Sport of athletics

Runner's World has been in print since 1966 and the Track & Field Magazine of Japan (Rikujyo Kyogi Magazine) is another long-running publication. Athletics events have been selected as a main motif in numerous collectors' coins. One of the recent samples is the €10 Greek Running commemorative coin, minted in 2003 to commemorate the 2004 Summer Olympics. In the obverse of the coin, a modern athlete figure appears in the foreground, shown in the starting position, while in the background two ancient runners are carved in a manner that gives the appearance of a coin that is "worn" by time. This scene originally appeared on a black-figure vase of the 6th century BC.

Mile run

MileOne mile1 Mile
Thus, the history of the mile run began in England and it initially found usage within the wagered running contests of the 18th and 19th century. Such contests would attract large numbers of spectators and gamblers – so many that the activity became a professional one for its more-established participants. The mile run was at the heart of the divide between professional and amateur sports in the late 19th century. Separate world record categories were kept for amateurs and professionals, with professional runners providing the faster times.

Long-distance running

long-distance runnerlong distance runnerlong-distance
Beyond these, records and stand-alone achievements, rather than regular events, exist for individuals who have achieved running goals of a unique nature, such as running across or around continents (see lists of runners: America, Australia) or running around the world. * Runner's World 1) Bone and muscle structure: unlike quadruped mammals, which have their center of mass in front of the hind legs or limbs, in biped mammals including humans the center of mass lies right above the legs.

Relay race

relayrelaysrelay team
In sprint relays, runners typically use a "blind handoff", where the second runner stands on a spot predetermined in practice and starts running when the first runner hits a visual mark on the track (usually a smaller triangle). The second runner opens their hand behind them after a few strides, by which time the first runner should be caught up and able to hand off the baton. Usually a runner will give an auditory signal, such as "Stick!" repeated several times, for the recipient of the baton to put out his hand. In middle-distance relays or longer, runners begin by jogging while looking back at the incoming runner and holding out a hand for the baton.

The Barefoot Contessa

1954 filmBarefoot Contessa, The
The May 1955, issue #23 of Mad has a parody by Jack Davis entitled "The Barefoot Nocountessa". The Food Network cooking show Barefoot Contessa is named after Ina Garten's best-selling cookbook, The Barefoot Contessa Cookbook, which in turn was named after her specialty food store which she bought in 1978. The store, which is no longer in operation, opened in 1975 and was named after the film. A tour boat in the TV series Riptide was named Barefoot Contessa. Parts of the movie were featured in Lana Del Rey's music video 'Carmen'. On December 13, 2016, Twilight Time Movies released The Barefoot Contessa on high-definition Blu-ray. This is a limited-edition release of 3000 copies available.


Plantar fasciitis "policeman's heel" disorder. High-heeled footwear fashion. Squatting position.

Chafing (skin)

Chafing is quite prevalent among long distance athletes such as cyclists or marathon runners due to the extensive time periods during which the skin is in irritating conditions. Chafing may be caused by the salt residue left behind after sweat evaporates. If sweat is allowed to dry, and exercise is resumed, the salt may intensify the friction and cause further irritation. Other contributing factors include hot weather, sensitive skin, sand from the beach getting into problem areas, and prior skin irritation. Staying dry may keep the skin from developing further chafing, although this can be next to impossible in hot weather and requires avoiding exercise.


limpinglimping gait
A limp is a type of asymmetric abnormality of the gait. Limping may be caused by pain, weakness, neuromuscular imbalance, or a skeletal deformity. The most common underlying cause of a painful limp is physical trauma; however, in the absence of trauma, other serious causes, such as septic arthritis or slipped capital femoral epiphysis, may be present. The diagnostic approach involves ruling out potentially serious causes via the use of X-rays, blood tests, and sometimes joint aspiration. Initial treatment involves pain management. A limp is the presenting problem in about 4% of children who visit hospital emergency departments. A limp is a type of asymmetric abnormality of the gait.

Stadion (running race)

stadionstadion racestade
Running in Ancient Greece. Olympic winners of the Stadion race.

Individual sport

individual sportsindividualindividual events
Running. Cycling. Darts. Dance. Disc golf. Diving. Equestrian. Fencing. Figure skating. Golf. Gymnastics. Knife throwing. Mixed martial arts. Orienteering. Pool. Power lifting. Racquetball. Rock climbing. Rowing. Sailing. Shooting. Skiing. Skimboarding. Snowboarding. Snooker. Speed skating. Sport stacking. Squash. Surfing. Skateboarding. Swimming. Table Tennis. Table Football. T'ai chi ch'uan. Tenpin bowling. Tennis. Triathlon. Wrestling. Jump Rope. Team camaraderie dominates individual sport. Team or Individual Sports? Detailed argument in favour of individual sports.

Calcaneal spur

heel spurCalcanealheel
Running, walking, or lifting heavy weight may exacerbate the issue. Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of calcaneal spurs. To quote Edward Kwame Agyekum, "When stress is put on the plantar fascia ligament, it does not cause only plantar fasciitis, but cause[s] a heel spur... where the plantar fascia attaches to the heel bone. Generally, a calcaneal spur develops when proper care is not given to the foot and heels. People who are obese, have flat feet, or who often wear high-heeled shoes are most susceptible to heel spurs. It is often seen as a repetitive stress injury, and thus lifestyle modification is typically the basic course of management strategies.

Evelyn Glennie

Dame Evelyn GlennieEvelyn Elizabeth Ann GlennieGlennie
She achieved a new kind of recognition in June 2016 when her name was the solution to an anagram clue in the Everyman Crossword in the UK's Observer Sunday newspaper - "Percussionist playing line gently, even with time running out (6,7)". * Touch the Sound (2004). Directed by Thomas Riedelsheimer, featuring a collaboration with Fred Frith.


spondyloarthropathiesspondyloarthritisseronegative spondyloarthropathy
Non-vertebral signs and symptoms of degenerative or other not-directly-infected inflammation, in the manner of spondyloarthropathies, include asymmetric peripheral arthritis (which is distinct from rheumatoid arthritis), arthritis of the toe interphalangeal joints, sausage digits, Achilles tendinitis, plantar fasciitis, costochondritis, iritis, and mucocutaneous lesions. However, lower back pain is the most common clinical presentation of the causes of spondyloarthropoathies; this back pain is unique because it decreases with activity. Seronegative spondyloarthropathy (or seronegative spondyloarthritis) is a group of diseases involving the axial skeleton and having a negative serostatus.

Gait abnormality

gait disturbanceataxia of gaitgait
Likewise, difficulty in walking due to arthritis or joint pains (antalgic gait) sometimes resolves spontaneously once the pain is gone. Hemiplegic persons have circumduction gait, where the affected limb moves through an arc away from the body, and those with cerebral palsy often have scissoring gait. * Videos of various abnormal gaits Ataxia. Foot drop. Gait Abnormality Rating Scale. Limp.

Outline of running

*Arthur Lydiard (1917–2004), runner and coach. *Lamine Diack, president of the IAAF since November 1999 Exercise. Aerobic exercise. A sport. A component of athletics. An individual sport. A team sport (see relay race). A form of travel. Animal locomotion. Terrestrial locomotion. Backward running. Barefoot running. Sprinting. Jogging. ChiRunning. Level and Incline Running. Long-distance running – form of continuous running over distances of at least five kilometres (3.1 miles). Physiologically, it is largely aerobic in nature and requires stamina as well as mental strength. Track and field. Sprints. 50 m. 55 m. 60 m. 100 m. 150 m. 200 m. 300 m. 400 m. 500 m.


Prolotherapy, also called proliferation therapy is an injection-based treatment used in chronic musculoskeletal conditions. It has been characterised as an alternative medicine practice.

Trail running

trail runnerTrail runnerstrail
Today, there are many racing vests that are lightweight alternative which allow runners the choice of reservoir based bladder or water bottles while allowing for carrying other items such as nutrition, hydration supplements and cold weather gear. Carrying the Ten Essentials may reduce the hazards inherent in wilderness travel. Some trail runners use ultra light hiking poles (which are often not allowed during competition) to increase speed and stability. Trail running races are organised globally. Due to the relatively short history of trail running as an organised sport, there are very few established organising bodies.


Hamboards are intended to be ridden barefoot, like surfboards. During the Hamborg's appearance on Shark Tank, they were barefoot. Gus and his brothers always ride barefoot. Most promotional materials, such as videos show barefoot riders Initially created by Pete Hamborg as a garage hobby to teach his five sons and friends how to surf away from water, Hamboards has evolved into an international business that currently produces several variations of the longboard and skateboard, including The Classic, Pinger, Logger, Fish, Huntington Hop, Pescadito, Biscuit and Street Sweeper street stand up paddles.