The Andalusians (andaluces) are the citizens of Andalusia, an autonomous community in southern Spain. Andalusia's statute of autonomy defines Andalusians as the Spanish citizens who reside in any of the municipalities of Andalusia, as well as those Spaniards who reside abroad and had their last Spanish residence in Andalusia, and their descendants. Since the 2007 reform, the statute also identifies the region as a "historic nationality" but this statement is in the preamble and thus has no legal value. The Spanish Language Academy recognizes Andalusian Spanish as a distinct dialect.


Domestic Chaplainchaplaincychaplains
A chaplain is, traditionally, a cleric (such as a purohit, minister, priest, pastor, rabbi, or imam), or a lay representative of a religious tradition, attached to a secular institution such as a hospital, prison, military unit, school, labor union, business, police department, fire department, university, or private chapel.

Puerto San Julián

San JuliánPort St JulianSan Julian
Puerto San Julián, also known historically as Port St. Julian, is a natural harbour in Patagonia in the Santa Cruz Province of Argentina located at -49.3°N, -67.71667°W. In the days of sailing ships it formed a stopping point, 180 km south of Puerto Deseado (Port Desire). Nowadays Puerto San Julián is also the name of a small town (population 6,143 as per the ) located on the harbour.

Catholic Church in the Philippines

Roman CatholicRoman CatholicismCatholic
Butuan. Malaybalay. Surigao. Tandag. Capiz. Kalibo. Romblon. Cebu. Dumaguete. Maasin. Tagbilaran. Talibon. Cotabato, Maguindanao. Kidapawan. Marbel. Davao, Davao del Sur. Digos. Mati. Tagum. Jaro, Iloilo. Bacolod. Kabankalan. San Carlos. San Jose de Antique. Lingayen-Dagupan, Pangasinan. Alaminos. Cabanatuan. San Fernando de La Union. San Jose in Nueva Ecija. Urdaneta. Lipa, Batangas. Boac. Gumaca. Lucena. Prelature of Infanta. Manila. Antipolo. Cubao. Imus. Kalookan. Malolos. Novaliches. Paranaque. Pasig. San Pablo. Nueva Segovia, Ilocos Sur. Baguio. Bangued. Laoag. Ozamis, Misamis Occidental. Dipolog. Iligan. Pagadian. Prelature of Marawi. Palo, Leyte. Borongan. Calbayog. Catarman. Naval.

Spanish East Indies

PhilippinesSpanishSpanish Philippines
The Spanish East Indies were the colonies of the Spanish Empire in Asia and Oceania from 1565 until 1899. At one time or another, they included the Philippines, Marianas, Carolines, Palaos and Guam, as well as parts of Formosa (Taiwan), Sulawesi (Celebes) and the Moluccas (Maluku). The King of Spain traditionally styled himself "King of the East and West Indies".


The encomienda of 1604 shows that many affluent and powerful coastal barangays in Sulu, Butuan, Panay, Leyte and Cebu, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Pasig, Laguna, and Cagayan River were flourishing trading centers. Some of these barangays had large populations. In Panay, some barangays had 20,000 inhabitants; in Leyte (Baybay), 15,000 inhabitants; in Cebu, 3,500 residents; in Vitis (Pampanga), 7,000 inhabitants; Pangasinan, 4,000 residents. There were smaller barangays with fewer number of people. But these were generally inland communities; or if they were coastal, they were not located in areas which were good for business pursuits.

Surigao del Sur

del SurSurigao del Sur Province, PhilippinesSurigao del Sur, Philippines
Surigao del Sur (Surigaonon: Probinsya nan Surigao del Sur; Habagatang Surigao) is a province in the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is Tandag City. Surigao del Sur is situated at the eastern coast of Mindanao and faces the Philippine Sea to the east.

Surigao City

SurigaoSurigao City, Surigao del Norte Surigao Provincial Sports Complex - Stadium
There are direct flights to Manila and Cebu originating from the city's airport with occasional chartered flights to Siargao, Butuan and Tandag. Historic Verano port completed a PP414 expansion and upgrade in 2009 to meet world standards and increased cargo demand from a revitalized mining industry in the province. Additional 2000 square meters of reclaimed area and 120 meters of berthing space were added. The port ranks as a major transshipment point in region.

Zamboanga del Norte

del NortePanganuranprovince of Zamboanga del Norte
Zamboanga del Norte (Cebuano: Amihanang Zamboanga; Subanon: Utara Sembwangan) is a province in the Philippines situated within the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Dipolog City and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay to the south, Misamis Occidental to the east, and the Sulu Sea to the west.

Japanese occupation of the Philippines

Japanese occupationoccupationPhilippines
The Japanese occupation of the Philippines (Filipino: Pananakop ng mga Hapones sa Pilipinas; Japanese: 日本のフィリピン占領; Hepburn: Nihon no Firipin Senryō) occurred between 1942 and 1945, when Imperial Japan occupied the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources.

Philippine resistance against Japan

Filipino guerrillasPhilippine guerrillasPhilippine resistance
During the Japanese occupation of the islands in World War II, there was an extensive Philippine resistance movement (Filipino: Kilusan ng Paglaban sa Pilipinas), which opposed the Japanese with active underground and guerrilla activity that increased over the years. Fighting the guerrillas – apart from the Japanese regular forces – were a Japanese-formed Bureau of Constabulary (later taking the name of the old Philippine Constabulary during the Second Republic), Kempeitai (the Japanese military police), and the Makapili (Filipinos fighting for the Japanese).

Commonwealth of the Philippines

PhilippinesCommonwealthPhilippine Commonwealth
The Commonwealth of the Philippines (Commonwealth de Filipinas; Komonwelt ng Pilipinas) was the administrative body that governed the Philippines from 1935 to 1946, aside from a period of exile in the Second World War from 1942 to 1945 when Japan occupied the country. It replaced the Insular Government, a United States territorial government, and was established by the Tydings–McDuffie Act. The Commonwealth was designed as a transitional administration in preparation for the country's full achievement of independence.

House of Representatives of the Philippines

DistrictHouse of RepresentativesPhilippine House of Representatives
The House of Representatives of the Philippines (, Cámara de Representantes de Filipinas), is the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines. It is often commonly referred to as Congress and informally referred to as Camara or Kamara. Members of the House are officially styled as representative (Kinatawan) and sometimes informally called Congressmen/Congresswomen (mga kongresista) and are elected to a three-year term. They can be re-elected, but cannot serve more than three consecutive terms. Around eighty percent of congressmen are district representatives, representing a particular geographical area.

Tropical rainforest climate

Afequatorial climateequatorial
A tropical rainforest climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator, and has at least 60 mm (2.4 inches) of rainfall every month of the year. Regions with this climate are typically designated Af by the Köppen climate classification. A tropical rainforest climate is typically hot and wet.

Köppen climate classification

[[File:Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map.png|thumb|upright=2.5|An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map


Pob.poblaciónPoblacion & Urbinized Barangay
Poblacion or población (literally "town" or "settlement" in Spanish; ) is the common term used for the central, downtown, old town or central business district area of a Philippine city or municipality, which may take up the area of a single barangay or multiple barangays. It is sometimes shortened to Pob.

Metrobank (Philippines)

MetrobankMetrobank GroupMetro Bank
The Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company, commonly known as Metrobank, is the second largest bank in the Philippines. It offers various financial services, from regular banking to insurance. It is the banking arm of tycoon George Ty.