Hyōgo Prefecture

HyōgoHyogoHyogo Prefecture
On Awaji Island, Hyōgo borders the Pacific Ocean coastline in the Kii Channel. The northern portion is sparsely populated, except for the city of Toyooka, and the central highlands are only populated by tiny villages. Most of Hyōgo's population lives on the southern coast, which is part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. Awaji is an island that separates the Inland Sea and Osaka Bay, lying between Honshu and Shikoku. Summertime weather throughout Hyōgo is hot and humid. As for winter conditions in Hyōgo, the north of Hyōgo tends to receive abundant snow, whilst the south receives only the occasional flurry.

Sumoto, Hyōgo

SumotoGoshiki, HyōgoSumoto City
Jointly with Awaji and Minami Awaji, the city operates a low-cost electric bike rental scheme, designed to attract visitors to stay for more than one day in order to explore the island. * Sumoto City official website


Minamiawaji, HyōgoMinami AwajiMinamiawaji City
Minamiawaji is a city in the southern part of Awaji Island in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The modern city of Minamiawaji was established on January 11, 2005, from the merger of all four towns of the former Mihara District: Mihara, Midori, Nandan and Seidan. Minamiawaji also includes the small island of Nushima off the southeast coast of Awaji Island, which is only accessible by ferry. As of April 1, 2017, the city had an estimated population of 45,961 and a population density of 200 persons per km². The total area is 229.17 km². Minamiawaji's soil and climate make it ideal for growing onions. As such, Awaji onions are renowned across Japan as sweet and delicious.

Awaji Province

AwajiAwaji no kuniTanshuu
Awaji Province was an old province of Japan covering Awaji Island, between Honshū and Shikoku. Today it is part of Hyōgo Prefecture. It is sometimes called Tanshu . Awaji is divided into three municipal sections: Awaji is the northernmost section, Sumoto is the most urban and central section, and four southern towns make up the city of Minamiawaji. It was founded in the 7th century as a part of Nankaidō. In Nankaidō, Awaji Province was between Kii Province and Awa Province. Awaji means literally "Road to Awa", that is, the road to Awa Province from the central part of Japan.

Kansai region

KansaiKinkiKinki region
Other geographical features include Amanohashidate in Kyoto Prefecture and Awaji Island in Hyōgo. The Kansai region is often compared with the Kantō region, which lies to its east and consists primarily of Tokyo and the surrounding area. Whereas the Kantō region is symbolic of standardization throughout Japan, the Kansai region displays many more idiosyncrasies – the culture in Kyoto, the mercantilism of Osaka, the history of Nara, or the cosmopolitanism of Kobe – and represents the focus of counterculture in Japan. This East-West rivalry has deep historical roots, particularly from the Edo period.

Great Hanshin earthquake

Kobe earthquake1995 Kobe earthquakeGreat Hanshin-Awaji earthquake
An on-the spot investigation by JMA concluded that tremors by this earthquake were at seismic intensity of Level 7 in particular areas in northern Awaji Island (now Awaji City) and in the cities of Kobe, Ashiya, Nishinomiya and Takarazuka. Tremors were valued at seismic intensity of Levels 4 to 6 at observation points in Kansai, Chūgoku, Shikoku and Chūbu regions: Damage was extremely widespread and severe. Structures irreparably damaged by the quake included nearly 400,000 buildings, numerous elevated road and rail bridges, and 120 of the 150 quays in the port of Kobe. The quake triggered around 300 fires, which raged over large portions of the city.

Tokushima Prefecture

At the time, it included the Awa region to the south and the Awaji Island regions as well. In 1873 it further incorporated the region currently occupied by Kagawa Prefecture in its borders. In the second wave of government consolidation, on September 5, 1875, the Sanuki Region separated to form the modern day Kagawa Prefecture. On August 21, 1876, Awaji Island separated to join Hyogo Prefecture and the Awa region separated to form Kochi Prefecture. On March 2, 1880, Myodo Prefecture fully separated from Kochi Prefecture to be inaugurated as Tokushima Prefecture. The Sanuki Mountains run along the northern border of the prefecture.

Seto Inland Sea

Inland SeaHiro WanInland Sea of Japan
Eastern part: Awaji Island, Shōdo Island, Ieshima Islands, Naoshima Islands, Shiwaku Islands, Yumeshima. Central part: Ōmishima, Innoshima, Itsukushima (popularly known as Miyajima), Hinase Islands, Kasaoka Islands. Western part: Suō-Ōshima, Uwakai Islands, Hashira-jima Islands. Seto Inland Sea National Park Official site {Japanese}. I Love Setouchi - Setouchi Brand. Enjoy the Setouchi of Japan: Setonaikai - Yokoso! Japan by JNTO.

Akashi Strait

This 3.911 kilometer long suspension bridge links the city of Kobe, the capital of the Hyōgo Prefecture, on Honshu Island to Iwaya on Awaji Island, also within the Hyōgo Prefecture. Its longest span measures 1.991 kilometers. After 10 years of construction it was finally opened to traffic on 5 April 1998. At the time of its opening in 1998, it was the world's longest suspension bridge. The Great Hanshin Earthquake occurred beneath the Akashi Strait and struck on 17 January 1995 with magnitude 7.2. The Nojima Fault is responsible for the Great Hanshin earthquake. The fault cuts across Awaji Island and a surface trace of about 10 kilometers long appeared on Awaji Island due to the earthquake.


Kobe, JapanKōbeKobe, Hyogo
The Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway runs from Kobe to Naruto via Awaji Island and includes the Akashi Kaikyō Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world. The city of Kobe directly administers 169 elementary and 81 middle schools, with enrollments of approximately 80,200 and 36,000 students, respectively. If the city's four private elementary schools and fourteen private middle schools are included, these figures jump to a total 82,000 elementary school students and 42,300 junior high students enrolled for the 2006 school year. Kobe also directly controls six of the city's twenty-five full-time public high schools including Fukiai High School and Rokkō Island High School.

Ichinomiya, Hyōgo (Tsuna)

IchinomiyaIchinomiya, Hyogo (Tsuna)Ichinomiya-chō
On April 1, 2005, Ichinomiya, along with the towns of Awaji, Higashiura, Hokudan and Tsuna (all from Tsuna District), was merged to create the city of Awaji and no longer exists as an independent municipality. The town has no special relationship with another Ichinomiya in Hyogo Prefecture. Ichinomiya literally means "the first shrine" of the province. In case of this town, it is the Izanagi Shrine of the Awaji Province. * Official website of Awaji in Japanese

Naruto Strait

NarutoNaruto KaikyoNaruto Kaikyō
Naruto Strait is a strait between Awaji Island and Shikoku in Japan. It connects Harima Nada, the eastern part of the Inland Sea and the Kii Channel. A famous feature of the strait is the Naruto whirlpools. Ōnaruto Bridge, the southern part of the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway, crosses over it. * Interactive satellite photos of the site

Tsuna, Hyōgo

On April 1, 2005, Tsuna, along with the towns of Awaji, Higashiura, Hokudan and Ichinomiya (all from Tsuna District), was merged to create the city of Awaji and no longer exists as an independent municipality. * Kiseki No Hoshi Greenhouse * Official website of Awaji in Japanese

Tsuna District, Hyōgo

Tsuna DistrictTsunaTsuna-gun
Awaji. Goshiki. Higashiura. Hokudan. Ichinomiya. Tsuna. On April 1, 2005 - the former town of Awaji absorbed the towns of Higashiura, Hokudan, Ichinomiya and Tsuna to create the city of Awaji. On February 11, 2006 - the town of Goshiki was merged into the expanded city of Sumoto. Tsuna District was dissolved as a result of this merger.

Higashiura, Hyōgo

HigashiuraHigashiura, HyogoHigashiura-chō
On April 1, 2005, Higashiura, along with the towns of Awaji, Hokudan, Ichinomiya and Tsuna (all from Tsuna District), was merged to create the city of Awaji and no longer exists as an independent municipality.

Hokudan, Hyōgo

HokudanHokudan, HyogoHokudan-chō
On April 1, 2005, Hokudan, along with the towns of Awaji, Higashiura and Ichinomiya and Tsuna (all from Tsuna District), was merged to create the city of Awaji and no longer exists as an independent municipality. * Official website of Awaji in Japanese

Nojima Fault

It cuts across Awaji Island. It is a branch of the Japan Median Tectonic Line which runs the length of the southern half of Honshu island.


HonshūHonshu IslandHonshu, Japan
Administratively, some smaller islands are included within these prefectures, notably including the Ogasawara Islands, Sado Island, Izu Ōshima, and Awaji Island. The regions and its prefectures are: Most of Japan's tea and silk is from Honshu. Fruits, vegetables, grains, rice and cotton are grown in Honshu. Niigata is noted as an important producer of rice. The Kantō and Nōbi plains produce rice and vegetables. Yamanashi is a major fruit-growing area, and Aomori is famous for its apples. Rare species of the lichen genus Menegazzia are found only in Honshu. Yields of zinc, copper, and oil have been found on Honshu.

Awaji Yumebutai

The Westin Awaji Island Resort & Conference Center: official site of the hotel.

Banshū dialect

The Banshū area is also in contact with Awaji Island across the Akashi Strait, but that island's Awaji dialect shares common features instead with such as the Kishū and Awa dialects, and is quite distinct from Banshū. Like other Kansai dialects, the Banshū dialect has a minimal length restraint of two moras for phonological words.

Tadao Ando

Ando TadaoLiving Architecture: The Work of Tadao Ando
Like Wright's Imperial Hotel in Tokyo Second Imperial Hotel 1923-1968, which did survive the Great Kantō earthquake of 1923, site specific decision-making, anticipates seismic activity in several of Ando's Hyōgo-Awaji buildings. * Francesco Dal Co. Tadao Ando: Complete Works. Phaidon Press, 1997. ISBN: 0-7148-3717-2. Kenneth Frampton. Tadao Ando: Buildings, Projects, Writings. Rizzoli International Publications, 1984. ISBN: 0-8478-0547-6. Randall J. Van Vynckt. International Dictionary of Architects and Architecture. St. James Press, 1993. ISBN: 1-55862-087-7. Masao Furuyama. “Tadao Ando”. Taschen, 2006. ISBN: 978-3-8228-4895-1.


Japan (日本, Nippon or Nihon ; formally 日本国, or Nihon-koku, ) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Awa Province (Tokushima)

Awa ProvinceAwaA'''wa
Awa Province was an old province of Japan in the area that is today a part of Tokushima Prefecture on Shikoku. Awa was bordered by Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo Provinces. It was sometimes called Ashū .

Osaka Bay

Bay of OsakaOsakaOsaka Bay Area
Its western shore is formed by Awaji Island, and its northern and eastern shores are part of the Kansai metropolitan area. Major ports on Osaka Bay include Osaka, Kobe, Nishinomiya, Sakai, Amagasaki, and Hannan. A number of artificial islands have been created in Osaka Bay in past decades, including Kansai International Airport, Kobe Airport, Port Island, and Rokkō Island. Several islands at the south end of Osaka Bay are part of the Seto Inland Sea National Park. Industries locate around Osaka Bay because there is a skilled and plentiful workforce, many port facilities, efficient linkages (from small to medium to large firms).

Nandan, Hyōgo

NandanNandan, Hyogo
It consisted of a part of Awaji Island and the much smaller Numa island. It is located at the southern end of Awaji island, from which it also derived its name. As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 18,921 and a density of 217.63 persons per km². The total area was 86.94 km². On January 11, 2005, Nandan, along with the towns of Mihara, Midori and Seidan (all from Mihara District), was merged to create the city of Minamiawaji.