Terry Jones

Jones co-directed Monty Python and the Holy Grail with Terry Gilliam, and was sole director on two further Monty Python movies, Life of Brian and Monty Python's The Meaning of Life. As a film director, Jones finally gained fuller control of the projects and devised a visual style that complemented the humour. His later films include Erik the Viking (1989) and The Wind in the Willows (1996). In 2008, Jones wrote the libretto for and directed the opera Evil Machines. In 2011, he was commissioned to direct and write the libretto for another opera, entitled The Doctor's Tale.

Culture of the United Kingdom

British cultureBritish cultural iconsBritish
In the mid-1970s, British comedy team Monty Python switched their attention to films, beginning with Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975), followed by Monty Python's Life of Brian (1979), the latter regularly voted the funniest film of all time by the British public. A notable song from Life of Brian, "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" has become a common singalong at public events.

List of NME covers

coverList of ''NME'' covers
All issues suspended for a period of nine weeks due to a printers' strike. 19/01/74 Bryan Ferry. 26/01/74 Rick Wakeman. 02/02/74 Brian Eno. 09/02/74 Mott the Hoople. 16/02/74 Art Garfunkel. 23/02/74 David Bowie. 02/03/74 Roy Wood. 09/03/74 Lou Reed. 16/03/74 Gene Simmons of Kiss. 23/03/74 Gary Glitter. 30/03/74 Elton John. 06/04/74 Joni Mitchell. 13/04/74 Syd Barrett. 20/04/74 Eric Clapton. 27/04/74 The Who. 04/05/74 Rod Stewart. 11/05/74 David Bowie. 18/05/74 Sparks. 25/05/74 Monty Python. 01/06/74 Van Morrison. 08/06/74 Rick Wakeman. 15/06/74 Keith Richards. 22/06/74 Robin Nash (then producer of Top of the Pops). 29/06/74 Eric Clapton. 06/07/74 Elton John. 13/07/74 Roxy Music. 20/07/74 "Was

Massive Attack

Del Naja, musicians Damon Albarn and Brian Eno, and United Visual Artists contributed to a demonstration against the renewal of the Trident nuclear programme that was held on board the Arctic Sunrise on the River Thames in 2007. In 2008, Massive Attack curated the annual Meltdown festival on London's south bank. During the two weeks of live performance, cinema and art, they worked with human rights lawyer Clive Stafford Smith and his Reprieve organisation which uses the law to enforce the human rights of prisoners. In 2010, the video shot by Oliver Chanarin and Adam Bloomberg for the song "Saturday come slow", featuring Damon Albarn, drew attention to the use of music in torture.

Electronic music

electronicelectronic musicianelectro
The mid-1970s saw the rise of electronic art music musicians such as Jean Michel Jarre, Vangelis, and Tomita, who with Brian Eno were a significant influence on the development of new-age music. Dub music influenced electronic musical techniques later adopted by hip hop music, when Jamaican immigrant DJ Kool Herc in the early 1970s introduced Jamaica's sound system culture and dub music techniques to America. One such technique that became popular in hip hop culture was playing two copies of the same record on two turntables in alternation, extending the b-dancers' favorite section.

Brit Awards

Brit AwardSoundtrack/Cast RecordingBRIT
The BRIT Awards (often simply called The BRITs) are the British Phonographic Industry's annual popular music awards. The name was originally a shortened form of "British", "Britain", or "Britannia" (in the early days the awards were sponsored by Britannia Music Club), but subsequently became a backronym for British Record Industry Trusts Show. In addition, an equivalent awards ceremony for classical music, called the Classic BRIT Awards, is held in the month of May. Robbie Williams holds the record for the most BRIT Awards, 13 as a solo artist and another five as part of Take That.


anagrammaticanagram solveranagrams
Brian Eno's album Before and After Science includes a song entitled "King's Lead Hat", an anagram of "Talking Heads", a band Eno has worked with. Juan Maria Solare's piano ballad "Jura ser anomalía" (literally "he/she swears to be an anomaly") is an anagram of the composer's full name. His composition for English horn titled "A Dot in Time" is an anagram of "Meditation", which describes the piece. The title of his piano piece that is a homage to Claude Debussy is "Seduce Us Badly". Bill Evans's overdubbed piano elegy for fellow jazz pianist Sonny Clark is titled "N.Y.C.'s No Lark," and another composition, "Re: Person I Knew" is a tribute to his producer, Orrin Keepnews.

The Beatles

The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960. With members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr, they became regarded as the foremost and most influential music band in history. Rooted in skiffle, beat and 1950s rock and roll, the group were integral to pop music's evolution into an art form and to the development of the counterculture of the 1960s. They often incorporated classical elements, older pop forms and unconventional recording techniques in innovative ways, and later experimented with several musical styles ranging from pop ballads and Indian music to psychedelia and hard rock.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources.

UK Singles Chart

UKUK SinglesOfficial Charts Company
The UK Singles Chart (currently entitled Official Singles Chart) is compiled by the Official Charts Company (OCC), on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom, based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming. The Official Chart, broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and MTV (Official UK Top 40), is the UK music industry's recognised official measure of singles and albums popularity because it is the most comprehensive research panel of its kind, today surveying over 15,000 retailers and digital services daily, capturing 99.9% of all singles consumed in Britain across the week, and over 98% of albums.

UK Albums Chart

UKOCCUnited Kingdom
The Official Albums Chart is a list of albums ranked by physical and digital sales and (from March 2015) audio streaming in the United Kingdom. It was published for the first time on 22 July 1956 and is compiled every week by the Official Charts Company (OCC) on Fridays (previously Sundays). It is broadcast on BBC Radio 1 (top 5) and published in Music Week magazine (top 75), and on the OCC website (top 100).

Africa Express (organization)

Africa Express
Western musicians who've performed in the organizations events include Paul McCartney, Led Zeppelin's John Paul Jones, Brian Eno, Flea of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Scratch of The Roots, De La Soul, the Super Furry Animals' Gruff Rhys, Paul Weller, Martha Wainwright, Fatboy Slim, 3D of Massive Attack, The Smiths' Johnny Marr, Mick Jones and Paul Simonon of The Clash, Peter Hook of New Order/Joy Division, Terry Hall and Lynval Golding of The Specials, Carl Barat of The Libertines, Chicago's Hypnotic Brass Ensemble, Franz Ferdinand, Bjork, Elvis Costello, Django Django's David Maclean, Ghostpoet, David Wootton, Julia Holter, and numerous others.

Channel 4

Channel FourChannel4.comChannel 4 HD
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982. Although largely commercially self-funded, it is ultimately publicly owned; originally a subsidiary of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the station is now owned and operated by Channel Four Television Corporation, a public corporation of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, which was established in 1990 and came into operation in 1993. With the conversion of the Wenvoe transmitter group in Wales to digital on 31 March 2010, Channel 4 became a UK-wide TV channel for the first time.

The Guardian

GuardianThe Manchester GuardianManchester Guardian
Cole • John Cole • Rosalind Coward • Gavyn Davies • Robin Denselow • Beth Ditto • Tim Dowling • Terry Eagleton • Larry Elliott • Matthew Engel • Edzard Ernst • Harold Evans • Evelyn Flinders • Paul Foot • Liz Forgan • Brian J. Ford • Dawn Foster • Michael Frayn • Jonathan Freedland • Hadley Freeman • Timothy Garton Ash • Tanya Gold • Ben Goldacre • Victor Gollancz • Richard Gott • A. C. Grayling • Roy Greenslade • Germaine Greer • A. Harry Griffin • Ben Hammersley • Clifford Harper • Max Hastings • Roy Hattersley • David Hencke • Georgina Henry • Isabel Hilton • L. T. Hobhouse • J. A.

World music

worldworld fusionworld-music
World music (also called global music or international music) is a musical category encompassing many different styles of music from around the globe, which includes many genres including some forms of Western music represented by folk music, Jazz, as well as selected forms of ethnic music, indigenous music, neotraditional music, and music where more than one cultural tradition, such as ethnic music and Western popular music, intermingle.

Virgin Records

VirginCirca10 Records
In the process they acquired Genesis and comedy group Monty Python. The Charisma label was reactivated in the US in 1990 and enjoyed success with signings such as Maxi Priest, Right Said Fred, 38 Special and Enigma. When this Charisma label was retired in 1992, all of its artists were, as before, transferred to Virgin. In 1987, Venture Records was created for new age and modern classical artists including Klaus Schulze, who had been associated with Virgin since the early 1970s.


iPadsApple iPadApple iPads
Gorillaz's 2010 album, The Fall, was created almost exclusively using the iPad by Damon Albarn while on tour with the band. The music video for Luna Sea's 2012 single, "Rouge", was filmed entirely on an iPad. The iPad has also greatly increased social television use. Viewers can use the iPad as a convenient second networked computer (or "second screen") for communicating with other viewers or with the television provider. Viewers can use a web browser or specialised applications to discuss a program with other viewers, while it is being broadcast, while content providers may use the second screen to interact with viewers in real time.

List of multi-instrumentalists

Damon Albarn. Turgun Alimatov. André 3000. Gabrielle Aplin. Bret Autrey. Ian Anderson. Jon Anderson. Laurie Anderson. Michael Angelakos. Joan Armatrading. Billie Joe Armstrong. Pedro Aznar. Chet Baker. Tony Banks. Beck. Joe Becker. David Bedford. Matthew Bellamy. Guy Berryman. Nuno Bettencourt. Andrew Bird. Björk. Brant Bjork. Jack Black. Tim Blake. Graham Bond. Catfish the Bottleman. David Bowie. Lester Bowie. Jon Brion. David Byrne. Michelle Branch. Mike Brown. Lindsey Buckingham. Jonny Buckland. Jeff Buckley. Kate Bush. Win Butler. Jaki Byard. John Cale. Anna Calvi. Giulio Carmassi. Chris Carmichael. Nick Cave. Gustavo Cerati. Will Champion. Tracy Chapman. Ray Charles. Regine Chassagne.

Valgeir Sigurðsson

Valgeir Sigurdsson
Valgeir is the founder of Greenhouse Studios, Iceland's top recording facility established in 1997, where in addition to Björk, he has collaborated with artists such as Bonnie 'Prince' Billy, Feist, Damon Albarn, Camille, CocoRosie, Ben Frost, Sam Amidon, múm, Hilary Hahn & Hauschka, Brian Eno, Sigur Rós and many others. In 2005 he founded the Bedroom Community record label launching the recording career of Nico Muhly and producing and releasing albums by Ben Frost and Sam Amidon. He has composed music for TV, film and theatre and his debut solo album Ekvílibríum was released by Bedroom Community in 2007, followed by a release of his soundtrack for Dreamland (Draumalandið) in 2009.

List of film score composers

film scoringSoundtrack composers
Neil Innes (born 1944)Monty Python's Flying Circus, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, All You Need Is Cash, Erik the Viking. Damon Intrabartolo (born 1975)The Journey of Jared Price, Navigate this Maze. John Ireland (1879–1962)The Overlanders. Markéta Irglová (born 1988)Once. Pat Irwin (born 1955)Rocko's Modern Life, Loose Women, Class of 3000. Peter IsaacJohn Safran's Race Relations, Speaking in Tongues, Lawrence Leung's Choose Your Own Adventure. Mark Isham (born 1951)Of Mice and Men, The Cooler, Blade, Crash. Chu IshikawaTetsuo: The Iron Man, Gemini, A Snake of June. Emir IşılayMurder on Pleasant Drive, Summerland. Masumi ItōAngel Sanctuary, éX-Driver, Galaxy Angel.

The Ongoing History of New Music

Ongoing History of New Music
Ep 624 (2009-09-06) Before They Were Famous - featuring: Perry Farrell (in Psi Com), Iggy Pop (in The Iguanas), David Bowie (in The King Bees), Jack White (in The Hentchmen), Kurt Cobain (before Nirvana), Damon Albarn (in Seymour), U2, Rage Against the Machine, Green Day and Billie Joe Armstrong. Ep 625 (2009-09-13) Kings of Leon: In Their Own Words 1 - featuring: Kings of Leon. Ep 626 (2009-09-20) Kings of Leon: In Their Own Words 2 - featuring: Kings of Leon and Bat for Lashes. Ep 627 (2009-09-27) The History of Downloading, Part 1 - featuring: Almost Famous, Metallica, Suzanne Vega, U2, Depeche Mode, B. A. Johnston, Garbage and Alanis Morissette.

Fuji Rock Festival

Fuji Rock2008 Fuji Rock FestivalFuji Rock Festival 2012
Headline acts on The Green Stage were Underworld, Björk, and Elvis Costello. Other major acts include: Audio Active, Death in Vegas, El-P/Aesop Rock/DJ Big Wiz, Prefuse 73, Bob Weir and RatDog, G. Love & Special Sauce, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, The Coral, Goldfrapp, Röyksopp, Boom Boom Satellites, The Jeevas, Ego-Wrappin', The Thrills, Jet, Dirty Vegas, Steve Kimock Band, and The Sun Ra Arkestra. In 2002, the festival ran from Friday 26 July until Sunday 28 July. Headline acts on The Green Stage were The Prodigy, The Chemical Brothers, and Red Hot Chili Peppers.

The Word (magazine)

The WordThe Word magazineThe Word'' (magazine)
May 2012 Damon Albarn. June 2012 The Stone Roses. July 2012 Ray Davies. August 2012 Robert Smith. Official website at the Wayback Machine. Reader community.

2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony

opening ceremonyopeningLondon 2012 Olympic Games Opening Ceremony
Photos of people who had died were displayed on screens as a memorial, accompanied by an excerpt from Brian Eno's ambient work "An Ending (Ascent)". The hymn "Abide with Me" was then sung by Emeli Sandé while a group of dancers choreographed by and including Akram Khan performed a contemporary dance on the theme of mortality. The Parade of Nations of athletes (drawn from the 10,490 competing) and officials from 204 nations (and also the "Independent Olympic Athletes") was led, according to custom, by the Greek team, followed by other competing countries in alphabetical order, and finally the host nation Great Britain.

Unusual types of gramophone records

picture disclocked groove12" picture disc
A more recent example is Monty Python's Matching Tie and Handkerchief. Also Tool's 1992 EP release Opiate featured on the second side a double groove that would either play the first track of side two or the hidden song that was found at the end of the CD version. The Marillion Brave vinyl has a double groove on side four, ending the album either happily with the track Made Again or less so with water noise. In 2005 a 7-inch single titled "The Road Leads Where It's Led" by The Secret Machines was released in UK that contained both tracks on one side on parallel grooves.