Gait analysis. Pes cavus. Sole (foot). Runner's toe, repetitive injury seen in runners. Ball (anatomy). Barefoot. Heel. Squatting position. Comparison of orthotics.


Apparel/Footwear Retaildesignerfashion footwear
Bare feet are also seen as a sign of humility and respect, and adherents of many religions worship or mourn while barefoot. Some religious communities explicitly require people to remove shoes before they enter holy buildings, such as temples. In several cultures people remove their shoes as a sign of respect towards someone of higher standing. In a similar context deliberately forcing other people to go barefoot while being shod oneself has been used to clearly showcase and convey one's superiority within a setting of power disparity. Practitioners of the craft of shoemaking are called shoemakers, cobblers, or cordwainers.

Hand walking

handstand walkwalking on his handshand balancers
Hand walking is an unusual form of human locomotion in which a person travels in a vertically inverted orientation with all body weight resting on the hands. It can be executed with legs fully extended or with variations such as stag, straddle or front splits. Hand walking is performed in various athletic activities, including acro dance and circus acrobatics.

Running in Ancient Greece

Web. 5 December 2009. " Running." The Ancient Olympics. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 December 2009. " Running events." BBC History. BBC, n.d. Web. 5 December 2009.


raceracessprint finish
They can also be found in cross country and road running events, even up to the marathon distance. A runner's ability to sprint at the end of a race is also known as their finishing kick. Multisport races, such as the triathlon, often have running as the final section and sprint finish tactics are applied as they are in running-only events. In cycling, sprint finishes are an integral part of the sport and are used in both track cycling and road cycling. Cycling sprints are often highly tactical, particularly on the track, with cyclists occasionally coming to a near halt at points before reaching a high speed finish.


Clare of Assisi at first went barefoot, but later came to wear sandals and shoes. The Colettine and Capuchin nuns returned to the use of sandals. Sandals were also adopted by the Camaldolese monks of the Congregation of Monte Corona (1522), the Maronite Catholic monks, the Poor Hermits of St. Jerome of the Congregation of Blessed Peter of Pisa, the Augustinians of Thomas of Jesus (1532), the Barefooted Servites (1593), the Discalced Carmelites (1568), the Feuillants (Cistercians, 1575), the Trinitarians (1594), the Mercedarians (1604), and the Passionists. Discalced Augustinians. Discalced Carmelites. Discalced Mercedarians. Discalced at Catholic Encyclopedia. Discalced Carmelite.


fire-walkingfire walkingfirewalk
One is more likely to be burned when running through the embers since running pushes one's feet deeper into the embers, resulting in the top of the feet being burnt. Foreign objects in the embers may result in burns. Metal is especially dangerous since it has a high thermal conductivity. Embers which have not burned long enough can burn feet more quickly. Embers contain water, which increases their heat capacity as well as their thermal conductivity. The water must be evaporated already when the firewalk starts. Wet feet can cause embers to cling to them, increasing the exposure time. Fire eating. Timiti. Can you walk on hot coals in bare feet and not get burned? from The Straight Dope.

Aerobic exercise

aerobiccardiocardiovascular exercise
Exhaustion of glycogen is a major cause of what marathon runners call "hitting the wall". Training, lower intensity levels, and carbohydrate loading may allow postponement of the onset of exhaustion beyond 4 hours. Aerobic exercise comprises innumerable forms. In general, it is performed at a moderate level of intensity over a relatively long period of time. For example, running a long distance at a moderate pace is an aerobic exercise, but sprinting is not. Playing singles tennis, with near-continuous motion, is generally considered aerobic activity, while golf or two person team tennis, with brief bursts of activity punctuated by more frequent breaks, may not be predominantly aerobic.

Prison uniform

prison jumpsuitprison garbbee-striped convict’s shirt


cerebellarcerebellar cortexcerebellar nuclei
Damage to the upper part of the cerebellum tends to cause gait impairments and other problems with leg coordination; damage to the lower part is more likely to cause uncoordinated or poorly aimed movements of the arms and hands, as well as difficulties in speed. This complex of motor symptoms is called ataxia. To identify cerebellar problems, neurological examination includes assessment of gait (a broad-based gait being indicative of ataxia), finger-pointing tests and assessment of posture. If cerebellar dysfunction is indicated, a magnetic resonance imaging scan can be used to obtain a detailed picture of any structural alterations that may exist.

Foot whipping

Seizing and withholding the footwear from a person in a situation of imprisonment, which is commonplace in many countries (Barefoot#Imprisonment and slavery), often has a disconsolating and victimizing effect on the individual. As bare feet are traditionally regarded as a token of subjection and captivity, the unaccustomed and largely reluctant exposure is often perceived as humiliating or oppressive. The increased physical vulnerability by having to remain barefoot often leads to trepidation and the feeling of insecurity. This measure alone can therefore already cause significant distress. This circumstance is usually aggravated if the bare feet are the target for corporal punishment.

Cadence (gait)

cadenceleg turnoverrunning cadence
. * Gait

Sport of athletics

Runner's World has been in print since 1966 and the Track & Field Magazine of Japan (Rikujyo Kyogi Magazine) is another long-running publication. Athletics events have been selected as a main motif in numerous collectors' coins. One of the recent samples is the €10 Greek Running commemorative coin, minted in 2003 to commemorate the 2004 Summer Olympics. In the obverse of the coin, a modern athlete figure appears in the foreground, shown in the starting position, while in the background two ancient runners are carved in a manner that gives the appearance of a coin that is "worn" by time. This scene originally appeared on a black-figure vase of the 6th century BC.

Mile run

MileOne mile1 Mile
Thus, the history of the mile run began in England and it initially found usage within the wagered running contests of the 18th and 19th century. Such contests would attract large numbers of spectators and gamblers – so many that the activity became a professional one for its more-established participants. The mile run was at the heart of the divide between professional and amateur sports in the late 19th century. Separate world record categories were kept for amateurs and professionals, with professional runners providing the faster times.

Long-distance running

long-distance runnerlong distance runnerlong-distance
Beyond these, records and stand-alone achievements, rather than regular events, exist for individuals who have achieved running goals of a unique nature, such as running across or around continents (see lists of runners: America, Australia) or running around the world. * Runner's World 1) Bone and muscle structure: unlike quadruped mammals, which have their center of mass in front of the hind legs or limbs, in biped mammals including humans the center of mass lies right above the legs.

Relay race

relayrelaysrelay team
In sprint relays, runners typically use a "blind handoff", where the second runner stands on a spot predetermined in practice and starts running when the first runner hits a visual mark on the track (usually a smaller triangle). The second runner opens their hand behind them after a few strides, by which time the first runner should be caught up and able to hand off the baton. Usually a runner will give an auditory signal, such as "Stick!" repeated several times, for the recipient of the baton to put out his hand. In middle-distance relays or longer, runners begin by jogging while looking back at the incoming runner and holding out a hand for the baton.

The Barefoot Contessa

1954 filmBarefoot Contessa, The
The May 1955, issue #23 of Mad has a parody by Jack Davis entitled "The Barefoot Nocountessa". The Food Network cooking show Barefoot Contessa is named after Ina Garten's best-selling cookbook, The Barefoot Contessa Cookbook, which in turn was named after her specialty food store which she bought in 1978. The store, which is no longer in operation, opened in 1975 and was named after the film. A tour boat in the TV series Riptide was named Barefoot Contessa. Parts of the movie were featured in Lana Del Rey's music video 'Carmen'. On December 13, 2016, Twilight Time Movies released The Barefoot Contessa on high-definition Blu-ray. This is a limited-edition release of 3000 copies available.

Chafing (skin)

Chafing is quite prevalent among long distance athletes such as cyclists or marathon runners due to the extensive time periods during which the skin is in irritating conditions. Chafing may be caused by the salt residue left behind after sweat evaporates. If sweat is allowed to dry, and exercise is resumed, the salt may intensify the friction and cause further irritation. Other contributing factors include hot weather, sensitive skin, sand from the beach getting into problem areas, and prior skin irritation. Staying dry may keep the skin from developing further chafing, although this can be next to impossible in hot weather and requires avoiding exercise.


limpinglimping gait
A limp is a type of asymmetric abnormality of the gait. Limping may be caused by pain, weakness, neuromuscular imbalance, or a skeletal deformity. The most common underlying cause of a painful limp is physical trauma; however, in the absence of trauma, other serious causes, such as septic arthritis or slipped capital femoral epiphysis, may be present. The diagnostic approach involves ruling out potentially serious causes via the use of X-rays, blood tests, and sometimes joint aspiration. Initial treatment involves pain management. A limp is the presenting problem in about 4% of children who visit hospital emergency departments. A limp is a type of asymmetric abnormality of the gait.

Stadion (running race)

stadionstadion racestade
Running in Ancient Greece. Olympic winners of the Stadion race.

Individual sport

individual sportsindividualindividual events
Running. Cycling. Darts. Dance. Disc golf. Diving. Equestrian. Fencing. Figure skating. Golf. Gymnastics. Knife throwing. Mixed martial arts. Orienteering. Pool. Power lifting. Racquetball. Rock climbing. Rowing. Sailing. Shooting. Skiing. Skimboarding. Snowboarding. Snooker. Speed skating. Sport stacking. Squash. Surfing. Skateboarding. Swimming. Table Tennis. Table Football. T'ai chi ch'uan. Tenpin bowling. Tennis. Triathlon. Wrestling. Jump Rope. Team camaraderie dominates individual sport. Team or Individual Sports? Detailed argument in favour of individual sports.

Evelyn Glennie

Dame Evelyn GlennieEvelyn Elizabeth Ann GlennieGlennie
She achieved a new kind of recognition in June 2016 when her name was the solution to an anagram clue in the Everyman Crossword in the UK's Observer Sunday newspaper - "Percussionist playing line gently, even with time running out (6,7)". * Touch the Sound (2004). Directed by Thomas Riedelsheimer, featuring a collaboration with Fred Frith.