Tagalog language

TagalogFilipinoTagalog (Filipino)
Sundín ang loób Mo, Dito sa lupà, gaya nang sa langit. Bigyán Mo kamí ngayón ng aming kakanin sa araw-araw, At patawarin Mo kamí sa aming mga salâ, Para nang pagpápatawad namin, ''Sa nagkakasalà sa amin; At huwág Mo kamíng ipahintulot sa tuksó, At iadyâ Mo kamí sa lahát ng masamâ. [Sapagkát sa Inyó ang kaharián, at ang kapangyarihan, At ang kaluwálhatian, ngayón, at magpakailanman.] Amen" This is Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Pángkalahatáng Pagpapahayag ng Karapatáng Pantao) ''Bawat tao'y isinilang na may layà at magkakapantáy ang tagláy na dangál at karapatán.

German language

During the 15th to 17th centuries, the influence of Italian was great, leading to many Italian loanwords in the fields of architecture, finance, and music. The influence of the French language in the 17th to 19th centuries resulted in an even greater import of French words. The English influence was already present in the 19th century, but it did not become dominant until the second half of the 20th century. At the same time, the effectiveness of the German language in forming equivalents for foreign words from its inherited Germanic stem repertory is great. Thus, Notker Labeo was able to translate Aristotelian treatises in pure (Old High) German in the decades after the year 1000.


Guelph, OntarioCity of GuelphGuelph, Ontario, Canada
In early 2011, those of Italian descent totaled approximately 20,000 according to one estimate. Many Italians from the south of that country, particularly from San Giorgio, had emmigrated to the area in the early 1900s, and also in later years. The 2016 Census indicated that 14,430 Italian Canadians lived in Guelph. Historically however, Guelph's population has been principally British in origin, with 92% in 1880 and 87% in 1921. Guelph is the fifth fastest-growing city in Canada with a population growth rate of about 2% per year. According to the Ontario Places to Grow plan, Guelph's population is projected to be about 144,500 by the year 2021 and 169,000 by 2031.

Korean Canadians

Korean240,942Korean Canadian
British Columbia and Vancouver represent the second largest Korean community in Canada with 53,770, 49,880 of those living in Vancouver and the surrounding area. The Korean community in Vancouver is located between Nicola and Denman Street and consists of numerous Korean restaurants as well as other businesses. Recently several residents have been promoting the Vancouver Community arguing that it should be called Koreatown and officially designated as such. In addition to the community in Vancouver proper, the city of Coquitlam also fosters a growing Korean community.

Wade Redden

Redden, WadeRedden
Wade Redden (born June 12, 1977) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player who spent the majority of his career in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Ottawa Senators. He also played for the New York Rangers, St. Louis Blues and Boston Bruins. He played for Canada internationally seven times, winning two gold medals in the World Junior Championships and one in the World Cup of Hockey. He was a two-time NHL All-Star. Born on June 12, 1977 in Lloydminster, Saskatchewan, Redden, who is Métis, grew up in Hillmond, Saskatchewan. Redden went to school at Hillmond, where he completed kindergarten to grade nine. He went to Lloydminster comprehensive school for grade ten.

Clint Smith

Smith, Clint
He made his residence there and became a founding member of the British Columbia Hockey Benevolent Association, also known as the Canucks Alumni, and at one point held the position of president. Thirty-nine years following his professional retirement, Smith was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1991. At the time of his death on June 15, 2008, Ray Getliffe, a left winger who played for the Boston Bruins and Montreal Canadiens was said to be the oldest living person to have played in the NHL. Later, it was reported that Smith was the oldest living person to have ever played in the NHL.

Louis Riel

RielexecutionRiel Rebellions
One of the student residences at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, British Columbia is named Louis Riel House. There is a Louis Riel School in Calgary, Alberta. and Ottawa, Ontario. On 26 September 2007, Manitoba legislature passed a bill establishing a statutory holiday on the third Monday in February as Louis Riel Day, the same day some other provinces celebrate Family Day, beginning in 2008. The first Louis Riel Day was celebrated on 18 February 2008. This new statutory holiday coincides with the celebration on 15–24 February of the Festival du Voyageur.

Canadian Gaelic

GaelicScottish GaelicCanadian communities with Scottish Gaelic speakers
The province of British Columbia is host to the Comunn Gàidhlig Bhancoubhair (The Gaelic Society of Vancouver), the Vancouver Gaelic Choir, the Victoria Gaelic Choir, as well as the annual Gaelic festival Mòd Vancouver. The city of Vancouver's Scottish Cultural Centre also holds seasonal Scottish Gaelic evening classes. A Gaelic Economic-impact Study completed by the Nova Scotia government in 2002 estimates that Gaelic generates over $23.5 million annually, with nearly 380,000 people attending approximately 2,070 Gaelic events annually.

Windsor, Ontario

WindsorWindsor, CanadaWindsor, ON
Some locations in coastal and lower mainland British Columbia have a slightly higher mean annual temperature due to milder winter conditions there. The coldest month is January and the warmest month is July. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Windsor was -32.8 °C on January 29, 1873 and the warmest was 40.2 °C on June 25, 1988. Summers are hot and humid, with a July mean temperature of 23.0 °C although the humidex reaches 30 or above 70 times in an average summer; the highest recorded humidex of 52.1 occurred on June 20, 1953. Thunderstorms are common during summer and occur on average 32 days per year. Winters are generally cold with a January mean temperature of -3 °C.

Crown corporations of Canada

Crown corporationCrown corporationsCanadian Crown Corporation
BC Hydro (formed in 1961 taking over the assets of the British Columbia Electric Railway). BC Immigrant Investment Fund. BC Innovation Council (BCIC). BC Lottery Corporation. BC Liquor Distribution Branch. BC Liquor Stores. BC Cannabis Stores. BC Pavilion Corporation (PavCo). BC Pension Corporation. BC Transit. BC Transportation Financing Authority. British Columbia Investment Management Corporation (bcIMC). British Columbia Public School Employers' Association. British Columbia Railway Company. British Columbia Securities Commission. Columbia Basin Trust. Columbia Power Corporation. Community Living BC. Community Social Services Employers' Association.

The Maritimes

Maritime provincesMaritimeMaritimes
In other provinces except Newfoundland & Labrador and British Columbia human settlement along the sea is sparse, since the Hudson Bay area is northerly and has a severe climate, with the majority of the populations of Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba residing far inland. The prehistory of the Canadian Maritimes begins after the northerly retreat of glaciers at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation over 10,000 years ago, human settlement by First Nations began in the Maritimes with Paleo-Indians during the Early Period, ending around 6,000 years ago.


crgFrench CreeMechif
La Lawng: Michif Peekishkwewin: The Canadian Michif Language Dictionary. Winnipeg: Metis Resource Centre. Gillon, Carrie and Nicole Rosen. 2016. Critical mass in Michif. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 31: 113-140. Papen, Robert. 2003. "Michif: One phonology or two?" In Y. Chung, C. Gillon and R. Wokdak (eds) University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 12, Proceedings of the Eighth Workshop on Structure and Constituency in Language of the Americas, p. 47-58. Papen, Robert. 2004. "Michif spelling conventions: Proposal for a unified Michif writing system. In L. Barkwell (ed.) La lawng: Michif peekishkwewin. Winnipeg, MB: Pemmican Publications, p. 29-53.

Culture of Canada

Canadian culturecultureCanadian
Canadian folklore. Culture of Alberta. Culture of Manitoba. Culture of Saskatchewan. Culture of Quebec. History of free speech in Canada. Public holidays in Canada. Canadian French. List of Canadians. Canadian Heritage. Culture.CA - Canadian cultural portal online. Cultural Information - Canada - Global Affairs Canada.

Ojibwe language

Ojibwe communities are found in Canada from southwestern Quebec, through Ontario, southern Manitoba and parts of southern Saskatchewan; and in the United States from northern Michigan through northern Wisconsin and northern Minnesota, with a number of communities in northern North Dakota and northern Montana. Groups of speakers of the Ottawa dialect migrated to Kansas and Oklahoma during the historical period, with a small amount of linguistic documentation of the language in Oklahoma. The presence of Ojibwe in British Columbia has been noted. Current census data indicate that all varieties of Ojibwe are spoken by approximately 56,531 people.

Canadian identity

CanadianCanada's national identityCanadian /
However, it is noteworthy that many Western provinces (particularly Saskatchewan and British Columbia) also have reputations as supporting leftist and social democratic policies. For example, Saskatchewan is one of the few provinces (all in the West) to reelect social democratic governments and is the cradle of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation and its successor the New Democratic Party. Much of the energy of the early Canadian feminist movement occurred in Manitoba. By contrast, the Conservative provincial government of Alberta has frequently quarrelled with federal administrations perceived to be dominated by "eastern liberal elites."

Sikhism in Canada

SikhsCanadian SikhsCanada
The Canadian Government then passed a law intended to keep labourers and artisans, whether skilled or unskilled, out of Canada by preventing them from landing at any dock in British Columbia. As Canadian immigration became stricter, more Indians, most of them Sikhs, travelled south to the United States of America. The Gur Sikh Temple opened on February 26, 1911; Sikhs and non-Sikhs from across British Columbia attended the ceremony and a local newspaper reported on the event.

Perry Bellegarde

Perry Bellgarde
Perry Bellegarde is a Canadian First Nations activist and politician, who was elected as national chief of the Assembly of First Nations on December 10, 2014. A member of the Little Black Bear First Nation in Saskatchewan, he has served as chief of Little Black Bear, as chief of the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations and as the Saskatchewan regional chief of the Assembly of First Nations. Born in 1962 at the Fort Qu'Appelle Indian Hospital in Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan, he was raised on the Little Black Bear Indian reserve and attended elementary and secondary schools in the nearby towns of Goodeve and Balcarres.

United Empire Loyalist

LoyalistLoyalistsloyalist refugees
United Empire Loyalist Day is also celebrated on the same day in Saskatchewan, on 18 May in New Brunswick and 22 July in British Columbia. The Loyalists paid attention to their history developing an idealized and distorted image of themselves that they took great pride in. In 1898, Henry Coyne provided a glowing depiction: "The Loyalists, to a considerable extent, were the very cream of the population of the Thirteen Colonies. They represented in very large measure the learning, the piety, the gentle birth, the wealth and good citizenship of the British race in America, as well its devotion to law and order, British institutions, and the unity of the Empire.

Finnish Canadians

FinnishCanadaCanada's Finnish community
Despite conservative "White" Finnish support for Nazi Germany during World War II, Canadian immigration policy in the 1940s favoured admitting "White Finns" to Canada. This, combined with a fiercely anti-socialist view in the post-World War II era, led to a shift in the political balance of the Finnish-Canadian community. Central Canada (mainly Ontario) has generally been the largest destination for Finns, followed by British Columbia, recording 72,990 (ON) and 29,875 (BC) Finns in 2006. Several small rural Finnish communities were established in Alberta and Saskatchewan. Today, the communities of Thunder Bay, Sudbury and New Finland form the main centres of Finnish-Canadian activity.