Antonio Pigafetta

Antonio Figafetta
Antonio Pigafetta (c. 1491 – c. 1531) was an Italian scholar and explorer from the Republic of Venice. He traveled with the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his crew by order of the King Charles I of Spain on their voyage around the world. During the expedition, he served as Magellan's assistant and kept an accurate journal which later assisted him in translating the Cebuano language. It is the first recorded document concerning the language.

Surigao City

SurigaoSurigao City, Surigao del Norte Surigao Provincial Sports Complex - Stadium
Butuanons, Hiligaynons, Warays, Cebuanos and other ethnic groups found home in Surigao and eventually learned how to speak the language. Some of their descendants now hold prominent positions in the city and provincial governments. Migrants from China also found home in Surigao; their direct descendants now comprise the bulk of successful merchants of the Surigao business community. Surigao is home to one of the country's oldest and most colorful tribes, the Mamanwa. They are similar to the Negritoes of Luzon in features and stature. They are generally short, dark-skinned with a crop of short kinky hair.

Zamboanga del Norte

del NortePanganuranprovince of Zamboanga del Norte
Zamboanga del Norte (Cebuano: Amihanang Zamboanga; Subanon: Utara Sembwangan) is a province in the Philippines situated within the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Dipolog City and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay to the south, Misamis Occidental to the east, and the Sulu Sea to the west.

Japanese occupation of the Philippines

Japanese occupationoccupationPhilippines
The Japanese occupation of the Philippines (Filipino: Pananakop ng mga Hapones sa Pilipinas; Japanese: 日本のフィリピン占領; Hepburn: Nihon no Firipin Senryō) occurred between 1942 and 1945, when Imperial Japan occupied the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources.

Philippine resistance against Japan

Filipino guerrillasPhilippine guerrillasPhilippine resistance
During the Japanese occupation of the islands in World War II, there was an extensive Philippine resistance movement (Filipino: Kilusan ng Paglaban sa Pilipinas), which opposed the Japanese with active underground and guerrilla activity that increased over the years. Fighting the guerrillas – apart from the Japanese regular forces – were a Japanese-formed Bureau of Constabulary (later taking the name of the old Philippine Constabulary during the Second Republic), Kempeitai (the Japanese military police), and the Makapili (Filipinos fighting for the Japanese).

Commonwealth of the Philippines

PhilippinesCommonwealthPhilippine Commonwealth
The Commonwealth of the Philippines (Commonwealth de Filipinas; Komonwelt ng Pilipinas) was the administrative body that governed the Philippines from 1935 to 1946, aside from a period of exile in the Second World War from 1942 to 1945 when Japan occupied the country. It replaced the Insular Government, a United States territorial government, and was established by the Tydings–McDuffie Act. The Commonwealth was designed as a transitional administration in preparation for the country's full achievement of independence.


timberdimensional lumber2x4
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English-speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production. Lumber is mainly used for structural purposes but has many other uses as well.

House of Representatives of the Philippines

DistrictHouse of RepresentativesPhilippine House of Representatives
The House of Representatives of the Philippines (, Cámara de Representantes de Filipinas), is the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines. It is often commonly referred to as Congress and informally referred to as Camara or Kamara. Members of the House are officially styled as representative (Kinatawan) and sometimes informally called Congressmen/Congresswomen (mga kongresista) and are elected to a three-year term. They can be re-elected, but cannot serve more than three consecutive terms. Around eighty percent of congressmen are district representatives, representing a particular geographical area.

Tropical rainforest climate

Afequatorial climateequatorial
A tropical rainforest climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator, and has at least 60 mm (2.4 inches) of rainfall every month of the year. Regions with this climate are typically designated Af by the Köppen climate classification. A tropical rainforest climate is typically hot and wet.

Köppen climate classification

[[File:Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map.png|thumb|upright=2.5|An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map


Pob.poblaciónPoblacion & Urbinized Barangay
Poblacion or población (literally "town" or "settlement" in Spanish; ) is the common term used for the central, downtown, old town or central business district area of a Philippine city or municipality, which may take up the area of a single barangay or multiple barangays. It is sometimes shortened to Pob.

Misamis Oriental

OrientalOriental MisamisMisamis
Around the 10th Century, the area of what is now Misamis Oriental was under the Indianized Kingdom called the Rajahnate of Butuan. In the 16th century, Muslims from Malaysia came and then displaced the non-Muslim Lumads northwards as they came to control most of Mindanao, the inhabitants were converted into Islam. As part of Mindanao, the people of the territory were obliged to pay tribute to Muslim rulers. Misamis Oriental shared a history with Misamis Occidental of being part of the Province of Cebu during the Spanish colonial era.

Metrobank (Philippines)

MetrobankMetrobank GroupMetro Bank
The Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company, commonly known as Metrobank, is the second largest bank in the Philippines. It offers various financial services, from regular banking to insurance. It is the banking arm of tycoon George Ty.

Banco de Oro

BDOBanco de Oro groupBanco de Oro Unibank, Inc.
Banco de Oro (BDO), legally known as BDO Unibank, Inc., is a Philippine banking company based in Makati. In terms of total assets, the firm is the largest bank in the Philippines, fifteenth largest in Southeast Asia, 116th largest in Asia, and the 234th largest bank globally as of March 31, 2016. BDO Unibank is also a member of SM Group owned by the late Henry Sy. It is also the largest bank in the country by market capitalization.

Bank of the Philippine Islands

BPIBanco Español FilipinoBanco Español-Filipino de Isabel II
Bank of the Philippine Islands (, Banco de las Islas Filipinas, commonly known as BPI; 🇵🇸) is a universal bank in the Philippines. It is the first bank in both the Philippines and Southeast Asia. It is the third largest bank in terms of assets, the second largest bank in terms of market capitalization, and one of the most profitable banks in the Philippines.

Land Bank of the Philippines

LandbankLand BankLBP
Land Bank of the Philippines (Filipino: Bangko sa Lupa ng Pilipinas, Spanish: Banco Hipotecario de Filipinas), stylized as LANDBANK or also known by its initials, LBP, is a universal bank in the Philippines owned by the Philippine government with a special focus on serving the needs of farmers and fishermen. While it provides the services of a universal bank, it is officially classified as a "specialized government bank" with a universal banking license.

Philippine National Bank

PNB PNBPhilippine National Bank (Europe) Plc
The Philippine National Bank (PNB, Filipino: Bangko Nasyonal ng Pilipinas, Castilian Spanish: Banco Nacional de Agricola de Filipinas, Chinese: 菲律賓國家銀行 Hui-lu̍t-pin kok-ka gîn-hâng) is one of the largest banks in the Philippines. It was established by the Philippine government on July 22, 1916, during the American Occupation.


China BankChina Banking CorporationChina Banking Corporation (China Bank)
China Banking Corporation, commonly known as China Bank, is a Filipino bank established in 1920. It was the first privately owned local commercial bank in the Philippines initially catering to the banking needs of Chinese Filipino businessmen. It offers various banking services and products related to deposit, investment, trust, cash management, remittance, and financing products and services. It also offers insurance brokerage and bancassurance services through its subsidiary and affiliates.

Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation

RCBCRCBC CapitalRCBC Capital Corp.
The Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC) was established in 1960 as a development bank and is licensed by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) for both commercial and investment banking. It is one of the largest universal banks in the Philippines with total consolidated resources of Php 516.6billion as of end-2015.

Union Bank of the Philippines

UnionBankUnion Bank
The Union Bank of the Philippines, Inc. more commonly known as UnionBank, is one of the largest banks in the Philippines, ranking seventh in terms of assets after its successful merger with smaller competitor International Exchange Bank. It is one of the most stable Philippine banks and is the host bank of the E-Card accounts of the members of the Government Service Insurance System.

Security Bank

Security Bank CorporationPremiere Bank
Security Bank Corporation is a universal bank in the Philippines. It was established on June 18, 1951 as Security Bank and Trust Company and was the first private and Filipino-controlled bank of the post-World War II period. Security Bank was publicly listed with the Philippine Stock Exchange in 1995.


Malayan BankMaybank FCMaybank Philippines
Malayan Banking Berhad is a Malaysian universal bank, with key operating “home markets” of Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines and Indonesia. According to the Brand Finance report, Maybank is Malaysia's most valuable bank brand, the fifth top brand in Asean and ranked 83rd in the world’s most valuable bank brands.

Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation

PDICPhilippine Deposit Insurance Corp. (PDIC)Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDIC)
The Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (, abbreviated as PDIC) is a government-run Philippine deposit insurance fund. It was established on June 22, 1963 by Republic Act 3591. It guarantees deposits up to P500,000. Primary Functions of PDIC is to protect the small investors/depositors and to build a strong banking confidence.