abacaMusa textilisabaca fiber
The abacá plant belongs to the banana family, Musaceae; it resembles the closely related wild seeded bananas, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. Its scientific name is Musa textilis. Within the genus Musa, it is placed in section Callimusa (now including the former section Australimusa), members of which have a diploid chromosome number of 2n = 20. Before synthetic textiles came into use, M. textilis was a major source of high quality fiber: soft, silky and fine.

Musa ornata

M. ornata
Musa ornata (flowering banana) is one of more than 50 species of banana in the genus Musa of the family Musaceae. Most of these species are large tropical evergreen perennials, mainly from lowland areas with high temperature and humidity. Musa ornata originated in southeast Asia, and is cultivated for its commercial and ornamental value. The fruit is attractive but tends to be inedible. M. ornata belongs to the Musa subgenus Rhodochlamys. Rhodochlamys is one of the four sections into which the genus Musa is divided (the others being Australimusa, Callimusa and Eumusa, which is sometimes called Musa).

Banana chip

banana chipsSharkara upperi
Banana - In popular culture and commerce, "banana" usually refers to soft, sweet "dessert" Musa cultivars. Banana powder. Chifle - a similar salty snack chip made from plantains. Plantain - Musa cultivars with firmer, starchier fruit. Tostones - a similar salty snack made from plantains. Kripik - Indonesian chips, kripik pisang is Indonesian banana chips. List of deep fried foods. List of dried foods.


Bananas (Musa spp.). Ensete spp. (enset). Rhizome. Root vegetable. Tuber.

List of banana dishes

This is a list of banana dishes and foods in which banana or plantain is used as a primary ingredient. Foods prepared with banana or plantain as a primary ingredient are also included in this list. A banana is an edible fruit produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. (In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called plantains.) The fruit is variable in size, color and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. 🇨🇮 Alloco. Banana boat. Banana bread. Banoffee pie.

Musa maclayi

M. maclayi
Musa maclayi is a species of seeded banana native to Papua New Guinea and possibly the Solomon Islands. It is placed in section Callimusa (now including the former section Australimusa). It is regarded as one of the progenitors of the Fe'i banana cultivars. The plant has red sap and an upright flowering and fruiting stem. The fruits are rounded and arranged closely together in bunches – partly joined along their edges in some varieties.

Blood banana

M acuminata'' ssp. ''zebrinaMusa acuminata'' subsp. ''zebrina
The blood banana (Musa acuminata var. zebrina), is a variety of the wild banana Musa acuminata native to Sumatra, Indonesia. The blood banana is an ornamental plant, named for the dark red patches on its leaves, though its small-seeded fruits are also edible. The blood banana is a variety of the wild banana species Musa acuminata, one of the two ancestors of modern edible bananas. It was once classified as separate species under the now invalid names (synonyms) Musa zebrina and Musa sumatrana. It was also sometimes incorrectly classified as a cultivar.

Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia

canoe plantscanoe plantoriginal major crops
Fe'i bananas (Musa × troglodytarum), also spelled Fehi or Féi, are banana cultivars unique to Melanesia, the Maluku Islands, and Polynesia. Unlike other domesticated banana cultivars which are derived from Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana, fe'i bananas are believed to be hybrids derived from entirely different species. Proposed progenitors of fe'i bananas include Musa jackeyi, Musa lolodensis, Musa maclayi, and Musa peekelii, all of which are native to New Guinea and surrounding islands. Like other bananas, they were spread eastwards to Polynesia for use as food. However, they are absent in Island Southeast Asia, reaching only as far as the Maluku Islands.


generageneric namegeneric
A genus (, pl. genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.


Zingiberales, such as Bananas etc.Palmate-parallel (multicostate parallel):Several equally prominent primary veins arising from a single point at the base and running parallel towards tip or margin. The term multicostate refers to having more than one prominent main vein. e.g. "fan" (palmate) palms (Arecaceae)Multicostate parallel convergent:Mid-veins converge at apex e.g. Bambusa arundinacea = B. bambos (Aracaceae), EichorniaMulticostate parallel divergent:Mid-veins diverge more or less parallel towards the margin e.g. Borassus (Poaceae), fan palms.

Petiole (botany)

In botany, the petiole is the stalk that attaches the leaf blade to the stem. Outgrowths appearing on each side of the petiole in some species are called stipules. Leaves lacking a petiole are called sessile or epetiolate.

Carl Linnaeus

LinnaeusL.Linnaeus C
Carl Linnaeus ( 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms. He is known as the "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus (after 1761 Carolus a Linné).


OctavianAugustanCaesar Augustus
Augustus (Imperator Caesar Divi filius Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. His status as the founder of the Roman Principate has consolidated an enduring legacy as one of the most effective and controversial leaders in human history.


cultivarsvarietycultivated variety
The term cultivar most commonly refers to an assemblage of plants selected for desirable characters that are maintained during propagation. More generally, cultivar refers to the most basic classification category of cultivated plants in the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP). Most cultivars arose in cultivation, but a few are special selections from the wild.

World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

World ChecklistWCSPWCSPF
The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (usually abbreviated to WCSP) is an "international collaborative programme that provides the latest peer reviewed and published opinions on the accepted scientific names and synonyms of selected plant families." Maintained by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, it is available online, allowing searches for the names of families, genera and species, as well as the ability to create checklists.

Ensete glaucum

snow banana
Ensete glaucum, the snow banana, has also been classified as Musa nepalensis, Ensete giganteum, or Ensete wilsonii. The tree is native to China, Nepal, India, Myanmar (Burma), and Thailand. It grows from 2600 - 8800 ft in elevation. Ensete glaucum has a thick, waxy and blue, solitary trunk. It grows larger than the Abyssinian Banana (Ensete ventricosum). Its leaves are 1.4 - 1.8 m long and 50 - 60 cm wide. The plant is cultivated as an ornamental plant, for its unique swollen bulbous base and large leaves. It is easy to raise from seed. It is an extremely fast growing banana given heat, but not as hardy as the Abyssinian Banana (Ensete ventricosum), and is not as well known.

Papua New Guinea

🇵🇬PNGNew Guinea
Papua New Guinea (PNG;, ; Papua Niugini; Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

Pentalonia nigronervosa

Pentalonia nigronervosa (banana aphid) is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera. It is a true bug and sucks sap mainly from Musa species. Known to hosts in Alpinia purpurata, Xanthosoma sp., cardamom, Heliconia sp., tomatoes, taro, Calla, Costus, and Zingiber sp.

Odoardo Beccari

Musa beccarii, a wild banana in the family Musaceae. Myrmecodia beccarii, a plant in the family Rubiaceae. Palaquium beccarianum, a tree in the family Sapotaceae. Pritchardia beccariana, a tree in the family Arecaceae. Acanthopelma beccarii, a tarantula. Carlia beccarii, a skink. Clinidium beccarii, a ground beetle in the family Carabidae. Cochoa beccarii, a bird in the family Turdidae. Conraua beccarii, frog in the family Ranidae. Crocidura beccarii, a shrew. Draco beccari, a "flying dragon" lizard. Emballonura beccarii, a bat in the family Emballonuridae. Gallicolumba beccarii, a bird in the family Columbidae. Harpesaurus beccarii, a lizard in the family Agamidae.

Ensete superbum

Ensete superbum is a species of banana from India. The plant is well-known from the Western Ghats, Anaimalai Hills, some other South Indian hills in Dindigul and other parts of the peninsular India. It has also been recorded from Jhadol and Ogna forest ranges in Rajasthan, North India. There are also reports of a similar species in Thailand, but it is yet to be formally described. Disease: Anthracnose (Colletotrichum siamense) disease reported from Vithura and Kottiyur forest regions located in Kerala state of India. Plants may grow up to 12 ft in height and the pseudostem may be up to half the height with a swollen base of up to 8 ft in circumference at the base.


The main ingredients of mohinga are chickpea flour and/or crushed toasted rice, garlic, onions, lemongrass, banana tree stems, ginger, fish paste, fish sauce, and catfish in a rich broth cooked and kept on the boil in a cauldron. It is served with rice vermicelli, dressed and garnished with fish sauce, a squeeze of lime, crisp fried onions, coriander, spring onions, crushed dried chillis, and, as optional extras, crisp fried fritters such as split chickpeas (pè gyaw), urad dal (baya gyaw) or gourd (bu thee gyaw) or sliced pieces of Chinese donuts, as well as boiled egg and fried nga hpè fish cake.

Banana (disambiguation)

Banana is the common name for flowering plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce. Banana or bananas may also refer to: Ensete ventricosum (Ethiopian banana, false banana, enset), an important foodcrop in Ethiopia. Nymphoides aquatica (banana plant), an aquatic species known for its unusual root structure. Strelitzia nicolai (wild banana), a banana-like plant with an erect woody stem. Banana, Cape Verde, a settlement on Santiago Island. Banana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, a small seaport in Kongo Central Province. Banana, Florida, an unincorporated community. Banana River, Florida. Banana Lake, Florida. Banana, Kiribati, a settlement on Kiritimati Island.

Flhorban 920

By attacking the root systems of their host plants, nematodes are a direct cause of banana toppling disease and are therefore a highly acute threat to banana cultivation. This has made the Burrowing and Lesion nematodes, two of the most common and widespread parasitic nematodes in the world, a point of concern for subsistence banana farmers and large plantations alike. While the Lesion nematode is known to exact largely superficial lesions in the roots systems of banana trees, the Burrowing Nematode is known to be particularly devastating with potential yield reductions of 30%-80%.


MusaNet is a global network of scientists and other stakeholders working on banana (Musa spp.) genetic resources. Founded in 2011 and coordinated by Bioversity International, it has over 100 individual members representing various banana research institutes and organizations. MusaNet aims to optimize the conservation and use of Musa genetic resources by coordinating and strengthening the conservation and related research efforts of a worldwide network of public and private sector stakeholders. The vision of MusaNet is a world in which Musa genetic diversity is valued, secured and supporting all life.

List of snack foods from the Indian subcontinent

snacksnamkeenIndian snack
This is a list of Indian snack foods. Snack foods are a significant aspect of Indian cuisine, and are sometimes referred to as chaat.