Nepal

🇳🇵NepaleseFederal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south, east, and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim.

Xuanzang

Hiuen TsangHusang TsangHieun Tsang
Xuanzang ( ; fl. c. 602 – 664) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.

Bungamati

BungaBungmati
Bungamati is a Newar village on a spur of land overlooking the Bagmati River The first stele of the Licchavi king Amshuverma was found in Bungamati and dated to 605. It contains the earliest mention of the Kailashkut Bhawan palace. The stele further shows that Bungamati had already been a famous village for agriculture, livestock, and fishing. During the Licchavi Kingdom, the town was called Bugayumi. During the Malla period, it was called Bungapattan.

Licchavi (kingdom)

LicchaviLichhaviLichchhavi
Guṇakāmadeva. 560-565 Gaṇadeva. 567-c. 590 Bhaumagupta (also Bhūmigupta, probably not a king). 567-573 Gaṅgādeva. 575/576 Mānadeva II (few sources). 590-604 Shivadeva I. 605-621 Aṃshuvarmā. 621 Udayadeva. 624-625 Dhruvadeva. 631-633 Bhīmārjunadeva, Jiṣṇugupta. 635 Viṣṇugupta - Jiṣṇugupta. 640-641 Bhīmārjunadeva / Viṣṇugupta. 643-679 Narendradeva. 694-705 Shivadeva II. 713-733 Jayadeva II. 748-749 Shaṅkaradeva II. 756 Mānadeva III. 826 Balirāja. 847 Baladeva. 877 Mānadeva IV. History of Nepal. Nepal. Mahajanapadas. Vaishali (ancient city). Tamot, Kashinath and Alsop, Ian.

Bhrikuti

Princess BhrikutiPrincess Bhrikuti of Nepal
The Licchavi Princess Bhrikuti Devi, known to Tibetans as Bal-mo-bza' Khri-btsun, Bhelsa Tritsun ('Nepali consort') or, simply, Khri bTsun ("Royal Lady"), is traditionally considered to have been the first wife of the earliest emperor of Tibet, Songtsen Gampo (605? - 650 CE), and an incarnation of Tara. She was also known as "Besa", and was a princess of the Licchavi kingdom of Nepal.

Devanagari

DevanāgarīNagariDevanagari script
Devanagari (देवनागरी, a compound of "deva" देव and "nāgarī" नागरी; Hindi pronunciation: ), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी), is an abugida (alphasyllabary) used in India and Nepal. It is written from left to right, has a strong preference for symmetrical rounded shapes within squared outlines, and is recognisable by a horizontal line that runs along the top of full letters. In a cursory look, the Devanagari script appears different from other Indic scripts such as Eastern Nagari, Odia, or Gurmukhi, but a closer examination reveals they are very similar except for angles and structural emphasis.

Pashupati

Pashupatinathlord of animalsLord Pashupatinath
Pashupati (Sanskrit Paśupati) is an incarnation of the Hindu god Shiva as "lord of the animals". He is revered throughout the Hindu world, but especially in Nepal, where he is unofficially regarded as a national deity.

Himalayas

HimalayanHimalayaHimalayan Mountains
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

Tibet

TibetanThibetethno-cultural Tibet
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Inner Asia. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Tamang, Qiang, Sherpa, and Lhoba peoples and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han Chinese and Hui people. Tibet is the highest region on Earth, with an average elevation of 4900 m. The highest elevation in Tibet is Mount Everest, Earth's highest mountain, rising 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.

Shastra

shastrassastraśāstra
Shastra (शास्त्र, IAST:, ) is a Sanskrit word that means "precept, rules, manual, compendium, book or treatise" in a general sense. The word is generally used as a suffix in the Indian literature context, for technical or specialized knowledge in a defined area of practice.

Kathmandu District

KathmanduEducation in NepalKantipur
Kathmandu District (काठमाडौं जिल्ला; Nepal Bhasa: ये: जिल्ला) is a district located in Kathmandu Valley, Province No. 3 of Nepal, a landlocked country in South Asia. It is one of the 77 districts of Nepal, covers an area of 395 km2, and is the most densely populated district of Nepal with 1,081,845 inhabitants in 2001 and 1,744,240 in 2011. The district's headquarter is Kathmandu Metropolitan City, also the capital of Nepal. It is also a famous tourist spot as there are many religious temples, attracting places.

Shaivism

ShaiviteShaivaSaivite
Shaivism (Śaivam; Devanagari: शैव संप्रदाय; Assamese language: শৈৱ; Bengali: শৈব; Tamil: சைவம்; Telugu: శైవ సాంప్రదాయం; Kannada:ಶೈವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯ; Malayalam:ശൈവമതം; Sinhalese:ශිවාගම/ශෛවවාදය) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being. The followers of Shaivism are called "Shaivites" or "Saivites". It is one of the largest sects that believe Shiva — worshipped as a creator and destroyer of worlds — is the supreme god over all. The Shaiva have many sub-traditions, ranging from devotional dualistic theism such as Shaiva Siddhanta to yoga-oriented monistic non-theism such as Kashmiri Shaivism.

Varma (surname)

VarmaVarmanVarman/Barman/Varma
Amshu Varma, Nepalese Lichchhavi King. Aneesh Varma, Entrepreneur. Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet. Maipady Venkatesh Varma Raja, erstwhile Raja of Kumbla. Marthanda Varma, founder of Travancore. Prakash Varma, Film director. Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, of Kilimanoor Palace, Travancore. Ram Gopal Varma, Indian film director. Prince Rama Varma, musician, a direct descendant of Raja Ravi Varma. Ravi Varma (actor), Indian actor. Samyuktha Varma, Indian actress. Shabareesh Varma, Indian Lyricist, Singer. Shreekumar Varma, Indian writer and great grandson of the artist Raja Ravi Varma. Shyamji Krishna Varma, Indian revolutionary fighter, lawyer and journalist. Ritu Varma, South Indian actress.

Kathmandu

Kathmandu, NepalKatmanduKantipur
These disasters led to the destruction of most of the architecture of the Licchavi era (such as Mangriha and Kailashkut Bhawan), and the loss of literature collected in various monasteries within the city. Despite the initial hardships, Kathmandu rose to prominence again and, during most of the Malla era, dominated the trade between India and Tibet. Nepali currency became the standard currency in trans-Himalayan trade. During the later part of the Malla era, Kathmandu Valley comprised four fortified cities: Kantipur, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, and Kirtipur. These served as the capitals of the Malla confederation of Nepal.

Gar Tongtsen Yulsung

Gar TongtsenGar Songtsen
Amshuverma, who was the ruler of Licchavi, married Princess Bhrikuti to Songtsen Gampo. But the historicity of the princess is not certain because no reference to her has been found among the documents discovered at Dunhuang. Tongtsen was dispatched to Tang China together with Dri Seru Gungton and Thonmi Sambhota in 640, requesting a marriage between the Tibetan emperor and a Tang princess. It was agreed by Taizong, the Tang emperor, and married Princess Wencheng to Songtsen Gampo. Taizong appreciated his talent and promoted him to "Right Guard Senior General", but was refused by him. Later, the Great Minister Khyungpo Pungse invited Songtsen came to visit his fief.

National heroes of Nepal

National hero of Nepal
The title National Heroes of Nepal is only offered posthumously and is not a regular title or award, but conferred only upon the discussions of the commission now led by Nepal Rajakiya Pragya Pratisthana. 1) Gautama Buddha. 2) Amshuverma. 3) Araniko. 4) King Rama Shah. 5) King Prithvi Narayan Shah. 6) Balbhadra Kunwar. 7) Amar Singh Thapa. 8) Bhimsen Thapa. 9) Bhanubhakta Acharya. 10) Moti Ram Bhatta. 11) King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah. 12) Sankhadhar Sakhwa. 13) Pasang Lhamu Sherpa. 14) Mahaguru Falgunanda. 15) Laxmi Prasad Devkota.

Outline of Nepal

Colleges in NepalOutline
Amshuverma. Arimalla. Bhrikuti. Chabahil. Congress Mukti Sena. Darjeeling. Five-year plans of Nepal. Toni Hagen. Garhwal. Jana Aandolan. Jang Bahadur. Jayasthitimalla. Kot massacre. Kumaon. Licchavi. Mustang (kingdom). Nepal during World War I. Nepalese Civil War. Nepalese mohar. Rana autocracy. Rana dynasty. Sonam Lhundrup. Sugauli Treaty. Sikkim. Treaty of Titalia. Unification of Nepal. Sino-Nepalese War. Anglo-Nepalese War, aka Gurkha War (1814–1816). Nepalese–Tibetan War. Nepal in World War II. 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship. 1990 People's Movement. April 1992 general strike in Nepal. 2004 in Nepal. 2006 democracy movement in Nepal. Nepalese Civil War.

Architecture of Kathmandu

Tibetan sources claim a mound on the site was excavated in the late 15th or early 16th century and the bones of king Amshuverma 605–621 were discovered there while other Nepali sources claim it was constructed by a prince to seek forgiveness for unwittingly killing his own father. However, the Emperor of the Tibetan Empire, Trisong Detsen (r. 755 to 797) is also traditionally associated with the construction of the Boudhanath Stupa, after Songtsen Gampo was converted to Buddhism by his wives the Nepali princess Bhrikuti Devi and Princess Wencheng of China in the 7th century and passes it on to Detsän.

Agnihotra

agni-hotra
Agnihotra (IAST: Agnihotra, Devanagari: अग्निहोत्र) refers to the twice-daily heated milk offering made by those in the Śrauta tradition. This tradition dates back to the Vedic age; the Brahmans perform the Agnihotra ritual chanting the verses from the Rigveda. The tradition is now practiced in many parts of South Asia in the Indian sub-continent, including primarily India and most particularly in Nepal. The Brahman who performs Agnihotra ritual is called Agnihotri.

605

Year 605 (DCV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 605 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Bhaban

Kailashkut Bhawan. Dhaka Nagar Bhaban. Bangladesh Shilpa Bank Bhaban. Janata Bank Bhaban. RAJUK Bhaban. BRAC Bhaban. Saravana Bhavan. Rajiv Gandhi Bhawan. Geeta Bhawan.

Boudhanath

Bodhanath ChötenBouddhaBoudhanath stupa
Boudhanath (बौद्ध स्तुपा, also called the Khāsa Chaitya, Newari Khāsti, Standard Tibetan Jarung Khashor, ) is a stupa in Kathmandu, Nepal. Located about 11 km from the center and northeastern outskirts of Kathmandu, the stupa's massive mandala makes it one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal.

Buddhism in Nepal

NepalBuddhismBuddhist
A Licchavi king, Amshuverma, married his daughter Bhrikuti to the ruler of Tibet, King Songtsen Gampo. According to legend, she received the begging bowl of the Buddha as part of her wedding dowry. It is believed that she introduced Buddhism into Tibet. she is also believed as a reincarnation of the Green Tara of Tibetan Buddhism, who is seen in many Buddhist Thangkas. Lichhavi period is known as the golden time for Buddhism. The Malla dynasty saw to the golden period of the syncretism of Hindu and Buddhist art forms by the Newar. The Paubha, the Newar counterpart of the Tibetan Buddhist Thangka, flourished in this period.