Charles Mathias

Charles Mathias, Jr.Charles "Mac" MathiasCharles M. Mathias Jr.
Leading up to the United States Senate elections of 1968, Mathias' name was frequently mentioned as a potential challenger to Democratic incumbent Daniel Brewster, his college roommate. Representative Rogers Morton of was also considering a run at Brewster's seat, but was dissuaded by Republican party leaders in the state in favor of a Mathias candidacy. Their decision was largely due to the geography of Mathias' seat. As representative of the 6th district, he already had established name recognition in both the Baltimore and Washington, D.C., metropolitan areas, the more densely populated and liberal areas of the state.

Kyrsten Sinema

openly bisexual U.S. senatorSinema
Sinema won the Arizona Senate election in 2018 to replace retiring Senator Jeff Flake, defeating Republican nominee Martha McSally. Sinema's victory made her the first woman elected to the United States Senate from Arizona, the first openly bisexual person elected to the United States Senate, the second openly LGBT person elected to the United States Senate (after Senator Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin), and the first Democrat to represent Arizona in the United States Senate since Dennis DeConcini, whose seat she now holds, left office in 1995. She became Arizona's senior senator immediately upon taking office. Kyrsten Sinema was born in Tucson, Arizona, in 1976 to Marilyn and Dan Sinema.

Silver Spring, Maryland

Silver SpringSilver Spring, MDdowntown Silver Spring
By 1854, Blair's son, Montgomery Blair, who became Postmaster General under Abraham Lincoln and represented Dred Scott before the United States Supreme Court, built the Falkland house in the area. By the end of the decade, Elizabeth Blair married Samuel Phillips Lee, third cousin of future Confederate leader Robert E. Lee, and gave birth to a boy, Francis Preston Blair Lee. The child would eventually become the first popularly elected Senator in United States history. During the American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln visited the Silver Spring mansion multiple times. During some of the visits he relaxed by playing town ball with Francis P. Blair's grandchildren.

Gun politics in the United States

gun rightsgun controlgun control in the United States
In June 2008, in District of Columbia v. Heller, the Supreme Court upheld by a 5–4 vote the Parker decision striking down the D.C. gun law. Heller ruled that Americans have an individual right to possess firearms, irrespective of membership in a militia, "for traditionally lawful purposes, such as self-defense within the home." However, in delivering the majority opinion, Justice Antonin Scalia made it clear that, like other rights, the right to bear arms is limited. He wrote: "Like most rights, the Second Amendment right is not unlimited.

Nathan Hecht

Nathan L. Hecht
In 1986, he was elected to the Texas Court of Appeals for the Fifth District of Texas at Dallas, where he served until his election to the Supreme Court. Throughout his tenure on the Supreme Court, Hecht has been designated to oversee all changes in state court rules. In the days after the October 3, 2005, nomination of Harriet Miers to be an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, Hecht became nationally known as a strong supporter of White House Counsel Miers based upon his long friendship with her. According to Hecht, he and Miers dated in the past and were members of the same church. Hecht gave 120 interviews in support of the eventually-unsuccessful nomination.

Benjamin Harrison

HarrisonPresident HarrisonPresident Benjamin Harrison
On January 23, 1865, President Lincoln nominated Harrison to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from that date, and the Senate confirmed the nomination on February 14, 1865. He rode in the Grand Review in Washington, D.C. before mustering out on June 8, 1865. While serving in the Union Army in October 1864, Harrison was once again elected reporter of the Supreme Court of Indiana, although he did not seek the position, and served as the Court's reporter for four more years.


Baltimore, MarylandBaltimore, MDBaltimore City
Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, generally known as "BWI," lies about 10 mi to the south of Baltimore in neighboring Anne Arundel County. The airport is named after Thurgood Marshall, a Baltimore native who was the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. In terms of passenger traffic, BWI is the 22nd busiest airport in the United States. As of calendar year 2014, BWI is the largest, by passenger count, of three major airports serving the Baltimore–Washington Metropolitan Area.

John Marshall Harlan (1899–1971)

Justice HarlanHarlanJohn Marshall Harlan
Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University] List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. List of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by time in office. List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States. United States Supreme Court cases during the Warren Court. United States Supreme Court cases during the Burger Court. Clay v. United States (1971). Muhammad Ali's Greatest Fight (2013 television film). Fox, John, Capitalism and Conflict, Biographies of the Robes, John Marshall Harlan II. Public Broadcasting Service. Supreme Court Historical Society, "John Marshall Harlan II.".

South Dakota

SDState of South DakotaDakota
(In 1980, the US Supreme Court and Congress ordered payment to the Lakota for the illegal seizure of the Black Hills. The case remains unsettled, as the Lakota refuse to accept the money and instead insist on the return of the land.) A growing population and political concerns (admitting two states meant having four new senators for the Republican Party) caused Dakota Territory to be divided in half and President Benjamin Harrison signed proclamations formally admitting South Dakota and North Dakota to the union on November 2, 1889. Harrison had the papers shuffled to obscure which one was signed first and the order went unrecorded.

1980 United States presidential election

19801980 presidential election1980 election
In the simultaneous Congressional elections, Republicans won control of the United States Senate for the first time since 1955. Carter won 41% of the vote but carried just six states and Washington, D.C. Anderson won 6.6% of the popular vote, and he performed best among liberal Republican voters dissatisfied with Reagan. Reagan, then 69, was the oldest person to ever be elected president until Donald Trump's victory in 2016, who was 70. Throughout the 1970s, the United States underwent a wrenching period of low economic growth, high inflation and interest rates, and intermittent energy crises.

Edwin Stanton

StantonEdwin M. StantonEdwin McMasters Stanton
President Grant, Vice President Schuyler Colfax, the Cabinet, the entire Supreme Court, senators, representatives, army officers and other important officials all attended Stanton's funeral. After the eulogy, Stanton's casket was placed atop a caisson, and drawn by four horses to Washington D.C.'s Oak Hill Cemetery at the head of a mile-long cavalcade. Stanton was interred beside the grave of his son James Hutchinson Stanton, who had died in infancy several years earlier. An assortment of Cabinet officials, generals, justices and senators carried Stanton's coffin to its final resting place.

Stephanos Bibas

Steve Bibas
On October 4, 2017, a hearing on his nomination was held before the Senate Judiciary Committee. On October 26, 2017, his nomination was reported out of committee by an 11–9 roll call vote. On November 2, 2017 his nomination was confirmed by the United States Senate by a vote of 53–43. He received his judicial commission on November 20, 2017. Bibas has made several donations to Republicans. He and his wife Juliana Denise Bibas, a writer, have four children. He has been a member of the Federalist Society since 1991. * List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States * Penn Law Celebrates Stephanos Bibas' Confirmation to the Third Circuit (5:48 min).

John Marshall Harlan

Justice HarlanHarlanJohn M. Harlan
List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States. List of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by time in office. United States Supreme Court cases during the Fuller Court. United States Supreme Court cases during the Waite Court. United States Supreme Court cases during the White Court. Oyez Project, U.S. Supreme Court Multimedia – John M. Harlan. John Marshall Harlan, Bibliography, Biography and location of papers, Sixth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rican🇵🇷PR
The Supreme Court of the United States has indicated that once the U.S. Constitution has been extended to an area (by Congress or the courts), its coverage is irrevocable. To hold that the political branches may switch the Constitution on or off at will would lead to a regime in which they, not this Court, say "what the law is". Puerto Ricans "were collectively made U.S. citizens" in 1917 as a result of the Jones-Shafroth Act. U.S. citizens residing in Puerto Rico cannot vote for the U.S. president, though both major parties, Republican and Democratic, run primary elections in Puerto Rico to send delegates to vote on a presidential candidate.

Rutherford B. Hayes

HayesPresident HayesRutherford Hayes
The Commission was to be made up of five representatives, five senators, and five Supreme Court justices. To ensure partisan balance, there would be seven Democrats and seven Republicans, with Justice David Davis, an independent respected by both parties, as the fifteenth member. The balance was upset when Democrats in the Illinois legislature elected Davis to the Senate, hoping to sway his vote. Davis disappointed Democrats by refusing to serve on the Commission because of his election to the Senate. As all of the remaining Justices were Republicans, Justice Joseph P. Bradley, believed to be the most independent-minded of them, was selected to take Davis's place on the Commission.

Alex Azar

Alex M. AzarAlex M. Azar IISecretary Alex Azar
From 1992 to 1993, he served as a law clerk for Associate Justice Antonin Scalia of the Supreme Court of the United States. From 1994 to 1996, he served as an Associate Independent Counsel for Kenneth W. Starr in the United States Office of the Independent Counsel, where he worked on the first two years of the investigation into the Whitewater controversy. At the time of Azar's appointment, he was working as an associate in Starr's law firm. Between 1996 and 2001, Azar worked for Wiley Rein, a Washington, D.C., law firm, where he achieved partner status. On August 3, 2001, Azar was confirmed to be the General Counsel of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.

David Josiah Brewer

David BrewerJustice BrewerBrewer
He was then elected to the Kansas Supreme Court in 1870, where he served for 14 years. On March 25, 1884, Brewer was nominated by President Chester A. Arthur to the United States circuit court for the Eighth Circuit, to a seat vacated by George Washington McCrary. This court later became the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. Brewer was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 31, and received commission the same day. After 28 years on the bench, Brewer was nominated by Benjamin Harrison to the United States Supreme Court on December 4, 1889, to a seat vacated by Stanley Matthews.


VACommonwealth of VirginiaVa.
Virginia is bordered by Maryland and Washington, D.C. to the north and east; by the Atlantic Ocean to the east; by North Carolina to the south; by Tennessee to the southwest; by Kentucky to the west; and by West Virginia to the north and west. Virginia's boundary with Maryland and Washington, D.C. extends to the low-water mark of the south shore of the Potomac River. The southern border is defined as the 36° 30′ parallel north, though surveyor error led to deviations of as much as three arcminutes. The border with Tennessee was not settled until 1893, when their dispute was brought to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.

Oliver Wendell HolmesHolmesJustice Holmes
Demographics of the Supreme Court of the United States. Freedom for the Thought That We Hate: A Biography of the First Amendment. List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States. List of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by time in office. Prediction theory of law. List of people on the cover of Time Magazine: 1920s – 15 Mar. 1926. Scepticism in law. United States Supreme Court cases during the Fuller Court. United States Supreme Court cases during the Hughes Court. United States Supreme Court cases during the Taft Court. United States Supreme Court cases during the White Court.