Cycling infrastructure

cycle pathbicycle pathcycleway
A bicycle sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a very short term basis. Bike share schemes allow people to borrow a bike from point "A" and return it at point "B". Many of the bicycle sharing systems are on a subscription basis. Organizing bodies: Muli-modal road safety: * Assured clear distance ahead Bicycle registration to enable recovery if stolen. Making cyclists aware of antitheft devices and their effective use. Mounting sting operations to catch thieves.

Bicycle-sharing system

bicycle sharing systembike sharingbike-sharing
The earliest well-known community bicycle program was started in the summer of 1965 by Luud Schimmelpennink in association with the group Provo in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. the group Provo painted fifty bicycles white and placed them unlocked in Amsterdam for everyone to use freely. This so-called White Bicycle Plan provided free bicycles that were supposed to be used for one trip and then left for someone else. Within a month, most of the bikes had been stolen and the rest were found in nearby canals. The program is still active in some parts of the Netherlands (the Hoge Veluwe National Park; bikes have to stay inside the park).

Transport in Amsterdam

Transportation within the city of Amsterdam is characterised by bicycles and public transportation. Large freeways only exist around the city, terminating at the A10 Ringroad. Navigating by car through the city centre is discouraged, with the government sponsoring initiatives to reduce car usage. Amsterdam is known as one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world and is a centre of bicycle culture. 38% of all journeys in the city are made by bicycle. Most main streets have bike paths. Bike racks are ubiquitous throughout the city. There are about 1,000,000 bicycles in the city. Each year, about 100,000 of them are stolen and 25,000 end up in the canals.

Luud Schimmelpennink

As an industrial designer, Schimmelpennink's contributions include new bicycle designs, hardware and software systems to support vehicle sharing and fleet management, and the latest version of the White Bicycle concept - the Smart-card supported Depo/White Bicycle system with a new Witkar city carshare system presently under development. In 2002 and again in 2006, he was elected to the Municipal District Council of Amsterdam Centrum, this time as a member of the Dutch Labor (Social Democrat) party PvdA. Schimmelpennink is currently working on a new Witkar-type project for Amsterdam as well as continuing to promote community cycles in Amsterdam and elsewhere. Amsterdam. Bicycle.

Cycle chic

cycle chic blogsdesigner bicyclesnormal" activity
The company Copenhagenize Design Co. in Copenhagen, holds the Copenhagen Cycle Chic and blogs as well as the Cycle Chic territorial trademark in the United States and Brazil and encourages usage "for the idealistic purpose of non-commercial bicycle advocacy", as described in a manifesto A list of women's bike blogs worldwide includes links to many of the officially affiliated Cycle Chic blogs, as well as to others that also cover biking and fashion. City bicycle. Utility cycling. Tweed Run. Bicycle culture.

Bicycle messenger

bicycle courierbike courierbike messenger
Bicycle messengers also take part in formal cycle competitions at all levels, and in all disciplines. Nelson Vails, silver medalist on the velodrome in the 1984 Olympics, worked as a bicycle messenger in New York City in the early 1980s. Ivonne Kraft, who competed in the 2004 Olympic cross country mountain bike race, is a multiple former Cycle Messenger World Champion, and worked as a bicycle messenger in Germany for a number of years. * The International Federation of Bicycle Messenger Associations Cycle Messenger World Championships. Alleycat races. Bicycle culture. Courier. Telegraph boy. Double Rush (sitcom). Freight bicycle. Outline of cycling. Package delivery. Premium Rush (movie).

Utility cycling

Utility cycling - Short-term hire schemesutility cyclistsurban cycling
These associations may lobby various institutions to encourage political support or to oppose measures that they judge counter-productive, such as to oppose the introduction of compulsory bicycle helmet legislation. Local bike-sharing schemes, a business which blossomed at the turn of the 21st century, are more oriented to utility cycling than other bike rentals.

Bicycle commuting

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Commuting by bicycle has a low overall percent of commuters by bike at 1.4% but commuting by bicycle is the fastest growing method of commuting, increasing by 87.9% from 1996 to 2016, outpacing the overall growth in the number of commuters. Bicycle-friendly. Bicycle transportation engineering. Bike-to-Work Day. European city bike. Segregated cycle facilities. Utility cycling. Bicycle safety. Bike bus. Bike to Work Week/Day Map and Events List. Commuting 101 Commuter Bike Meccas. 8 Best Cities for Cyclists.

Bicycle mechanic

bike mechanicmechanicMechanics
VeloNews magazine cites Lennard Zinn's best-selling road bike and mountain bike maintenance and repair books as essential for DIY home mechanics. # Bicycle repairers (.pdf) New York State Department of Labor "Occupational Brief" # Connellan, I et al. (2001), Lonely Planet Cycling Britain (Cycling Guides), Lonely Planet Publications, ISBN: 1-86450-037-9 Bicycle. Bicycle frame. Bicycle tools. Derailleur gears. Derailleur hanger. List of bicycle parts. Local bike shop. Mechanic. Spoke wrench. Wheelbuilding.

Bicycle parking rack

Bicycle racksrackscycle rack
A version of this design feature a second, lower horizontal bar to support smaller bikes (this version is also known as “A stand”), and are coated to reduce their surface hardness and to not scratch the bike's paintwork. Since 1984 the City of Toronto has installed post and ring bicycle racks consisting of a steel bollard or post topped by a cast aluminium ring. In August 2006, it became publicly known that these stands could be defeated by prying the ring off with a two-by-four. In Amsterdam two-tiered bicycle stands are ubiquitous.


Bike-share systems have been tried in some European cities, including Copenhagen and Amsterdam. Similar programs have been experimented with in a number of US Cities. Additional individual modes of transport, such as personal rapid transit could serve as an alternative to cars if they prove to be socially accepted. The term motorcar has formerly also been used in the context of electrified rail systems to denote a car which functions as a small locomotive but also provides space for passengers and baggage. These locomotive cars were often used on suburban routes by both interurban and intercity railroad systems. Car costs. Car classification. Carfree city.


Philips ElectronicsPhillipsRoyal Philips Electronics
In 1997, the company officers decided to move the headquarters from Eindhoven to Amsterdam along with the corporate name change to Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V., the latter of which was finalized on 16 March 1998. The move of the headquarters to Amsterdam was completed in 2001. Initially, the company was housed in the Rembrandt Tower. In 2002 it moved again, this time to the Breitner Tower. Philips Lighting, Philips Research, Philips Semiconductors (spun off as NXP in September 2006) and Philips Design, are still based in Eindhoven. Philips Healthcare is headquartered in both Best, Netherlands (near Eindhoven) and Andover, Massachusetts, United States (near Boston).


Incorrect bicycle fit or adjustment, particularly the saddle. Incorrect adjustment of clipless pedals. Too many hills, or too many miles, too early in the training season. Poor training preparation for long touring rides. Selecting too high a gear. A lower gear for uphill climb protects the knees, even though muscles may be well able to handle a higher gear. Outline of bicycles. Outline of cycling. Bicycle culture. Cycle sport.

Freight bicycle

cargo bikecargo bikescargo bicycle
In Amsterdam and Copenhagen, freight bikes are extremely popular. In Amsterdam many residents simply fit large front carriers to sturdy city bicycles. There is also a broad variety of specially made freight bikes including low-loading two-wheelers with extended wheelbases, bicycles with small front wheels to fit huge front carriers, tadpole-type three-wheelers with a box between the two front wheels. Varieties used elsewhere include a platform, basket etc. instead of the box, the loading area between two rear wheels (delta-fashion), small-wheel two-wheelers loading both back and front.

Amsterdamse Bos

The Amsterdamse Bos (English: Amsterdam Forest ) is an English park or landscape park in the municipalities of Amstelveen and Amsterdam. Although most of the park is located in Amstelveen, the owner of the park is the City of Amsterdam. The park was mainly built in the early 1930s, mostly by the unemployment relief. Because of World War II interrupting the building process, the last tree was not planted until the 1970s. Annually, almost 4.5 million people visit the park, which has a size of 1000 hectare and is approximately three times the size of Central Park in New York City. In it, one can find animal parks, several sporting clubs, a rowing course, gardens and remembrance monuments.


Rotterdam, NetherlandsRotterdam, The NetherlandsHavenbedrijf Rotterdam
There is a healthy competition with Amsterdam, which is often viewed as the cultural capital of the Netherlands. There is a saying: "Amsterdam to party, Den Haag (The Hague) to live, Rotterdam to work". Another one, more popular by Rotterdammers, is "Money is earned in Rotterdam, distributed in The Hague and spent in Amsterdam". Another saying that reflects both the rivalry between Rotterdam and Amsterdam is "Amsterdam has it, Rotterdam doesn't need it". In terms of alternative culture, Rotterdam had from the 1960s until the 2000s a thriving squatters movement which as well as housing thousands of people, occupied venues, social centres and so on.

Cycling advocacy

Copenhagenizationbicycle advocacycycling advocate
Bicycle Network, located in Australia and one of the largest cycling membership organisations in the world (45,000 members, 2015 ). Bicycle culture. Bicycle-friendly. Bicycle law. Bicycle transportation engineering. Bicycle touring. Community bicycle program. Outline of cycling. Active Transportation Alliance. Bicycle Coalition of Greater Philadelphia. Bike Delaware. Bike Ottawa (Citizens for Safe Cycling), Ontario, Canada. Critical Mass. Cycling in Copenhagen. Time's Up!. Fietsersbond Dutch Cyclist Union. Pedaling to Freedom. With My Own Two Wheels. Bikes vs Cars. World Bicycle Relief. World Cycling Alliance. New Pedestrianism. Walkability.

University of Amsterdam

AmsterdamAmsterdam UniversityUniversiteit van Amsterdam
The University of Amsterdam (abbreviated as UvA, Universiteit van Amsterdam) is a public university located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The UvA is one of two large, publicly funded research universities in the city, the other being the VU University Amsterdam (VU). Established in 1632 by municipal authorities and later renamed for the city of Amsterdam, the University of Amsterdam is the third-oldest university in the Netherlands. It is one of the largest research universities in Europe with 31,186 students, 4,794 staff, 1,340 PhD students and an annual budget of €600 million. It is the largest university in the Netherlands by enrollment.

Outline of cycling

Cycling sport
Bicycle City. Bicycle-friendly. Bicycle parking. Bicycle transportation planning and engineering. Cycling demonstration towns. Cycle track. Dirt jump. Greenway. Rails with trails. Pump track. Segregated cycle facilities. Shared lane marking. Sustrans. TTF (Technical Trail Feature). United States Numbered Bicycle Routes. Velodrome. Bicycle boulevard. Bike lane. Bike path. Bike route. Bike singletrack. Rail trail. Bike paths and trails by country:. Australia. Bike paths in Melbourne. Bike paths in Sydney. Denmark. Bike routes in Denmark. Route Verte. Europe:. EuroVelo – European cycle route network. United States († - indicates primarily for hiking):. American Discovery Trail†.


4Ílhavo Municipality
Ílhavo is a municipality located at the Centre of Portugal. The population in 2011 was 38,598, in an area of 73.48 km².

Urban planning

Planningurban developmenttown planning
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use and the built environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. Urban planning deals with physical layout of human settlements. The primary concern is the public welfare, which includes considerations of efficiency, sanitation, protection and use of the environment, as well as effects on social and economic activities. Urban planning is considered an interdisciplinary field that includes social, engineering and design sciences.

Bicycle Film Festival

The Bicycle Film Festival (BFF) is an independent film festival that screens films related to urban cycling culture, in cities around the world. It was founded in 2001 and is based in New York. In 2001 Brendt Barbur was hit by a bus while riding his bicycle in New York City. Insisting on turning this negative experience into a positive one, Barbur created the Bicycle Film Festival as a platform to celebrate bicycles through music, art and film. The first event was in New York, and cycling aficionados in other cities soon wanted to replicate it for their own communities. As at 2012, the festival had taken place in more than 50 cities in North America, Europe and Asia.


transportationtransportation infrastructuretransport infrastructure
Other users of roads include buses, trucks, motorcycles, bicycles and pedestrians. As of 2010, there were 1.015 billion automobiles worldwide. Road transport offers a complete freedom to road users to transfer the vehicle from one lane to the other and from one road to another according to the need and convenience. This flexibility of changes in location, direction, speed, and timings of travel is not available to other modes of transport. It is possible to provide door to door service only by road transport.

World Naked Bike Ride

World Naked Bike Ride (WNBR)
The World Naked Bike Ride (WNBR) is an international clothing-optional bike ride in which participants plan, meet and ride together en masse on human-powered transport (the vast majority on bicycles, but some on skateboards and inline skates), to "deliver a vision of a cleaner, safer, body-positive world." The dress code motto is "bare as you dare". Full or partial nudity is encouraged, but not mandatory. There is no mandate to cover intimate parts; this is a distinguishing feature of the WNBR against other cycling events.

Art bike

A cycle rickshaw is a bicycle designed to carry passengers; in countries like Bangladesh, India, Japan and South Africa these cycle rickshaws may feature elaborate decorations and can be considered art bikes. Clown bikes and tall bikes are forms of art bikes. "Pimp My 'Fahrrad'" is a German TV show featuring "pimped" bicycles especially modified for urban environments. Outline of cycling. Art car. "Slimm Buick - Bike Art". "Bikengruvin - Recycled Bicycle ART". Bicycle Forest's Homebuilders' Gallery. Burning Bikes Tribe. Couchbike. "BikeRod&Kustom Webzine". "Artbike Movie". .