ABlimited company(publ)
Aktiebolag (, "stock company") is the Swedish term for "limited company" or "corporation". When used in company names, it is abbreviated AB (in Sweden), Ab (in Finland), or A/B (for some older companies), roughly equivalent to the abbreviations Ltd and PLC. The state authority responsible for registration of aktiebolag in Sweden is called the Swedish Companies Registration Office. All aktiebolag are divided into two categories: private limited companies and public limited companies. The name of a private limited company may not contain the word publikt ("public") and the name of a public limited company may not contain the word privat or pvt ("private").

Camel case

The Science of Word Recognition, by Kevin Larson, Advanced Reading Technology, Microsoft Corporation. Convert text. Convert text to CamelCase. OASIS Cover Pages: CamelCase for Naming XML-Related Components. Convert text to CamelCase, Title Case, Uppercase and lowercase.

Office 365

Microsoft Office 365Office365365
In December 2011, Microsoft announced that the Office 365 platform was now compliant with the ISO/IEC 27001 security standards, the European Union's Data Protection Directive (through the signing of model clauses), and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act for health care environments in the United States. At the same time, Microsoft also unveiled a new "Trust Center" portal, containing further information on its privacy policies and security practices for the service.

Corporation sole

the Crowncorporations solesole ownership
Conceptually speaking, the person of the monarch (office holder) may hold properties privately, distinct from property he or she possesses corporately, and may act as monarch separate from their personal acts. For example, Elizabeth II as a natural person holds several separate offices, such as Queen of the United Kingdom, Queen of Canada, Queen of Australia, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, etc. which are all distinct corporations sole, and at the same time she may also act as a natural person in a private capacity separate and apart from her role filling these various offices (corporations).

Společnost s ručením omezeným

'company with limited liability') is the Czech and Slovak legal structure for a private limited company (as it is known in the UK) or a LLC (as it is known in the United States). The commercial name of a limited liability company must include the designation "společnost s ručením omezeným" (Czech) or "spoločnosť s ručením obmedzeným" (Slovak), (e.g. "limited liability company"), or in abbreviated forms, : "spol. s r.o." or "s.r.o.". Compare to Akciová společnost (a. s.). in Slovakia Spoločnosť s ručením obmedzeným.


partnerpartnershipssilent partner
Take part in the management of the business or have power to bind the firm. Alliance. Consortium. Business partnering. Corporation. General partnership. Joint venture. Keiretsu. Limited liability partnership (LLP). Limited partnership (LP). Partnership accounting. Partnership taxation. Strategic Alliance. Types of business entity. Up or out (aka partnership system).


ApSPrivate limited company
Anpartsselskab (ApS) is the Danish term for a private limited company. ApS, when appended to the end of a Danish company name, is similar to Ltd. after the name of a British company. An ApS is required to have capital of at least 40 000 DKK (approx. 5 370 EUR). Official registration office for Danish company. Danish Business Authority.

Standard Oil

Standard Oil CompanyStandard Oil TrustStandard Oil Co.
Rockefeller and Henry Flagler as a corporation in Ohio, it was the largest oil refiner in the world of its time. Its history as one of the world's first and largest multinational corporations ended in 1911, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled, in a landmark case, that Standard Oil was an illegal monopoly. Standard Oil dominated the oil products market initially through horizontal integration in the refining sector, then, in later years vertical integration; the company was an innovator in the development of the business trust. The Standard Oil trust streamlined production and logistics, lowered costs, and undercut competitors.

Convention for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data

Convention 108 Consultative Committee
The Convention for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data is a 1981 Council of Europe treaty that protects the right to privacy of individuals, taking account of the increasing flow across frontiers of personal data undergoing automatic processing. All members of the Council of Europe have ratified the treaty. Being non–Council of Europe states, Cabo Verde, Mauritius, Mexico, Senegal, Tunisia, and Uruguay have acceded to the treaty. Since 1985, this data protection convention has been updated, and a new instrument on artificial intelligence has been added. General Data Protection Regulation. Directive 95/46/EC on the protection of personal data.

Limited Liability Act 1855

Limited Liability Act
The Limited Liability Act 1855 (18 & 19 Vict c 133) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that first allowed limited liability for corporations that could be established by the general public in the UK. Under the Act, shareholders were still liable directly to creditors, for the unpaid portion of their shares. The modern principle that shareholders are liable to the corporation was introduced by the Joint Stock Companies Act 1844. The 1855 Act allowed limited liability to companies of more than 25 members (shareholders). Insurance companies were excluded from the act, though it was standard practice for insurance contracts to exclude action against individual members.