Bagdah (community development block)

BagdahBagadah
Bagdah (also spelled Bagda) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bangaon subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Bagdah is located at 23.22°N, 88.88°W. Bagdah CD Block is bounded by Maheshpur Upazila in Jhenaidaha District, Chaugachha Upazila and Sharsha Upazila in Jessore District of Bangladesh in the north and east, Bangaon CD Block in the south and Hanskhali and Ranaghat II CD Blocks in Nadia district in the west. Bagdah CD Block is part of the Ichhamati-Raimangal Plain, one of the three physiographic regions in the district located in the lower Ganges Delta.

Gaighata

Gaighata is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bangaon subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Situated on the banks of the river Jamuna, Gaighata is located at 22.93°N, 88.73°W. Gaighata CD Block is bounded by Bangaon CD Block in the north, Sharsha Upazila in Jessore District of Bangladesh in the east, Swarupnagar and Habra I CD Blocks in the south and Haringhata CD Block in Nadia district in the west. Gaighata CD Block is part of the Ichhamati-Raimangal Plain, one of the three physiographic regions in the district located in the lower Ganges Delta.

Gopalnagar, North 24 Parganas

Gopalnagar
Gopalnagar is a village and a gram panchayat in Bangaon CD Block in Bangaon subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India. Gopalnagar police station covers an area of 169 km 2 and serves a population of 380,793. It has jurisdiction over Bangaon CD Block. As per the 2011 Census of India, Gopalnagar had a total population of 2,174, of which 1,106 (51%) were males and 1,068 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 199. The total number of literates in Gopalnagar was 1,688 (85.47% of the population over 6 years). SH 1 runs through Gopalnagar. Gopalnagar is a station on the Ranaghat-Bangaon section.

Palla, North 24 Parganas

Palla
Palla is a village and a gram panchayat in Bangaon CD Block in Bangaon subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India. As per the 2011 Census of India, Palla had a total population of 5,058, of which 2,649 (52%) were males and 2,409 (48%) were females. Population below 6 years was 452. The total number of literates in Palla was 4,058 (88.10% of the population over 6 years). Palla is on Gopalnagar Road. Palla KPC High School is a co-educational higher secondary school with playgrounds and emphasis on all round development of students. Nahata Jogendranath Mandal Smriti Mahavidyalaya at Nahata is located nearby.

Nahata

Nahata is a village in Bangaon CD Block in Bangaon subdivision of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India with an elevation of 10 m. In the 2011 census Nahata is not identified as a separate location. However, in the Bangaon CD Block map in the District Census Handbook, there is an indication that it is part of Village No. 322666 Ichhlampur. As per the 2011 Census of India, Ichhlampur had a total population of 6.886, of which 3,532 (51%) were males and 3,354 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 616. The total number of literates in Ichhlampur was 5,261 (83.91% of the population over 6 years). Nahata is on Gopalnagar Road.

North 24 Parganas district

North 24 ParganasNorth 24 Paraganas24
One municipality: Bangaon. Bagdah (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 9 gram panchayats. Bangaon (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 16 gram panchayats. Gaighata (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 13 gram panchayats and seven census towns: Chandpara,(7,113), Chhekati (4,995), Sonatikiri (6,919), Dhakuria (10,165), Chikanpara (9,594), Shimulpur (20,803) and Bara (5,172). Three municipalities: Basirhat, Baduria and Taki. Baduria (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 14 gram panchayats. Basirhat I (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 7 gram panchayats.

North 24 Parganas: minority concentrated district

North 24 Parganas district with 24.22% Muslims (in 2001) has been identified as a minority concentrated district by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. 11 districts in West Bengal has been identified as minority concentrated districts, all in Muslim minority category: Murshidabad, Malda, Uttar Dinajpur, Dakshin Dinajpur, Birbhum, Nadia, Bardhaman, Howrah, North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas and Cooch Behar. After these districts were identified Bardhaman district has been bifurcated into Purba Bardhaman district and Paschim Bardhaman district.

Bangaon Dakshin

Bangaon DakshinBangaon
As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 96 Bangaon Dakshin (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (SC) is composed of the following: Bairampur, Chauberia I, Chauberia II, Dighari, Kalupur and Palla gram panchayats of Bangaon community development block, and Chandpara, Dooma, Fulsara, Jaleswar II, Jhaudanga and Ramnagar gram panchayats of Gaighata community development block. Bangaon Dakshin (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (SC) is part of No. 14 Bangaon (Lok Sabha constituency) (SC). Bongaon assembly constituency was earlier part of Barasat (Lok Sabha constituency). In the 2011 election, Surajit Kumar Biswas of Trinamool Congress defeated his nearest rival Anuj Baran Sarkar of CPI(M).

Bangaon Uttar

Bangaon
As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 95 Bangaon Uttar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (SC) is composed of the following: Bangaon municipality, and Akaipur, Chhaigheria, Dharma Pukuria, Ganganandapur, Ghatbore, Gopalnagar I and Gopalnagar II gram panchayats of Bangaon community development block. Bangaon Uttar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (SC) is part of No. 14 Bangaon (Lok Sabha constituency) (SC). Bongaon assembly constituency was earlier part of Barasat (Lok Sabha constituency). In the 2011 election, Biswajit Das of Trinamool Congress defeated his nearest rival Dr. Biswajit Biswas of CPI(M).

Bagdah (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

BagdahBagdaBagadaha (SC)
As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 94 Bagdah (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (SC) is composed of the following: Bagdah community development block, and Gangrapota, Sundarpur and Tengra gram panchayats of Bangaon community development block. Bagdah (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (SC) is part of No. 14 Bangaon (Lok Sabha constituency) (SC). It was earlier part of Barasat (Lok Sabha constituency). In the 2016 election, Dulal Bar, ex-MLA of AITMC, of INC (Congress) defeated his nearest rival Upendra Nath Biswas of AITMC. .# Swing calculated on Congress+Trinamool Congress vote percentages taken together in 2006.

Tengra

Tengra (also spelled as Tangra) is a village and a gram panchayat in Bangaon CD Block in Bangaon subdivision of North 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India. Villages in Tengra gram panchayat are: Arshingri, Dhoramari, Shutia and Tengra. Tengra is about 8 km from Bangaon. As per the 2011 Census of India, Tengra had a total population of 4,226, of which 2,184 (52%) were males and 2,042 (48%) were females. Population below 6 years was 354. The total number of literates in Tengra was 3,371 (87.06% of the population over 6 years). A short stretch of local road links Tengra to State Highway 3 at Ganrapota.

India

🇮🇳IndianIND
India (IAST: ), also known as the Republic of India (IAST: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

States and union territories of India

StateIndian statestates
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions.

West Bengal

BengalWestWB
West Bengal (Paschim Banga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal. With over 91million inhabitants (as of 2011), it is India's fourth-most populous state. It has an area of 88752 km2. A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta), the seventh-largest city in India. As for geography, West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans.

Ganges Delta

Gangetic DeltaGanges river deltadelta
The Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta (also known as the Brahmaputra Delta, the Sunderbans Delta or the Bengal Delta ) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the world's largest delta and empties into the Bay of Bengal the combined waters of several river systems, mainly those of the Brahmaputra river and the Ganges river. It is also one of the most fertile regions in the world, thus earning the nickname The Green Delta. The delta stretches from the Hooghly River on the west to the Meghna River on the east.

Loam

loamysandy loamsilt loam
Loam is soil composed mostly of sand (particle size > 63 µm), silt (particle size > 2 µm), and a smaller amount of clay (particle size < 2 µm). By weight, its mineral composition is about 40–40–20% concentration of sand-silt-clay, respectively. These proportions can vary to a degree, however, and result in different types of loam soils: sandy loam, silty loam, clay loam, sandy clay loam, silty clay loam, and loam. In the USDA textural classification triangle, the only soil that is not predominantly sand, silt, or clay is called "loam".

Alluvium

alluvialalluvial soilalluvial deposits
Alluvium (from the Latin alluvius, from alluere, "to wash against") is loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock) soil or sediment that has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting. Alluvium is typically made up of a variety of materials, including fine particles of silt and clay and larger particles of sand and gravel. When this loose alluvial material is deposited or cemented into a lithological unit, or lithified, it is called an alluvial deposit.

Ichamati River

IchhamatiIchamatiIchhamati River
Ichhamati river and its branches form a large oxbow lake complex near Bangaon in North 24-Paraganas district. Besides agricultural and anthropogenic stresses, weed infestation particularly with water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a major concern because it is covering the surface of lake waters. At the end of Durga Puja the immersion ceremony in the Ichamati offers a unique spectacle along the India-Bangladesh river border. The Ichhamati river, which acts as a natural border between the two countries, becomes the scene of tremendous revelry on this day, when boats crammed with people from both countries converge here to immerse their respective idols.

Community development block in India

community development blockblockcommunity development blocks
The Community development block (C.D.Block; सामुदायिक विकास खंड) is a rural area earmarked for rural development administration in India. The area is administered by a Block Development Officer, supported by several technical specialists and village level workers. A community development block covers several gram panchayats, local administrative unit at the village level.

Panchayat samiti (block)

panchayat samitypanchayat samitiMandal Parishad
Mandals, taluka panchayats, block panchayats, or panchayat samiti are rural local governments (panchayats) at the intermediate level in panchayat raj institutions (PRI).

Gram panchayat

panchayat villageGPpanchayat
A gram panchayat (village council) is the only grassroots-level of panchayati raj formalised local self-governance system in India at the village or small-town level, and has a sarpanch as its elected head.

East Bengali refugees

refugees from East PakistanrefugeesBengali Hindu refugees
East Bengali Refugees are people who left East Bengal following the Partition of Bengal, which was part of the Independence of India and Pakistan in 1947. An overwhelming majority of these refugees and immigrants were Bengali Hindus. They adopted Indian citizenship and contributed to various fields and professions. During the Bangladesh liberation war with West Pakistan, an estimated 10 million people of East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) fled the country and took refuge in India particularly in the Indian states of West Bengal and Indian North East region. Out of 10 million people, a majority of 60% to 80% are Hindus who were the main victims of the West Pakistani army.

Mouza

mauzamauzasmouzas
In Bangladesh, Pakistan and parts of India a mouza or mauza is a type of administrative district, corresponding to a specific land area within which there may be one or more settlements. Before the 20th century, the term referred to a revenue collection unit in a pargana or revenue district. As populations increased and villages became more common and developed, the concept of the mouza declined in importance. Today it has become mostly synonymous with the gram or village. Most censuses and voter lists, for example, now use the names of villages rather than mouzas.

Illegal immigration to India

Bangladeshi infiltratorsHindu and tribal migrantsflow of people
An illegal immigrant in India is a person residing in the country without an official permission as prescribed by relevant Indian law. Those who are explicitly granted refugee status do not fall under this category.