Chechen Republic of Ichkeria

IchkeriaChechnyaChechen separatists
The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (Nóxçiyn Paçẋalq Içkeri [noχtʃʰiːn pʰɑtʃʜɑlq nɔχtʃɪtʃʰy̯ø], Cyrillic: Нохчийн Пачхьалкх Ичкери; Чеченская Республика Ичкерия; abbreviated as "ChRI" or "CRI") was an unrecognized secessionist government of the Chechen Republic.

Battle of Grozny (1999–2000)

Battle of GroznySiege of Grozny1999–2000 Battle of Grozny
The 1999–2000 battle of Grozny was the siege and assault of the Chechen capital Grozny by Russian forces, lasting from late 1999 to early 2000. The siege and fighting left the capital devastated. In 2003, the United Nations called Grozny the most destroyed city on Earth.

Azerbaijan

🇦🇿Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijani
Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan ), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası ), is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bound by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and has an 11 km long border with Turkey in the northwest.

Second Chechen War

war in ChechnyaChechen WarChechnya
Second Chechen War, also known as the Second Chechen Сampaign or officially (from Russian point of view) Counter-terrorist operations on territories of North Caucasian region, was an armed conflict on the territory of Chechnya and the border regions of the North Caucasus between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, also with militants of various Islamist groups, fought from August 1999 to April 2009.

Arbi Barayev

Baraev
Arbi Alautdinovich Barayev (Арби Алаутдинович Бараев; 27 May 1974 – 22 June 2001) was a Chechen warlord, who in 1996 became the founder and first leader of the Special Purpose Islamic Regiment (SPIR) in Chechnya.

Special Purpose Islamic Regiment

Special Purpose Islamic BrigadeSPIR
The Special Purpose Islamic Regiment (Исламский полк особого назначения; abbreviated SPIR), also known as the al-Jihad-Fi-Sabililah Special Islamic Regiment, was a Chechen organization loosely formed by Chechen warlord Arbi Barayev in 1996. It was regarded as one of the main hostage-taking, kidnapping, and oil-smuggling groups operating in Chechnya during the lawless interwar period that followed the First Chechen War (1994–1996) with Russia.

Ramzan Kadyrov

President of Chechnya Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov3rd President of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Akhmadovich KadyrovHead of the Chechen Republic, Ramzan Kadyrov
Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov (Къадар Ахьмат-кIант Рамзан Q̇adar Aẋmat-khant Ramzan; born 5 October 1976) is the Head of the Chechen Republic and a former member of the Chechen independence movement.

Black hole

black holesblack-holeblackhole
A black hole is a region of spacetime exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing—not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light—can escape from inside it. The theory of general relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mass can deform spacetime to form a black hole. The boundary of the region from which no escape is possible is called the event horizon. Although the event horizon has an enormous effect on the fate and circumstances of an object crossing it, no locally detectable features appear to be observed. In many ways a black hole acts like an ideal black body, as it reflects no light.

Kadyrovtsy

battalion SeverChechen extra-agency guardChechen Federal Militia
The Kadyrovtsy (Кадыровцы, lit. "Kadyrov's followers"), also known in English as the Kadyrovites, is a paramilitary organization in Chechnya, Russia, that serve as the protection of the Head of the Chechen Republic. The term Kadyrovtsy is commonly used in Chechnya to refer to any armed Chechen men under the control of President Ramzan Kadyrov.

New Russians

new RussiannewRussian elites
The New Russians (новые русские Novye Russkie) were newly rich business class in post-Soviet Russia. It is perceived as a stereotypical caricature. According to the stereotype, "New Russians" achieved rapid wealth by using criminal methods during Russia's chaotic transition to a market economy.

German Gorbuntsov

German Gorbuntsov (Герман Горбунцов, born 12 April 1966 ) is a Russian businessman and banker.

Ritchie Coster

Ritchie Coster (born 1 July 1967) is an English actor. He is best known for playing the roles of Dietrich Banning in The Tuxedo (2002), Chechen in The Dark Knight (2008), Elias Kassar in Blackhat (2015), Mayor Austin Chessani on the second season of the HBO anthology television series True Detective and Francisco Scaramucci / Mr. Blue on the SyFy television series Happy!.

Heath Ledger

The MassesdeathHeath's death
Heath Andrew Ledger (4 April 1979 – 22 January 2008) was an Australian actor and director. After performing roles in several Australian television and film productions during the 1990s, Ledger left for the United States in 1998 to further develop his film career. His work comprised nineteen films, including 10 Things I Hate About You (1999), The Patriot (2000), A Knight's Tale (2001), Monster's Ball (2001), Lords of Dogtown (2005), Brokeback Mountain (2005), Casanova (2005), The Dark Knight (2008), and The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus (2009), the latter two being posthumous releases. He also produced and directed music videos and aspired to be a film director.

Christian Bale

BaleChristian [BaleChristian Bale-esque rant
Christian Charles Philip Bale (born 30 January 1974) is a British-born actor with dual citizenship of the United States, known for his intense method acting style, often transforming his body drastically for his roles. Bale is the recipient of many awards, including an Academy Award and two Golden Globes, and was featured in the Time 100 list of 2011.

Brigada

Law of the LawlessSasha BelovThe Brigade: Law of Lawless
Originally he crossed paths with the Chechen mafia and Kaverin paid his ransom, after which he used him to infiltrate the Brigada. Vvedensky along with Viktor Petrovich, the whole underground criminal world, and even Yuri Rostislavovich (Kosmos's father), all ask that Belov should not seek revenge. Sasha says that he can't accept that, and first rattles Kaverin's apartment with an PKM as a message he will avenge. In the final stunt, he contacts his old friend who the viewer saw throughout the film, karate trainer and stuntman Alexander Inshakov.

Frederick Forsyth

Forsyth, Frederick
Frederick McCarthy Forsyth, (born 25 August 1938) is an English author, journalist for the Daily Express, spy, and occasional political commentator. He is best known for thrillers such as The Day of the Jackal, The Odessa File, The Fourth Protocol, The Dogs of War, The Devil's Alternative, The Fist of God, Icon, The Veteran, Avenger, The Afghan, The Cobra and The Kill List.

The Other Guys

The Other Guys'' soundtrack
The Other Guys is a 2010 American buddy cop action comedy film directed and co-written by Adam McKay. It stars Will Ferrell and Mark Wahlberg, and features Michael Keaton, Eva Mendes, Steve Coogan, Ray Stevenson, Dwayne Johnson and Samuel L. Jackson.

Valley of the Wolves

Kurtlar VadisiKurtlar Vadisi Pusu
Valley of the Wolves (Kurtlar Vadisi) is a Turkish media franchise created by Osman Sınav, which has been very popular obtaining high ratings for the television series and one of the highest box office returns in the history of the Turkish cinema for the first film.

North Caucasus

North CaucasianNorthern CaucasusNorth Caucasus region
The North Caucasus or Ciscaucasia is the northern part of the Caucasus region between the Sea of Azov and Black Sea on the west and the Caspian Sea on the east, within European Russia. Geographically, the Northern Caucasus (territory north of the Greater Caucasus Range) includes the Russian republics and krais of the North Caucasus.