French Canadians

FrenchFrench-CanadianFrench Canadian
Fransaskois, province of Saskatchewan, also referred to Saskois(e). Franco-Albertans, province of Alberta, also referred to Albertain(e). Franco-Columbians, province of British Columbia mostly live in the Vancouver metro area; also referred to as Franco-Colombien(ne). Franco-Yukonnais, territory of Yukon, also referred to as Yukonais(e). Franco-Ténois, territory of Northwest Territories, also referred to as Ténois(e). Franco-Nunavois, territory of Nunavut, also referred to as Nunavois(e). French Canadians:. French Canadians of the Great Lakes (including Muskrat French). New England French. Creoles:. Missouri French (and other people of French ancestry in the former Illinois Country).

Immigration to Canada

immigrationimmigrantsimmigrants to Canada
Emigration from Canada to the United States has historically exceeded immigration, but there were short periods where the reverse was true; for example, the Loyalist refugees; during the various British Columbia gold rushes and later the Klondike Gold Rush which saw many American prospectors inhabiting British Columbia and the Yukon; land settlers moving from the Northern Plains to the Prairies in the early 20th century and also during periods of political turmoil or during wars, for example the Vietnam War.

Prince Edward Island

PEPEISt. John's Island
Chinese Canadians are the largest visible minority group of Prince Edward Island, comprising 1.3% of the province's population. Almost half of respondents identified their ethnicity as "Canadian". * among provinces. † Preliminary 2006 census estimate. Source: Statistics Canada The Canada 2016 Census showed a population of 142,910. Of the 140,020 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue, the most commonly reported languages were as follows: In addition, there were 460 responses of both English and a "non-official language"; 30 of both French and a "non-official language"; 485 of both English and French; and 20 of English, French, and a "non-official language".

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
In December 1940, British Empire forces began counter-offensives against Italian forces in Egypt and Italian East Africa. The offensives were highly successful; by early February 1941 Italy had lost control of eastern Libya, and large numbers of Italian troops had been taken prisoner. The Italian Navy also suffered significant defeats, with the Royal Navy putting three Italian battleships out of commission by a carrier attack at Taranto and neutralising several more warships at the Battle of Cape Matapan.


Montreal, QuebecMontréalMontreal, Canada
For this reason, Montreal is the railway hub of Canada and has always been an extremely important rail city; it is home to the headquarters of the Canadian National Railway, and was home to the headquarters of the Canadian Pacific Railway until 1995. The headquarters of the Canadian Space Agency is in Longueuil, southeast of Montreal.

First language

mother tonguenative languagenative speaker
Children growing up in bilingual homes can, according to this definition, have more than one mother tongue or native language. In the context of population censuses conducted on the Canadian population, Statistics Canada defines mother tongue as "the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census." It is quite possible that the first language learned is no longer a speaker's dominant language.

United States

In 1774, the Spanish Navy ship Santiago, under Juan Pérez, entered and anchored in an inlet of Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, in present-day British Columbia. Although the Spanish did not land, natives paddled to the ship to trade furs for abalone shells from California. At the time, the Spanish were able to monopolize the trade between Asia and North America, granting limited licenses to the Portuguese. When the Russians began establishing a growing fur trading system in Alaska, the Spanish began to challenge the Russians, with Pérez's voyage being the first of many to the Pacific Northwest.

English language

Canadian English, except for the Atlantic provinces and perhaps Quebec, may be classified under GA as well, but it often shows the raising of the vowels and before voiceless consonants, as well as distinct norms for written and pronunciation standards. In Southern American English, the most populous American "accent group" outside of GA, rhoticity now strongly prevails, replacing the region's historical non-rhotic prestige.

Catholic Church

CatholicRoman CatholicRoman Catholicism
The Italian unification of the 1860s incorporated the Papal States, including Rome itself from 1870, into the Kingdom of Italy, thus ending the papacy's millennial temporal power. In response, Pope Pius IX excommunicated King Victor Emmanuel II, refused payment for the land, and rejected the Italian Law of Guarantees, which granted him special privileges. To avoid placing himself in visible subjection to the Italian authorities remained a "prisoner in the Vatican".

Hungarian Canadians

HungarianHungarian (Magyar)Canada
List of Canadians of Hungarian descent. European Canadians. Hungarian immigrants in interwar Canada. Digitized issues of the Kanadai Magyar Munkás (Canadian-Hungarian Worker), 1929-1967. 1956 Hungarian Memorial Oral History Project. Hunagrian Refugees Received on Prince Edward Island, Canada (1956-1957). Hungarian settlements in Saskatchewan. Life as it was : Prud'homme, Saskatchewan, 1897-1981. Karpat Hungarian Folk Dancers of Winnipeg. Address to the Commemoration in Winnipeg of the 50th Anniversary of the Hungarian Uprising: 22 October 2006. Toronto's Hungarian Community. Ottawa Hungarian Community Centre. The Free Magyar Reformed Church in Ontario. Susan M. Papp: Hungarians in Ontario.

English-speaking Quebecers

English Canadian. Quebec English. Franco-Ontarian. List of English-speaking Quebecers. List of Anglo-Quebecer communities. List of Anglo-Quebecer musicians. Scots-Quebecer. Irish Quebecers. Québécois. Acadians. Métis. Official bilingualism in Canada. The Rise and Fall of English Montreal.


Toronto, OntarioToronto, ONToronto, Canada
The games were the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in Canada (in terms of athletes competing), double the size of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia. Toronto was a candidate city for the 1996 and 2008 Summer Olympics, which were awarded to Atlanta and Beijing respectively. Historic sports clubs of Toronto include the Granite Club (established in 1836), the Royal Canadian Yacht Club (established in 1852), the Toronto Cricket Skating and Curling Club (established before 1827), the Argonaut Rowing Club (established in 1872), the Toronto Lawn Tennis Club (established in 1881), and the Badminton and Racquet Club (established in 1924).

Métis in Canada

MétisMetisMétis people
Metis Nation of Saskatchewan Association. Metis Nation of Alberta Association, and the. Metis Nation of British Columbia. Buffalo Lake (Caslan) or Beaver River. Cold Lake. East Prairie (south of Lesser Slave Lake). Elizabeth (east of Elk Point). Fishing Lake (Packechawanis). Gift Lake (Ma-cha-cho-wi-se) or Utikuma Lake. Goodfish Lake. Kikino. Kings Land. Marlboro. Paddle Prairie (or Keg River). Peavine (Big Prairie, north of High Prairie). Touchwood. Wolf Lake (north of Bonnyville). Métis Nation British Columbia. Métis Nation of Alberta. Métis Nation-Saskatchewan. Manitoba Métis Federation. Métis Nation of Ontario. Métis Child and Family Services Society. Bell of Batoche.

Multiculturalism in Canada

At present, six of the ten provinces – British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Quebec, and Nova Scotia – have enacted multiculturalism legislation. In eight provinces – British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia – a multiculturalism advisory council reports to the minister responsible for multiculturalism. In Alberta, the Alberta Human Rights Commission performs the role of multiculturalism advisory council. In Nova Scotia, the Act is implemented by both a Cabinet committee on multiculturalism and advisory councils.

History of Canada

Canadian historyCanadahistory
This was especially pushed by the liberal Reform movement of Upper Canada and the French-Canadian Parti rouge in Lower Canada who favored a decentralized union in comparison to the Upper Canadian Conservative party and to some degree the French-Canadian Parti bleu, which favored a centralized union. Using the lure of the Canadian Pacific Railway, a transcontinental line that would unite the nation, Ottawa attracted support in the Maritimes and in British Columbia. In 1866, the Colony of British Columbia and the Colony of Vancouver Island merged into a single Colony of British Columbia; it joined the Canadian Confederation in 1871. In 1873, Prince Edward Island joined.

New France

FrenchCanadaCanada (New France)
Fort de la Corne was built in 1753, by Louis de la Corne, Chevalier de la Corne just east of the Saskatchewan River Forks in what is today the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. This was the furthest westward outpost of the French Empire in North America to be established before its fall. In 1758, British forces again captured Louisbourg, allowing them to blockade the entrance to the St. Lawrence River. This proved decisive in the war. In 1759, the British besieged Quebec by sea, and an army under General James Wolfe defeated the French under General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in September.

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

CharterCharter of Rights and FreedomsCharter of Rights
Some examples are the British Columbia Civil Liberties Association, Canadian Civil Liberties Association, the Canadian Mental Health Association, the Canadian Labour Congress, the Women's Legal Education and Action Fund (LEAF), and REAL Women of Canada. The purpose of such interventions is to assist the court and to attempt to influence the court to render a decision favourable to the legal interests of the group. A further approach to the Charter, taken by the courts, is the dialogue principle, which involves greater participation by elected governments.

Norwegian Canadians

NorwegianCanadaNorwegian ancestry
According to Statistics Canada figures from the 2006 census, 521,390 Canadians reported themselves as having Norwegian ethnic background (multiple responses were allowed). The figures are also broken down by provinces and territories for Norwegians: * Earl W. Bascom, western artist, sculptor, "Cowboy of Cowboy Artists" * Henry Larsen, Norwegian born Canadian Arctic seaman for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police; second to traverse Canada's Northwest Passage in the famous St. Roch * Torill Kove, Norwegian-Canadian film director and animator; Academy Award winner for the animated short film The Danish Poet Birch Hills, Saskatchewan. Rose Valley, Saskatchewan. Hagensborg, British Columbia.

Religion in Canada

In 2011, the LDS Church of Canada claimed around 200,000 members; the 2011 Canadian National Household Survey calculates around 100,000. It has congregations in all Canadian provinces and territories and possess at least one temple in six of the ten provinces, including the oldest LDS temple outside the United States. Alberta is the province with the most members of the LDS Church in Canada, having approximately 40% of the total of Canadian LDS Church members and representing 2% of the total population of the province (the National Household survey has Alberta with over 50% of the Canadian Mormons and 1.6% of the province's population ), followed by Ontario and British Columbia.

Demographics of Alberta

These movements resulted in a net influx of 51,235 people from British Columbia, 42,180 people from Saskatchewan, 31,425 people from Ontario, 23,875 people from Manitoba, 18,820 people from Newfoundland and Labrador, 11,925 people from Nova Scotia, 11,720 people from Quebec, and 8,410 people from New Brunswick. During this period there was a net influx of 2,710 francophones from Quebec, 1,545 francophones from Ontario, 1,355 francophones from New Brunswick, 775 francophones from Saskatchewan, 575 francophones from Manitoba, 500 francophones from British Columbia, 340 francophones from Nova Scotia, and 5,585 anglophones from Quebec.

Index of Canada-related articles

Lists of Topics
BC Legislature Raids. Bay of Fundy. Beaufort Sea. Bearskin Airlines. Beothuks. Bibliography of Canada. Bibliography of Canadian history. Bibliography of Canadian military history. Bibliography of Canadian provinces and territories. Big Six banks. Bilingualism in Canada. Black Canadian. Blame Canada. Bloc Québécois. Borderless World Volunteers. Bowie Seamount. Boys in Red Tragedy. Bre-X Gold Scandal. British Columbia. British Columbia Archaeological Impact Assessment. British Columbia Community Football Association. British Columbia Ombudsperson. British North America. Business Development Bank of Canada. CTV Television Network. Cabinet of Canada. Cable Television Standards Council.

List of Canadian Victoria Cross recipients

awarded the Victoria CrossCanadian recipient of the Victoria CrossCanadian recipient
No Canadian has received either honour since 1945. The first Canadian to be awarded the Victoria Cross was Alexander Roberts Dunn for his actions at the Battle of Balaclava during the Crimean War in 1854. William Hall, a Nova Scotian, was the first black recipient of the Victoria Cross. The last living Canadian recipient of the British Victoria Cross, "Smokey" Smith, died in August 2005. Seventy-three Victoria Crosses were awarded to Canadians for their actions in the First World War, and Canadians won sixteen VCs during the Second World War.