National Democratic Alliance (India)

National Democratic AllianceNDANDA Government
On 11 August 2013, after a discussion with BJP President Rajnath Singh, Janata Party Chairman Dr.Subramanian Swamy officially joined Bharatiya Janata Party and merged his Janata Party with the Bharatiya Janata Party in presence of BJP president Rajnath Singh.The announcement was made by Mr Swamy and BJP president Rajnath Singh after they met at the latter's residence in Delhi. Former BJP chief Nitin Gadkari and senior party leader Arun Jaitley were also present at the meet. On 1 January 2014, Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam leader Vaiko has announced that MDMK formally joined back to NDA. Vaiko also announced Modi will be the best candidate for Prime Minister.

United States

Within American political culture, the center-right Republican Party is considered "conservative" and the center-left Democratic Party is considered "liberal". The states of the Northeast and West Coast and some of the Great Lakes states, known as "blue states", are relatively liberal. The "red states" of the South and parts of the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains are relatively conservative. Republican Donald Trump, the winner of the 2016 presidential election, is serving as the 45th President of the United States.

Tughlakabad (Delhi Assembly constituency)

TughlakabadTughlakabad, Delhi
Tughlakabad Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of the 70 Vidhan Sabha constituencies of the National Capital Territory in northern India. Present geographical structure of Tughlakabad constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of the implementation of the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India constituted in 2002. Tughlakabad is part of South Delhi Lok Sabha constituency along with nine other Vidhan Sabha segments, namely, Bijwasan, Sangam Vihar, Ambedkar Nagar, Chhatarpur, Deoli, Kalkaji, Palam, Badarpur and Mehrauli. Tughlakabad (Delhi Metro)

Ranjeet Ranjan

In the 14th Lok Sabha, she won and became one of the youngest MPs of Saharsa in North Bihar, Even though Congress' star campaigners, Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi, have not canvassed her in Supaul, she still managed to attract 332927 votes on her own and winning the elections against her immediate rivals Dileshwar Kamait of JD(U) and Kameshwar Chaupal of BJP. Ranjan was born in Rewa, Madhya Pradesh brought up in Jammu, studied in Punjab and settled in Delhi. Further, her ancestors were Kashmiri Pandit turned Sikhs. Ranjeet Ranjan also called as Ranjeeta Ranjan, was an active lawn tennis player in the Bihar circuit, when Pappu Yadav noticed her on the tennis courts in Patna in 1993.

Jai Kishan

He is an ex M.L.A from Sultan Pur Majra in Delhi, Sandeep Kumar of Aam Aadmi Party defeated him in 2015 election Jai Kishan was elected for the First Legislative Assembly of Delhi in 1993. His wife elected for the second legislative assembly election of Delhi in 1998. In 2003, he contested again for the Third Assembly Elections of Delhi and won by a margin of 18,921 votes, defeating Satish Kumar (BJP). He has been elected again in Fourth and Fifth Assembly Elections of Delhi in 2008 and 2013 respectively.


In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard crucial wilderness; the Forest Conservation Act was enacted in 1980 and amendments added in 1988. India hosts more than five hundred wildlife sanctuaries and thirteenbiosphere reserves, four of which are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves; twenty-five wetlands are registered under the Ramsar Convention. India is the world's most populous democracy. A parliamentary republic with a multi-party system, it has sevenrecognised national parties, including the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and more than 40regional parties.

Uttar Pradesh

UPU.P.Uttar Pradesh State
Politics in Uttar Pradesh has been dominated by four political parties, the Samajwadi Party, the Bahujan Samaj Party, the Indian National Congress, and the Bharatiya Janata Party. Politicians from Uttar Pradesh have played prominent roles in Union Government of India with some of them having held the high positions of Prime Minister. Uttar Pradesh has been called India's under-achiever because it has provided India with eight prime ministers while remaining a poor state. According to the National Crime Records Bureau (2011 data), Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of crimes among any state in India, but due to its high population, the actual per capita crime rate is low.

Right-wing politics

right-wingrightright wing
The term "family values" has been used as a buzzword by right-wing parties such as the Republican Party in the United States, the Family First Party in Australia, the Conservative Party in the United Kingdom and the Bharatiya Janata Party in India to describe support for traditional families and opposition to the changes the modern world has made in how families live. Right-wing supporters of "family values" may oppose abortion, euthanasia, the increasing cultural acceptance of homosexuality, divorce, teenage pregnancy and adultery. Alt-right. Conservative revolutionary movement. Dark Enlightenment. Left–right politics. List of right-wing political parties. New Right.

Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha constituencyparliamentaryMP
The house meets in the Lok Sabha Chambers of the Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi. The maximum strength of the House allotted by the Constitution of India is 552. Currently the house has 545 seats which is made up by election of up to 543 elected members and at a maximum, 2 nominated members of the Anglo-Indian Community by the President of India. A total of 131 seats (24.03%) are reserved for representatives of Scheduled Castes (84) and Scheduled Tribes (47). The quorum for the House is 10% of the total membership. The Lok Sabha, unless sooner dissolved, continues to operate for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting.


Haryana StateHarayanaHaryana region
Jaipur railway division of North Western Railway zone manages rail network in south-west Haryana covering Rewari-Reengas-Jaipur line, Delhi-Alwar-Jaipur line and Loharu-Sikar line. Delhi railway division of Northern Railway zone manages rail network in north and east and central Haryana covering Delhi-Panipat-Ambala line, Delhi-Rohtak-Tohana line, Rewari–Rohtak line, Jind-Sonepat line and Delhi-Rewari line. Agra railway division of North Central Railway zone manages another very small part of network in south-east Haryana covering Palwal-Mathura line only.

West Bengal

Despite the Trinamool Congress government's efforts to forge a consensus on the name change resolution, the Indian National Congress, the Left Front, and the Bharatiya Janata Party opposed the resolution. However, the central government has turned down the proposal stating that the state should have one single name for all languages instead of three and also the name should not be the same as that of any other territory (pointing out that the name 'Bangla' may create confusion with neighboring Bangladesh). Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state, showing human occupation 8,000 years earlier than scholars had earlier thought.

National conservatism

national conservativenational-conservativeconservative
National conservatism is a variant of conservatism that concentrates more on national interests and upholding cultural or ethnic identity than most other conservatives. In Europe, national conservatives are usually Eurosceptics. National conservatism shares characteristics with traditionalist conservatism and social conservatism given how the three variations focus on preservation and tradition. As national conservatism seeks to preserve national interests, traditional conservatism emphasizes ancestral institutions and social conservatism.


bihar stateBihar, India Bihar State
Currently, there are two main political formations: the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) which comprises Bharatiya Janata Party, Lok Janashakti Party, Rashtriya Lok Samta Party, Hindustani Awam Morcha and JD(U) (Joined recently after breaking the Grand Alliance with RJD and INC), Second is alliance between RJD and Indian National Congress. There are many other political formations. The Communist Party of India had a strong presence in Bihar at one time, but is weakened now. The CPM and Forward Bloc have a minor presence, along with the other extreme Left.

Punjab, India

PunjabIndian PunjabPunjab state
The main players in the politics of the state are the Indian National Congress and the Shiromani Akali Dal (with alliance Bharatiya Janata Party). The present government is headed by Amarinder Singh. President's rule has been imposed in Punjab 8 times so far, since 1950, for different reasons. In terms of the absolute number of days, Punjab was under President’s rule for 3510 days, which is about 10 years. Much of this was in the 80s during the height of militancy in Punjab. Punjab was under President’s rule for 5 continuous years from 1987 to 1992. Punjab state law and order is maintained by Punjab Police. Punjab police is headed by its DGP, Suresh Arora, and has 70,000 employees.


Jharkhand StateHussainabadJH
The Golden Quadrilateral network of Delhi – Kolkata route runs through Jharkhand notably at Dhanbad. Jharkhand is landlocked state but has numerous rivers and waterways. A multi-model port has been planned at Sahebganj where river Ganges flows. The project is estimated to cost INR 6,500 crores and phase-1 is estimated to be completed by 2019. Jharkhand is very well connected by railways and has numerous railway stations.

Right-wing populism

right-wing populistpopulistright-wing populists
European Union – Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom, European Alliance for Freedom, Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe, Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (factions). 🇫🇮 Finland – Finns Party. 🇫🇷 France – National Rally, Debout la France, The Republicans (factions). 🇬🇪 Georgia – Alliance of Patriots of Georgia. 🇩🇪 Germany - Alternative for Germany. 🇬🇷 Greece – Golden Dawn, Independent Greeks. 🇭🇺 Hungary – Fidesz, Jobbik. 🇮🇳 India – Bharatiya Janata Party, Shiv Sena. 🇮🇩 Indonesia – Great Indonesia Movement Party. 🇮🇹 Italy – Lega Nord, Brothers of Italy, Five Star Movement, Forza Italia (factions). 🇮🇱 Israel – Likud (factions), Yisrael Beiteinu

Indian National Congress

CongressINCCongress Party
Although it did not fare well in the last general elections in India in 2014, it remains one of two major, nationwide, political parties in India, along with the right-wing, Hindu nationalist, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). In the 2014 general election, Congress had its poorest post-independence general election performance, winning only 44 seats of the 543-member Lok Sabha. From 2004 to 2014, United Progressive Alliance, a coalition of Congress with several regional parties, formed the Indian government led by Dr. Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister as the head of the coalition government.

Narendra Modi

PM Narendra ModiModiShri Narendra Modi
Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). Born to a Gujarati family in Vadnagar, Modi helped his father sell tea as a child and later ran his own stall. He was introduced to the RSS at the age of eight, beginning a long association with the organisation. He left home after graduating from school, partly because of an arranged marriage which he rejected. Modi travelled around India for two years and visited a number of religious centres. He returned to Gujarat and moved to Ahmedabad in 1969 or 1970. In 1971 he became a full-time worker for the RSS.

New Delhi

DelhiNew Delhi, Indiacapital city
According to a study, Delhi Metro has helped in removing about 390,000 vehicles from the streets of Delhi. Delhi Metro is being built and operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC), a state-owned company with equal equity participation from Government of India and Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. However, the organisation is under administrative control of Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India.

Social conservatism

socially conservativesocial conservativesocial conservatives
Hindu social conservatism Hindu social conservatism in India in the twenty first century has developed into an influential movement. Represented in the political arena by the right-leaning Bharatiya Janata Party and far-right wing Shiv Sena. Hindu social conservatism, also known as the Hindutva movement, is spearheaded by the voluntary non-governmental organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. The core philosophy of this ideology is nativism and sees Hinduism as a national identity rather than a religious one.

Economic liberalism

economically liberaleconomic liberalliberal
Fiscal conservatism. Georgism. Laissez-faire. Libertarianism. Privatization.

Parliament of India

ParliamentIndian ParliamentIndia's Parliament
The Parliament meets at Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi. The Sansad Bhavan (Parliament House) is located in New Delhi. It was designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker, who were responsible for planning and construction of New Delhi by British government. The construction of buildings took six years and the opening ceremony was performed on 18 January 1927 by the then Viceroy and Governor-General of India, Irwin. The construction costs for the building were. The parliament is 560 ft in diameter and covers an area of 6 acre. The Central hall consists of the chambers of Lok sabha, Rajya Sabha and the Library hall.


BabarZahir-ud-din Muhammad BaburZahir ud-Din Babur
The Mughal State 1526–1750 (Delhi) 1998 Gascoigne, Bamber The Great Moghuls (London) 1971. (Last revised 1987). Gommans, Jos Mughal Warfare (London) 2002. Gordon, Stewart. When Asia was the World: Traveling Merchants, Scholars, Warriors, and Monks who created the "Riches of the East" Da Capo Press, Perseus Books, 2008. ISBN: 0-306-81556-7. Irvine, William The Army of the Indian Moghuls. (London) 1902. (Last revised 1985). Jackson, Peter The Delhi Sultanate. A Political and Military History (Cambridge) 1999. Richards, John F. The Mughal Empire (Cambridge) 1993.

Hindu nationalism

Hindu nationalistHindu nationalistsHindu nation
London and Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006. Bacchetta, Paola. Gender in the Hindu Nation: RSS Women as Ideologues. New Delhi: Women Unlimited, 2004. Walter K. Andersen. ‘Bharatiya Janata Party: Searching for the Hindu Nationalist Face’, In The New Politics of the Right: Neo–Populist Parties and Movements in Established Democracies, ed. Hans–Georg Betz and Stefan Immerfall (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998), pp. 219–232. (ISBN: 0-312-21134-1 or ISBN: 0-312-21338-7). Partha Banerjee, In the Belly of the Beast: The Hindu Supremacist RSS and BJP of India (Delhi: Ajanta, 1998). Arun Shourie, Goel, Sita Ram, et al. Time for Stock-Taking - Whither Sangh Parivar? (1997) ISBN: 978-8185990484.


UttaranchalUttarakhand StateUttrakhand
The incumbent Chief Justice of Uttarakhand is Justice Ramesh Ranganathan. Politics in Uttarakhand is dominated by the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party. Since the formation of the state these two parties have ruled the state in turns. Following the hung mandate in the Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly election, 2012, the Indian National Congress, having the maximum number of seats, formed a coalition government headed by Harish Rawat that collapsed on 27 March 2016, following the political turmoil as about nine MLAs of INC rebelled against the party and supported the opposition party BJP, causing Harish Rawat government to lose the majority in assembly.