's Manual. St. Clair wrote the books, Been Brown So Long It Looked Like Green to Me: the Politics of Nature, Grand Theft Pentagon, and Born Under a Bad Sky: Notes from the Dark Side of the Earth. His book, Bernie and the Sandernistas: Field Notes from a Failed Revolution, was published in late 2016. With Alexander Cockburn:. Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs and the Press (Verso, 1998) ISBN: 978-1-85984-258-4. Al Gore: A User's Manual (Verso, 2000) ISBN: 978-1-85984-803-6.

Alexander Cockburn

AlexanderCockburn, Alexander
In an article in The Nation on Al Gore's 2007 Nobel Peace Prize, Cockburn made the following statement on Norman Borlaug's 1971 Nobel Prize: "Line up some of the more notorious Nobel Peace Prize recipients, such as Kissinger, and if you had to identify the biggest killer of all it was probably Norman Borlaug, one of the architects of the Green Revolution, which unleashed displacement, malnutrition, and death across the Third World." Cockburn had criticized Borlaug previously on this issue.

Schedule for the 2008 Democratic National Convention

2008 Democratic National Convention
Al Gore, 45th Vice President of the United States. Barack Obama, United States Senator from Illinois. Howard Dean, chair of the Democratic National Committee. Diana DeGette, United States Representative from Colorado. Dick Durbin, United States Senator from Illinois. Susan Eisenhower, granddaughter of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. J. Scott Gration, retired Major General of the United States Air Force. Luis Gutierrez, United States Representative from Illinois. Tim Kaine, Governor of Virginia. Bernice King, daughter of Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King III, eldest son of Martin Luther King, Jr. John Lewis, United States Representative from Georgia.

Harlan Mathews

Harlan Matthews
Senate following the resignation of Al Gore, who resigned to serve as Vice President of the United States. Upon appointing Mathews to the senate, McWherter announced Mathews’ role would be one of caretaker, to allow those who wanted to run for the position to prepare their campaigns. Mathews had no ambition of running for election to the senate. In December 1994, Mathews left office and practiced law in Nashville, Tennessee. Mathews died of brain cancer on May 9, 2014 at a hospice in Nashville. He was survived by his wife, Pat, and two sons.

Robin Beard

Robin L. BeardRobin L. Beard, Jr.Robin Leo Beard Jr
Robin Leo Beard Jr. (August 21, 1939 – June 16, 2007) was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Tennessee's 6th congressional district, who served from 1973 to 1983.


An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book or play, and is also considered a writer. More broadly defined, an author is "the person who originated or gave existence to anything" and whose authorship determines responsibility for what was created.

Individual and political action on climate change

climate change activistclimate activismaction
Individual and political action on climate change can take many forms. Many actions aim to build social and political support to limit, and subsequently reduce, the concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere, with the goal of mitigating climate change. Other actions seek to address the ethical and moral aspects of climate justice, especially with regard to the anticipated unequal impacts of climate change adaptation.

Chicago Board of Trade

CBOTBoard of TradeBoard of Trade Building
The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), established on April 3, 1848, is one of the world's oldest futures and options exchanges. On July 12, 2007, the CBOT merged with the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) to form CME Group. CBOT and three other exchanges (CME, NYMEX, and COMEX) now operate as designated contract markets (DCM) of the CME Group.

United States Senate

U.S. SenatorUnited States SenatorU.S. Senate
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building, in Washington, D.C.

Direct election

popular votedirectly electeddirect
Direct election is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the persons, or political party that they desire to see elected. The method by which the winner or winners of a direct election are chosen depends upon the electoral system used. The most commonly used systems are the plurality system and the two-round system for single-winner elections, such as a presidential election, and party-list proportional representation for the election of a legislature.


Google Inc.Google, Inc.Google LLC
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies, alongside Amazon, Apple, and Facebook.

Venture capital

venture capitalistventure capital firmventure capitalists
Venture capital (VC) is a type of financing that is provided by firms or funds to small, early-stage, emerging firms that are deemed to have high growth potential, or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, or both). Venture capital firms or funds invest in these early-stage companies in exchange for equity, or an ownership stake, in the companies they invest in. Venture capitalists take on the risk of financing risky start-ups in the hopes that some of the firms they support will become successful. Because startups face high uncertainty, VC investments do have high rates of failure.

University of Chicago Law School

University of ChicagoLaw SchoolUniversity of Chicago School of Law
The University of Chicago Law School is a professional graduate school of the University of Chicago. It is consistently ranked among the top law schools in the world, and has produced many distinguished alumni in the judiciary, academia, government, politics and business. It employs more than 200 full-time and part-time faculty and hosts more than 600 students in its Juris Doctor program, while also offering the Master of Laws, Master of Studies in Law and Doctor of Juridical Science degrees in law.

Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism

Columbia School of JournalismColumbia University School of JournalismColumbia Journalism School
The Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is the journalism school of Columbia University. It is located in Pulitzer Hall on Columbia's Morningside Heights campus in New York City.

Fisk University

FiskBulldogsFisk College
Fisk University is a private historically black university in Nashville, Tennessee. The university was founded in 1866 and its 40 acre campus is a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

World Resources Institute

World Resource InstituteWRIWorld Resources Institute (WRI)
The World Resources Institute (WRI) is a global research non-profit organization that was established in 1982 with funding from the MacArthur Foundation under the leadership of James Gustave Speth.