Parched grain

It is served as a casserole hot dish, cooked with morsels of meat or poultry. A variety of parched grains have been used historically as a camp ration, both for military troops on maneuvers and civilian travelers on extended overland journeys. Because parching both cooked the grains, and removed most of the water content, it was useful as a way to have pre-cooked meals which could be stored or carried for extended periods, and weighed the same or slightly less than the uncooked grains.

White Christmas (food)

White Christmas
White Christmas is an Australian dessert. It is a mixture of raisins, glacé cherries, desiccated coconut, icing sugar, milk powder and rice bubbles, with hydrogenated coconut oil (such as the brand Copha) as the binding ingredient. The hydrogenated oil is melted and combined with the dry ingredients. The mixture is poured into a rectangular baking tin and left to set, usually in the refrigerator. Once set it is cut into squares for eating. It is a popular Christmas food item, especially as it can easily be made by children. Chocolate crackles, a sweet similarly using Rice Bubbles and hydrogenated oil. Australian cuisine. Recipe for White Christmas. A second recipe for the dish.

Bulgarian budnik

Budnik (transliterated),, refers to a log brought into the house and placed on the fire on the evening of Christmas Eve, a central tradition in Slavic Christmas celebrations in Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro, much like a yule log in other European traditions (in the Bulgarian, Croatian, and Serbian languages, the name for Christmas Eve is derived from the term badnjak or budnik) as well as the Bulgarian name for Christmas Eve (bg:Бъдни вечер). The tree from which the log is cut, preferably a young and straight oak, is ceremonially felled early on the morning of Christmas Eve.


They are also used as filler in foods such as mincemeat and Christmas cake. In the US, rutabagas are mostly eaten as part of stews or casseroles, served mashed with carrots, or baked in a pasty. They are frequently found in the New England boiled dinner. In Australia, swedes are used as a flavor enhancer in casseroles, stews and soups. Rutabaga and other cyanoglucoside-containing foods (including cassava, maize (corn), bamboo shoots, sweet potatoes, and lima beans) release cyanide, which is subsequently detoxified into thiocyanate. Thiocyanate inhibits thyroid iodide transport and, at high doses, competes with iodide in the organification process within thyroid tissue.


Chocolatera is a type of metal pitcher used by Colombians for the preparation of hot chocolate drinks. It is used in combination with a molinillo paddle to froth the chocolate. *Colombian cuisine

Rose water

rosewaterrose syruprose-water
Marzipan has long been flavoured with rose water. Rose water was also used to make Waverly Jumbles. American and European bakers enjoyed the floral flavouring of rose water in their baking until the 19th century when vanilla flavouring became popular. In the historic English county of Yorkshire rosewater has long been used as a flavouring for one of that region's best loved dishes; Yorkshire curd tart. In medieval Europe, rosewater was used to wash hands at a meal table during feasts. Rose water is a usual component of perfume. A rose water ointment is occasionally used as an emollient, and rose water is sometimes used in cosmetics such as cold creams, toners and face wash.

Lancashire hotpot

hotpotLancashire hot
It is often thought that the "hot pot" referred to is a pottery dish used to cook casseroles in British cuisine. However, it is more likely to refer to the idea of a jumble or hodge podge of ingredients in the filling. Sir Kenelm Digby's 1677 The Closet Opened contains a recipe for the "Queen Mothers Hotchpot of Mutton". Similarly, Mrs Beeton's Cookery Book contains a recipe for "Hotch Potch", calling for neck of mutton, onion, carrot, peas, cauliflower and lettuce. * History of Lancashire Hotpot at Foods of England Pot roast. Scotch broth. Scouse. Betty's hotpot.

Tunis cake

A Tunis cake is a Madeira cake topped with a thick layer of chocolate and decorated with marzipan fruits. It is traditionally eaten at Christmas. The origins of the cake are Edwardian. Scottish bakery Macfarlane Langs produced commercial Tunis Cakes in the 1930s, and when they merged with McVitie & Price in 1948 to form a company called United Biscuits (which still owns the McVitie’s brand) the recipe passed to the new company. McVitie's produced a Tunis cake until the mid 1980s. It is now sold seasonally by some supermarkets in the UK. An early recipe does not include the chocolate and marzipan topping.

List of chocolate drinks

chocolate beverages
Hot chocolate effect – phenomenon of wave mechanics first observed in the making of hot chocolate or instant coffee.


Also, locally-made Marzipan, which has a different recipe from standard Marzipan, is one of traditional desserts of Edirne. Handmade brooms with a mirror in them are one of the cultural images of the city and a central marriage tradition. Miniature versions can still be bought in gift shops. Edirne's economy largely depends on agriculture. 73% of the working population work in agriculture, fishing, forests, hunting. There are lots of things that are cultivated here. Its lowlands are productive. The field crop cultivation has developed so much here. Corn, sugarbeet and sunflower are the first. Melon, watermelon and viniculture are advanced.


Fête de l'EscaladeEscaladeSavoyard escalade of Geneva
Celebrations include a large marmite (cauldron) made of chocolate and filled with marzipan vegetables and candies wrapped in the Geneva colours of red and gold. It is customary for the eldest and youngest in the room to smash the marmite, while reciting, "Ainsi périrent les ennemis de la République! " (Thus perished the enemies of the Republic), referring to how Catherine Cheynel, better known as "Mère Royaume," poured boiling hot vegetable soup on soldiers climbing up the walls of the city. Other traditions include mulled wine, a large serving of soup, and children in various types of costumes knocking on people's doors and singing Escalade songs for money.


tamalestamalTamales Tolimenses
Another variation is tamal en olla, or tamal in pot, which simply is the tamale mixture, not wrapped in either plantain or banana leaves, and served directly from the pot onto plates. Tamales are usually served for all special occasions, including weddings and birthday parties, and are always found on the Christmas dinner table. Tamales in Costa Rica vary according to region and season. One sort of tamales, tamales mudos (mute tamales) is a tamale with no filling. Sweet tamales are popular during Holy Week. Tamales can be bought year-round, but the best tamales are, of course, home-made and not store-bought. It is a Christmas tradition in many families to gather and make dozens of tamales.


sausagessmoked sausageWurst
A thin variety of sausage, known as the chipolata is often wrapped in bacon and served alongside roast turkey at Christmas time and are known as Pigs in a Blanket or "Pigs in Blankets". They are also served cold at children's parties throughout the year. The word derives from the Italian "cipolatta", "onioned" or made with onion, although its meaning has been forgotten and it need not contain onion. Black pudding, white pudding and Hog's pudding are fairly similar to their Scottish and European counterparts.

List of almond dishes

Christmas cake. Churchkhela. Ciarduna. Colomba di Pasqua. Comfit. Coucougnette. Crème de Noyaux. Cruncheroos ?. Dacquoise. Daim bar. Dariole. Esterházy torte. Financier (cake). Frangipane. Friand. Gâteau Basque. Gugelhupf. Jésuite. Just Right. Kransekake. Leipziger Lerche. Mandelbrodt. Marjolaine. Marzipan. Königsberg marzipan. Marzipan pig. Mohr im Hemd. Muskazine. Noghl. Norman Tart. Princess cake. Semmelwrap. Sher Berinj. Simnel cake. Tabrizi Lovuez. Tarta de Santiago. Tarte conversation. Tecula mecula. Tetrazzini. Torta caprese. Tortell. Turrón. Xató. Acıbadem kurabiyesi. Almond biscuit – also referred to as almond cookie. Amaretti di Saronno. Banket. Biscotti. Bruttiboni. Ghoriba.

Date palm

datesdatedate palms
Reflecting the maritime trading heritage of Britain, imported chopped dates are added to, or form the main basis of a variety of traditional dessert recipes including sticky toffee pudding, Christmas pudding and date and walnut loaf. They are particularly available to eat whole at Christmas time. Dates are one of the ingredients of HP Sauce, a popular British condiment. Dates can also be dehydrated, ground and mixed with grain to form a nutritious stockfeed. In Southeast Spain (where a large date plantation exists including UNESCO-protected Palmeral of Elche) dates (usually pitted with fried almond) are served wrapped in bacon and shallow fried.


cookiesbiscuitdrop cookie
Christmas cookie. Cookie bouquet. Cookie cutter. Cookie dough. Cookie exchange. Cookie Clicker. Cookie Monster. Cookie sheet. Cookie table. Cookies and cream. Girl Scout cookie. Dunking (biscuit). List of baked goods. List of cookies. List of shortbread biscuits and cookies. List of desserts.

Christmas in Iceland

in Iceland and the Faroe IslandsJól
Communal bonfires are held where fireworks are light, elves arrive and dance with the people. * Celebrations in Iceland – National Museum of Iceland Iceland at Christmas worldwide. Yule. Yule Cat. Jul (Denmark). Jul (Norway). Jul (Sweden).


parsnipswild parsnipPastinaca sativa
When used in stews, soups, and casseroles, they give a rich flavor. In some cases, parsnips are boiled and the solid portions are removed from the soup or stew, leaving behind a more subtle flavor than the whole root, and starch to thicken the dish. Roast parsnip is considered an essential part of Christmas dinner in some parts of the English-speaking world and frequently features in the traditional Sunday roast. Parsnips can also be fried or thinly sliced and made into crisps. They can be made into a wine with a taste similar to Madeira. In Roman times, parsnips were believed to be an aphrodisiac. However, parsnips do not typically feature in modern Italian cooking.

Aachener Printen

PrintenkopfAachener Printe
Additionally to the original Printen, there are also Printen with nuts (usually almonds), covered in chocolate or glaze and marzipan. * List of German desserts * Aachener Printen

Christmas window

Christmas Windows
In Melbourne, the Myer department store began presenting an annual Christmas window display in 1956, and later added the annual Myer Christmas Parade. Displays have typically included scenes from Christmas related stories such as The 12 Days of Christmas, A Christmas Carol and How The Grinch Stole Christmas as well as nativity scenes and scenes from children's stories and fairy tales. For the past few decades, displays have featured animated characters. Uno's Garden was chosen as the theme of the 2007 Myer Christmas Windows in Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia. The films Miracle on 34th Street and A Christmas Story feature Christmas window displays.


putu piringputōputo sulot
It is traditionally served as small patties and eaten very early in the morning with sikwate (hot chocolate). It is also commonly paired with ripe sweet mangoes. Puto-Pao - A combination of siopao (meat-filled bun) and puto. It uses the traditional puto recipe but incorporates a spiced sweetmeat filling. Puto seko - literally "dry puto" in Spanish, this is more in the form of a powdery biscuit. Kue putu. idli. Puttu. Bibingka. Espasol. Kakanin. Kalamay. List of steamed foods. Rice cake. Sapin-sapin. Suman.

List of Mexican dishes

pan dulceMexican dishesList of Mexican dishes – Desserts and sweets
Jarritos (spicy tamarindo candy in a tiny pot), as well as a brand of soda. Macarrones de dulce de leche. Mazapán de Cacahuate. Nicuatole. Obleas. Paletas, popsicles (or ice lollies), the street popsicle vendor is a noted fixture of Mexico's urban landscape. Pan de Acambaro (Acambaro bread), named for its town of origin, Acambaro, Guanajuato. Very similar to Jewish Challah bread, which may have inspired its creation. Pan de muerto, sugar covered pieces of bread traditionally eaten at the Día de muertos festivity. Pan de nata. Pan dulce, sweet pastries in many shapes and sizes that are very popular for breakfast. Nearly every Mexican town has a bakery (panaderia) where these can purchased.

List of hot drinks

Hothot beverages
This list of hot drinks comprises hot drinks that are typically served hot. Drinks are liquids specifically prepared for human consumption.

Whipped cream

whipped toppingchantilly creamwhipping cream
Whipped cream or crème Chantilly is a popular topping for fruit and desserts such as pie, ice cream (especially sundaes), cupcakes, cakes, milkshakes, waffles, hot chocolate, cheesecakes, Jello and puddings. It is also served on coffee, especially in the Viennese coffee house tradition, where coffee with whipped cream is known as Melange mit Schlagobers. Whipped cream is used as an ingredient in many desserts, for example as a filling for profiteroles and layer cakes. It is often piped onto a dish using a pastry bag to create decorative shapes. To exclude dairy ingredients:. for milk allergies. for vegan diets. for religious reasons, such as dietary laws forbidding mixing meat with dairy.

Italian cuisine

ItalianItalyItalian restaurant
Regional desserts include tiramisu (made of biscuits dipped in coffee, layered with a whipped mixture of egg yolks and mascarpone, and flavored with liquor and cocoa ), baicoli (biscuits made with butter and vanilla), and nougat. The most celebrated Venetian wines include Bardolino, Prosecco, Soave, Amarone, and Valpolicella DOC wines. Traditionally, meals in Italy typically contained four or five courses. Especially on weekends, meals are often seen as a time to spend with family and friends rather than simply for sustenance; thus, meals tend to be longer than in other cultures. During holidays such as Christmas and New Year's Eve, feasts can last for hours.