James Parsons (physician)

James ParsonsParson
A month later he came to London with letters of introduction from Paris to Hans Sloane, Richard Mead, and Dr. James Douglas. He assisted Douglas in his anatomical studies, was through his interest appointed physician to the public infirmary of St. Giles in 1738, and began an obstetric practice. He was admitted a licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians on 1 April 1751. For many years Parsons lived in Red Lion Square, London, and knew Martin Folkes, Mead, William Stukeley, and other fellows of the Royal and Antiquarian Societies. He was also a friend of Matthew Maty., who drew up an account of his writings on medicine and natural history.

Thomas Allinson

His views often brought him into conflict with the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the General Medical Council, particularly his opposition to doctors' frequent use of toxic drugs, his opposition to vaccination and his self-promotion in the press. In 1892 he was struck off the Medical Register. Despite this he continued to practise and indeed maintained he had the largest medical practice in England. Also at this time he was expelled from the Vegetarian Society because of his views on birth control.

Thomas Witherley

Sir Thomas Witherley
Witherley took the degree of Doctor of Medicine at the University of Cambridge in 1655 and in December 1664 was elected an Honorary Fellow of the College of Physicians. By 1677 he had been appointed Physician in Ordinary to King Charles II, and on 7 April of that year he became a Fellow of the College. On 21 January 1678/79 he became an Elect, was Censor of the College (by now renamed the Royal College of Physicians) in 1683 and President from 1684 to 1687.

Brown Lady of Raynham Hall

Brown LadyRaynham HallThe Brown Lady
According to Mary Wortley Montagu, Dorothy was in fact entrapped by the Countess of Wharton. She invited Dorothy over to stay for a few days knowing that her husband would never allow her to leave, not even to see her children. She remained at Raynham Hall until her death in 1726 from smallpox. The first recorded claim of a sighting of the ghost was by Lucia C. Stone concerning a gathering at Raynham Hall in the Christmas of 1835. Stone says that Lord Charles Townshend had invited various guests to the Hall, including a Colonel Loftus, to join in the Christmas festivities.


pharmacopeiapharmacopoeiasLondon Pharmacopoeia
Although other editions of the London Pharmacopoeia were issued in 1621, 1632, 1639, and 1677, it was not until the edition of 1721, published under the auspices of Sir Hans Sloane, that any important alterations were made.

John Coakley Lettsom

Dr John C. LettsomDr. John Coakley LettsomDr. Lettsom
In the diversity of his interests, as physician, philanthropist, botanist, mineralogist and collector, Lettsom was in the mould of that giant of the previous generation of London physicians, Sir Hans Sloane. As founder, President (1775–76, 1784–85, 1808–11, 1813–15) and benefactor of the London Medical Society, Lettsom was the mainstay of the society from 1773 until his death in 1815. His influence remained strong and his example inspired the next generation of Fellows—men such as Dr Thomas Pettigrew, his biographer, and Dr Henry Clutterbuck, who followed in Lettsom's footsteps as President of the Society and physician to the General Dispensary.

Resurrectionists in the United Kingdom

resurrectionistsResurrection Mananatomical dissection
Elizabeth I granted the College of Physicians the right to anatomise four felons annually in 1564. Several major hospitals and teaching centres were established in Britain during the 18th century, but with only a very few corpses legally available for dissection, these institutions suffered from severe shortages. Some local authorities had already attempted to alleviate the problem, with limited success; in 1694, Edinburgh allowed anatomists to dissect corpses "found dead in the streets, and the bodies of such as die violent deaths ... who shall have nobody to own them".

Richard Blackmore

Sir Richard BlackmoreBlackmoreBlackmore, Richard
In 1685 he married Mary Adams, whose family connections aided him in winning a place in the Royal College of Physicians in 1687. He had trouble with the College, being censured for taking leave without permission, and he strongly opposed the project for setting up a free dispensary for the poor in London. This opposition would be satirised by Sir Samuel Garth in The Dispensary in 1699. Blackmore had a passion for writing epics. Prince Arthur, an Heroick Poem in X Books appeared in 1695. He supported the Glorious Revolution, and Prince Arthur was a celebration of William III.

Frederick Twort

Frederick W. TwortFrederick William TwortTwort, Frederick William
After qualifying in medicine (Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons, Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians) in 1900, Twort took the first paid post available, assistant to Dr. Louis Jenner, Superintendent of the Clinical Laboratory of St Thomas' Hospital. There he trained in pathological techniques. In 1902 he became assistant to the Bacteriologist of the London Hospital, Dr. William Bulloch, later F.R.S., and carried out single-handed the whole diagnostic routine of the Hospital. In 1909, Twort became the superintendent of the Brown Animal Sanatory Institution, a pathology research centre, and remained there for the duration of his career.

Robert Petre, 8th Baron Petre

Lord PetreLord Robert PetreRobert
From these stoves came the first camellia to flower in this country and, in 1739, a gift of bananas sent to Sir Hans Sloane (along with ‘2 uncommon fowls of the widgeon kind’). Nonetheless, there were failures too; Robert was particularly fond of the white lilac and, on one occasion, culled sufficient seed to raise in his nursery 5,000 new plants. Unfortunately, the principles of plant genetics and cross-pollination were then little understood; all but twenty of them bore purple blossom. Between 1740 and 1742, some 60,000 trees of at least 50 different species were planted at Thorndon Hall.

Quicksilver (novel)

QuicksilverQuicksilver'' (novel)The King of the Vagabonds
Caroline of Ansbach, an inquisitive child who loses her mother to smallpox. John Churchill, former employer of Jack and a prominent British politician. William Curtius, German Fellow of the Royal Society, and diplomat for the House of Stuart. Nicolas Fatio de Duillier. Judge Jeffreys, Lord Chancellor of England. Robert Hooke, English natural philosopher and biologist. Christiaan Huygens, continental natural philosopher. Gottfried Leibniz. Louis XIV, King of France. Isaac Newton. Henry Oldenburg, founding member and secretary of the Royal Society. Bonaventure Rossignol, a French cryptologist. James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth.

Joseph Frank Payne

Dr Joseph Frank PayneJoseph FrankPayne, J. F.
He took an active part on a committee of the College of Physicians in 1905 on the Indian epidemic of plague and was chosen as the spokesman of the committee to the Secretary of State. In 1899 Payne was elected Harveian librarian of the College of Physicians, and gave many books to the library. He was for eight years an examiner for the licence of the College of Physicians, was a censor in 1896-7, and senior censor in 1905.


William Harvey gives his views on the circulation of blood, as Lumleian Lecturer at the Royal College of Physicians. It is not until 1628 that he gives his views in print. The Dutch establish their colony of Essequibo, in the region of the Essequibo River, in northern South America (present-day Guyana), for sugar and tobacco production. The colony is protected by Fort Kyk-Over-Al, now in ruins. The Dutch also map the Delaware River in North America. The Ottoman Empire attempts landings at the shoreline between Cádiz and Lisbon.

John Woodward (naturalist)

John WoodwardDr John WoodwardDr. John Woodward
In 1693 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society, in 1695 was made M.D. by Archbishop Tenison and also by Cambridge, and in 1702 became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. He died on 25 April 1728, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. In 1699, John Woodward published his water culture (hydroponics) experiments with spearmint. He found that plants in less-pure water sources grew better than plants in distilled water. While still a student he became interested in botany and natural history, and during visits to Gloucestershire his attention was attracted by the fossils found there; and he began to form the great collection for which he is known.

Jodocus Crull

The fact that Crull could entreat Sir Hans Sloane's vote at the coming election of a navy physician or interact with Sir Isaac Newton and other luminaries of his age shows that he was comfortable with himself; and that the latter view of him runs counter to Goodwin's portrayal of him in the D.N.B., an entry which also neglects to mention that Crull received the M.D. from King's College in the University of Cambridge in 1681. Crull's works were published either anonymously or with his initials only. His principal translations are: Other writings include: Baron von Pufendorf's Of the Nature and Qualification of Religion, in reference to civil society.

George Edward Paget

Sir George PagetSir George E. Paget
In 1839 he became physician to Addenbrooke's Hospital, a post he held for 45 years; and in the same year he was elected a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. He resided in Caius College, was its bursar, and gradually went into practice as a physician. Paget succeeded in 1842 in persuading the university to institute bedside examinations for its medical degrees, and these were the first regular clinical examinations held in the United Kingdom. In July 1851 he was elected Linacre lecturer on medicine at St John's College. On his marriage Paget vacated his fellowship, and took a house in Cambridge.

Joseph Adams (physician)

Joseph Adams
He returned to England in 1805, and was admitted as an extra-licentiate (without examination) to the London Royal College of Physicians. When Dr. Woodville died in 1806, he succeeded him as physician at the Smallpox Hospital. At this time, the practice of vaccination was slowly recovering from numerous unfounded attacks. A general report authored under Adams' inspection and circulated by the committee of the hospital, helped remove alarm and inspire confidence. This, with a second report, was communicated to the College of Physicians, printed and circulated, and passed through thirteen editions.

John Freind

In 1716 he became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, delivered the Goulstonian Lectures in 1717, was chosen one of the censors in 1718 and Harveian orator in 1720. In 1722 he entered the House of Commons as Member of Parliament (MP) for Launceston in Cornwall; but, being suspected of favoring the cause of the exiled Stuarts, he spent half of that year in the Tower. In 1726 Freind was appointed physician to Queen Caroline, an office which he held till his death. He had purchased the manor of Hitcham in Berkshire and was buried there. While still very young, he produced with Peter Foulkes an edition of the speeches of Aeschines and Demosthenes on the affair of Ctesiphon.

Mary Montagu

Mary Montagu may refer to: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (1689–1762), English writer. Mary Montagu, Duchess of Montagu (1689–1751), formerly Lady Mary Churchill, wife of John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu. Mary Montagu, Countess of Cardigan (c.1711–1775), daughter of the above, wife of George Brudenelllater Montagu, 4th Earl of Cardigan, and later Duchess of Montagu. Mary Stuart, Countess of Bute (1718–1794), wife of John Stuart, 3rd Earl Stuart.