Shock site

shock sitesshock imageshock video (established in 2000) hosted "mutilated corpses, car accidents, burn victims, genetic malformations and other grotesqueries".'s reputation rested on its publication gore media from terrorists and war. In 2006, was rebranded as received media attention for deviating from its predecessor for choosing not to host videos of ISIS beheadings, claiming they were tedious and "added nothing new to the conversation". It did, however, host gore content from Syria and hosted the controversial Dutch short film, Fitna, which criticized the Quran.


The site was founded on 31 October 2006, in part by the team behind the shock site, which closed on the same day. LiveLeak aims to take reality footage, politics, war, and other world events and combine them with the power of citizen journalism. Hayden Hewitt of Manchester is the only public member of LiveLeak's founding team. Featured videos often involve graphic content of fatal accidents or shootings. Although by 2016, Liveleak had reduced its controversial content, the site frequently sparked up controversy up until around 2008, mostly due to its graphic and political content.

Stile Project Stile Project. stileNET.

Controversy arose when the autopsy images of Ngatikaura Ngati appeared on and, which some have characterized as pornographic. Current New Zealand Children’s Commissioner Dr. Russell Wills said he was "appalled" at their use. Even though shock sites did not create the photos, the images nevertheless fueled a squabble between and in 2011, wherein one lodged an unsuccessful DMCA (copyright) complaint with Google against the other. Stile Project.


Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 e6km2, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8891 km, is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or simply America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km 2 ), it is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe. Most of the country is located in central North America between Canada and Mexico. With an estimated population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City.


Mutilation or maiming (from the Latin: mutilus) is cutting off or injury to a body part of a person so that the part of the body is permanently damaged, detached or disfigured.


GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
Germany (Deutschland, ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ), is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance, and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west.

Habsburg Monarchy

Habsburg EmpireHabsburgAustria
Habsburg Monarchy (or Habsburg Empire) is an umbrella term used by historians for the territories, duchies, kingdoms, and other dominions of the House of Habsburg, especially for those of the Austrian branch. Although from 1438 until 1806 (with the exception of 1742–1745) the head of the House of Habsburg was also Holy Roman Emperor, the empire itself is not considered a part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

September 11 attacks

9/11September 11, 2001 attacksSeptember 11, 2001
He was then held at multiple CIA secret prisons and Guantanamo Bay where he was interrogated and tortured with methods including waterboarding. During U.S. hearings at Guantanamo Bay in March 2007, Mohammed again confessed his responsibility for the attacks, stating he "was responsible for the 9/11 operation from A to Z" and that his statement was not made under duress. A letter presented by the lawyers of Khaled Sheikh Mohammed in the U.S.


first-degree murderfirst degree murdersecond-degree murder
Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human with malice aforethought. This state of mind may, depending upon the jurisdiction, distinguish murder from other forms of unlawful homicide, such as manslaughter. Manslaughter is a killing committed in the absence of malice, brought about by reasonable provocation, or diminished capacity. Involuntary manslaughter, where it is recognized, is a killing that lacks all but the most attenuated guilty intent, recklessness.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide. As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope. Its central administration is the Holy See.

Today in Rotten History was a shock site with the tagline "An archive of disturbing illustration," active from 1996 to 2012. It was devoted to morbid curiosities, pictures of violent acts, deformities, autopsy or forensic photographs, depictions of perverse sex acts, and disturbing or misanthropic historical curiosities. Founded in 1996, it was run by a developer who called himself Soylent, via the company Soylent Communications. The site's updating slowed in 2009, with the final update in February 2012. The site was down as of November 2012.

Graphic violence

goregoryextreme violence
The snuff film takes horror to its furthest extreme as torture and murder are not simulated. Violence in films is not an old topic, recently a study presented in an annual American Academy of Pediatrics conference showed that the "good guys" in superhero movies were on average more violent than the villains, potentially sending a strongly negative message to young viewers. News media on television and online video frequently cover violent acts. The coverage may be preceded with a warning, stating that the footage may be disturbing to some viewers.

Maria Theresa

Maria Theresa of AustriaEmpress Maria TheresaMaria Theresia
In 1776, Austria outlawed torture, particularly at the behest of Joseph II. Much unlike Joseph, but with the support of religious authorities, Maria Theresa was opposed to the abolition of torture. Born and raised between Baroque and Rococo eras, she found it difficult to fit into the intellectual sphere of the Enlightenment, which is why she only slowly followed humanitarian reforms on the continent. From an institutional perspective, in 1749, she founded the Supreme Judiciary as a court of final appeal for all hereditary lands.

Jozef Roháč

Jozef Roháč is featured in the 1994 textbook Násilí (Violence) compiled by known Slovak sociologist and former VPN chairman Fedor Gál with other authors. One chapter is essentially a transcription of tape records of an interview conducted by Gál with Roháč probably in early 1993. A book Jozef Roháč - štvrťstoročie na úteku (Jozef Roháč - quarter-century on the run) by Slovak journalist Martin Mózer was published in 2010. The book has 328 pages and is written in Slovak language. Crime in Slovakia. Prisons in Slovakia. Slovak Information Service. Nemzetbiztonsági Hivatal.

Elizabeth Báthory

Elizabeth BathoryErzsébet BáthoryElisabeth Bathory
There were many suspected forms of torture carried out by Elizabeth. According to the Budapest City Archives, the girls were burned with hot tongs and then placed in freezing cold water. They were also covered in honey and live ants. Elizabeth is also suspected of cannibalism. Some witnesses named relatives who died while at the gynaeceum. Others reported having seen traces of torture on dead bodies, some of which were buried in graveyards, and others in unmarked locations. Two court officials (Benedek Deseő and Jakab Szilvássy) claimed to have personally witnessed the Countess torture and kill young servant girls.


SlovakSVKSlovak Republic
Anton Spiesz and Dusan Caplovic, Illustrated Slovak History: A Struggle for Sovereignty in Central Europe. Wauconda, IL : Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 2001. Government. Government Office of the Slovak Republic. President of the Slovak Republic. Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic. Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Tourism and living information. Official Slovak National Tourism Portal. Railways of Slovak Republic. Slovakia at Lonely Planet. General Information. Slovakia profile from the BBC News. Key Development Forecasts for the Slovak Republic from International Futures.

West Slavs

West SlavicWestern SlavsSlavic
Czech–Slovak group. Czechs. Bohemians. Moravians. Slovaks. Sorbian group. Milceni (Upper Sorbs). Lusatian Sorbs (Lower Sorbs). Lechitic group. Poles. Silesians. Kashubians. Czech–Slovak group. Czechs. Bohemians. Moravians. Slovaks. Sorbian group. Milceni (Upper Sorbs). Lusatians (Lower Sorbs). Catholic Slavs. Slavic peoples. Austro-Hungarian Empire. Visegrad Group. Holy Roman Empire. Principality of Moravia. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Kingdom of Hungary. Principality of Nitra. Samo's Empire. Czechization. Magyarization. Polonization. Slovakization. East Slavs. South Slavs.

Psychological torture

psychologicalpsychological painpsychologically abused
Psychological torture is a type of torture that relies primarily on psychological effects, and only secondarily on any physical harm inflicted. Although not all psychological torture involves the use of physical violence, there is a continuum between psychological torture and physical torture. The two are often used in conjunction with one another, and often overlap in practice, with the fear and pain induced by physical torture often resulting in long-term psychological effects, and many forms of psychological torture involving some form of pain or coercion.


"In its pursuit of torturers across the globe for the past forty years," writer Alfred McCoy notes, "Amnesty International has been, in a certain sense, following the trail of CIA programs." After the revelation of CIA sponsored torture in the 1970s and the subsequent outcry, the CIA largely stopped its own interrogations under torture. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, it "outsourced" such interrogation through renditions of prisoners to third world allies, often called torture-by-proxy.

International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims

International Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture VictimsInternational Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT)NSW Service for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors
UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture – 26 June. Torture (journal). Inge Genefke. Istanbul Protocol. Freedom from Torture. United Nations Convention Against Torture. [[Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]] (2006). Torture. Psychology of torture. The Secret Life of Words – 2005 film. Committee for the Prevention of Torture. [[European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment]]. Universal Declaration of Human Rights. IRCT (2012). Annual report 2011 . International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims. ISBN (online): 978-87-88882-92-6.

Amnesty International

AmnestyAmnesty International UKAmnesty International Norway
While continuing to work for prisoners of conscience, Amnesty International's purview widened to include "fair trial" and opposition to long detention without trial (UDHR Article 9), and especially to the torture of prisoners (UDHR Article 5). Amnesty International believed that the reasons underlying torture of prisoners by governments, were either to acquire and obtain information or to quell opposition by the use of terror, or both. Also of concern was the export of more sophisticated torture methods, equipment and teaching by the superpowers to "client states", for example by the United States through some activities of the CIA.


Half-hanging is a method of torture, usually inflicted to force information from the victim, in which a rope is pulled tightly around the victim’s neck and then slackened when the victim becomes unconscious. The victim is revived and the process repeated. It was used by British Armed Forces in Ireland, most notably against suspected supporters of the Society of the United Irishmen after the failed 1798 rebellion. Among the most notorious of half-hangings from this period was that of Anne Devlin, housekeeper to Robert Emmet. Hanging. Waterboarding. John Smith (housebreaker), who earned the nickname Half-hanged Smith after surviving a sentence of hanging.

Freedom from Torture

Medical FoundationMedical Foundation for Care of Victims of TortureMedical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture
It trains health, legal and policy professionals throughout the UK to work with the complex needs and rights of torture survivors. A key area of Freedom from Torture's work is to advocate for torture survivors and to ensure states responsible for torture are held accountable. It works to guarantee the human rights of survivors nationally and internationally. Freedom from Torture also supports Survivors Speak OUT (SSO), the UK’s only torture survivor-led activist network. All members are former Freedom from Torture clients. Freedom from Torture began in the early 1980s, as part of the Medical Group of Amnesty International.