Northern California

Northernnorthern portionnorthern part of the state
Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. Spanning the state's northernmost 48 counties its main population centers include the San Francisco Bay Area (anchored by the cities of San Jose, San Francisco, and Oakland), the Greater Sacramento area (anchored by the state capital Sacramento), and the Metropolitan Fresno area (anchored by the city of Fresno).

California Gold Rush

Gold RushForty-niners49er
An alternative was to sail to the Atlantic side of the Isthmus of Panama, take canoes and mules for a week through the jungle, and then on the Pacific side, wait for a ship sailing for San Francisco. There was also a route across Mexico starting at Veracruz. Many gold-seekers took the overland route across the continental United States, particularly along the California Trail. Each of these routes had its own deadly hazards, from shipwreck to typhoid fever and cholera. Supply ships arrived in San Francisco with goods to supply the needs of the growing population.

Golden Gate Bridge

Golden GateDoyle Drive Replacement Projectbridge
The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the 1 mi strait connecting San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. The structure links the American city of San Francisco, California – the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula – to Marin County, carrying both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1 across the strait. The bridge is one of the most internationally recognized symbols of San Francisco, California, and the United States. It has been declared one of the Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge

Bay BridgeBaySan Francisco - Oakland Bay Bridge
California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) official Bay Bridge site. (17 minutes). Film of the building of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge. Lower Deck Rail and Roadway Off Ramps, 1939, Dorothea Lange photo. San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Construction Collection MSS 722. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego Library. "Bridging San Francisco Bay", PDH Online Course C577. Bay Bridge Oral History Project, Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley. "Symphonies in Steel: Bay Bridge and the Golden Gate" at The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco.

Farallon Islands

FarallonSoutheast Farallon IslandFarallons
The Farallon Islands, or Farallones (from the Spanish farallón meaning "pillar" or "sea cliff"), are a group of islands and sea stacks in the Gulf of the Farallones, off the coast of San Francisco, California, United States. The islands are also sometimes referred to by mariners as the Devil's Teeth Islands, in reference to the many treacherous underwater shoals in their vicinity. The islands lie 30 mi outside the Golden Gate and 20 mi south of Point Reyes, and are visible from the mainland on clear days. The islands are part of the City and County of San Francisco.

Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley, CaliforniaSan JoseValley
California, San Francisco • University of San Francisco South Bay Campus • West Valley College Silicon Valley's first internationally known art gallery, Pace Art and Technology Gallery in Menlo Park, opened on February 6, 2016.


Mexican ranchersCaliforniaSpanish-Mexican
Anza selected the sites of the Presidio of San Francisco and Mission San Francisco de Asís in what is now San Francisco; on his way back to Monterey, he sited Mission Santa Clara de Asís and the pueblo San Jose in the Santa Clara Valley but did not initially leave settlers to settle them. Mission San Francisco de Asís (or Mission Dolores), the sixth Spanish mission, was founded on June 29, 1776, by Lieutenant José Joaquin Moraga and Father Francisco Palóu (a companion of Junípero Serra).

University of California, San Francisco

UCSFUC San FranciscoUniversity of California San Francisco
The San Francisco General Hospital campus cares for the indigent population of San Francisco and contains San Francisco's only Level I trauma center. The hospital itself is owned and operated by the City and County of San Francisco, but many of its doctors carry UCSF affiliation and maintain research laboratories at the hospital campus. The earliest cases of HIV/AIDS were discovered at San Francisco General Hospital in the 1980s. To this day SF General Hospital has one of the world's leading HIV/AIDS treatment and research centers. UCSF is also affiliated with the San Francisco VA Medical Center and the J.

San Jose, California

San JoseSan Jose, CASan José
U.S. 101 runs south to the California Central Coast and Los Angeles, and then runs north up near the eastern shore of the San Francisco Peninsula to San Francisco. I-280 also heads to San Francisco, but goes along just to the west of the cities of San Francisco Peninsula. I-880 heads north to Oakland, running parallel to the southeastern shore of San Francisco Bay. I-680 parallels I-880 to Fremont, but then cuts northeast to the eastern cities of the San Francisco Bay Area. Several state highways also serve San Jose: SR 17, SR 85, SR 87 and SR 237.

Spanish missions in California

missionsmissionSpanish missions
Tricia Anne Weber: The Spanish Missions of California. Album of Views of the Missions of California, Souvenir Publishing Company, San Francisco, Los Angeles, 1890's. The Missions of California, by Eugene Leslie Smyth, Chicago: Alexander Belford & Co., 1899. California Historical Society. California Mission Visitors Guide. California Missions: A Journey Along the El Camino Real (exhibit at The California Museum). National Register of Historic Places: Early History of the California Coast: List of Sites. California Mission Sketches by Henry Miller, 1856 and Finding Aid to the Documents relating to Missions of the Californias : typescript, 1768–1802 at The Bancroft Library.

San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area

Combined Statistical AreaSan Jose-San Francisco-OaklandSan Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara
The San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area is a 12-county Combined Statistical Area (CSA) designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget in Northern California that includes the San Francisco Bay Area. The CSA is more extensive than the popular local definition of the Bay Area, which consists of only the nine counties bordering San Francisco and San Pablo Bays: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma. This group of counties also elects boards for regional planning and air quality control regulation.

Oakland, California

OaklandOakland, CACity of Oakland
Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States. A major West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, the third largest city overall in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth most populated city in California, and the 45th largest city in the United States. With a population of 412,040, it serves as a trade center for the San Francisco Bay Area; its Port of Oakland is the busiest port in the San Francisco Bay, the entirety of Northern California, and the fifth busiest in the United States of America.

San Francisco Bay Area

Bay AreaSan FranciscoSan Francisco Bay
These rail systems are supplemented by numerous bus agencies and transbay ferries such as Golden Gate Ferry and the San Francisco Bay Ferry. Most of these agencies accept the Clipper Card, a reloadable contactless smart card, as a universal electronic payment system. List of metropolitan areas of the United States. Coastal California. List of companies based in the San Francisco Bay Area. Lists of San Francisco Bay Area topics. Timeline of the San Francisco Bay Area. Discover the Bay Area website run by Discover California. Bay Area Tourism Guide by the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce.

San Francisco Municipal Railway

MuniSan Francisco MuniSan Francisco
The San Francisco Municipal Railway (SF Muni or Muni) is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California. In 2006, Muni served 46.7 sqmi with an operating budget of about $700 million. In ridership terms, Muni is the seventh largest transit system in the United States, with 210,848,310 rides in 2006 and the second largest in California behind Metro in Los Angeles. With a fleet average speed of 8.1 mph, it is the slowest major urban transit system in America and one of the most expensive to operate, costing $19.21 per mile per bus and $24.37 per mile per train. However, it has more boardings per mile and more vehicles in operation than similar transit agencies.

Immigration to the United States

Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1985. Portes, Alejandro, and József Böröcz. "Contemporary Immigration: Theoretical Perspectives on Its Determinants and Modes of Incorporation." International Migration Review 23 (1989): 606–30. Portes, Alejandro, and Rubén Rumbaut. Immigrant America. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1990. Reimers, David. Still the Golden Door: The Third World Comes to America. New York: Columbia University Press, (1985). Smith, James P., and Barry Edmonston, eds. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration (1998), online version. Waters, Tony. Crime and Immigrant Youth Thousand Oaks: Sage 1999.

Salvadoran Americans

MSA - 24,439 (0.5%). 12) Baltimore-Towson, MD MSA - 17,980 (0.7%). 13) Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI MSA - 13,700 (0.1%). 14) San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA MSA - 12,085 (0.7%). 15) Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA - 12,080 (0.7%). 16) Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ MSA - 9,840 (0.2%). 17) Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO MSA - 8,865 (1.9%). 18) Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA MSA - 8,701 (0.4%). 19) Bakersfield-Delano, CA MSA - 8,485 (1.0%). 20) Richmond, VA MSA - 8,238 (0.7%). 1) Los Angeles, California - 228,990. 2) Houston, Texas - 75,907. 3) New York, New York - 38,559. 4) Washington, D.C. - 16,611. 5) San Francisco, California - 16,165. 6) Brentwood, New York -

Hispanic and Latino Americans

HispanicHispanic or LatinoHispanic American
Spanish missionaries and colonists founded settlements in El Paso, San Antonio, Tucson, Albuquerque, San Diego, Los Angeles and San Francisco, to name a few. As late as 1783, at the end of the American Revolutionary War (a conflict in which Spain aided and fought alongside the rebels), Spain held claim to roughly half the territory of today's continental United States. From 1819 to 1848, the United States (through treaties, purchase, diplomacy, and the Mexican–American War) increased its area by roughly a third at Spanish and Mexican expense, acquiring its three currently most populous states—California, Texas and Florida.

San Francisco International Airport

San FranciscoSan Francisco, CaliforniaSFO
The film's climax takes place there, but was filmed in Burbank, California. The airport stood in for Honolulu International Airport in the 2014 movie Godzilla. Part of the tenth episode of the fifteenth season of Family Guy, Passenger Fatty-Seven, took place at the airport. The airport appears briefly in San Andreas after being destroyed by a 9.6 magnitude earthquake. List of airports in California. Transportation in the San Francisco Bay Area. California World War II Army Airfields. San Francisco International Airport website. San Francisco International Airport Community Roundtable Homepage. San Francisco International Airport Live Flight Track (ten-minute delay).

San Francisco Board of Supervisors

Board of SupervisorsSupervisorSan Francisco supervisor
The San Francisco Board of Supervisors is the legislative body within the government of the City and County of San Francisco, California, United States. The City and County of San Francisco is a consolidated city-county, being simultaneously a charter city and charter county with a consolidated government, a status it has had since 1856. Since it is the only such consolidation in California, it is therefore the only California city with a mayor who is also the county executive, and a county board of supervisors that also acts as the city council.

Vallejo, California

VallejoVallejo, CAVallejo, Calif.
List of cities and towns in California. List of cities and towns in the San Francisco Bay Area. Historical photographs of Vallejo, ca. 1865-ca. 1910, The Bancroft Library.

Vietnamese Americans

VietnameseVietnamese-AmericanVietnamese American
About 41 percent of the Vietnamese immigrant population lives in five major metropolitan areas: in descending order, Los Angeles, San Jose, Houston, San Francisco and Dallas-Fort Worth. The Vietnamese immigration pattern has shifted to other states, including Denver, Boston, Chicago, Oklahoma (Oklahoma City and Tulsa in particular) and Oregon (Portland in particular). Vietnamese Americans are more likely to be Christians than the Vietnamese in Vietnam. Christians (mainly Roman Catholics) make up about six percent of Vietnam's population and about 23 percent of the Vietnamese American population.

Marin County, California

Marin CountyMarinMarin Counties
Marin County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 252,409. Its county seat is San Rafael. Marin County is included in the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area (San Francisco Bay Area) across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco. As of 2010, Marin County had the fifth highest income per capita in the United States at $91,483. The county is governed by the Marin County Board of Supervisors. The county is also well known for its natural environment and liberal politics. San Quentin Prison is located in the county, as is George Lucas' Skywalker Ranch.

Solano County, California

SolanoSolano Countythe County concerned
Solano County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 413,344. The county seat is Fairfield. Solano County comprises the Vallejo–Fairfield, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area. Solano County is the northeastern county in the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area region. A portion of the South Campus at the University of California, Davis is in Solano County. Solano County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood.

UCSF Medical Center

Mount Zion HospitalUniversity of California Medical CenterUniversity of California San Francisco Medical Center
The University of California, San Francisco Medical Center is a research and teaching hospital in San Francisco, California and is the medical center of the University of California, San Francisco. It is one of the leading hospitals in the United States and with the UCSF School of Medicine has been the site of various breakthroughs in all specialties of medicine. In 2017, it was ranked as the 5th-best overall medical center in the United States and the #1 hospital in California by U.S. News & World Report. It was founded in 1907 at the site of Parnassus Heights, on Mount Sutro, following the 1906 earthquake, and it was the first hospital in the University of California system.