Bicycle culture

culture of cyclingcycle culturecycling culture
In Denmark, 16 percent of all trips are made by bike—and as much as 50 percent of urban populations cycle to work and school. In Amsterdam, Netherlands, 63 percent of Dutch people ride their bikes every day. Strong cycling infrastructure helps encourage cycling in these cities, and so cycling is the fastest, most convenient way to get from one place to another. Mainstream bike cultures are characterized by notions of function over form. In mainstream bike cultures, there is less of a differentiation between cyclists and the rest of the population. People of all demographics cycle regularly, and most are less concerned about cycling attire and bike performance.


Bike-share systems have been tried in some European cities, including Copenhagen and Amsterdam. Similar programs have been experimented with in a number of US Cities. Additional individual modes of transport, such as personal rapid transit could serve as an alternative to cars if they prove to be socially accepted. The term motorcar has formerly also been used in the context of electrified rail systems to denote a car which functions as a small locomotive but also provides space for passengers and baggage. These locomotive cars were often used on suburban routes by both interurban and intercity railroad systems. Car costs. Car classification. Carfree city.


Philips ElectronicsPhillipsRoyal Philips Electronics
In 1997, the company officers decided to move the headquarters from Eindhoven to Amsterdam along with the corporate name change to Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V., the latter of which was finalized on 16 March 1998. The move of the headquarters to Amsterdam was completed in 2001. Initially, the company was housed in the Rembrandt Tower. In 2002 it moved again, this time to the Breitner Tower. Philips Lighting, Philips Research, Philips Semiconductors (spun off as NXP in September 2006) and Philips Design, are still based in Eindhoven. Philips Healthcare is headquartered in both Best, Netherlands (near Eindhoven) and Andover, Massachusetts, United States (near Boston).

Freight bicycle

cargo bikecargo bikescargo bicycle
In Amsterdam and Copenhagen, freight bikes are extremely popular. In Amsterdam many residents simply fit large front carriers to sturdy city bicycles. There is also a broad variety of specially made freight bikes including low-loading two-wheelers with extended wheelbases, bicycles with small front wheels to fit huge front carriers, tadpole-type three-wheelers with a box between the two front wheels. Varieties used elsewhere include a platform, basket etc. instead of the box, the loading area between two rear wheels (delta-fashion), small-wheel two-wheelers loading both back and front.

Amsterdamse Bos

The Amsterdamse Bos (English: Amsterdam Forest ) is an English park or landscape park in the municipalities of Amstelveen and Amsterdam. Although most of the park is located in Amstelveen, the owner of the park is the City of Amsterdam. The park was mainly built in the early 1930s, mostly by the unemployment relief. Because of World War II interrupting the building process, the last tree was not planted until the 1970s. Annually, almost 4.5 million people visit the park, which has a size of 1000 hectare and is approximately three times the size of Central Park in New York City. In it, one can find animal parks, several sporting clubs, a rowing course, gardens and remembrance monuments.


Rotterdam, NetherlandsRotterdam, The NetherlandsHavenbedrijf Rotterdam
There is a healthy competition with Amsterdam, which is often viewed as the cultural capital of the Netherlands. There is a saying: "Amsterdam to party, Den Haag (The Hague) to live, Rotterdam to work". Another one, more popular by Rotterdammers, is "Money is earned in Rotterdam, distributed in The Hague and spent in Amsterdam". Another saying that reflects both the rivalry between Rotterdam and Amsterdam is "Amsterdam has it, Rotterdam doesn't need it". In terms of alternative culture, Rotterdam had from the 1960s until the 2000s a thriving squatters movement which as well as housing thousands of people, occupied venues, social centres and so on.

Cycling infrastructure

cycle pathbicycle pathcycleway
A bicycle sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a very short term basis. Bike share schemes allow people to borrow a bike from point "A" and return it at point "B". Many of the bicycle sharing systems are on a subscription basis. Organizing bodies: Muli-modal road safety: * Assured clear distance ahead Bicycle registration to enable recovery if stolen. Making cyclists aware of antitheft devices and their effective use. Mounting sting operations to catch thieves.

Bicycle-sharing system

bicycle sharing systembike sharingbike-sharing
The earliest well-known community bicycle program was started in the summer of 1965 by Luud Schimmelpennink in association with the group Provo in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. the group Provo painted fifty bicycles white and placed them unlocked in Amsterdam for everyone to use freely. This so-called White Bicycle Plan provided free bicycles that were supposed to be used for one trip and then left for someone else. Within a month, most of the bikes had been stolen and the rest were found in nearby canals. The program is still active in some parts of the Netherlands (the Hoge Veluwe National Park; bikes have to stay inside the park).

University of Amsterdam

AmsterdamAmsterdam UniversityUniversiteit van Amsterdam
The University of Amsterdam (abbreviated as UvA, Universiteit van Amsterdam) is a public university located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The UvA is one of two large, publicly funded research universities in the city, the other being the VU University Amsterdam (VU). Established in 1632 by municipal authorities and later renamed for the city of Amsterdam, the University of Amsterdam is the third-oldest university in the Netherlands. It is one of the largest research universities in Europe with 31,186 students, 4,794 staff, 1,340 PhD students and an annual budget of €600 million. It is the largest university in the Netherlands by enrollment.

Urban planning

Planningurban developmenttown planning
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use and the built environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. Urban planning deals with physical layout of human settlements. The primary concern is the public welfare, which includes considerations of efficiency, sanitation, protection and use of the environment, as well as effects on social and economic activities. Urban planning is considered an interdisciplinary field that includes social, engineering and design sciences.

Tour de France

Tours de FranceTourthe race
Sport (UK & Ireland):] Tour de France 1954: Amsterdam, Netherlands. 1958: Brussels, Belgium. 1965: Cologne, West Germany. 1973: Scheveningen, Netherlands. 1975: Charleroi, Belgium. 1978: Leiden, Netherlands. 1980: Frankfurt, West Germany. 1982: Basel, Switzerland. 1987: West Berlin, West Germany. 1989: Luxembourg, Luxembourg. 1992: San Sebastián, Spain. 1996: Den Bosch, Netherlands. 1998: Dublin, Ireland. 2002: Luxembourg, Luxembourg. 2004: Liège, Belgium. 2007: London, United Kingdom. 2009: Monte Carlo, Monaco. 2010: Rotterdam, Netherlands. 2012: Liège, Belgium. 2014: Leeds, United Kingdom. 2015: Utrecht, Netherlands. 2017: Düsseldorf, Germany. 2019: Brussels, Belgium. 1910: French racer Adolphe

World's fair

Expointernational expositionWorld Fair
. 🇳🇱 1972 Amsterdam (Netherlands). 🇩🇪 1973 Hamburg (Germany). 🇦🇹 1974 Vienna (Austria). 🇨🇦 1980 Montreal (Canada). 🇳🇱 1982 Amsterdam (Netherlands). 🇩🇪 1983 Munich (Germany). 1984 International Garden Festival Liverpool (United Kingdom). 🇯🇵 1990 Osaka (Japan). 🇳🇱 1992 Zoetermeer (Netherlands). 🇩🇪 1993 Stuttgart (Germany). 1999 Kunming (China). 🇳🇱 2002 Floriade in Haarlemmermeer (Netherlands). 🇩🇪 2003 Rostock (Germany). 🇹🇭 2006–7 Chiang Mai (Thailand). 🇳🇱 2012 Floriade in Venlo (Netherlands). 🇹🇷 2016 Antalya (Turkey). 🇨🇳 2019 Beijing (China). 🇶🇦 2021 Doha (Qatar). 🇳🇱 2022 Almere (Netherlands). 🇵🇱 2024 Łódź (Poland). Agricultural show. County fair.


Barcelona, Spaincity of BarcelonaBarcino
On 22 March 2007, Barcelona's City Council started the Bicing service, a bicycle service understood as a public transport. Once the user has their user card, they can take a bicycle from any of the more than 400 stations spread around the city and use it anywhere the urban area of the city, and then leave it at another station. The service has been a success, with 50,000 subscribed users in three months. The Barri Gòtic (Catalan for "Gothic Quarter") is the centre of the old city of Barcelona. Many of the buildings date from medieval times, some from as far back as the Roman settlement of Barcelona.

Giro d'Italia

GiroGiro d’Italia,Giros d'Italia
The idea of the holding a bicycle race that navigated around Italy was first suggested when La Gazzetta dello Sport editor Tullo Morgagni sent a telegram to both the paper's owner, Emilio Costamagna, and cycling editor, Armando Cougnet, stating the need for an Italian tour. At the time La Gazzetta's rival, Corriere della Sera was planning on holding a bicycle race of its own, after the success they had gained from holding an automobile race. Morgagni then decided to try and hold their race before Corriere della Sera could hold theirs, but La Gazzetta lacked the money.


TrondhjemThrondhjemTrondheim, Norway
Værnes has non-stop connections to cities such as London, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Stockholm and Berlin, among others. The domestic route Trondheim - Oslo is among the busiest air routes in Europe with around 2 million passengers annually. Major railway connections are the northbound Nordland Line, the eastbound Meråker Line to Åre and Östersund in Sweden, and two southbound connections to Oslo, the Røros Line and Dovre Line. The Coastal Express ships (Hurtigruten: Covering the Bergen–Kirkenes stretch of the coast) call at Trondheim, as do many cruise ships during the summer season.

Transport in Amsterdam

Transportation within the city of Amsterdam is characterised by bicycles and public transportation. Large freeways only exist around the city, terminating at the A10 Ringroad. Navigating by car through the city centre is discouraged, with the government sponsoring initiatives to reduce car usage. Amsterdam is known as one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world and is a centre of bicycle culture. 38% of all journeys in the city are made by bicycle. Most main streets have bike paths. Bike racks are ubiquitous throughout the city. There are about 1,000,000 bicycles in the city. Each year, about 100,000 of them are stolen and 25,000 end up in the canals.

Live Earth (2007 concert)

Live EarthLive Earth 2007Live Earth: The Concerts for a Climate in Crisis
In Westerpark in Amsterdam (NL) a parallel event had been organised which included a continuous 24-hour live broadcast program on Nederland 3 of live streams (in sequential order) from Live Earth events and reports from Dutch correspondents stationed on all 7 continents as well as an almost 12 hour side event at the home location with performances, artists and other side activities. Some parts of this Dutch program were included in the official Live Earth streams and broadcast worldwide.

City bicycle

city bikeCityCity Bikes
Electric bike. Folding bicycle. Outline of cycling. Roadster (bicycle). Utility bicycle. Utility cycling.

Pedaling Revolution

He concludes that women are more reluctant to bike than men over safety concerns, and that the best indicator of a cities bike safety is the ratio of men to women cyclists. For cycling to attain a significant share of the transportation market, it will need to appear safer to attract the risk-averse. Amsterdam has nearly fifty percent of its population on a bike everyday, without bike helmets, because cycling is seen as a safe activity. In a 2009 interview, Mapes concedes that he would be surprised to see bicycling see a 30 percent mode share, and that doing so would require a national commitment.


Neuenhaus was founded in 1317 on the trade road between Münster and Amsterdam by Bentheim’s Count Johannes II, who also had a castle built for its security. The quickly growing new town was granted town rights in 1369. The town had at its disposal an Amt court and other authorities that were moved to the district seat of Nordhorn after the Second World War. Today’s town of Neuenhaus was enlarged in 1970 through the amalgamation of the formerly autonomous communities of Grasdorf, Hilten and Veldhausen, the last of which had already existed as early as the 10th century.


The Fietsflat is a 3-storey free-to-use public bicycle parking facility in Amsterdam. It is located on Stationseiland island next to Amsterdam Central Station and has place for 2500 bicycles. The name is derived from fiets (bicycle) and flat, an originally English word which the Dutch use to denote multi-level apartment complexes. Alderman of Traffic and Transport of the City of Amsterdam Frank Köhler opened the Fietsflat on 5 April 2001. The bike parking facility was designed to be only temporary, needed during construction works around the Central Station area. It was to be closed in 2004, it is however currently still in use. New proposals to close the structure in 2009 failed as well.

Cycle chic

cycle chic blogsdesigner bicyclesnormal" activity
The company Copenhagenize Design Co. in Copenhagen, holds the Copenhagen Cycle Chic and blogs as well as the Cycle Chic territorial trademark in the United States and Brazil and encourages usage "for the idealistic purpose of non-commercial bicycle advocacy", as described in a manifesto A list of women's bike blogs worldwide includes links to many of the officially affiliated Cycle Chic blogs, as well as to others that also cover biking and fashion. City bicycle. Utility cycling. Tweed Run. Bicycle culture.

Triumph Motor Company

Bettmann & Co. and started importing bicycles from Europe and selling them under his own trade name in London. The trade name became "Triumph" the following year, and in 1887 Bettmann was joined by a partner, Moritz Schulte, also from Germany. In 1889, the businessmen started producing their own bicycles in Coventry, England. The company was acquired by Leyland Motors in 1960, ultimately becoming part of the giant conglomerate British Leyland (BL) in 1968, where the Triumph brand was absorbed into BL's Specialist Division alongside former Leyland stablemates Rover and Jaguar.

Cycle rickshaw

Bicycle trailer. Boda-boda (bicycle taxi). Freight bicycle. Quadracycle. Utility cycling. Cycles. Bicycle. Electric bicycle. Outline of cycling. Party Bike. Tandem bicycle. Trailer bike. Tricycle.

Luud Schimmelpennink

As an industrial designer, Schimmelpennink's contributions include new bicycle designs, hardware and software systems to support vehicle sharing and fleet management, and the latest version of the White Bicycle concept - the Smart-card supported Depo/White Bicycle system with a new Witkar city carshare system presently under development. In 2002 and again in 2006, he was elected to the Municipal District Council of Amsterdam Centrum, this time as a member of the Dutch Labor (Social Democrat) party PvdA. Schimmelpennink is currently working on a new Witkar-type project for Amsterdam as well as continuing to promote community cycles in Amsterdam and elsewhere. Amsterdam. Bicycle.