Al Franken

Senator Al FrankenSen. Al FrankenAl Franken (D-Minn.)
Coleman appealed to the Minnesota Supreme Court on April 20. On April 24, the Minnesota Supreme Court agreed to hear the [[United States Senate election in Minnesota, 2008#Appeal to Minnesota Supreme Court|case]]. Oral arguments were conducted on June 1. On June 30, 2009, the Minnesota Supreme Court unanimously rejected Coleman's appeal and said that Franken was entitled to be certified as the winner. Shortly after the court's decision, Coleman conceded. Governor Tim Pawlenty signed Franken's election certificate that same evening. Franken was reelected to a second term in 2014. He won the August 12 primary election, in which he was challenged by Sandra Henningsgard, with 94.5% of the vote.

Abner Mikva

Abner J. MikvaJudge Abner J. Mikva
Mikva was nominated by President Jimmy Carter on May 29, 1979, to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, to a new seat authorized by 92 Stat. 1629. Despite opposition from anti-gun control interests that spent over $1 million to oppose his nomination, Mikva was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 25, 1979, and received his commission on September 26, 1979. Mikva then resigned his congressional seat (Porter succeeded Mikva after a special election). He served as Chief Judge from 1991 to 1994. His service terminated on September 19, 1994, due to retirement, after which he became White House Counsel to President Bill Clinton.

United States Court of Military Commission Review

Court of Military Commission Review
Under the current rules of the court, there is no appeal to rulings of the Court of Military Commission Review; under the proposed changes, appeals could ultimately have been taken to the United States Supreme Court.

Alberto Gonzales

Alberto R. GonzalesAttorney General GonzalesGonzales
The Texas Supreme Court issued 84 opinions during Gonzales's tenure on the court, according to LexisNexis. * Lopez v. Munoz, Hockema, & Reed, 22 S.W.3d 857 (Tex. 2000) * George W. Bush Supreme Court candidates Fitzgerald v. Advanced Spine Fixation Systems, 996 S.W.2d 864 (Tex. 1999). Texas Farmers Insurance Company v. Murphy, 996 S.W.2d 873 (Tex. 1999). Mid-Century Insurance Company v. Kidd, 997 S.W.2d 265 (Tex. 1999). General Motors Corporation v. Sanchez, 997 S.W.2d 584 (Tex. 1999). In re Missouri Pac. R.R. Co., 998 S.W.2d 212 (Tex. 1999). Mallios v. Baker, 11 S.W.3d 157 (Tex. 2000). Gulf Insurance Company v. Burns Motors, 22 S.W.3d 417 (Tex. 2000). Southwestern Refining Co. v.

1992 United States Senate elections

1992United States Senate elections of 19921992 U.S. Senate elections
The United States Senate elections, 1992, held November 3, 1992, were elections for the United States Senate that coincided with Bill Clinton's victory the presidential election. Despite the presidential victory, Democrats had a net loss of a seat in the general elections, and only managed to break even by winning a seat in a special election. Democratic victories over Republicans John F. Seymour (in the special California race) and Bob Kasten (of Wisconsin) were cancelled out by the defeats of Democrats Wyche Fowler (of Georgia) and Terry Sanford (of North Carolina). The election of four new Democratic women to the Senate was notable (referred to in the press as the "Year of the Woman").

Harvard Law School

HarvardHarvard LawHarvard University
Sixteen of the school's graduates have served on the Supreme Court of the United States, more than any other law school. Four of the current nine members of the court graduated from HLS: the chief justice, John Roberts; and associate justices Neil Gorsuch, Stephen Breyer and Elena Kagan, who also served as the dean of Harvard Law School from 2003 to 2009. Ruth Bader Ginsburg attended Harvard Law School for two years. Past Supreme Court justices from Harvard Law School include Antonin Scalia, David Souter, Harry Blackmun, William J. Brennan, Louis Brandeis, Felix Frankfurter, Lewis Powell (LLM), and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., among others.

Southern United States

SouthSouthernthe South
National Republicans such as Richard Nixon began to develop their Southern strategy to attract conservative white Southerners, especially the middle class and suburban voters, in addition to migrants from the North and traditional GOP pockets in Appalachia. The transition to a Republican stronghold in the South took decades. First, the states started voting Republican in presidential elections, except for native sons Jimmy Carter in 1976 and Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996. Then the states began electing Republican senators and finally governors. Georgia was the last state to do so, with Sonny Perdue taking the governorship in 2002.

United States Capitol

CapitolU.S. CapitolCapitol Building
From 1800 to 1806, this room served as the Senate Chamber and from 1806 until 1860, the room was used as the Supreme Court Chamber. In 1860, the Supreme Court began using the newly vacated Old Senate Chamber. Since 1935, the Supreme Court has met in the United States Supreme Court Building. The current Senate Chamber opened in 1859 and is adorned with white marble busts of the former Presidents of the Senate (Vice Presidents). The Capitol Grounds cover approximately 274 acres (1.11 km²), with the grounds proper consisting mostly of lawns, walkways, streets, drives, and planting areas.

Recess appointment

recess appointedRecess-appointedrecess appointee
Over what would have traditionally been the 2011–12 winter recess of the 112th Congress, the Republican-controlled House of Representatives did not assent to recess, specifically to block Richard Cordray's appointment as Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. Both the House and Senate continued to hold pro forma sessions. In August 2017, nine pro forma sessions were set up to block President Donald Trump from making recess appointments. The concern was that Trump might dismiss Attorney General Jeff Sessions, and try to name his successor while Congress was in recess. Pro forma sessions continued to be held until January 2019.

John Ashcroft

AshcroftAttorney General John Ashcrofthe ran for
Supreme Court Supreme Court Justice. (In 2001, Thomas administered Ashcroft's oath of office as U.S. Attorney General.) In 1976, Danforth was elected to the U.S. Senate, and Ashcroft was elected to replace him as State Attorney General. In 1980, Ashcroft was re-elected with 64.5 percent of the vote, winning 96 of Missouri's 114 counties. In 1983, Ashcroft wrote the leading amicus curiae brief in the U.S. Supreme Court Case Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., supporting the use of video cassette recorders for time shifting of television programs.

Sam Brownback

Governor Sam Brownback2008 presidential candidateBrownback
He won reelection in the 2004 Senate election with 69% of the vote, defeating his Democratic challenger, Lee Jones, a former Washington, D.C. lobbyist. Throughout his Senate career, his principal campaign donors were the Koch Brothers and their enterprises, including Koch Industries. Brownback was a member of the Judiciary Committee, the Senate Appropriations Committee (where he chaired the Subcommittee on District of Columbia when the Republicans were in the majority), the Joint Economic Committee, and the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, also known as the Helsinki Commission, which he at one time chaired.

Kay Bailey Hutchison

HutchisonKay BaileyHutchison, Kay Bailey
Hutchison proposed the "District of Columbia Personal Protection Act," which drew 31 cosponsors in the United States Senate, while drawing 157 cosponsors from the House. This bill repealed the handgun bans the city had in place for thirty years. DC's law stated that one could not possess a rifle or shotgun unless it was in disassembled and inoperative form, and could not possess pistols in any form. In 2008, the law was struck down in a U.S. Supreme Court ruling, District of Columbia v. Heller. Hutchison is a strong supporter of single-sex education in public schools.

Lindsey Graham

GrahamGraham, LindseyLindsey Graham (R-S.C.)
During controversy over the nomination of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court of the United States, Graham took a strong stance against letting the process be delayed or otherwise altered by the testimony of Dr. Christine Blasey Ford, who accused Kavanaugh of sexually assaulting her while the two were in high school. Dr. Ford asserted that, during a high school party, Kavanaugh pinned her to a bed, covered her mouth to keep her from screaming, and tried to strip off her clothing while she struggled to escape. He was the first Republican Senator to directly question Kavanaugh or Ford during the Kavanaugh hearing. Speaking to reporters immediately after Dr.

Grover Cleveland

ClevelandPresident ClevelandPresident Grover Cleveland
During his first term, Cleveland successfully nominated two justices to the Supreme Court of the United States. The first, Lucius Q. C. Lamar, was a former Mississippi Senator who served in Cleveland's Cabinet as Interior Secretary. When William Burnham Woods died, Cleveland nominated Lamar to his seat in late 1887. While Lamar had been well liked as a Senator, his service under the Confederacy two decades earlier caused many Republicans to vote against him. Lamar's nomination was confirmed by the narrow margin of 32 to 28. Chief Justice Morrison Waite died a few months later, and Cleveland nominated Melville Fuller to fill his seat on April 30, 1888. Fuller accepted.

Hatch Act of 1939

Hatch Actpolitical activity is prohibited by government employees
He noted that coercion could be too subtle for the law to eliminate and that the Supreme Court had said in 1973 that the Hatch Act had achieved "a delicate balance between fair and effective government and the First Amendment rights of individual employees." President Carter proposed similar legislation in 1977. A proposed amendment to permit federal workers to participate in political campaigns passed the House on a 305 to 112 vote in 1987. In 1990 a similar bill passed the House on a vote of 334 to 87 and the Senate on a vote of 67 to 30. President George H.W.

Willis Van Devanter

Van DevanterDevanterJustice Willis Van Devanter
Supreme Court Justices by time in office. United States Supreme Court cases during the Hughes Court. United States Supreme Court cases during the Taft Court. United States Supreme Court cases during the White Court.

William French Smith

William F. Smithformer U.S. Attorney GeneralSmith
In the conservative tide that swept over Washington in the early days of Mr. Reagan's term, the Justice Department reversed its position on major civil rights questions, re-interpreted antitrust law, called on the Supreme Court to reassess landmark rulings on abortion and sought to enforce a system of secrecy oaths and censorship for Government officials with access to intelligence data. Mr. Smith also was credited with playing a major role in Mr. Reagan's nomination of Sandra Day O'Connor, to be the first woman on the United States Supreme Court.

Peter Keisler

Peter D. Keisler
List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States. George W. Bush judicial appointment controversies. George W. Bush Supreme Court candidates. U.S. Department of Justice resume. U.S. Department of Justice brief biography. White House biography: Judicial Nominations: Peter D. Keisler. McLure, Jason "Has Time Softened D.C. Circuit Nominee Peter Keisler's Partisan Edges?" Legal Times. August 21, 2006. Presidential Nomination: Peter Douglas Keisler.