Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas

Central Bank of the PhilippinesBSPCentral Bank
The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (commonly abbreviated as BSP in both Filipino and English) is the central bank of the Philippines. It was established on 3 July 1993, pursuant to the provision of Republic Act 7653 or the New Central Bank Act of 1993.

Philippine American Life and General Insurance Company

Philam LifeAyala Life Insurance, Inc.Phil Am Life
The Philippine American Life and General Insurance Company (also commonly known by its trade name, Philam Life) is an insurance company based in the Philippines. It is currently the largest life insurance company in the Philippines in terms of assets, net worth, investment and paid-up capital.


Puregold Price Club Inc.Puregold Price Club, Inc.Puregold Balintawak
Puregold Price Club, Inc. or simply Puregold (stylized as PUREGOLD) is a chain of supermarkets in the Philippines, founded in September 8, 1998 by Chinese Filipino businessman Lucio Co and opened its first branch in Mandaluyong City on December 12, 1998. It has grown into a retail chain with more than 300 stores nationwide.


7-117 ElevenSouthland Corporation
7-Eleven Inc. is a Japanese-owned American international chain of convenience stores, headquartered in Dallas, Texas. The chain was known as Tote'm Stores until it was renamed in 1946. Its parent company since 2005, Seven-Eleven Japan Co., Ltd., operates, franchises, and licenses 66,579 stores in 17 countries as of June 2018. Seven-Eleven Japan is headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo and held by Seven & I Holdings Co., Ltd.. The most recent franchise agreement gives up to 59% of a franchise's gross profit to the company.


Jollibee Foods CorporationJollibee CommercialJollibee Philippines
Jollibee is a Filipino multinational chain of fast food restaurants owned by Jollibee Foods Corporation (JFC). As of April 2018, JFC had a total of about 1,200 Jollibee outlets worldwide. with presence in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Hong Kong, North America, Italy, and the UK in London.


McDonald's CorporationMcDonald’sMcDonalds
McDonald's is an American fast food company, founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in San Bernardino, California, United States. They rechristened their business as a hamburger stand, and later turned the company into a franchise, with the Golden Arches logo being introduced in 1953 at a location in Phoenix, Arizona. In 1955, Ray Kroc, a businessman, joined the company as a franchise agent and proceeded to purchase the chain from the McDonald brothers. McDonald's had its original headquarters in Oak Brook, Illinois, but moved its global headquarters to Chicago in early 2018.


Chowking FastfoodChowking Fastfood KingsChowking Fastfood Kings / Chowking Oriental Fastfood
Chowking is a Philippine-based restaurant chain. The concept combines Western fast food service with Chinese food menu. Chowking predominantly sells noodle soups, dim sum and rice bowls with toppings. Chowking set up its first store in 1985 under the company of Robert Kuan at a time when American-style burger joints were dominating the Philippine fast food scene.

Greenwich Pizza

GreenwichGreenwich Pizza Corp.
Greenwich Pizza, founded in 1971 by Cresida Tueres, is a pizza and pasta chain in the Philippines.

Mang Inasal

Mang Inasal Philippines, Inc., also known as Mang Inasal, (Hiligaynon for "Mr. Barbecue") is a barbecue fast food restaurant chain in the Philippines, established in Iloilo City in 2003.

Red Ribbon Bakeshop

Red RibbonRed Ribbon (Philippines)
Red Ribbon Bakeshop, Inc. is a Philippine food company which maintains a fast-food and bakery chain under the trade name "Red Ribbon".

Goldilocks Bakeshop

GoldilocksGoldilocks' 40 Thoughtful Years Anniversary
Goldilocks Bakeshop is a bakeshop chain based in the Philippines, which produces and distributes Philippine cakes and pastries.

Pizza Hut

Pizza Hut Express Pizza Hut Zambia meat-lover's pizza
Pizza Hut is an American restaurant chain and international franchise founded in 1958 by Dan and Frank Carney. The company is known for its Italian-American cuisine menu, including pizza and pasta, as well as side dishes and desserts. Pizza Hut has 16,796 restaurants worldwide as of March 2018, making it the world's largest pizza chain in terms of locations. It is a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, Inc., one of the world's largest restaurant companies.

Max's of Manila

MaxMax's Restaurant
Max's of Manila, popularly known as Max's Restaurant or simply Max's, is a Philippine-based restaurant which serves fried chicken and other Filipino dishes. It is owned and operated by Max's Group, Incorporated. The company trades on the Philippine Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol MAXS.


Kentucky Fried ChickenColonel SandersKentucky Fried Chicken (KFC)
KFC, also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is an American fast food restaurant chain that specializes in fried chicken. Headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky, it is the world's second-largest restaurant chain (as measured by sales) after McDonald's, with almost 20,000 locations globally in 123 countries and territories. The chain is a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, a restaurant company that also owns the Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, and WingStreet chains. KFC was founded by Colonel Harland Sanders, an entrepreneur who began selling fried chicken from his roadside restaurant in Corbin, Kentucky, during the Great Depression.

Smart Communications

SmartSmart Communications, Inc.Smart Communications Inc.
Smart Communications, Inc., commonly referred to as Smart, is a wholly owned wireless communications and digital services subsidiary of PLDT, Inc., a telecommunications and digital services provider based in the Philippines. The company has 58.3 million mobile subscribers on its GSM network as of 2017, under the brands Smart, Sun, and TNT. Smart's wireless broadband subscribers number 3.8 million under the brands Smart Bro and Sun Wireless Broadband.

Globe Telecom

GlobeGlobe StudiosGlobe Tattoo
Globe Telecom, commonly shortened as Globe, is a major provider of telecommunications services in the Philippines. It operates one of the largest mobile, fixed line, and broadband networks in the country. Globe Telecom's mobile subscriber base reached 60.7 million as of end-December 2017, down 3% from the 62.8 million subscribers reported a year ago.


Philippine Long Distance Telephone CompanyPLDT Beneficial Trust FundPLDT, Inc.
PLDT Inc.,, formerly known as the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company, is the largest telecommunications and digital services company in the Philippines and the most known internet service provider. The latest consolidated service revenues reported for the first three quarters of 2016 is at ₱125.4 billion, and net income at ₱15.9 billion.

Bayan Telecommunications

Bayan Telecommunications Inc. (BayanTel) is a telecommunications company serving areas in Metro Manila, Bicol and local exchange service areas in the Visayas and Mindanao regions combined, cover a population of over 25 million, nearly 33% of the population of the Philippines. BayanTel now operates as a subsidiary of Globe Telecom.

Santo Niño de Cebú

Santo NiñoHoly ChildSeñor Santo Niño
The Santo Niño de Cebú (Balaang Bata sa Sugbo, Santo Niño de Cebú, Santo Nino kan Cebu) is a Roman Catholic title of the Child Jesus associated with a religious image of the Christ Child widely venerated as miraculous by Filipino Catholics. It is oldest Catholic relic in the Philippines, originally given in 1521 as a gift by explorer Ferdinand Magellan to Rajah Humabon and his wife as a baptismal gift.

Cebu City

CebuCebu, PhilippinesCebú
;International (in alphabetical order of the names of the cities) 🇰🇷 Busan, South Korea 🇲🇽 Guadalajara, Mexico 🇳🇱 Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands 🇹🇼 Kaohsiung, Taiwan 🇧🇪 Kortrijk, Belgium 🇵🇹 Sabrosa, Portugal 🇺🇸 Seattle WA, United States 🇷🇺 St Petersburg, Russia 🇷🇺 Vladivostok, Russia 🇨🇳 Xiamen, China 🇯🇵 Yokohama, Japan 🇰🇷 Yeosu, South Korea ;National Butuan, Agusan del Norte Davao City, Davao del Sur General Santos, South Cotabato Manila, Metro Manila Ozamiz, Misamis Occidental colspan=7 style="border:hidden;border-bottom:solid thin black;color:white;" | M.

Philippine languages

PhilippinePhilippine languageFilipino
In linguistics, the Philippine languages are a proposal by Zorc (1986) and Robert Blust (1991, 2005) that all the languages of the Philippines and northern Sulawesi—except Sama–Bajaw (languages of the "Sea Gypsies") and a few languages of Palawan—form a subfamily of Austronesian languages. Although the Philippines is near the center of Austronesian expansion from Formosa, there is little linguistic diversity among the approximately 150 Philippine languages, suggesting that earlier diversity has been erased by the spread of the ancestor of the modern Philippine languages.


The term lumad excludes the Butuanons and Surigaonons, even though these two groups are also native to Mindanao. This is due to their Visayan ethnicity and lack of close affinity with the Lumad. The Moros like the Maranao, Tausug, Sama-Bajau, Yakan, etc. are also excluded, despite being also native to Mindanao and despite some groups being closely related ethnolinguistically to the Lumad. This is because unlike the Lumad, the Moros converted to Islam during the 14th to 15th centuries. This can be confusing, since the word lumad literally means "native" in the Visayan languages. The Blaan is an indigenous group that is concentrated in Davao del Sur and South Cotabato.

Saint Joseph

JosephSt. JosephSt Joseph
Joseph is a figure in the Gospels who was married to Mary, Jesus' mother, and was Jesus's legal father. Joseph is venerated as Saint Joseph in the Catholic Church, Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, Anglican Communion, Lutheranism, and Methodism. Some differing views are due to theological interpretations versus historical views.

Metroxylon sagu

sago palmsagoRumbia
Metroxylon sagu, the true sago palm, is a species of palm in the genus Metroxylon, native to tropical southeastern Asia, namely Indonesia (western New Guinea, and the Moluccas), Papua New Guinea, Malaysia (both Peninsular Malaysia and Sarawak) and possibly also the Philippines (though may have been introduced there). It is also naturalised in Thailand, in the Indonesian islands of Java, Kalimantan, Sumatra, and in the Solomon Islands.


Srivijaya EmpireSrivijaya KingdomSrivijayan
The discovery of golden Tara statue in Agusan del Sur, also golden Kinnara from Butuan, Northeastern Mindanao, in the Philippines suggests the ancient link between ancient Philippines and the Srivijayan empire. Tara and Kinnara are important figures or deities in Mahayana Buddhist beliefs. The Mahayana-Vajrayana Buddhist religious commonality is interesting, it is possible that ancient Philippines acquired their Mahayana-Vajrayana beliefs from Srivijayan influence in Sumatra. The 10th century Arab account Ajayeb al-Hind (Marvels of India) gives an account of invasion in Africa, probably by Malay people of Srivijaya, in 945-946 CE.