Duff Cooper

Alfred Duff CooperDuff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich The Right Honourable '''Alfred Duff Cooper
In November 1935, after the General Election, Cooper was promoted to the Cabinet as Secretary of State for War. He was appointed to the Privy Council. During the Abdication Crisis he was sympathetic to Edward VIII and to the possibility of a morganatic marriage, and in vain advised him to wait until after his coronation (due in 1937) before picking a fight with the government over his plans to marry Wallis Simpson. He felt out of kilter with the Conservative leadership and was surprised when the new Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain appointed him First Lord of the Admiralty in May 1937. Philip Ziegler writes that his tenure of office was “an unequivocal success”.

Labour government, 1964–1970

First Wilson ministryLabour governmentSecond Wilson Ministry
In July 1967 Defence Secretary Denis Healey announced that Britain would abandon her mainland bases East of Suez by 1977. Some airmobile forces would be retained which could if necessary be deployed in the region. In January 1968, Wilson announced that the timetable for this withdrawal was to be accelerated, and that British forces were to be withdrawn from Singapore, Malaysia, and the Persian Gulf by the end of 1971. Wilson held strong pro-Israel views. He was a particular friend of Israeli Premier Golda Meir. Another associate, although not as solid on Israel, was West German Chancellor Willy Brandt; all three were members of the Socialist International.

Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford

Lord LongfordFrank PakenhamLord Pakenham
From May until the fall of the administration in October 1951, he was First Lord of the Admiralty. In 1961, Pakenham inherited from his brother the earldom of Longford in the Peerage of Ireland and from then onward was generally known to the public as Lord Longford. When Labour returned to power in October 1964 under Harold Wilson, Longford was appointed Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords, despite the fact that Wilson had little respect for him and once remarked that he had the mental age of 12. In December 1965 he became Secretary of State for the Colonies, continuing as Leader of the House of Lords.

Herbrand Sackville, 9th Earl De La Warr

The Earl De La WarrEarl De La WarrLord De La Warr
De La Warr was one of only a tiny handful of Labour ministers to follow MacDonald, and prior to the 1931 general election, he was instrumental in the formation of the National Labour Organisation to provide a vehicle of support for MacDonald and other ex-Labour members of the National Government. He resumed office as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, a post he held until 1935, and then served under Stanley Baldwin as Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education between 1935 and 1936 and as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies between 1936 and 1937. In 1936 he was sworn of the Privy Council.

Royal Navy

RNBritish NavyBritish Royal Navy
The Defence Council delegates management of the Naval Service to the Admiralty Board, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence. The Royal Navy operates three bases in the United Kingdom where commissioned ships are based; Portsmouth, Clyde and Devonport, the last being the largest operational naval base in Western Europe. As the seaborne branch of HM Armed Forces, the RN has various roles. As it stands today, the RN has stated its 6 major roles as detailed below in umbrella terms. The strength of the fleet of the Kingdom of England was an important element in the kingdom's power in the 10th century.

War cabinet

British War CabinetAustralian War CabinetWar Cabinet Office
Secretary of State for War: Leslie Hore-Belisha (Nat. Liberal). Secretary of State for Air: Sir Kingsley Wood (Cons). First Lord of the Admiralty: Winston Churchill (Cons). Minister for the Coordination of Defence: Lord Chatfield (Nat.). Minister without Portfolio: Lord Hankey (Nat. ). Prime Minister & Minister of Defence: Winston Churchill (Conservative). Lord President of the Council: Neville Chamberlain (Conservative). Lord Privy Seal: Clement Attlee (Labour). Foreign Secretary: Lord Halifax (Conservative). Minister without Portfolio: Arthur Greenwood (Labour). Prime Minister and Minister of Defence Winston Churchill (Conservative).

Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies

Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the ColoniesMinister of State for the ColoniesMinister of State for Colonial Affairs
The Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies was a junior Ministerial post in the United Kingdom government, subordinate to the Secretary of State for the Colonies and, from 1948, also to a Minister of State. In 1782, following the loss of the American colonies, the office was abolished, and its duties given to the Home Secretary. From there it passed to the War Office, which was later renamed the War and Colonial Office. In 1854 this office was split, and the Colonial Office reestablished. For earlier office-holders see Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. ''Abolished 1966. Thereafter, see Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs. ''Abolished 1964.

Board of Admiralty

Civil Lord of the AdmiraltyFirst Lord of the AdmiraltyLord Commissioner of the Admiralty
The office of Lord High Admiral was vested in the Crown (i.e. in the person of the current British monarch) and that of First Lord of the Admiralty ceased to exist, but the First, Second and Third Sea Lords retained their titles, despite ceasing to be Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. In 2011, Queen Elizabeth II bestowed the title of Lord High Admiral on the Duke of Edinburgh.

Kenneth Lindsay

Kenneth Martin Lindsay
Kenneth Martin Lindsay (16 September 1897 – 4 March 1991) was a Labour Party politician from the United Kingdom who joined the breakaway National Labour group. Standing as a Labour candidate, he unsuccessfully contested the Oxford constituency at the 1924 by-election, Harrow in 1924 and Worcester in 1929. When the Labour Party split in 1931 and Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald formed a National Government with the Conservative Party, Lindsay followed MacDonald into the breakaway National Labour group. In 1933, Craigie Aitchison, the National Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for Kilmarnock, was appointed as a judge, vacating his seat.

Thomas Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote

Thomas InskipSir Thomas InskipThe Viscount Caldecote
Thomas Walker Hobart Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote, (5 March 1876 – 11 October 1947) was a British politician who served in many legal posts, culminating in serving as Lord Chancellor from 1939 until 1940. Despite legal posts dominating his career for all but four years, he is most prominently remembered for serving as Minister for Coordination of Defence from 1936 until 1939.

Ramsay MacDonald

James Ramsay MacDonaldMacDonaldRt Hon. Ramsay MacDonald
They responded by forming a new National Labour group, which provided a nominal party base for the expelled MPs, but received little support in the country or the unions. Great anger in the labour movement greeted MacDonald's move. Riots took place in protest in Glasgow and Manchester. Many in the Labour Party viewed this as a cynical move by MacDonald to rescue his career, and accused him of 'betrayal'. MacDonald, however, argued that the sacrifice was for the common good.

Home Secretary

Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentHome SecretariesBritish Home Secretary
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is head of the Home Office and a senior Cabinet minister in Her Majesty's Government. It is a high profile position, one of the four Great Offices of State, and is widely recognised as one of the most prestigious and important roles in the British Cabinet.

Ernle Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield

Ernle ChatfieldLord ChatfieldAlfred Ernle Montacute Chatfield
Alfred Ernle Montacute Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield, (27 September 1873 – 15 November 1967) was a Royal Navy officer. During the First World War he was present as Sir David Beatty's Flag-Captain at the Battle of Heligoland Bight in August 1914, at the Battle of Dogger Bank in January 1915 and at the Battle of Jutland in May 1916.

Secretary of State for India

Secretary of State for India and BurmaSecretary of StateIndia Secretary
His (or Her) Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for India, known for short as the India Secretary or the Indian Secretary, was the British Cabinet minister and the political head of the India Office responsible for the governance of the British Indian Empire (usually known simply as 'the Raj' or British India), Aden, and Burma. The post was created in 1858 when the East India Company's rule in Bengal ended and India, except for the Princely States, was brought under the direct administration of the government in Whitehall in London, beginning the official colonial period under the British Empire.

Arthur Balfour

BalfourLord BalfourA.J. Balfour
Balfour returned as First Lord of the Admiralty in Asquith's Coalition Government (1915–16). In December 1916 he became Foreign Secretary in David Lloyd George's coalition. He was frequently left out of the inner workings of foreign policy, although the Balfour Declaration on a Jewish homeland bore his name. He continued to serve in senior positions throughout the 1920s, and died on 19 March 1930 aged 81, having spent a vast inherited fortune. He never married.

Queen Victoria

VictoriaVictoria of the United KingdomDiamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria
The Queen requested that any special celebrations be delayed until 1897, to coincide with her Diamond Jubilee, which was made a festival of the British Empire at the suggestion of the Colonial Secretary, Joseph Chamberlain. The prime ministers of all the self-governing Dominions were invited to London for the festivities. One reason for including the prime ministers of the Dominions and excluding foreign heads of state was to avoid having to invite Victoria's grandson, Wilhelm II of Germany, who, it was feared, might cause trouble at the event. The Queen's Diamond Jubilee procession on 22 June 1897 followed a route six miles long through London and included troops from all over the empire.

Leslie Hore-Belisha

Leslie Hore-Belisha, 1st Baron Hore-BelishaHore-BelishaLeslie Hore Belisha
As a result, Chamberlain agreed to replace him as Secretary of State for War. Military anti-semitism contributed to tensions between Hore-Belisha and Gort, with Henry Pownall, the chief of staff to the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in France and Belgium until the fall of France in May 1940, arguing in his diary that 'the ultimate fact is that they could never get on – you couldn't expect two such utterly different people to do so – a great gentleman and an obscure, shallow-brained, charlatan, political Jewboy’.

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell

Lord John RussellLord RussellJohn Russell
John Russell, accepting the Colonial Office, was sent to Vienna to negotiate, but his proposals were rejected and he temporarily retired from politics in 1855 In 1859, following another short-lived Conservative government, Palmerston and Russell made up their differences, and Russell consented to serve as Foreign Secretary in a new Palmerston cabinet, usually considered the first true Liberal cabinet.

George V

King George VGeorge V of the United Kingdomthe King
The tour was designed by Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain with the support of Prime Minister Lord Salisbury to reward the Dominions for their participation in the South African War of 1899–1902. George presented thousands of specially designed South African War medals to colonial troops. In South Africa, the royal party met civic leaders, African leaders, and Boer prisoners, and was greeted by elaborate decorations, expensive gifts, and fireworks displays. Despite this, not all residents responded favourably to the tour.

Robert Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe

The Marquess of CreweLord CreweThe Earl of Crewe
Although Elgin reassured him of Winston Churchill's friendliness among Liberals, Crewe was in for a rude shock: he had succeeded the orientalist Lord Elgin as Secretary of State for the Colonies, and in May 1908 an angry exchange of letters challenged his credentials as a new cabinet minister, which Churchill claimed came direct from the Prime Minister. Crewe could be haughty and coldly disapproving: alike to Grey he took a dim view of Lloyd George's People's Budget. In spite of Churchill's opposition to it in a minority of the cabinet, it was Crewe's job to steer it through the Lords.

James Stanhope, 7th Earl Stanhope

The Earl StanhopeLord StanhopeEarl Stanhope
In October 1938 he became First Lord of the Admiralty while continuing as Leader of the House of Lords. After the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, he was succeeded as First Lord of the Admiralty by Winston Churchill and appointed Lord President of the Council. He remained as Leader of the House of Lords and Lord President until Churchill became Prime Minister in 1940. However, he did not serve in the Churchill coalition government and never returned to ministerial office. He made his last speech in the House of Lords in December 1960.

Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty

Secretary to the AdmiraltyFirst Secretary of the AdmiraltyFirst Secretary to the Admiralty
First Lord of the Admiralty. Board of Admiralty. Admiralty. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: Terence Dalton Ltd, Suffolk, England, ISBN: 0900963948.

City of London (UK Parliament constituency)

City of LondonLondonLondon (City of) (seat 1/4)
(Source: Stooks Smith)'' * Death of Waithman 6 February 1833 * Resignation of Key by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds * Death of Wood 25 September 1843 * Appointment of Russell as Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury * Appointment of Russell as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs * Appointment of Russell as Lord President of the Council * Appointment of Russell as Secretary of State for the Colonies * Resignation of de Rothschild to seek re-election after rejection of the Jewish Disabilities Bill * Appointment of Russell as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs * Creation of Russell as the 1st Earl Russell * Death of Wood 17 May 1863 * Appointment of Goschen

Bassetlaw (UK Parliament constituency)

BassetlawBassetlaw CCBassetlaw constituency
MacDonald held the seat as a National Labour candidate in the 1931 election, but was defeated at the next election in 1935 by Labour's Frederick Bellenger. Bellenger held the seat until he died in 1968. A by-election followed. The seat was retained for the Labour Party by Joe Ashton with a slender 1.72% majority, the narrowest since the 1920s. He held the seat until retirement at the 2001 general election. He was succeeded at that year's election by fellow Labour politician John Mann, who retained the seat at the next four elections. In 2019, Mann resigned being having been appointed to head a government inquiry on tackling anti-Semitism and to take a seat in the House of Lords.

Alan Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton

Alan Lennox-BoydAlan Tindal Lennox-Boyd The Right Honourable '''Alan Lennox-Boyd
In 1954 he became Secretary of State for the Colonies, where he oversaw early stages of decolonisation, with the granting of independence to Cyprus, Ghana, Iraq, Malaya and Sudan. He was in office during the Mau Mau Rebellion in Kenya, and was persuaded to stay in office by Harold Macmillan after being censured for the Hola massacre. He talked openly about independence for the Federation of Malaya, and invited the then Chief Minister of Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman and his colleagues to Lancaster House to discuss the possibility of independence.