Agusan del Norte

AgusanAgusan del Norte Province, PhilippinesAgusandel Norte
On August 16, 2000, the seat of provincial government was transferred from Butuan City to Cabadbaran through Republic Act 8811, although the province is yet to complete the transfer of provincial services and functions to the new capital. Agusan del Norte is situated in Mindanao's western section of Caraga. It is bordered on the northwest by the Butuan Bay; northeast by Surigao del Norte; mid-east by Surigao del Sur; southeast by Agusan del Sur, and southwest by Misamis Oriental. Agusan del Norte has a total land area of undefined km2. When Butuan City is included for geographical purposes, the province's land area is 3546.86 km2.

Agusan del Sur

del SurAgusanAgusan del Sur Province
Agusan del Sur (Habagatang Agusan; Butuanon: Probinsya hong Agusan del Sur) is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is Prosperidad and borders, from the north clockwise, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte and Bukidnon. Agusan derived its name from the Agusan word agasan, meaning "where the water flows", referring to the Agusan River that splits the land and meanders south to north in a 250 km rush to Butuan Bay. It is third largest river in the country and served as highway for the Spanish colonizers in gaining access to inner northeastern Mindanao.

Rajahnate of Butuan

ButuanKingdom of ButuanButuanons
The Rajahnate of Butuan (also called as Kingdom of Butuan; Butuanon: Gingharian hong Butuan, Gingharian sa Butuan, Chinese: 蒲端國, Púduānguó in Chinese records) was an Indic polity centered on present Mindanao island in the modern city of Butuan in what is now the southern Philippines. It was known for its mining of gold, its gold products and its extensive trade network across the Nusantara area. The kingdom had trading relationships with the ancient civilizations of Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Persia, Cambodia and areas now comprised in Thailand.


Cabadbaran CityCabadbaran, Agusan del NorteCabadbaran City, Agusan del Norte
Cabadbaran city is accessible by bus from Bachelor Express or Surigao Bus via Butuan-Surigao routes or vice versa. There are also vans, jeep and multi-cabs that have routes towards both Surigao City and Butuan City which are stationed in the City Transport Terminal. Currently the city has no sea and airports. Cabadbaran can be reached by air from Manila and Cebu via Butuan City which is 30 kilometers away.

Bisayan languages

VisayanVisayan languagesVisayan language
Butuan-Tausug. Tausug. Butuanon. Surigao. Surigaonon. Tandaganon. 2. Cebuan (spoken in Cebu, Bohol, Siquijor, Eastern Negros, western Leyte and northern, southeastern and northwestern parts of Mindanao). Cebuan. Cebuano. Boholano. 3. Central (spoken across most of the Visayan region). Warayan (spoken in eastern Leyte, Biliran and Samar). Waray. Baybayanon. Kabalian. Southern Sorsogon (Gubat). Peripheral. Hiligaynon (Ilonggo) (spoken in eastern Panay and Guimaras, Western Negros and south-central Mindanao). Capiznon. Bantayanon. Porohanon. Masbate-Sorsogon. Masbateño. Central Sorsogon (Masbate). Romblon (also the name of the province). Romblomanon. 4.

Surigaonon language

SurigaononTandaganonCantilangnon dialect
Surigaonon is very closely related to the Tausug language of Sulu and the Butuanon language of Butuan. Tandaganon (also called Tinandag, Naturalis, Tagon-on) is a closely related variety spoken in the central Surigao del Sur municipalities of Tandag City, San Miguel, Tago, Bayabas, Cagwait, Marihatag, San Agustin, and most of Lianga. It can be classified as a separate language or alternatively as a southern variety of Surigaonon. There are about 100,000 speakers. Surigaonon (also called Jaun-Jaun, Waya-Waya) itself on the other hand is the northern (Surigao del Norte) variety, with about 400,000 speakers.

Marky Cielo

Santos Hospital in Butuan in Agusan del Norte, where he lived with his mother, Mildred Ban-eg Cadweng and sister, Marcel Andrea or "Bonsai". In 2001, he and his family moved to Bauko, Mountain Province to live with their other relatives, who are of Igorot descent. As a student of the local high school, San Isidro, he would soon become proud of his indigenous roots, despite being raised in the Roman Catholic environment. He fluently spoke Kankana-ey, a language spoken in the Cordilleras. Aside from this, he was also fluent in English, Ilocano, Tagalog, and Visayan languages (specifically Butuanon and Cebuano).

Dino Claudio Sanchez

Sanchez is the incumbent vice mayor of Butuan City, Philippines. He was also a former councilor before winning the vice-mayoralty position in the May 2007 elections. He comes from a family with a long history of public service. A graduate of San Beda College, Sanchez is a wide reader of books on public administration, philosophy, World Wars I and II, international parliamentary structures and world history. He is fluent in English, Tagalog, Cebuano and Butuanon dialects.

Surigao del Sur

del SurSurigao del Sur Province, PhilippinesSurigao del Sur, Philippines
Surigao del Sur (Surigaonon: Probinsya nan Surigao del Sur; Habagatang Surigao) is a province in the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is Tandag City. Surigao del Sur is situated at the eastern coast of Mindanao and faces the Philippine Sea to the east.


FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
The official history of the Song dynasty next refers to the Rajahnate of Butuan (c. before 1001–1756) in northeastern Mindanao which is the first polity from the Philippine archipelago recorded as having sent a tribute mission to the Chinese empire—on March 17, 1001 CE. Butuan attained prominence under the rule of Rajah Sri Bata Shaja, who was from a Buddhist ruling-class governing a Hindu nation. This state became powerful due to the local goldsmith industry and it also had commercial ties and a diplomatic rivalry with the Champa civilization. Butuan was so wealthy, the quantity of gold recently unearthed in Butuan surpassed that of the even more famous Srivijaya state.

Surigao del Norte

Surigaodel NorteSurigao del Norte Province, Philippines
The territorial expanse of the Surigao province was further reduced in 1907 when the politico-military commandancia of Butuan, then a sub-province of Surigao, was created into a separate province and officially named it Agusan with present-day Butuan as its capital. On September 18, 1960, through Republic Act 2786 dated June 19, 1960, the province of Surigao was divided into the present day provinces of Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur. Agusan province was later dissolved and divided into the present day provinces of Agusan del Norte (retains present day Butuan as capital) and Agusan del Sur in 1967 by Republic Act No. 4979.

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions that are geographically south of China, east of India and Bangladesh, north of Australia, and west of New Guinea. The region is the only part of Asia that lies partly within the Southern Hemisphere, although the majority of it is in the Northern Hemisphere. In contemporary definition, Southeast Asia consists of two geographic regions: * 1) Mainland Southeast Asia, also known historically as Indochina, comprising Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.

Bancasi Airport

Butuan AirportBancasi (Butuan) AirportButuan (Bancasi) Airport
Bancasi Airport (Tugpahanan sa Bancasi; Butuanon: Tugpahanan hong Bancasi) is an airport serving the general area of the city of Butuan, located in the province of Agusan del Norte. It is the only airport in the province and largest in Caraga. The airport is classified as a Principal Domestic Airport Class 1 by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP), a body of the Department of Transportation (DOTr) that is responsible for the operations of not only this airport but of all the other airports in the Philippines, except the major international airports.


In the authentic account of Pigafetta, the port was not Butuan, which was and is not an island, but an island named Mazaua, pronounced "masawa", a word found only in Butuanon and a derivative language, Tausog, and in no other of over 200 Philippine languages and dialects. In Ramusio's corrupted story Magellan and his crew celebrated a mass at Butuan on Easter Sunday, March 31, 1521. They also planted a big cross atop the tallest hill in the afternoon of the same day. From Butuan, so Ramusio's story goes, they sailed for Cebu passing "Zeilon, Bohol, Messana..."

Cebuano language

Local historical sources found in Cagayan de Oro indicates the early presence of Cebuano Visayans in the Misamis-Agusan coastal areas and their contacts with the Lumads and peoples of the Rajahnate of Butuan. Lumads refer to these Visayan groups as "Dumagat" ("people of the sea") as they came in the area seaborne. It became the lingua franca of precolonial Visayan settlers and native Lumads of the area, and particularly of the ancient Rajahnate of Butuan where Butuanon, a Southern Visayan language, was also spoken.


Butuanon may refer to: The Butuanon language, an Austronesian language and member of the Visayan language family, spoken in the Philippines. The Butuanon people, speakers of the Butuanon language. Butuan City and its residents, in the Agusan del Norte province of the Philippines.

List of Hindu Empires and Dynasties

Hindu empires rose to power following the birth of Hinduism in the Indian subcontinent. The period of the Gupta Empire under Samudragupta is commonly attributed to as the Golden Age of India. The historical and geographic extent of Indian civilization is referred to as Greater India and encompasses empires that also practiced Dharmic faiths such as Buddhism and Jainism.


Mindanao IslandSouthern PhilippinesRegion X
The Rajahnate of Butuan, a fully Hindu kingdom mentioned in Chinese records as a tributary state in the 10th century AD, was concentrated along the northeastern coast of the island around Butuan. The Darangen epic of the Maranao people harkens back to this era as the most complete local version of the Ramayana. The Maguindanao at this time also had strong Hindu beliefs, evidenced by the Ladya Lawana (Rajah Ravana) epic saga that survives to the modern day, albeit highly Islamized from the 17th century on wards. The spread of Islam in the Philippines began in the 14th century, mostly by Muslim merchants from the western part of the Malay Archipelago.

Cities of the Philippines

The seats of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan are not evenly distributed (4-4) between the province's first and second congressional districts because its 1st Congressional district contains Butuan, an independent city which does not vote for provincial officials. Rather, the seats are distributed 1-7 to account for the small population of the province's 1st Sangguniang Panlalawigan district (consisting only of Las Nieves) and the bulk of the province's population being in the second district.


Balangay (Butuan Boat)balangaysbarangays
Nine specimens were discovered in 1976 in Butuan, Agusan Del Norte, Mindanao, and 3 have already been excavated. The balangays of Butuan was declared by President Corazon Aquino as National Cultural Treasures by virtue of Presidential Proclamation No. 86 on 9 March 1987 and the vicinity of excavation as archaeological reserves. In November 2015, the Balangay was declared as the National Boat of the Philippines by the House Committee on Revisions of Laws.

Butuan Bay

Butuan Bay is a bay and extension of the Bohol Sea a.k.a. the Mindanao Sea, in the northeast section of Mindanao in the Philippines. Its main river source is the Agusan River, which empties into the bay at the coastal city of Butuan. Butuan Bay is completely contained with the Agusan del Norte province. Butuan Bay has only two major ports, the Port of Nasipit in Nasipit and the Port of Masao a.k.a. Masao River Port in Butuan City. The Port of Masao is Butuan City's seaport, and it was built to avoid having the city depend on the Port of Nasipit, which is the larger of the two ports.

Agusan River

AgusanLibertad river (old Agusan River)river that now bears this name
It finally drains into the Butuan Bay at its mouth in Butuan City. One of the prominent features in the Agusan River basin is the presence of the Agusan Marsh covering a total area of 19197 ha. The marsh serves a flood retention basin for the Agusan River, cutting the high discharge of water causing flash floods in the lower reaches of the river. Aside from that, the marsh harbors unique and pristine habitats like the sago and peat swamps forest and is a home to endangered and endemic flora and fauna. As a consequence, it was designated a wildlife sanctuary by then-President Fidel V. Ramos in 1996.


Caraga RegionXIII13
Butuan and Surigao cities had total populations of 337,063 and 154,137, respectively. Butuan City recorded an annual growth rate of 1.62% in the period 2010–2015. Cebuano is widely spoken by 33.79% of the households in the region. Surigaonon is spoken by 33.21% of the households, followed by Butuanon by 15%; Kamayo, by 7.06%, and Manobo, by 4.73%. The rest speak Boholanon, by 5.87%; Hiligaynon, by 2.87%; and other dialects by 7.20%. The dominant religion in the region was Roman Catholic, with 74% of the total household population in Caraga.

EastWest Bank

EastWestEast West BankEast West Banking Corporation
It was formerly known as Green Bank (or the Rural Green Bank of Caraga), was a Philippine rural bank based in Butuan City and also acquired since 2013 by East West Banking Corporation alongside FinMan Bank, a rural bank based in Pasig City. Prior to its acquisition it was the largest bank in the Caraga region in terms of assets, and it had 46 branches. It was also one of three rural banks to be affiliated with the Philippine interbank network BancNet since 2006. Green Bank was incorporated with the Filipino Securities and Exchange Commission as the Rural Bank of Nasipit on June 20, 1974.


Limasawa IslandLimasawa, Southern LeyteLimawasa Island
Butuan City. Dimasaua. First Mass in the Philippines. Ruy López de Villalobos. ELGU Website of Limasawa. Possible provenance of the name 'Limasawa'. Philippine Standard Geographic Code. Philippine Census Information. Local Governance Performance Management System. Limasawa Island Information.