20th Century Fox

Twentieth Century Fox20th Century-FoxFox
In November 2018 Genting Malaysia filed suit in response and included soon to be parent The Walt Disney Company. On December 14, 2017, The Walt Disney Company announced plans to purchase most of the 21st Century Fox assets, including 20th Century Fox, for $52.4 billion. After a bid from Comcast (parent company of NBCUniversal) for $65 billion, Disney counterbid with $71 billion. On July 19, 2018, Comcast dropped out of the Fox bid in favor of Sky plc and Sky UK and eight days later, Disney and Fox shareholders approved the merger between the two companies.

United Artists

UAUnited Artists ReleasingUnited Artists Corporation
Danjaq and UA remained the public co-copyright holders for the Bond series, and the 2006 Casino Royale remake shares the copyright with Columbia Pictures. UA released One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest in 1975 a film which won the Best Picture Academy Award and earned $56 million. UA followed with the next two years' Best Picture Oscar winners, Rocky and Annie Hall. However, Transamerica was not pleased with UA's releases such as Midnight Cowboy and Last Tango in Paris that were rated X by the Motion Picture Association of America. In these instances, Transamerica demanded the byline "A Transamerica Company" be removed on the prints and in all advertising.

Universal Pictures

Universal StudiosUniversalUniversal Film Manufacturing Company
In February 2006, NBCUniversal sold all the Disney-animated Oswald cartoons, along with the rights to the character himself, to The Walt Disney Company. In return, Disney released ABC sportscaster Al Michaels from his contract so he could work on NBC's recently acquired Sunday night NFL football package. Universal retained ownership of the remaining Oswald cartoons. In 1928, Laemmle, Sr. made his son, Carl, Jr. head of Universal Pictures as a 21st birthday present. Universal already had a reputation for nepotism—at one time, 70 of Carl, Sr.'s relatives were supposedly on the payroll. Many of them were nephews, resulting in Carl, Sr. being known around the studios as "Uncle Carl."

RKO Pictures

RKO Radio PicturesRKORKO Studios
Cimarron (1931), produced by LeBaron himself, would become the only RKO production to win the Academy Award for Best Picture; nonetheless, having cost a profligate $1.4 million to make, it was a money-loser on original domestic release. The most popular RKO star of this pre-Code era was Irene Dunne, who made her debut as the lead in the 1930 musical Leathernecking and was a headliner at the studio for the entire decade. Other major performers included Joel McCrea, Ricardo Cortez, Dolores del Río, and Mary Astor. Richard Dix, Oscar-nominated for his lead performance in Cimarron, would serve as RKO's standby B-movie star until the early 1940s.

Warner Bros.

Warner BrothersWarner Bros. PicturesWarner Bros
From 1971 until the end of 1987, Warner's international distribution operations were a joint venture with Columbia Pictures. In some countries, this joint venture distributed films from other companies (such as EMI Films and Cannon Films in the UK). Warner ended the venture in 1988. On May 4, 1987, Walt Disney Pictures signed a theatrical distribution agreement with Warner Bros. International for the release of Disney and Touchstone films in overseas markets, with Disney retaining full control of all distribution and marketing decisions on their product.

Walt Disney

DisneyWaltWalter Elias Disney
Disney had a nervous breakdown in October 1931which he blamed on the machinations of Powers and his own overworkso he and Lillian took an extended holiday to Cuba and a cruise to Panama to recover. With the loss of Powers as distributor, Disney studios signed a contract with Columbia Pictures to distribute the Mickey Mouse cartoons, which became increasingly popular, including internationally. Disney, always keen to embrace new technology, filmed Flowers and Trees (1932) in full-color three-strip Technicolor; he was also able to negotiate a deal giving him the sole right to use the three-strip process until August 31, 1935. All subsequent Silly Symphony cartoons were in color.


MGMMGM StudiosMetro Goldwyn Mayer
Pictures, 20th Century Fox, and Columbia Pictures. Paramount was the first studio who dropped out of the Bond bidding. The deal was finalized on April 13, 2011. Post-bankruptcy, MGM also co-financed SPE's The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo. 20th Century Fox's deal with MGM handling its library distribution worldwide was set to expire in September 2011. However, the deal was renewed and extended on April 14, 2011 and, after five years, was renewed and extended again on June 27, 2016. It will expire in June 2020. In March 2019, The Walt Disney Company acquired Fox, including its home entertainment division.

Jack L. Warner

Jack WarnerJackAnn Boyar Warner
In 1943 the studio's film Casablanca won the Academy Award for Best Picture. When the award was announced, producer Hal B. Wallis got up to accept, only to find Jack Warner had rushed onstage "with a broad, flashing smile and a look of great self-satisfaction" to take the trophy, Wallis later recalled. "I couldn't believe it was happening. Casablanca had been my creation; Jack had absolutely nothing to do with it. As the audience gasped, I tried to get out of the row of seats and into the aisle, but the entire Warner family sat blocking me. I had no alternative but to sit down again, humiliated and furious. ... Almost forty years later, I still haven't recovered from the shock."

Steven Spielberg

His next film, 1941, a big-budgeted World War II farce, was not nearly as successful and though it grossed over $92.4 million worldwide (and did make a small profit for co-producing studios Columbia and Universal) it was seen as a disappointment, mainly with the critics. Spielberg then revisited his Close Encounters project and, with financial backing from Columbia Pictures, released Close Encounters: The Special Edition in 1980.

Paramount Pictures

ParamountParamount StudiosParamount British Pictures
Also during this time, three Paramount Pictures films won the Academy Award for Best Picture; Titanic, Braveheart, and Forrest Gump. Paramount's most important property, however, was Star Trek. Studio executives had begun to call it "the franchise" in the 1980s due to its reliable revenue, and other studios envied its "untouchable and unduplicatable" success.

The Weinstein Company

Weinstein CompanyRADiUS-TWCWeinstein Books
On February 27, 2011, TWC's distributed film The King's Speech brought to the company their first Academy Award for Best Picture at the 83rd Annual Academy Awards, after their last Best Picture Oscar winner Chicago won in 2002 when Bob and Harvey Weinstein were at Miramax, controlled by then corporate owner Disney, and their previous Best Picture nominees for TWC were 2008's The Reader and 2009's Inglourious Basterds, the latter film a co-production with Universal Pictures and A Band Apart. In March 2011, the company formed a video game division named TWC Games.

1932 in film

1932321932 film
Joe Brandt retires from Columbia Pictures joins World-Wide and later resigns again. Two Radio City theaters open, under direction of "Roxy", with coincident acquisition of the Rockefeller interests of 100,000 shares of RKO stock and 100,000 shares of RCA stock. Experimentation with exclusive runs. Ingrid Bergman's film career begins. Cary Grant's film career begins. Katharine Hepburn's film career begins. Shirley Temple's film career begins. Disney releases Flowers and Trees, the first cartoon in three-strip Technicolor. Santa, first sound film made in Mexico, released. The term "Tollywood" is first used to describe the cinema of West Bengal, based at Tollygunge.

14th Academy Awards

Citizen Kane, often later designated as the greatest film ever made in a number of polls, was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but won only one, for Best Original Screenplay. A portion of the ceremony was broadcast by CBS Radio. Nominations were announced on February 6, 1942. Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and marked with a dagger symbol. *Walt Disney These films had multiple nominations: The following films received multiple awards. *1941 in film Rey Scott for Kukan. The British Ministry of Information for Target for Tonight. Leopold Stokowski for Fantasia. Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A.


Technicolor Corporationthree-strip TechnicolorTechnicolour
Kalmus convinced Walt Disney to shoot one of his Silly Symphony cartoons, Flowers and Trees (1932), in Process 4, the new "three-strip" process. Seeing the potential in full-color Technicolor, Disney negotiated an exclusive contract for the use of the process that extended to September 1935. Other animation producers, such as the Fleischer Studios and the Ub Iwerks studio, were shut out – they had to settle for either the two-color Technicolor systems or use a competing process such as Cinecolor. Flowers and Trees was a success with audiences and critics alike, and won the first Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.

1938 in film

19381938 film1938 in the film industry
Best Picture: You Can't Take It with You – Columbia. Best Director: Frank Capra – You Can't Take It with You. Best Actor: Spencer Tracy – Boys Town. Best Actress: Bette Davis – Jezebel. Best Supporting Actor: Walter Brennan – Kentucky. Best Supporting Actress: Fay Bainter – Jezebel. Adiós Buenos Aires – (Argentina/Spain/Canada). The Adventures of Marco Polo, starring Gary Cooper and Basil Rathbone. The Adventures of Robin Hood, directed by Michael Curtiz, starring Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Basil Rathbone. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, directed by Norman Taurog. Águila o sol (Heads or Tails), starring Cantinflas – (Mexico).

11th Academy Awards

This was also the first ceremony in which a foreign language film (Jean Renoir's Grand Illusion) was nominated for Best Picture. Frank Capra became the first person to win three Best Director awards, to be followed by John Ford (who would go on to win four) and William Wyler. This was the first of only two times in Oscar history that three of the four acting awards were won by repeat winners; only Fay Bainter was a first time award winner. The only other time that this happened was at the 67th Academy Awards in 1994. Fay Bainter also was the first actress in the history of the Oscars to receive two acting nominations in the same year.

Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures

Buena Vista PicturesBuena Vista DistributionBuena Vista International
In December 2017, The Walt Disney Company announced plans to purchase 21st Century Fox, which includes 20th Century Fox. In March 2019, the acquisition of 21st Century Fox was completed. Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures has distributed 28 films that have received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Picture; four from Walt Disney Pictures, six from Touchstone Pictures, two from Hollywood Pictures, one from Marvel Studios, and fifteen from Miramax Films. Of those nominations, four Miramax films won the accolade; The English Patient (1996), Shakespeare In Love (1998), Chicago (2002), and No Country for Old Men (2007).

10th Academy Awards

The Life of Emile Zola was the first film to receive ten nominations and the second biographical film to win Best Picture. Luise Rainer received the Academy Award for Best Actress for The Good Earth, earning her the distinctions of being the first actor to win two Academy Awards and the first to win consecutive acting awards. A Star Is Born was the first color film to receive a Best Picture nomination. Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the world's first full-length Technicolor animated feature film with sound and widely seen as one of the greatest motion pictures of all time, received only one nomination (Best Score).

1977 in film

19771976/77films of 1977
The top ten 1977 released films by box office gross in North America are as follows: Academy Awards: Golden Globe Awards: Palme d'Or (Cannes Film Festival): :Father and Master (Padre padrone), directed by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani, Italy Golden Bear (Berlin Film Festival): :The Ascent (Voskhozhdeniye), directed by Larisa Shepitko, USSR US unless stated #'A'B'C'D'E'F'G'H'I'J'K'L'M'N-O'P-Q'R'S'T'U-V'WXYZ March 28 – At the 49th Academy Awards, Rocky picks up the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Harold Hecht

Harold Hecht ProductionsHecht-Rantz Agency
Before completing their contract at Warner Brothers, Hecht and Lancaster signed a two-picture deal with Columbia Pictures through the Norma Productions subsidiary, Halburt Productions. The two moderate-budget Columbia films were shot back-to-back at Columbia Studios and marked the beginning of a professional relationship between Hecht, Lancaster and Robert Aldrich, who was Hecht's assistant producer at the studio. Halburt Productions' first film, Ten Tall Men (released in late 1951) was another Technicolor adventure flick about the French Foreign Legion during the Rif War in Morocco.

1979 in film

19791978/791979 film
September 19 – Don Bluth and a group of fellow animators resign from The Walt Disney Company's animation department to set up a rival studio, Don Bluth Productions. November 1 – Production begins on Raiders of the Lost Ark. December 7 – Star Trek: The Motion Picture debuts in the United States to mixed reviews but strong box office, launching a film franchise that leads to 9 sequels and 3 reboots over the next 37 years. It also leads to the creation of five spin-off television series based upon Gene Roddenberry's creation. Allied Artists files for bankruptcy. Best Picture: Kramer vs. Kramer – Jaffe, Columbia. Best Director: Robert Benton – Kramer vs. Kramer.

Darryl F. Zanuck

Darryl ZanuckDaryl ZanuckDarryl F Zanuck
(Kazan took the project to Columbia, which had thus far stayed on the sidelines of the widescreen debate.) The public demonstrations that spring had already included excerpts from The Robe and How to Marry a Millionaire (also 1953), a glossy star package with Marilyn Monroe and Lauren Bacall. Of the other studios, MGM had immediately abandoned its own attempts and committed to CinemaScope and United Artists and Walt Disney Productions announced they would make films in the same widescreen process, but the other studios hesitated, and some announced their own rival systems: Paramount's VistaVision, which would prove a worthy rival, and Warner Bros.'s WarnerScope which vanished overnight.

1962 in film

19621961/621962 film
Best Picture: Lawrence of Arabia – Horizon-Spiegel-Lean, Columbia. Best Director: David Lean – Lawrence of Arabia. Best Actor: Gregory Peck – To Kill a Mockingbird. Best Actress: Anne Bancroft – The Miracle Worker. Best Supporting Actor: Ed Begley – Sweet Bird of Youth. Best Supporting Actress: Patty Duke – The Miracle Worker. Best Foreign Language Film: Sundays and Cybele (Les dimanches de ville d'Avray), directed by Serge Bourguignon, France. Drama:. Best Picture: Lawrence of Arabia. Best Actor: Gregory Peck – To Kill a Mockingbird. Best Actress: Geraldine Page – Sweet Bird of Youth. Comedy or Musical:. Best Picture − Comedy: That Touch of Mink.

Studio system

Hollywood studio systemstudio eraGolden Age of Hollywood
As these films risk losing money at the box-office (and some, in fact, have), an opportunity opened up for independent companies to produce films that in recent years have upset other major studio films for the Academy Award for Best Picture. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (which produces the annual Academy Awards) generally award Best Picture Oscars to films of substance and high quality rather than the popular mainstream film.

2006 in film

20062006 film2005/06
The following is an overview of events in 2006, including the highest-grossing films, award ceremonies and festivals, a list of films released and notable deaths.