Los Angeles

Los Angeles, CaliforniaLos Angeles, CALA
The Dragna crime family and the Cohen crime family dominated organized crime in the city during the Prohibition era and reached its peak during the 1940s and 1950s with the battle of Sunset Strip as part of the American Mafia, but has gradually declined since then with the rise of various black and Hispanic gangs in the late 1960s and early 1970s. According to the Los Angeles Police Department, the city is home to 45,000 gang members, organized into 450 gangs. Among them are the Crips and Bloods, which are both African American street gangs that originated in the South Los Angeles region.

Raymond Washington

Washington proposed to Williams they form a confederation of the gangs under their influence in their respective areas along with another teenage gang leader called Mac Thomas in Compton, to form a single large street gang. The proposal would see Williams' gangs adopt the Crip branding and would be allied with other Crip gangs outside of the West Side, but would retain ultimate leadership in the East Side. Williams accepted Washington's proposal, uniting the West Side gangs under his influence as the West Side Crips.

Pirus

PiruCedar Block PiruElm Street Piru
Those who were victimized by the Crips joined the Pirus and Brims and ran with the Blood identity, which is how the Blood gang was formed. The Bloods started in jail in LA County in 1974, and the Pirus and Brims both formed on the streets in 1972. In Compton, Raymond Washington and his Crip affiliates approached the Piru Street Family in 1969 and the gang later changed their name to the Piru Street Crips(piru never been crips.just one person who help start the piru gang was a crip not the whole gang). The Pirus, however, were arch enemies of the gang that would become the Compton Crips, led by a teenager named Mac Thomas.

Crime in Los Angeles

Los Angelescity's gang problemcrossfire
Into this vacuum came two new gangs: the Crips and the Bloods. Conflict immediately arose between the two rival gangs. In the next 40 years, fighting between the two gangs took more than 15,000 lives to date. The cause of the feud is best expressed as a "kill or be killed" culture described by T. Rodgers of the Black P Stones, as "You better respect me. You better fear me." Speaking in a 2007 film documentary, a former Crip, named Pete, who survived to his middle years, said, A lot of 'em [are] not sure about why the war was goin' on.

Sureños

Sureñosouthern gangsSpanish Gangster Disciples
The group has historically quarreled with various rival gangs for placement and competition, which has resulted in many drive-by shootings and deaths. On August 24, 2004, a law enforcement preliminary injunction terminated the active members of the 38th Street gang, out of the streets, banning them from using firearms, alcohol, graffiti and other dangerous materials in public. * The University of Maryland on gangs

African Americans

blackAfrican-AmericanAfrican American
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. The term typically refers to descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States. As a compound adjective, the term is usually hyphenated as African-American.

South Los Angeles

South CentralSouth Central Los AngelesSouth
Widespread unemployment, poverty and street crime contributed to the rise of street gangs in South Central, such as the Crips and Bloods. They became even more powerful with money from drugs, especially the crack cocaine trade, dominated by gangs in the 1980s. By the early 2000s, the crime rate of South Los Angeles had declined significantly. Redevelopment, improved police patrol, community-based peace programs, gang intervention work, and youth development organizations lowered the murder and crime rates to levels that had not been seen since the 1940s and '50s. Nevertheless, South Los Angeles was still known for its at the time.

Gangsta rap

gangstamafioso rapgangster rap
Many (if not most) gangsta rap artists openly boast of their associations with various active street gangs as part of their artistic image, with the Crips and Bloods being the most commonly represented. Gangsta rap parallels other indigenous gang and crime-oriented forms of music, such as the narcocorrido genre of northern Mexico. The subject matter inherent in gangsta rap has caused a great deal of controversy.

Extortion

extortextortingextorted
Extortion (also called shakedown, outwrestling and exaction) is a criminal offense of obtaining money, property, or services from an individual or institution, through coercion. It is sometimes euphemistically referred to as a "protection racket" since the racketeers often phrase their demands as payment for "protection" from (real or hypothetical) threats from unspecified other parties; though often, and almost always, such "protection" is simply abstinence of harm from the same party, and such is implied in the "protection" offer. Extortion is commonly practiced by organized crime groups. The actual obtainment of money or property is not required to commit the offense.

Stanley Williams

Stanley "Tookie" WilliamsStanley Tookie WilliamsTookie
These hold-out gangs formed a similar alliance to combat the Crips' influence, branding themselves as the Bloods, and would become their fiercest rivals. Williams' former rivals, the L.A. Brims and the Chain Gang, joined the Blood alliance and became The Brims and The Inglewood Family Bloods, respectively. As leader of the West Side Crips, Williams became the archetype of the new wave of Los Angeles gang members that would engage in random acts of violence against rival gang members and innocent people alike.

Hood 2 Hood: The Blockumentary

Hood 2 Hood: The Blockumentary is a straight-to-DVD documentary about the subculture of inner-city street gangs in American neighborhoods, released in 2005. It was produced by Rich Kid Entertainment. The documentary takes a tour through American neighborhoods with high crime rates. Street gangs allowed Rich Kid Entertainment to capture the day-to-day actions of life in gang-ridden neighborhoods. Rich Kid Entertainment traveled to over 29 different cities and neighborhoods which included the hoods that many music artists grew up in, such as Jay-Z, Eminem, Nelly, Eazy-E, Mac Dre, Michael Jackson, Three 6 Mafia, Geto Boys, Big Pun, Juvenile, T.I. and Nas.

Latin Kings (gang)

Latin KingsLatin KingAlmighty Latin Kings
The Breakdown of the Crown is the Structure with Color Coded and mathematical using every angle to equal 360• The Crown Structure is Broken down from First Crown Black Onyx Stone for Unity goes to Second Crown Honesty Pearl White, To Green Emerald Third Crown War Lord to keep the Respect and order in the Nation and Ruby Red for The Love and Blood spilt Fourth Crown and 5th Crown is 1st Crown Advisor and Amber Yellow for the Truth is a structural and it works like the Mafia. One retired detective said in 2004: "When you compare them to other street gangs like the Bloods and the Crips, none compare to the organization of the Latin Kings."

Crips and Bloods: Made in America

The Piru Street Boys from Compton, California, who had first associated themselves with the Crips, separated to form the biggest, and most infamous, rivalry in US history, the Bloods. The Bloods are a street gang originating from Los Angeles, California. They began as the Pirus Street Gang which broke up during an internal gang war during the 1970s. They joined other small gangs and became known as the Bloods with the primary enemy as the Crips. Bloods are often known as the MOBs (“Members of Bloods”). Bloods call themselves the CKs (“Crip Killers). Bloods greet each other by saying the word “blood”. They try to avoid any word which starts with or even includes the letter ‘C’.

Gangland (TV series)

GanglandGangland'' (TV series)Pandilleros
Gangland explores the history of some of America's more notorious gangs. It premiered on November 1, 2007 with a special episode about the Aryan Brotherhood. The theme song was performed by Buckshot of the Boot Camp Clik. "Ice Cold Killers" is not included on the DVD release. Neither "Mile High Killers" nor "Public Enemy Number One" are included on the DVD release. There was no break between seasons 6 and 7, the list below is based on the DVD release which ends with "Hell House".

Sanyika Shakur

Eight Tray Gangsta CripsMonster KodyMonster" Kody Scott
A week after being released from jail, Shakur was arrested again after being falsely accused of shooting a member of the Inglewood Family Bloods while he and other members of the Crips were on their way to a roller-skating rink in Compton, California. On February 14, 1979, Shakur was arrested for assault and grand-theft auto and served nine months at Camp Munz in Lake Hughes, California. During Shakur's stay at Camp Munz, several major events occurred on the streets of South Central Los Angeles that involved the Crips.

List of criminal enterprises, gangs and syndicates

Guerreros UnidosList of Criminal Organizations
The Vario Crew. 107th Street gang. Magaddino crime family. DeCavalcante crime family. The Chicago Outfit (see also Unione Siciliane). Las Vegas crew (defunct). Philadelphia crime family. Pittsburgh crime family. Patriarca crime family. Angiulo Brothers crew. Cleveland crime family. Los Angeles crime family. Kansas City crime family. Trafficante crime family. Detroit Partnership. Milwaukee crime family. New Orleans crime family. Morello crime family. Genna crime family. Porrello crime family. St. Louis crime family. Rochester Crime Family. Bufalino crime family. Dallas crime family. Denver crime family. San Francisco crime family. San Jose crime family. Seattle crime family.

KBLA

KALIKDAYKOWL
In a two-hour special, KDAY featured Run-DMC, singer Barry White, and boxer Paul Gonzales appealing to rival gangs to stop feuding and opened phone lines for callers to describe gangs' impact in their communities. There were no murders or incidents of gang violence that day. Within two weeks, the Bloods and Crips, the two largest gangs in Los Angeles, signed a peace treaty. By 1990, hip-hop appeared on the FM dial, forcing KDAY to adapt. The station upgraded its sound to AM stereo, described by Dan Charnas as "sounding like two tiny AM radios playing side by side." MacMillan left KDAY that year to work for FM rival KJLH.

Black Guerrilla Family

Black Guerilla FamilyBGFBlack Guerrilla Army (BGA)
Baltimore police stated that the Black Guerrilla Family, the Bloods, and the Crips were "teaming up" to target police officers. Later, however, leaders of both the Bloods and the Crips denied the allegations, released a video statement asking for calm and peaceful protest in the area, and joined with police and clergy to enforce the curfew. At one occasion, gang members helped to prevent a riot at the Security Square Mall by dispersing attempted rioters.

United Blood Nation

Bloods
In 1993, Bloods gang leaders Omar Portee and Leonard Mackenzie incarcerated at Rikers Island, New York, decided to unify their factions as the "United Blood Nation" to protect members from the dominant Ñetas and Latin Kings gangs. United Blood Nation factions are identified by the local telephone area code. Gang graffiti often includes the letter "C" crossed out, the abbreviation "CK" (for "Crip Killer"), the number "031", the letter "S" crossed out (as "Slobs" is an offensive nickname for Bloods). Gang tattoos often use three dots representing a dog paw, bulldogs and "M.O.B." (for "Member of Bloods" or "Money Over Bitches").

Asian Boyz

Asian Boyz (ABZ)
Although the Asian Boyz gang comprise their own identity as an organization, the identity itself is largely interpreted as an umbrella of individual Crip gangs or "sets"; hence their alternative monikers "Asian Crips" and "Asian Boyz Crip". Though the relationships between these individual sets are unclear, the various Southeast Asian members tend to work with people of their own national, ethnic or cultural background. More recent publications (since 2011) have revealed even more information about the gang, notable details include the alliance of a number of gangs based in Long Beach, California referred to as SEAs, an abbreviation of Suicidal Town, Exotic Family City Crip and Asian boyz.

Juggalo gangs

Juggalosclassification of Juggalos as a ganggang
In at least one case, the gangs aligned because they share the same gang color (red). Bloods and Juggalos have also collaborated to commit drive-by shootings. In Pennsylvania, the Bloods and Crips dominate the incarcerated Juggalo gangs and use them for recruitment. In addition, certain Juggalo gangs have allied with violent prison gangs, including the Aryan Brotherhood, Aryan Circle, 211 Crew, and Aryan Brothers Liberation. Juggalo gang members are notable for their tendency toward extremely brutal and wanton violence.

People Nation

People Nation is an alliance of street gangs generally associated with the Chicago area. They are rivals to the Folk Nation alliance of gangs. The People Nation was formed in reaction to the creation of the Folk Nation alliance of gangs. In 1978, the El Rukns (now Black P. Stones), Vice Lords and Latin Kings formed an alliance system of their own, and titled it the "People". Jeff Fort of El Rukns, Bobby Gore of the Vice Lords, and Gustavo Colon of the Latin Kings were instrumental in the forming of this alliance.

Centennial High School (Compton, California)

Centennial High SchoolCentennialCentennial (Compton)
Centennial High School is a public high school in Compton, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Construction of Centennial High School began in 1953, and it was erected in 1954, with its first graduating class in 1954. It is the smallest of the three high schools in the Compton Unified School District, which also includes Compton High School and Manuel Dominguez High School. Approximately 1,230 students attend Centennial High School. The ethnic composition of the student body is: Students speak English and/or Spanish. 48% of the students are Second-Language Learners (SLL) with 33% of the total enrollment classified as Limited English Proficiency (LEP).

Folk Nation

FolksHoover's Folk Nation
The Folk Nation (also known as Folk) is an alliance of American street gangs originating from the Chicago area, in 1978. The gang has since spread throughout the United States, particularly to the Midwestern United States. They are rivals to the People Nation. The Folk Nation was formed on November 11, 1978, within the confines of the Illinois Department of Corrections. Larry Hoover, the chairman of the Gangster Disciple Nation, created the idea for the alliance and persuaded many leaders of large Black, White, and Latino gangs from Chicago to join. Soon after its formation, the People Nation was formed to counter the Folks alliance.

Watts, Los Angeles

WattsWatts, California1992 Watts gang treaty
Mobs did the most property damage in Watts in the turmoil. Watts suffered further in the 1970s, as gangs gained strength and raised the level of violence in the neighborhood. Between 1989 and 2005, police reported more than 500 homicides in Watts, most of them gang-related and tied to wars over control of the lucrative illicit market created by illegal drugs. Four of Watts's influential gangs— Watts Cirkle City Piru, Grape Street Watts Crips, Bounty Hunter Watts Bloods, and PJ Watts Crips—formed a Peace Treaty agreement on April 26, 1992. Key hallmarks of the pact continue to influence life in Watts to date, with colors and territory having little to do with gang-related crime.