Shock site

shock sitesshock imagesshock image
BestGore is notorious for its extremely graphic content, such as photos and videos of murders, suicides and violent accidents. It is currently the most visited shock website in the world, with an estimated 15–20 million monthly visits. In July 2013, the website's creator, Slovakian-Canadian Mark Marek, was charged with one count of "corrupting morals", related to his posting of the video of the murder of Lin Jun on his website. He pleaded guilty and was given a six-month conditional sentence. Goatse was one of the best-known shock sites, featuring an image of a man stretching his anus with his hands.

LiveLeak

live leakLiveLeak.com
The site was founded on 31 October 2006, in part by the team behind Ogrish.com shock site; which closed on the same day. LiveLeak aims to take reality footage, politics, war, and other world events and combine them with the power of citizen journalism. Hayden Hewitt of Manchester is the only public member of LiveLeak's founding team. Featured videos often involve graphic content of fatal accidents or shootings. Although by 2016, Liveleak had reduced its controversial content, the site frequently sparked up controversy up until around 2008, mostly due to its graphic and political content.

Stile Project

Ogrish.com. Stile Project. stileNET.

Goregrish.com

Controversy arose when the autopsy images of Ngatikaura Ngati appeared on goregrish.com and bestgore.com, which some have characterized as pornographic. Current New Zealand Children’s Commissioner Dr. Russell Wills said he was "appalled" at their use. Even though shock sites did not create the photos, the images nevertheless fueled a squabble between bestgore.com and goregrish.com in 2011, wherein one lodged an unsuccessful DMCA (copyright) complaint with Google against the other. Ogrish.com. Bestgore.com. Rotten.com. Stile Project.

Canada

🇨🇦CanadianCAN
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 e6km2, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra.

Mutilation

mutilatedmaimingmaim
Mutilation or maiming (from the Latin: mutilus) is cutting off or injury to a body part of a person so that the part of the body is permanently damaged, detached or disfigured.

Habsburg Monarchy

HabsburgAustriaAustrian
The Habsburg Monarchy (Habsburgermonarchie) – also Habsburg Empire, Austrian Monarchy or Danube Monarchy – is an unofficial umbrella term among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1526 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918. The Monarchy was a typical composite state composed of territories within and outside the Holy Roman Empire, united only in the person of the monarch.

September 11 attacks

9/119/11 attacksSeptember 11, 2001
He was then held at multiple CIA secret prisons and Guantanamo Bay where he was interrogated and tortured with methods including waterboarding. During U.S. hearings at Guantanamo Bay in March 2007, Mohammed again confessed his responsibility for the attacks, stating he "was responsible for the 9/11 operation from A to Z" and that his statement was not made under duress. In "Substitution for Testimony of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed" from the trial of Zacarias Moussaoui, five people are identified as having been completely aware of the operation's details. They are bin Laden, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Ramzi bin al-Shibh, Abu Turab al-Urduni, and Mohammed Atef.

Murder

first-degree murderfirst degree murdersecond-degree murder
Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought. This state of mind may, depending upon the jurisdiction, distinguish murder from other forms of unlawful homicide, such as manslaughter. Manslaughter is a killing committed in the absence of malice, brought about by reasonable provocation, or diminished capacity. Involuntary manslaughter, where it is recognized, is a killing that lacks all but the most attenuated guilty intent, recklessness.

Catholic Church

CatholicRoman CatholicRoman Catholicism
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide. As the world's "oldest continuously functioning international institution", it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church is headed by the bishop of Rome, known as the pope. Its central administration, the Holy See, is in the Vatican City, an enclave within Rome, Italy.

Rotten.com

Today in Rotten History
Rotten.com was a shock site with the tag line "An archive of disturbing illustration," active from 1997 to 2012. It was devoted to morbid curiosities, pictures of violent acts, deformities, autopsy or forensic photographs, depictions of perverse sex acts, and disturbing or misanthropic historical curios. The site was founded in 1997, and its format changed little over the years. It was run by a developer who called himself Soylent, via the company Soylent Communications. The site's updating slowed in 2009, with the final update in February 2012. The site was down as of November 2018.

Graphic violence

goregoryextreme violence
The snuff film takes horror to its furthest extreme as torture and murder are not simulated. Violence in films is not an old topic, recently a study presented in an annual American Academy of Pediatrics conference showed that the "good guys" in superhero movies were on average more violent than the villains, potentially sending a strongly negative message to young viewers. News media on television and online video frequently cover violent acts. The coverage may be preceded with a warning, stating that the footage may be disturbing to some viewers.

Maria Theresa

Empress Maria TheresaMaria TheresiaMaria Theresa of Austria
In 1776, Austria outlawed torture, particularly at the behest of Joseph II. Much unlike Joseph, but with the support of religious authorities, Maria Theresa was opposed to the abolition of torture. Born and raised between Baroque and Rococo eras, she found it difficult to fit into the intellectual sphere of the Enlightenment, which is why she only slowly followed humanitarian reforms on the continent. From an institutional perspective, in 1749, she founded the Supreme Judiciary as a court of final appeal for all hereditary lands.

Richard Marcinko

Dick MarcinkoRichard "Dick" Marcinko
Marcinko was born November 21, 1940, in Lansford, Pennsylvania and is of Croatian and Slovak-Romani descent - his father was Croat from Dubrava near Stolac in Bosnia and Herzegowina while his mother was Romani from Slovakia. At a young age, his family moved to New Brunswick, New Jersey. After dropping out of high school in New Brunswick, New Jersey, Marcinko tried to enlist in the United States Marines, who rejected him due to a lack of a high school diploma. Marcinko successfully enlisted in the United States Navy in September 1958 as a radioman. He was accepted into the Underwater Demolition Team UDT/R class 26 in June 1961, and graduated in October 1961.

Jozef Roháč

Jozef Roháč is featured in the 1994 textbook Násilí (Violence) compiled by known Slovak sociologist and former VPN chairman Fedor Gál with other authors. One chapter is essentially a transcription of tape records of an interview conducted by Gál with Roháč probably in early 1993. A book Jozef Roháč - štvrťstoročie na úteku (Jozef Roháč - quarter-century on the run) by Slovak journalist Martin Mózer was published in 2010. The book has 328 pages and is written in Slovak language. Crime in Slovakia. Prisons in Slovakia. Slovak Information Service. Nemzetbiztonsági Hivatal.

Elizabeth Báthory

Countess Elizabeth Báthoryserial killerCountess
There were many suspected forms of torture carried out by Elizabeth. According to the Budapest City Archives, the girls were burned with hot tongs and then placed in freezing cold water. They were also covered in honey and live ants. Elizabeth is also suspected of cannibalism. Some witnesses named relatives who died while at the gynaeceum. Others reported having seen traces of torture on dead bodies, some of which were buried in graveyards, and others in unmarked locations. Two witnesses (court officials Benedek Deseő and Jakab Szilvássy) actually saw the Countess torture and kill young servant girls.

Slovakia

🇸🇰SlovakSVK
Anton Spiesz and Dusan Caplovic, Illustrated Slovak History: A Struggle for Sovereignty in Central Europe. Wauconda, IL : Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 2001. Government. Government Office of the Slovak Republic. President of the Slovak Republic. Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic. Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Tourism and living information. Official Slovak National Tourism Portal. Railways of Slovak Republic. Slovakia at Lonely Planet. Slovakia profile from the BBC News. Slovakia from UCB Libraries GovPubs.

Psychological torture

psychologicalpsychological painpsychologically abused
Psychological torture is a type of torture that relies primarily on psychological effects, and only secondarily on any physical harm inflicted. Although not all psychological torture involves the use of physical violence, there is a continuum between psychological torture and physical torture. The two are often used in conjunction with one another, and often overlap in practice, with the fear and pain induced by physical torture often resulting in long-term psychological effects, and many forms of psychological torture involving some form of pain or coercion.

West Slavs

West SlavicWestern SlavicSlavic
Czech–Slovak group. Czechs. Bohemians. Moravians. Slovaks. Sorbian group. Milceni (Upper Sorbs). Lusatian Sorbs (Lower Sorbs). Lechitic group. Poles. Silesians. Kashubians. Czech–Slovak group. Czechs. Bohemians. Moravians. Slovaks. Sorbian group. Milceni (Upper Sorbs). Lusatians (Lower Sorbs). Catholic Slavs. Slavic peoples. Austro-Hungarian Empire. Visegrad Group. Holy Roman Empire. Principality of Moravia. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Kingdom of Hungary. Principality of Nitra. Samo's Empire. Czechization. Magyarization. Polonization. Slovakization. East Slavs. South Slavs.

Interrogation

interrogatedinterrogatorinterrogate
The use of torture is explicitly prohibited. However, Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have accused officers of the British Intelligence and Security Services of being at least complicit in the extraction of information from subjects under torture by second parties. War On Terror During the War on Terror, torture has never been authorized or permitted for use at Guantanamo Bay detainment camp or any other U.S. Department of Defense detention/internment facility on captives, whether they are enemy prisoners of war, detainees, and unlawful enemy combatants, though there have been people who have reported being tortured at Guantanamo Bay. Torture, in this context, is a war crime.

International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims

International Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture VictimsInternational Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT)NSW Service for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors
UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture – 26 June. Torture (journal). Inge Genefke. Istanbul Protocol. Freedom from Torture. United Nations Convention Against Torture. [[Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]] (2006). Torture. Psychology of torture. The Secret Life of Words – 2005 film. Committee for the Prevention of Torture. [[European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]]. Universal Declaration of Human Rights. IRCT (2012). Annual report 2011 . International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims. ISBN (online): 978-87-88882-92-6.

Amnesty International

AmnestyAmnesty International NorwayAmnesty Norway
While continuing to work for prisoners of conscience, Amnesty International's purview widened to include "fair trial" and opposition to long detention without trial (UDHR Article 9), and especially to the torture of prisoners (UDHR Article 5). Amnesty International believed that the reasons underlying torture of prisoners by governments, were either to acquire and obtain information or to quell opposition by the use of terror, or both. Also of concern was the export of more sophisticated torture methods, equipment and teaching by the superpowers to "client states", for example by the United States through some activities of the CIA.

Half-hanging

half-hanged
Half-hanging is a method of torture, usually inflicted to force information from the victim, in which a rope is pulled tightly around the victim’s neck and then slackened when the victim becomes unconscious. The victim is revived and the process repeated. It was used by British Armed Forces in Ireland, most notably against suspected supporters of the Society of the United Irishmen after the failed 1798 rebellion. Among the most notorious of half-hangings from this period was that of Anne Devlin, housekeeper to Robert Emmet. Hanging. Waterboarding. John Smith (housebreaker), who earned the nickname Half-hanged Smith after surviving a sentence of hanging.

Freedom from Torture

Medical FoundationMedical Foundation for Care of Victims of TortureMedical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture
It trains health, legal and policy professionals throughout the UK to work with the complex needs and rights of torture survivors. A key area of Freedom from Torture's work is to advocate for torture survivors and to ensure states responsible for torture are held accountable. It works to guarantee the human rights of survivors nationally and internationally. Freedom from Torture also supports Survivors Speak OUT (SSO), the UK’s only torture survivor-led activist network. All members are former Freedom from Torture clients. Freedom from Torture began in the early 1980s, as part of the Medical Group of Amnesty International.

False confession

false confessionsfalsely confessedcoerced confessions
In that trial, he was convicted and sentenced to death almost solely on the basis of confessions extracted through prolonged torture. Reprieve, a human rights defender organisation, published an investigative report about British involvement in Bahrain's regime atrocity in 2016. The report says that seven innocent men are facing the death penalty in Bahrain after being tortured into false confessions of crimes. On 15 January 2017 Bahraini authorities executed three torture victims following authorization by King Hamad. Sami Mushaima (42), Ali Al-Singace (21) and Abbas Al-Samea (27) were executed by firing squad.