Mexico City

Mexico City, MexicoFederal DistrictDistrito Federal
The 1968 Olympic Games brought about the construction of large sporting facilities. In 1969 the Metro system was inaugurated. Explosive growth in the population of the city started from the 1960s, with the population overflowing the boundaries of the Federal District into the neighboring State of Mexico, especially to the north, northwest and northeast. Between 1960 and 1980 the city's population more than doubled to nearly 9 million. In 1980 half of all the industrial jobs in Mexico were located in Mexico City. Under relentless growth, the Mexico City government could barely keep up with services.


Mexico has the capabilities to manufacture nuclear weapons, but abandoned this possibility with the Treaty of Tlatelolco in 1968 and pledged to only use its nuclear technology for peaceful purposes. In 1970, Mexico's national institute for nuclear research successfully refined weapons grade uranium which is used in the manufacture of nuclear weapons but in April 2010, Mexico agreed to turn over its weapons grade uranium to the United States. Historically, Mexico has remained neutral in international conflicts, with the exception of World War II.

Estadio Olímpico Universitario

Olímpico UniversitarioUniversity Olympic StadiumOlympic Stadium
The Olímpico Universitario hosted the 1968 Summer Olympics; for the event the seating capacity was increased from 70,000 to 83,700 spectators (without substantially modifying the original structure) to cover the IOC requirements for an Olympic stadium. It was the location of the track & field competitions, equestrian events, certain association football matches, the arrival of the marathon and the opening & closing ceremonies. This was the Olympics in which Tommie Smith and John Carlos protested against the treatment of African Americans in the United States by performing a black power salute during the medal ceremony for the 200m.

United States

A combination of court decisions and legislation, culminating in the Civil Rights Act of 1968, sought to end racial discrimination. Meanwhile, a counterculture movement grew which was fueled by opposition to the Vietnam war, black nationalism, and the sexual revolution. The launch of a "War on Poverty" expanded entitlements and welfare spending, including the creation of Medicare and Medicaid, two programs that provide health coverage to the elderly and poor, respectively, and the means-tested Food Stamp Program and Aid to Families with Dependent Children. The 1970s and early 1980s saw the onset of stagflation.

Lothar Milde

Lothar Milde (born 8 November 1934) was an East German athlete who competed mainly in the discus throw. He was born in Halle an der Saale. Milde competed at three Olympic Games winning the silver medal at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, Mexico. He also finished 12th at the 1960 Games in Rome, Italy and 14th in qualifying, and therefore not making the final, at the 1964 Games in Tokyo, Japan. Milde also won four medals at the European Athletics Championships.

Gary Carlsen

He represented his native country at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, where he ended up in sixth place in the overall-rankings. Carlsen is best known for winning the gold medal in the men's discus event at the 1967 Summer Universiade and at the 1967 Pan American Games.

Hartmut Losch

Hartmut Losch (11 September 1943 in Angermünde – 26 March 1997 in Neu Fahrland) was a German athlete who competed in the 1964 Summer Olympics, in the 1968 Summer Olympics, and in the 1972 Summer Olympics.

Namakoro Niaré

Namakoro Niaré (born 4 June 1943 in Bamako) is a Malian former discus thrower who competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics, in the 1972 Summer Olympics, and in the 1980 Summer Olympics. He is the father of French shot putter Yves Niaré and French High Jumper Gaëlle Niaré.

Ferenc Tégla

Ferenc Tégla (born 15 July 1947 in Szegvár) is a Hungarian former discus thrower who competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics, in the 1972 Summer Olympics, and in the 1976 Summer Olympics.

Hein-Direck Neu

Hein-Direck Neu (13 February 1944 in Bad Kreuznach died 14 April 2017 in Wiesbaden) was a German discus thrower who competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics, in the 1972 Summer Olympics, and in the 1976 Summer Olympics.

Jalal Keshmiri

Joe KeshmiriJalal
He has held the M60 American record in the discus throw since 1998. He died from cancer in Reno, Nevada, aged 59. Keshmiri married in Iran in 1965 and had two sons: Kamal-Jamal and Kamy; Kamy became an American discus thrower.

Ludvík Daněk

Daněk competed in four Summer Olympics for Czechoslovakia, winning silver in 1964 Olympics, bronze in 1968 Olympics and gold in 1972 Olympics. He set three world records in discus throw, of 64.55 m in 1964, 65.22 m in 1965 and of 66.07 m in 1966. He also won several medals at the European Athletics Championships. He was the gold medallist at the 1971 European Athletics Championships and was the silver medallist three years later at the 1974 European Athletics Championships. After retiring from competitions Daněk became a sports administrator, and served as vice-president of the Czech athletics federation.

List of Olympic records in athletics

Olympic RecordOROlympic records
The longest standing modern Olympic athletics record is Bob Beamon's achievement in the men's long jump at the 1968 Summer Olympics. The jump, at 8.90 m, also broke the existing world record by 55 cm, and stood as the world record for 23 years until Beamon's compatriot, Mike Powell, jumped farther in the 1991 World Championships in Athletics in Tokyo. During the 2012 Games, six men's and five women's records were broken. Note, only those events currently competed for and recognised by the IOC as Summer Olympic events are listed. ''♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record.

George Puce

George Puce (born December 29, 1940 in Jelgava) is a retired discus thrower, who represented Canada at the 1968 Summer Olympics. He won the bronze medal in the men's discus throw event at the 1967 Pan American Games. * Canadian Olympic Committee

János Faragó

He competed in the men's discus throw at the 1968 Summer Olympics and the 1976 Summer Olympics.

Bill Tancred

Although proud of his British and European and Commonwealth achievements, Tancred has made it clear that the pinnacle of being an athlete is to compete at the Olympic games, and in interviews recalls getting a letter signed by the Duke of Edinburgh, telling him that he had been selected to represent Great Britain in the 1968 Olympics. He took his father, mother, friends and siblings for a meal to celebrate. As a young athlete, he recalls being awestruck at the Olympics.

Klaus-Peter Hennig

Klaus-Peter Hennig (born 2 May 1947 in Bremen) is a German former discus thrower who competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics and in the 1972 Summer Olympics.

Heimo Reinitzer

He competed in the men's discus throw at the 1968 Summer Olympics and the 1972 Summer Olympics.