Waldemar Cierpinski

Although Gerard Nijboer from the Netherlands narrowed the gap in the last kilometre, Cierpinski sprinted the last 200 m to win his second consecutive Olympic gold medal and duplicate the feat of legendary Ethiopian Abebe Bikila of winning two straight Olympic marathons. Cierpinski finished third in the marathon in the 1983 World Championships in Athletics. He was denied a chance of an unprecedented third Olympic marathon win by the Eastern Bloc boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, which was Tit for tat for the United States-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.

Appian Way

Via AppiaVia Appia AnticaAppia
For the 1960 Summer Olympics, it served as part of the men's marathon course that was won by Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the road fell out of use; Pope Pius VI ordered its restoration. A new Appian Way was built in parallel with the old one in 1784 as far as the Alban Hills region. The new road is the Via Appia Nuova ("New Appian Way") as opposed to the old section, now known as Via Appia Antica. The old Appian Way close to Rome is now a free tourist attraction. It was extensively restored for Rome's Millennium and Great Jubilee celebrations.

Calcaneal spur

heel spurCalcanealheel
Running, walking, or lifting heavy weight may exacerbate the issue. Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of calcaneal spurs. When stress is put on the plantar fascia ligament, it does not cause only plantar fasciitis, but causes a heel spur where the plantar fascia attaches to the heel bone. Generally, a calcaneal spur develops when proper care is not given to the foot and heels. People who are obese, have flat feet, or who often wear high-heeled shoes are most susceptible to heel spurs. Spur outgrowths can be detected through physical exam followed by a lateral foot x-ray.

Fissure of the nipple

jogger's nipplefissurenipple
The issue is commonly seen in athletes, such as runners or surfers who do not wear rash guards. Cracked nipple. List of cutaneous conditions.

Billy Mills

Mills, BillyWilliam Mervin "Billy" Mills
Clarke finished in 9th place, and Mills finished in 14th, in 2:22:55.4, approximately two-and-a-half minutes behind Clarke and about 10 minutes behind winner Abebe Bikila. Mills later set U.S. records for 10,000 m (28:17.6) and the three-mile run, and had a 5,000 m best of 13:41.4. In 1965, he and Gerry Lindgren both broke the world record for the six-mile run when they finished in a tie at the AAU National Championships, running 27:11.6. Mills is the co-founder of the nonprofit Running Strong for American Indian Youth with Eugene Krizek.

Evelyn Glennie

Dame Evelyn GlennieEvelyn Elizabeth Ann GlennieGlennie
She achieved a new kind of recognition in June 2016 when her name was the solution to an anagram clue in the Everyman Crossword in the UK's Observer Sunday newspaper - "Percussionist playing line gently, even with time running out (6,7)". * Touch the Sound (2004). Directed by Thomas Riedelsheimer, featuring a collaboration with Fred Frith.


Non-vertebral signs and symptoms of degenerative or other not-directly-infected inflammation, in the manner of spondyloarthropathies, include asymmetric peripheral arthritis (which is distinct from rheumatoid arthritis), arthritis of the toe interphalangeal joints, sausage digits, Achilles tendinitis, plantar fasciitis, costochondritis, iritis, and mucocutaneous lesions. However, lower back pain is the most common clinical presentation of the causes of spondyloarthropoathies; this back pain is unique because it decreases with activity. Seronegative spondyloarthropathy (or seronegative spondyloarthritis) is a group of diseases involving the axial skeleton and having a negative serostatus.

Gait abnormality

gait abnormalitiesgaitgait ataxia
Likewise, difficulty in walking due to arthritis or joint pains (antalgic gait) sometimes resolves spontaneously once the pain is gone. Hemiplegic persons have circumduction gait, where the affected limb moves through an arc away from the body, and those with cerebral palsy often have scissoring gait. * Videos of various abnormal gaits Ataxia. Foot drop. Gait Abnormality Rating Scale. Limp.

Mountain running

mountain runnermountainLong distance mountain running
Mountain running is a sports discipline which takes place mainly off-road in mountainous terrain, but if there is significant elevation gain on the route, surfaced roads may be used. In this it differs from fell running; also its courses are more clearly marked and avoid dangerous sections. It is a form of trail running if it is run on unpaved surfaces. Mountain running is a combination of running, jogging, and walking, depending on how steep the trail is. It is recognized by the International Association of Athletics Federations and governed by the World Mountain Running Association that since 1985 organizes world championships.


George S. Hackett
Prolotherapy, also called proliferation therapy is an injection-based treatment used in chronic musculoskeletal conditions. It has been characterised as an alternative medicine practice.

Tony Franklin (kicker)

Tony FranklinFranklin
Franklin was best known for his barefoot kicking style. He played college football at Texas A&M. Franklin played college football at Texas A&M University where he set the record for the longest field goal in Division I-A history when he made a kick of 65 yards on October 16, 1976 against Baylor University. For a very brief period, this was tied for the overall record for all of American college football with J.T. Haxall of Princeton University, having made a 65-yard kick in 1882, but it did not last as Ove Johansson of Abilene Christian University, which at the time was a member of NAIA Division I, made a 69-yard field goal on the same day.

Outline of running

*Arthur Lydiard (1917–2004), runner and coach. *Lamine Diack, president of the IAAF since November 1999 * Exercise. Aerobic exercise. A sport. A component of athletics. An individual sport. A team sport (see relay race). A form of travel. Animal locomotion. Terrestrial locomotion. Backward running. Barefoot running. Sprinting. Jogging. ChiRunning. Level and Incline Running. Long-distance running – form of continuous running over distances of at least five kilometres (3.1 miles). Physiologically, it is largely aerobic in nature and requires stamina as well as mental strength. Track and field. Sprints. 50 m. 55 m. 60 m. 100 m. 150 m. 200 m. 300 m. 400 m. 500 m.

Running energetics

Well-trained runners are often found to be significantly more economical than untrained individuals. Also, performance level has been observed to influence the energy expenditure of running at a given speed, even within groups of trained runners. For example, elite runners are often more economical than sub-elite or average runners. This suggests that running economy, or the energy cost of running at a given submaximal speed, may be a valid predictor of performance especially within homogeneous groups of trained runners. There is also evidence that intense endurance training can improve economy within an individual.


Decadrondexamethasone phosphateOradexon
It is injected into the heel when treating plantar fasciitis, sometimes in conjunction with triamcinolone acetonide. It is useful to counteract allergic anaphylactic shock, if given in high doses. It is present in certain eye drops – particularly after eye surgery – and as a nasal spray, and certain ear drops (can be combined with an antibiotic and an antifungal). Dexamethasone intravitreal steroid implants have been approved by the FDA to treat ocular conditions such as diabetic macular edema, central retinal vein occlusion, and uveitis. Dexamethasone has also been used with antibiotics to treat acute endophthalmitis.


Hamboards are intended to be ridden barefoot, like surfboards. Most promotional materials, such as videos show barefoot riders Pete Hamborg, a Huntington Beach Fireman and father of five boys, created the first Hamboards as a garage hobby to allow his sons (and their friends) to surf the pavement on days that the actual surf was too big or too small. Years of tinkering and optimization led to the first Hamboards assembled in bulk. The design comprised bamboo or birch decks, fitted with commercially available branded trucks, wheels and bearings. For the next several years, Hamboards were assembled by friends and family from a small shop in Huntington Beach where they were also sold locally.

Gait Abnormality Rating Scale

Gait Abnormality Rating Scale (GARS) is a videotape-based analysis of 16 facets of human gait. It has been evaluated as a screening tool to identify patients at risk for injury from falls. and has been used in remote gait evaluation. A modified version was published in 1996. The scale comprises three categories: Each item has a score range from 0 (good function) to 3 (poor function).

Florence Welch

Evelyn WelchFlo WelchFlorence
She is known for her distinctive clothing style, often performing concerts wearing light Gucci dresses, barefoot and without jewelry. Vogue described her style as Bohemian and called her "the queen of Bohemian style." When discussing her fashion style, Welch said that, "For the stage, it's The Lady of Shalott meets Ophelia...mixed with scary gothic bat lady. But in real life I'm kind of prim." 2011 saw Gucci dressing her for her summer tour and a performance at the Chanel runway show at Paris Fashion Week. Welch describes 1970s American drag queen troupe The Cockettes and French chanson singer Françoise Hardy as fashion mentors.

Level and incline running

Terrestrial locomotion by means of a running gait can be accomplished on level surfaces. However, in most outdoor environments an individual will experience terrain undulations requiring uphill running. Similar conditions can be mimicked in a controlled environment on a treadmill also. Additionally, running on inclines is used by runners, both distance and sprinter, to improve cardiovascular conditioning and lower limb strength. One complete gait cycle is defined as beginning when one foot comes into contact with the ground and continuing until that same foot contacts the ground again. The gait cycle can be further broken down into a number of component parts.


Astasia abasia
The term abasia literally means that the base of gait (the lateral distance between the two feet) is inconstant or unmeasurable. When seen in conversion disorder, the gait is bizarre and is not suggestive of a specific organic lesion: often the patient sways wildly and nearly falls, recovering at the last moment. An acquired total inability to stand and walk can be seen in true neurological diseases, including stroke, Parkinson's disease, damage to the cerebellum, Guillain–Barré syndrome, normal pressure hydrocephalus and many others.


Shakira MebarakShakira RipollMilan Piqué
She often performs barefoot; Shakira says she learned this form of dance as a young teen to overcome her shyness. She also mentioned in a MTV interview that she learned how to belly dance by trying to flip a coin with her belly. Shakira's distinctive dancing style is said to be unique to her in the industry that combines Middle Eastern belly dance with Latin dancing. Her hip shaking is mentioned in songs, like Fifth Harmony’s “Brave Honest Beautiful”. Shakira has received numerous awards and recognition for her work. Shakira has sold more than 75 million records worldwide.

Power walking

fitwalkingspeed walkingPower Walk
Power Walking or speed walking is the act of walking with a speed at the upper end of the natural range for the walking gait, typically 7 to 9 km/h (4.5 to 5.5 mph). To qualify as power walking as opposed to jogging or running, at least one foot must be in contact with the ground at all times (see walking for a formal definition). Power Walking was founded in 1990s of 20th century. In 1999, Berlin Marathon included Power Walking division. Power Walking is often confused with racewalking, as the two techniques are very similar. Power Walking technique: Also, Power Walking has been recommended (for example, by Kenneth H.

Colton Harris Moore

Colton Harris-MooreThe Barefoot Bandit
Official site for Fly Colt Fly: Legend of the Barefoot Bandit documentary. Bob and the Barefoot Bandit - Snap Judgment #518, "Desperate Measures" (Audio story). THE BAREFOOT BANDIT: The True Tale of Colton Harris-Moore, New American Outlaw by Bob Friel (Book).

Platelet-rich plasma

platelet rich plasmaPRPAutologous Conditioned Plasma
As compared to other conservative treatments for non-surgical orthopedic illnesses (e.g. steroid injection for plantar fasciitis), evidence does no support the use of PRP as a conservative treatment. A 2018 review found that evidence was lacking for Achilles tendinopathy. A 2010 Cochrane review of use in sinus lifts during dental implant placement found no evidence of benefit. A 2013 review stated more evidence was needed to determine effectiveness for hair regrowth. A 2014 Cochrane review of PRP in musculoskeletal injuries found very weak evidence for a decrease in pain in the short term, and no difference in function in the short, medium or long term.


hippieshippyhippie movement
As with other adolescent, white middle-class movements, deviant behavior of the hippies involved challenging the prevailing gender differences of their time: both men and women in the hippie movement wore jeans and maintained long hair, and both genders wore sandals, moccasins or went barefoot. Men often wore beards, while women wore little or no makeup, with many going braless. Hippies often chose brightly colored clothing and wore unusual styles, such as bell-bottom pants, vests, tie-dyed garments, dashikis, peasant blouses, and long, full skirts; non-Western inspired clothing with Native American, Asian, African and Latin American motifs were also popular.


Terra Plana
Vivobarefoot is a minimalist running shoe company. Their technology, invented by Tim Brennan and developed by British shoe company Terra Plana, is aimed at offering the optimum biomechanics and posture commonly associated with walking barefoot and barefoot running and advocated within the barefoot movement and barefoot running community. It has been described as "as close to going barefoot in the city as you can get." The most prominent shoe using this technology is their Evo running shoe. * Wiggling Their Toes at the Shoe Giants, The New York Times, 30 August 2008 Barefoot running. Minimalist shoe. Vibram FiveFingers. Xero Shoes.