Seoul, South KoreaSeoul, KoreaHanseong
The nearby Namdaemun Market, named after the Namdaemun Gate, is the oldest continually running market in Seoul. Insadong is the cultural art market of Seoul, where traditional and modern Korean artworks, such as paintings, sculptures and calligraphy are sold. Hwanghak-dong Flea Market and Janganpyeong Antique Market also offer antique products. Some shops for local designers have opened in Samcheong-dong, where numerous small art galleries are located. While Itaewon had catered mainly to foreign tourists and American soldiers based in the city, Koreans now comprise the majority of visitors to the area.


OO 2 molecular oxygen
Oxygen is the chemical element with the symbol O and atomic number 8. It is a member of the chalcogen group in the periodic table, a highly reactive nonmetal, and an oxidizing agent that readily forms oxides with most elements as well as with other compounds. By mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in the universe, after hydrogen and helium. At standard temperature and pressure, two atoms of the element bind to form dioxygen, a colorless and odorless diatomic gas with the formula. Diatomic oxygen gas constitutes 20.8% of the Earth's atmosphere. As compounds including oxides, the element makes up almost half of the Earth's crust.

Animal locomotion

locomotionlocomotor activitylocomotor
Unified Physics Theory Explains Animals' Running, Flying And Swimming.

Puma (brand)

PumaPuma SEPuma AG
It also introduced the RS Computer shoe, with "RS" standing for "running system," an integrated device that measured runner's speed, pace, and caloric use. It sold poorly. In May 1989, Rudolf's sons Armin and Gerd Dassler agreed to sell their 72 percent stake in PUMA to Swiss business Cosa Liebermann SA. For the fiscal year 2003, the company had revenue of €1.274 billion. PUMA was the commercial sponsor for the 2002 anime series Hungry Heart: Wild Striker, with the jerseys and clothing sporting the PUMA brand. PUMA ranks as one of the top shoe brands with Adidas and Nike.


athletic shoetrainerssneaker
Generally, they are divided by running style: the majority are for heel-toe joggers/runners which are further subdivided into 'neutral', 'overpronation' and 'underpronation'. These are constructed with a complex structure of "rubber" with plastic/metal stiffeners to restrict foot movement. More advanced runners tend to wear flatter and flexible shoes, which allow them to run more quickly with greater comfort.

List of water sports

water sportsAquaticswatersports
Modern pentathlon includes épée fencing, pistol shooting, swimming, a show jumping course on horseback, and cross country running. Rescue swimming is swimming with the goal to rescue other swimmers. Snorkeling is the practice of swimming at the surface (typically of the sea) being equipped with a mask, fins, and a short tube called a snorkel. Swimming, including pool swimming and open water swimming. Synchronized diving. Triathlon, a multi-sport event involving the completion of three continuous and sequential endurance events, usually a combination of swimming, cycling and running. Water aerobics is aerobics in the water.

Sole (foot)

solesolessole of the foot
Gait (human). Human skeletal changes due to bipedalism.

Plantar fascia

plantar aponeurosisplantar aponeuroses
The plantar fascia also has an important role in dynamic function during gait. It was found the plantar fascia continuously elongated during the contact phase of gait. It went through rapid elongation before and immediately after mid-stance, reaching a maximum of 9% to 12% elongation between mid-stance and toe-off. During this phase the plantar fascia behaves like a spring, which may assist in conserving energy. In addition, the plantar fascia has a critical role in normal mechanical function of the foot, contributing to the "windlass mechanism".

Fatuma Roba

Fatuma Roba (ፋጡማ ሮባ; born 18 December 1973) is an Ethiopian long distance runner, best known for being the first African woman to win a gold medal in the women's Olympic marathon race at the Atlanta 1996 Summer Olympics and for winning three successive Boston Marathons. Fatuma Roba was born on 18 December 1973 in Bekoji, Ethiopia. As Fatuma grew up, there were no female role models in long distance running within Ethiopia, only Abebe Bikila. While Fatuma was at school, she was not encouraged to run but decided to continue regardless. She was coached by Sentayehu Eshetu, who had previously worked with athletes such as Derartu Tulu.

Child development stages

developmental milestonesdevelopmental stagesmilestones
Runs, starts, stops, and moves around obstacles with ease. Uses arm movement to increase running speed. Throws a ball overhand; distance and aim improving. Builds a tower with ten or more blocks. Forms shapes and objects out of clay: cookies, snakes, simple animals. Reproduces some shapes and letters. Holds a crayon or marker using a tripod grasp. Paints and draws with purpose; may have an idea in mind, but often has problems implementing it so calls the creation something else. Becomes more accurate at hitting nails and pegs with hammer. Threads small wooden beads on a string. Can run in a circle. Can jump. Can recognize that certain words sound similar.

Rome Marathon

Rome City MarathonRomeMaratona di Rome
The 2010 race was held in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of Abebe Bikila's win at the 1960 Rome Olympic marathon race, a watershed moment in the development of East African competitive running. The 2010 men's winner, Siraj Gena, earned a 5000€ bonus for crossing the finish line barefoot in honour of Abebe Bikila's style. Key: * Official website List of winners. Città di Roma Marathon. Association of Road Racing Statisticians (2009-03-27). Retrieved on 2010-01-31.


Animals will use different gaits for different speeds, terrain and situations. For example, horses show four natural gaits, the slowest horse gait is the walk, then there are three faster gaits which, from slowest to fastest, are the trot, the canter and the gallop. Animals may also have unusual gaits that are used occasionally, such as for moving sideways or backwards. For example, the main human gaits are bipedal walking and running, but they employ many other gaits occasionally, including a four-legged crawl in tight spaces. Mammals show a vast range of gaits, the order that they place and lift their appendages in locomotion.

List of long-distance runners

Long-distance runners
Abebe Bikila, double Olympic marathon champion in 1960 and 1964, most famous for winning the marathon in the 1960 Summer Olympics while running barefoot. Brahim Boulami, former steeplechase world record holder. Christopher Chataway, set a 5000 m world record of 13 minutes 51.6 seconds in 1954, and was a pacesetter when Roger Bannister ran the first ever sub-4 minute mile that same year. Ron Clarke, held the 10,000 meter world record for eight years. Eamonn Coghlan, World 5000m champion 1983.


Gait analysis. Pes cavus. Sole (foot). Runner's toe, repetitive injury seen in runners. Ball (anatomy). Barefoot. Heel. Squatting position. Comparison of orthotics.


fashion footwearApparel/Footwear Retaildesigner
Bare feet are also seen as a sign of humility and respect, and adherents of many religions worship or mourn while barefoot. Some religious communities explicitly require people to remove shoes before they enter holy buildings, such as temples. In several cultures people remove their shoes as a sign of respect towards someone of higher standing. In a similar context deliberately forcing other people to go barefoot while being shod oneself has been used to clearly showcase and convey one's superiority within a setting of power disparity. Practitioners of the craft of shoemaking are called shoemakers, cobblers, or cordwainers.

Hand walking

handstand walkwalking on his handshand balancers
Hand walking is an unusual form of human locomotion in which a person travels in a vertically inverted orientation with all body weight resting on the hands. It can be executed with legs fully extended or with variations such as stag, straddle or front splits. Hand walking is performed in various athletic activities, including acro dance and circus acrobatics.

1960 Summer Olympics

19601960 Olympic Games1960 Rome
Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia won the marathon barefooted to become the first black African Olympic champion. Cassius Clay, later known as Muhammad Ali, won boxing's light-heavyweight gold medal. Ramon "Buddy" Carr was one of the coaches that led this team to winning gold. Herb Elliott, AUS, won the men's 1500 meters in one of the most dominating performances in Olympic history. Rafer Johnson defeated his rival and friend C.K. Yang in one of the greatest Decathlon events in Olympic history. Lance Larson, US, was controversially denied a 100 metres freestyle swimming gold, despite showing the best time.

Running in Ancient Greece

Web. 5 December 2009. " Running." The Ancient Olympics. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 December 2009. " Running events." BBC History. BBC, n.d. Web. 5 December 2009.


Clare of Assisi at first went barefoot, but later came to wear sandals and shoes. The Colettine and Capuchin nuns returned to the use of sandals. Sandals were also adopted by the Camaldolese monks of the Congregation of Monte Corona (1522), the Maronite Catholic monks, the Poor Hermits of St. Jerome of the Congregation of Blessed Peter of Pisa, the Augustinians of Thomas of Jesus (1532), the Barefooted Servites (1593), the Discalced Carmelites (1568), the Feuillants (Cistercians, 1575), the Trinitarians (1594), the Mercedarians (1604), and the Passionists. Discalced Augustinians. Discalced Carmelites. Discalced Mercedarians. Discalced at Catholic Encyclopedia. Discalced Carmelite.


raceracessprint finish
They can also be found in cross country and road running events, even up to the marathon distance. A runner's ability to sprint at the end of a race is also known as their finishing kick. Multisport races, such as the triathlon, often have running as the final section and sprint finish tactics are applied as they are in running-only events. In cycling, sprint finishes are an integral part of the sport and are used in both track cycling and road cycling. Cycling sprints are often highly tactical, particularly on the track, with cyclists occasionally coming to a near halt at points before reaching a high speed finish.

Mamo Wolde

Degaga "Mamo" Wolde ({lang-amh| ማሞ ወልዴ}}; 12 June 1932 – 26 May 2002) was an Ethiopian long distance runner who competed in track, cross-country, and road running events. He was the winner of the marathon at the 1968 Summer Olympics. Degaga was born on 12 June 1932 in Ada'a to an Oromo family. His younger brother, Demissie Wolde (b. 8 March 1937), also became an international distance running star. In 1951, Degaga moved to Addis Ababa. At his first Olympic appearance in 1956, Degaga competed in the 800 m, 1,500 m and the 4x400 relay. He did not compete in the 1960 Summer Olympics, when Abebe Bikila became the first Ethiopian to win a gold medal.


fire walkingfire-walkingFire Walkers
One is more likely to be burned when running through the embers since running pushes one's feet deeper into the embers, resulting in the top of the feet being burnt. Foreign objects in the embers may result in burns. Metal is especially dangerous since it has a high thermal conductivity. Embers which have not burned long enough can burn feet more quickly. Embers contain water, which increases their heat capacity as well as their thermal conductivity. The water must be evaporated already when the firewalk starts. Wet feet can cause embers to cling to them, increasing the exposure time. Fire eating. Timiti. Can you walk on hot coals in bare feet and not get burned? from The Straight Dope.

1964 Summer Olympics

19641964 Tokyo Olympics1964 Tokyo
Abebe Bikila (Ethiopia) became the first person to win the Olympic marathon twice. New Zealand's Peter Snell became the only person to win gold medals in both the 800 m and 1500 m in the same Olympics. Billy Mills, an unfancied runner, became the only American to win the gold in the men's 10,000 m. British runner Ann Packer set a world record in becoming the surprise winner of the 800 m, having never run the distance at international level before the Games. Bob Hayes won the 100 metre title in a time of 10.06 seconds, equaling the world record, and set the current record for the fastest relay leg in the 4×100 m.

Aerobic exercise

aerobiccardiocardiovascular exercise
When practiced in this way, examples of cardiovascular or aerobic exercise are medium to long distance running or jogging, swimming, cycling, and walking. British physiologist Archibald Hill introduced the concepts of maximal oxygen uptake and oxygen debt in 1922. German physician Otto Meyerhof and Hill shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their independent work related to muscle energy metabolism. Building on this work, scientists began measuring oxygen consumption during exercise.


This aspect can be viewed as an informal law in areas where slavery existed as any person sighted barefoot in public would be conclusively regarded as a slave. In certain societies this rule is valid to this day. As with the Tuareg, where slavery is still unofficially practiced, their slaves are constantly forced to remain barefoot as a recognition mark. Mainly through their bare feet their societal status and rank opposite their owners is displayed to the public in a plainly visible way. Another widespread practice was branding the slaves either to generally mark them as property or as punishment usually reserved for fugitives.