National Cattlemen's Beef Association

American Beef CouncilNational Cattlemen's AssociationBeef: It's What's for Dinner
National Cattlemen's Beef Association (NCBA) is a trade association and lobbying group for beef producers in the United States. It operates the Cattle Industry Annual Convention & Trade Show, the Cattle Industry Summer Conference, and the television show Cattlemen to Cattlemen. It represents the American Hereford Association, Purina, Dow Chemical, McDonald's, and Wal-Mart among other companies. National Cattlemen's Beef Association is the group responsible for the ad campaign run in the U.S. using the slogan "Beef. It's What's For Dinner". Music from the ballet Rodeo by Aaron Copland is used in the radio and television commercials.

Washington, D.C.

Washington, DCWashington D.C.District of Columbia
.; or the district, is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, the first president of the United States and a Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city, located on the Potomac River bordering Maryland and Virginia, is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.

Entertainment Software Association

Interactive Digital Software AssociationESAEntertainment Software Association (ESA)
The Entertainment Software Association (ESA) is the trade association of the video game industry in the United States. It was formed in April 1994 as the Interactive Digital Software Association (IDSA) and renamed on July 21, 2003. It is based in Washington, D.C. Most of the top publishers in the gaming world (or their American subsidiaries) are members of the ESA, including Capcom, Electronic Arts, Konami, Microsoft, Bandai Namco Entertainment, Nintendo, Sony Interactive Entertainment, Square Enix, Take-Two Interactive, Ubisoft, and Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment. The ESA also organizes the annual Electronic Entertainment Expo (E3) trade expo in Los Angeles, California.


cartelsprice fixing cartelTrusts
Prior to World War II (except in the United States), members of cartels could sign contracts that were enforceable in courts of law. There were even instances where cartels are encouraged by states. For example, during the period before 1945, cartels were tolerated in Europe and were promoted as a business practice in German-speaking countries. This was the norm due to the accepted benefits, which even the U.S. Supreme court has noted. In the case, the U.S. v.

Professional association

professional organizationprofessional bodyprofessional society
Trade association. Trade union. Working group. List of Professional bodies in the United Kingdom. List of Professional bodies in Australia. List of Professional bodies in Canada. Anders Kjellberg Union density and specialist/professional unions in Sweden, Lund University: Studies in Social Policy, Industrial Relations, Working Life and Mobility. Research Reports 2013:2.

Nonprofit organization

non-profitnon-profit organizationnonprofit
According to the National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS), there are more than 1.5 million nonprofit organizations registered in the United States, including public charities, private foundations, and other nonprofit organizations. Contributions to different charities reached $358.38 billion in 2014, which was an increase of 7.1% from the 2013 estimates. Out of these contributions, religious organizations received 32%, educational institutions received 15%, and human service organizations received 12%. Between September 2010 and September 2014, approximately 25.3% of Americans over the age of 16 volunteered for a nonprofit.


Accordingly, a bylaw enforcement officer is the Canadian equivalent of the American Code Enforcement Officer or Municipal Regulations Enforcement Officer. In the United States, the federal government and most state governments have no direct ability to regulate the single provisions of municipal law. As a result, terms such as code, ordinance, or regulation, if not simply law are more common. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary indicates that the origin of the word by-law is from the English word bilawe, probably from Old Norse *bȳlǫg, from Old Norse bȳr town + lag-, lǫg law.

Political action committee

Super PACPACpolitical action committees
In the United States, a political action committee (PAC) is a 527 organization that pools campaign contributions from members and donates those funds to campaigns for or against candidates, ballot initiatives, or legislation. The legal term PAC has been created in pursuit of campaign finance reform in the United States. This term is quite specific to all activities of campaign finance in the United States. Democracies of other countries use different terms for the units of campaign spending or spending on political competition (see political finance).

Regulatory agency

regulatorregulatory agenciesregulators
Regulation of ship pollution in the United States. Regulation and prevalence of homeopathy. Regulation of science. Wage regulation. Agencies of the European Union. Civil service commission. Code of Federal Regulations. Constitutional economics. Deregulation. Election management body. Independent agencies of the United States government. Independent regulatory agencies in Turkey. International regulation. Journal of Regulatory Economics. Law enforcement agency. Liberalization. List of regulators in the United Kingdom. List of regulators in India. Public administration. Public utilities commission. Quasi-judicial body. Regulation school. Regulatory capture. Regulatory compliance.

Public policy

public affairspublic policiespolicy
In the United States, this concept refers not only to the result of policies, but more broadly to the decision-making and analysis of governmental decisions. As an academic discipline, public policy is studied by professors and students at public policy schools of major universities throughout the country. The U.S. professional association of public policy practitioners, researchers, scholars, and students is the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management. Public policy making can be characterized as a dynamic, complex, and interactive system through which public problems are identified and countered by creating new public policy or by reforming existing public policy.


Lobbying in the United States describes paid activity in which special interests hire professional advocates to argue for specific legislation in decision-making bodies such as the United States Congress. Lobbying in the United States could be seen to originate from Amendment I of the Constitution of the United States, which states: Congress shall make no law…abridging the right of the people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Some lobbyists are now using social media to reduce the cost of traditional campaigns, and to more precisely target public officials with political messages.

Competition law

antitrustantitrust lawanti-trust
The U.S. Supreme Court has used the Chicago School approach in several recent cases. One view of the Chicago School approach to antitrust is found in United States Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Richard Posner's books Antitrust Law and Economic Analysis of Law. Robert Bork was highly critical of court decisions on United States antitrust law in a series of law review articles and his book The Antitrust Paradox. Bork argued that both the original intention of antitrust laws and economic efficiency was the pursuit only of consumer welfare, the protection of competition rather than competitors.


YKK GroupYoshida Kogyo Kabushikikaisha
A major technological change came in 1950, when the company purchased a chain machine from the U.S. that allowed the automation of the zipper making process. Previously, YKK zippers were made by hand, and hence had an inferior quality compared to automated zippers from abroad. In March 1951, YKK relocated its headquarters to Chūō, Tokyo. In May 1955, a new plant was opened in Kurobe, Toyama. In August 1958, the headquarters was again relocated to Taitō, Tokyo. In this year, the company also introduced its new Conceal brand that does not show the teeth of the zippers.

Coats Group

Coats plcCoats ViyellaCoats
In 1864 the Clark family began manufacturing in Newark, New Jersey, U.S., as the Clark Thread Co. In 1802 James Coats set up a weaving business, also in Paisley. In 1826 he opened a cotton mill at Ferguslie to produce his own thread and, when he retired in 1830, his sons, James & Peter, took up the business under the name of J. & P. Coats. The firm expanded internationally, particularly to the United States. In 1890 Coats listed on the London Stock Exchange, with a capital base of £5.7 million. In 1952 J. & P. Coats and the Clark Thread Co. merged. In 1961 a merger with Patons and Baldwins created Coats Patons. In 1986 a merger with Vantona Viyella created Coats Viyella.

Federal Election Commission

FECFederal Elections CommissionFederal Election Committee
Campaign finance in the United States. Dark Money (film). Election Assistance Commission. Elections in the United States. Federal Election Campaign Act. International Foundation for Electoral Systems. Title 11 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Shadow campaigns in the United States. Buckley v. Valeo, 424 U.S. 1 (1976). Federal Election Commission v. Akins (1998), authorizing "any party aggrieved by an order of the Commission" to file a suit. McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003). Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc. (2007), holding that issue ads may not be banned before elections. Davis v. Federal Election Commission (2008). Citizens United v.

Gerard Swope

Gerald SwopeSwope PlanThe Swope Plan
Under Swope plan, the Federal Trade Commission would supervise trade associations established for each industry. Trade associations would cover every company with at least 50 employees after three years. Associations would regulate output and set prices. Workers would receive life insurance, pensions, and unemployment insurance paid for in part by employers. The Chamber of Commerce and other conservative groups provided enthusiastic support. President Herbert Hoover, who strongly supported voluntary trade associations, denounced the plan for being compulsory, inefficient, and monopolistic. In an oral history interview, Leon H.

Coronary artery disease

coronary heart diseaseischemic heart diseaseischaemic heart disease
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women and accounts for approximately 600,000 deaths in the United States every year. According to present trends in the United States, half of healthy 40-year-old men will develop CAD in the future, and one in three healthy 40-year-old women. It is the most common reason for death of men and women over 20 years of age in the United States. Other terms sometimes used for this condition are "hardening of the arteries" and "narrowing of the arteries". In Latin it is known as morbus ischaemicus cordis (MIC).

Federal Trade Commission

FTCU.S. Federal Trade CommissionUnited States Federal Trade Commission
United States. In the Matter of Sears Holdings Management Corporation. Information broker. Sweepstakes. United States v. Google Inc. Federal Trade Commission in the Federal Register. Consumer Complaint Assistant, Federal Trade Commission. Federal Trade Commission Decisions (July 1949 - December 2005) This is a compendium of agency decisions in administrative cases brought under 16 C.F.R. parts II and III. Federal court decisions may be found elsewhere, in published federal case reports. The site's search engine can limit its results from the archive. Federal Trade Commission Identity Theft Complaint Form.

National Football League

NFLleagueAmerican Professional Football Association
Today, the NFL has the highest average attendance (67,591) of any professional sports league in the world and is the most popular sports league in the United States. The Super Bowl is also among the biggest club sporting events in the world, with the individual games accounting for many of the most watched television programs in American history and all occupying the Nielsen's Top 5 tally of the all-time most watched U.S. television broadcasts by 2015. The Green Bay Packers hold the most combined NFL championships with 13, winning nine titles before the Super Bowl era and four Super Bowls afterwards.


guildscraft guildtrade guild
In the United States guilds exist in several fields. In the film and television industry, guild membership is generally a prerequisite for working on major productions in certain capacities. The Screen Actors Guild, Directors Guild of America, Writers Guild of America, East, Writers Guild of America, West and other profession-specific guilds have the ability to exercise strong control in the cinema of the United States as a result of a rigid system of intellectual-property rights and a history of power-brokers also holding guild membership (e.g., DreamWorks founder Steven Spielberg was, and is, a DGA member).

Inter-professional association

Interprofessional Association
This is in contrast, for example, to commodity associations in the United States where membership is largely of individuals and companies. Many developing countries have few or no associations that cover an entire commodity chain and there would appear scope for the development of such organizations to promote improved liaison with governments. In developing countries, inter-professional associations are becoming an increasingly important form of participatory development. Factors influencing the importance of these associations in the development of the agro-food sector include: The main functions of an association are to define, represent, defend and promote the interests of its members.

National Electric Light Association

Charles A. BrownNELA
The National Electric Light Association (NELA) was a national United States trade association that included the operators of electric central power generation stations, electrical supply companies, electrical engineers, scientists, educational institutions and interested individuals. Founded in 1885 by George S. Bowen, Franklin S. Terry and Charles A. Brown, it represented the interests of private companies involved in the fledgling electric power industry that included companies like General Electric, Westinghouse and most of the country's electric companies. The NELA played a dominant role in promoting the interests and expansion of the U.S. commercial electric industry.

Producers Guild of America

PGA AwardNew Media CouncilProducer's Guild of America
The Producers Guild of America (PGA) is a trade association representing television producers, film producers and New Media producers in the United States. The PGA's membership includes over 7,000 members of the producing establishment worldwide. Its co-presidents are Gail Berman & Lucy Fisher. The PGA is overseen by a National Board of Directors. Vance Van Petten has served as the organization's National Executive Director since 2000.

Space Exploration Alliance

Given those benefits and the many more that lie in store, this new program of human space exploration beyond low earth orbit is a vital link to the future of the United States and the world. * Official website Aerospace Industries Association. Aerospace States Association. American Astronautical Society. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. California Space Authority. Federation of Galaxy Explorers. Florida Space Authority. Global Space Travelers. The Mars Society. The Moon Society. NASA Alumni League. National Coalition of Spaceport States. National Society of Black Engineers. National Space Society. The Planetary Society. ProSpace. Space Generation Foundation.

Association of Comics Magazine Publishers

Comics Magazine Association of America
The Association of Comics Magazine Publishers (ACMP) was an American industry trade group formed in the late 1940s to regulate the content of comic books in the face of public criticism during that time. It was a precursor to the Comics Magazine Association of America, and the ACMP Publishers Code served as the template for a more detailed set of rules enforced by the CMAA's Comics Code Authority. The ACMP was formed in May 1947 and publicly announced on July 1, 1948. Founding members included: George T. Delacorte, Jr., founder of Dell Publishing, which included Dell Comics, served as president, and Manhattan attorney Henry E.