Cycling advocacy

Copenhagenizationbicycle advocacycycling advocate
Bicycle culture. Bicycle-friendly. Bicycle law. Bicycle transportation engineering. Bicycle touring. Community bicycle program. Outline of cycling. Active Transportation Alliance. Bicycle Coalition of Greater Philadelphia. Bike Delaware. Bike Ottawa (Citizens for Safe Cycling), Ontario, Canada. Critical Mass. Cycling in Copenhagen. Time's Up!. Fietsersbond Dutch Cyclist Union. Pedaling to Freedom. With My Own Two Wheels. Bikes vs Cars. World Bicycle Relief. World Cycling Alliance. New Pedestrianism. Walkability. Copenhagenization in the Danish capital from CNN's 'Future Cities' series.

Bicycle parking rack

Bicycle racksrackscycle rack
In Amsterdam two-tiered bicycle stands are ubiquitous. Bikes can be parked in a smaller area as the handlebars (usually wider than the back of the bicycle) of every other one is at a different height (either high or low). These racks are made of steel and have a large bar to which the frame may be easily locked. Most Dutch bicycles have a rear wheel lock, so that wheel need not be locked. Bike parking needs vary from environment to environment. Many different styles of bike rack are available to match any environment.

Cycling in the Netherlands

most Dutch citiesNetherlandsDutch OV-fiets
In cities this is even higher, such as Amsterdam which has 38%, though smaller Dutch cities well exceed that: for instance Zwolle (pop. ~123,000) has 46% and the university town of Groningen (pop. ~198,000) has 31%. This high frequency of bicycle travel is enabled by excellent cycling infrastructure such as cycle paths, cycle tracks, protected intersections, ample bicycle parking and by making cycling routes shorter, quicker and more direct than car routes.

Transport in Copenhagen

The city's bicycle paths and cycle tracks are extensive and well used. Bicycle paths are often separated from the main traffic lanes and sometimes have their own signal systems, giving the cyclists a lead of a couple of seconds to accelerate. The municipality is also developing a system of interconnected green bicycle routes, greenways, the aim being to facilitate fast, safe, and pleasant bicycle transport from one end of the city to the other. The network will cover more than 100 km and will have 22 routes when finished. The city provides public bicycles which can be found throughout the downtown area.


Dutch🇳🇱the Netherlands
Cycling infrastructure is comprehensive. Busy roads have received some 35,000 km of dedicated cycle tracks, physically segregated from motorised traffic. Busy junctions are often equipped with bicycle-specific traffic lights. There are large bicycle parking facilities, particularly in city centres and at train stations. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, with the rivers Meuse and Rhine providing excellent access to the hinterland upstream reaching to Basel, Switzerland, and into France., Rotterdam was the world's eighth largest container port handling 440.5 million metric tonnes of cargo annually.


In built up cities around the world, urban planning uses cycling infrastructure like bikeways to reduce traffic congestion and air pollution. A number of cities around the world have implemented schemes known as bicycle sharing systems or community bicycle programs. The first of these was the White Bicycle plan in Amsterdam in 1965. It was followed by yellow bicycles in La Rochelle and green bicycles in Cambridge. These initiatives complement public transport systems and offer an alternative to motorized traffic to help reduce congestion and pollution. In Europe, especially in the Netherlands and parts of Germany and Denmark, bicycle commuting is common.

Utility cycling

Utility cycling - Short-term hire schemesutility cyclistsurban cycling
This high modal share for bicycle travel is enabled by unusually flat topography, excellent cycling infrastructure such as cycle paths, cycle tracks, protected intersections, ample bicycle parking and by making cycling routes shorter, quicker and more direct than car routes. In the countryside, a growing number of inter-city bicycle paths connect the Netherlands' villages, towns and cities: some of these paths are part of the Dutch National Cycle Network, a network of routes for bicycle tourism which reaches all corners of the nation. In cities modal share for bicycles is even higher, such as Amsterdam which has 38%. As with other activities, cycling can be promoted by marketing.


EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

San Francisco

San Francisco, CaliforniaSan Francisco, CACity and County of San Francisco
There are more than 200 mi of bicycle paths, lanes and bike routes in the city. San Francisco residents have often ranked among the fittest in the country. Golden Gate Park has miles of paved and unpaved running trails as well as a golf course and disc golf course. Boating, sailing, windsurfing and kitesurfing are among the popular activities on San Francisco Bay, and the city maintains a yacht harbor in the Marina District. Several of San Francisco's parks and nearly all of its beaches form part of the regional Golden Gate National Recreation Area, one of the most visited units of the National Park system in the United States with over 13 million visitors a year.


bicycle friendlybicycle trafficBicycling infrastructure
The level of bicycle-friendliness of an environment can be influenced by many factors resulting from town planning and cycling infrastructure decisions. Assuming people prefer to get to their destination quickly, town planning and zoning may affect whether schools, shops, public transport interchanges and other destination are within a reasonable cycling distance of the areas where people live. If urban form influences these issues, then compact and circular settlement patterns as in Elizabeth, NJ may promote cycling. Alternatively, the low-density, non-circular (i.e., linear) settlement patterns characteristic of urban sprawl as in nearby Downtown Newark tends to discourage cycling.

Cycling in Denmark

Denmarkbicycle roadDanish
Bicycling infrastructure is a dominant feature of both city and countryside infrastructure with segregated dedicated bicycle paths and lanes in many places and the network of 11 Danish National Cycle Routes (along with many regional routes) extends more than 12000 km nationwide. Often bicycling and bicycle-culture in Denmark is compared to the Netherlands as a bicycle-nation. There are an estimated 7000 km of segregated dedicated bicycle paths and lanes in Denmark and the four biggest cities alone account for more than 1350 km with 609 km in Aalborg, 510 km in Odense, 450 km in Aarhus and 412 km in Copenhagen.


BijlmerBijlmermeer Apartment ComplexKwakoe Summer Festival
The Bijlmermeer or colloquially Bijlmer is one of the neighbourhoods that form Amsterdam Zuidoost ('Amsterdam South-East') borough (or "stadsdeel") of Amsterdam, Netherlands. To many people, the Bijlmer designation is used to refer to Amsterdam Zuidoost and Diemen Zuid as a pars pro toto. The other neighbourhoods in Amsterdam Zuidoost are Gaasperdam, Bullewijk, Venserpolder and Driemond. The Bijlmermeer neighbourhood, which today houses almost 50,000 people of over 150 nationalities, was designed as a single project as part of a then innovative Modernist approach to urban design.

Bicycle boulevard

bike boulevardbicycle boulevardsbicycle road
Cycling infrastructure. Shared lane marking. Portland’s Bike Boulevards Become Neighborhood Greenways by Streetfilms. Berkeley’s Bike Boulevards by Streetfilms.

Modal share

mode sharemodal splitmulti-modal
The cycling modal share is strongly associated with the size of local cycling infrastructure The Canadian city of Hamilton adopted a similar modal share target plan in 2005. Intermodal passenger transport. Mode choice (the decisions that determine Modal share, especially in traffic analysis and forecasting). Mode of transport. Rail usage statistics by country. Epomm - Modal share data for more than 300 Cities with more or less than 100,000 inhabitants, mostly in Europe. - Modal share data and trends over the past 20 years for Australian cities (unpublished paper by David Ashley).


Copenhagen, DenmarkKøbenhavnGreater Copenhagen
The city's bicycle paths are extensive and well used, boasting 400 km of cycle lanes not shared with cars or pedestrians, and sometimes have their own signal systems – giving the cyclists a lead of a couple of seconds to accelerate. Promoting health is an extremely important issue for Copenhagen's municipal authorities. Central to its sustainability mission is its "Long Live Copenhagen" (Længe Leve København) scheme in which it has the goal of increasing the life expectancy of citizens, improving quality of life through better standards of health, and encouraging more productive lives and equal opportunities.


Eindhoven, NetherlandsMayor of EindhovenEindhoven, the Netherlands
Like all large Dutch cities, Eindhoven has an extensive network of bicycle paths. Since 2012, the Eindhoven bicycle path network has incorporated the Hovenring. Eindhoven has two hospitals in three locations: the Catharina Hospital and the Máxima Medisch Centrum, which has a branch in Woensel-Zuid (the old Diaconessenhuis) and one in Veldhoven (the old Sint Joseph Hospital). These three have an extensive cooperation and have divided specialties among each other. Emergency medicine, for example, is concentrated in the MMC Veldhoven branch and the Catharina Hospital, the MMC Eindhoven branch has no emergency department. Cardiac procedures are done in the Catharina.

Outline of cycling

Cycling sport
Bicycle culture. Bicycle messenger. Bicycle performance. Bicycle touring. Cadence (cycling). Critical Mass. Cycle sport. Cycling advocacy. Cycling advocacy (aka Cycling activism). Cycling at the Summer Olympics. Cycling at the Summer Paralympics. Cycling demonstration towns. Cycling domestique. Cycling domestique. Cycling power meter. Cycling records. Effective Cycling. Eurobike. Freeride mountain-biking movies. Glossary of cycling. History of cycling. History of the bicycle. HPV Racing, Victoria Australia. Human-powered transport. Icetrack cycling. Indoor cycling. John Forester, engineer and bicycle transportation advocate. List of bicycle and human powered vehicle museums.


Montreal, QuebecMontréalMontreal, Canada
Old Montreal is accessible from the downtown core via the underground city and is served by several STM bus routes and Metro stations, ferries to the South Shore and a network of bicycle paths. The riverside area adjacent to Old Montreal is known as the Old Port. The Old Port was the site of the Port of Montreal, but its shipping operations have been moved to a larger site downstream, leaving the former location as a recreational and historical area maintained by Parks Canada. The new Port of Montreal is Canada's largest container port and the largest inland port on Earth. The mountain is the site of Mount Royal Park, one of Montreal's largest greenspaces.


Germany (Deutschland ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ), is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.


Delft explosionDelft ThunderclapDelft, Netherlands
The Human Power Team Delft & Amsterdam, a team consisting mainly of students from the Delft University of Technology, has won The World Human Powered Speed Challenge (WHPSC) four times. This is an international contest for recumbents in the US state of Nevada, the aim of which is to break speed records. They set the world record of 133.78 kliometres an hour (83.13 mph) in 2013. Delft railway station; (in February 2015 a new station has been taken into use). Delft Zuid railway station. Delftware. Delft School (Dutch Golden Age painting). Dutch Golden Age. List of films set in Delft. RandstadRail. Tanthof. Municipal Website of Delft. Radio Netherlands: The day the world came to an end.


Vancouver, British ColumbiaVancouver, BCVancouver, Canada
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, up from 603,502 in 2011. The Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre, which makes it the fifth-most densely populated city with over 250,000 residents in North America behind New York City, Guadalajara, San Francisco, and Mexico City according to the 2011 census.


Toronto, OntarioToronto, ONToronto, Canada
Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area (CMA), of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. Toronto is the anchor of an urban agglomeration, known as the Golden Horseshoe in Southern Ontario, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world.

Bicycle commuting

commutingbicycle commutersbicycle commuter
Bicycle commuting is the use of a bicycle to travel from home to a place of work or study — in contrast to the use of a bicycle for sport, recreation or touring.

One-way traffic

one-wayone-way streetone way
One-way traffic (or uni-directional traffic) is traffic that moves in a single direction. A one-way street is a street either facilitating only one-way traffic, or designed to direct vehicles to move in one direction. One-way streets typically result in higher traffic flow as drivers may avoid encountering oncoming traffic or turns through oncoming traffic. Residents may dislike one-way streets due to the circuitous route required to get to a specific destination, and the potential for higher speeds adversely affecting pedestrian safety. Some studies even challenge the original motivation for one-way streets, in that the circuitous routes negate the claimed higher speeds.