New Haven, Connecticut

New HavenNew Haven, CTFoote School
New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, and is part of the New York metropolitan area. With a population of 129,779 as determined by the 2010 United States Census, it is the second-largest city in Connecticut after Bridgeport. New Haven is the principal municipality of Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010.

List of Skull and Bones members

Daniel Coit Gilman (1852), president of the University of California, Johns Hopkins University, and the Carnegie Institution, founder of the Russell Trust Association. George Griswold Sill (1852), Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut. Andrew Dickson White (1853), cofounder and first President of Cornell University. Carroll Cutler (1854), President of Western Reserve College, now known as Case Western Reserve University. Luzon Buritt Morris (1854), Governor of Connecticut. William DeWitt Alexander (1855), educator, linguist, and surveyor of Hawaii. Chauncey Depew (1856), Vanderbilt railroad attorney, US Senator.

William Huntington Russell

William H. RussellGen. RusselRussell's Academy
In 1856, with several other Bonesmen, he incorporated Skull and Bones as the Russell Trust, later the Russell Trust Association. The Russell Trust Association is a tax-exempt association; it holds possession of the Skull and Bones Hall at Yale University and the society's holiday island, Deer Island. On August 19, 1836, Russell was married to Mary Elizabeth Hubbard (1816–1890). Mary was a daughter of Lucy Hubbard and Dr. Thomas Hubbard, a professor of Surgery at the Yale Medical School. Together, they were the parents of ten children, six of whom survived him, including: In May 1885, Russell saw some boys throwing stones at birds in the park in New Haven, Connecticut.

Deer Island (Thousand Islands)

Deer IslandDeer Island ClubIle aux Chevreuils
It is owned entirely by the Russell Trust Association and is used as a Skull and Bones retreat. The island lies near Boldt Castle and can be seen up close from several Canadian and U.S. tour vessels that operate in the local waterways. The land on the island is densely overgrown, with a small lodge on the southern corner of the island. "Skull and Bones doesn't own an opulent island hideaway like the one depicted in The Skulls. It does own an island on the St. Lawrence River — Deer Island, in Alexandria Bay. The forty-acre retreat is intended to give Bonesmen an opportunity to "get together and rekindle old friendships".

Secret society

secret societiessecret organizationsecret
Perhaps one of the most famous secret collegiate societies is Skull and Bones at Yale University. The influence of undergraduate secret societies at colleges such as Harvard College, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, the University of Chicago, the University of Virginia, Georgetown University, New York University, and Wellesley College has been publicly acknowledged, if anonymously and circumspectly, since the 19th century. British Universities, too, have a long history of secret societies or quasi-secret societies, such as The Pitt Club at Cambridge University, Bullingdon Club at Oxford University, and the 16' Club at St David's College.

Johns Hopkins University

Johns HopkinsThe Johns Hopkins UniversityJohns Hopkins Medical Institutions
They each vouched for Daniel Coit Gilman to lead the new University and he became the university's first president. Gilman, a Yale-educated scholar, had been serving as president of the University of California, Berkeley prior to this appointment. In preparation for the university's founding, Gilman visited University of Freiburg and other German universities. Gilman launched what many at the time considered an audacious and unprecedented academic experiment to merge teaching and research.

Morrison Waite

Morrison R. WaiteChief Justice WaiteMorrison Remick Waite
List of Skull and Bones Members. Supreme Court Historical Society:. Morrison R. Waite, 1874-1888. The Waite Court, 1874–1888. Morrison R. Waite Biography, official Supreme Court media, Oyez.

Yale University

YaleYale CollegeUniversity of Yale
Robbins, Alexandra, Secrets of the Tomb: Skull and Bones, the Ivy League, and the Hidden Paths of Power, Little Brown & Co., 2002; ISBN: 0-316-73561-2 (paper edition). Millegan, Kris (ed.), Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, TrineDay, 2003. ISBN: 0-9752906-0-6 (paper edition). Yale Athletics website. Yale Athletics website.

Peabody Education Fund

PeabodyPeabody education fundsPeabody Educational Board
The Southern Education Foundation, a not-for-profit foundation, was created in 1937 from the Peabody Education Fund and three funds intended to support education for blacks: the John F. Slater Fund, the Negro Rural School Fund, and the Virginia Randolph Fund. L. P. Ayres, Seven Great Foundations (New York, 1911). Orr, D. (1950). A History of Education in Georgia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Antony C. Sutton

Antony SuttonSuttonSutton, Antony C
In the early 1980s, Sutton used a combination of public-domain information on Skull and Bones (such as Yale yearbooks) and previously unreleased documents sent to him by Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt whose father was a Skull and Bones member to speculate that it had played an important role in coordinating the political and economic relationships underlying the historical events Sutton wrote of in his previous works. He published his speculations as America's Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, which, according to Sutton, was his most important work.

Andrew Dickson White

Andrew D. WhiteAndrew WhiteA. D. White
At Yale, White was a classmate of Daniel Coit Gilman, who would later serve as the first president of Johns Hopkins University. The two were members of the Skull and Bones secret society and would remain close friends. They traveled together in Europe after graduation and served together on the Venezuela Boundary Commission (1895–1896). His roommate was Thomas Frederick Davies, Sr., who later became the third bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Michigan, 1889–1905. Other members of White's graduating year included Edmund Clarence Stedman, the poet and essayist; Wayne MacVeagh, Attorney General of the United States and U.S.

John Fox Slater

Among the original trustees of the Slater Fund were Rutherford B Hayes, Morrison R Waite, William E Dodge, Phillips Brooks, Daniel Coit Gilman, Morris Ketchum Jesup and the donor's son, William A. Slater; and among members chosen later were Melville W Fuller, William E Dodge, Jr, Henry Codman Potter, Cleveland H Dodge and Seth Low. In 1909 by careful investment the fund had increased, in spite of expenditures, to more than $1,500,000.

Linonian Society

LinoniaLinonia and Brothers LibraryLinonian literary society
Daniel Coit Gilman - Class of 1852 - Founder of the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale College, and who subsequently served as one of the earliest presidents of the University of California, the first president of Johns Hopkins University, and as founding president of the Carnegie Institution. He was also co-founder of the Russell Trust Association, which administers the business affairs of Yale's Skull and Bones society. Chauncey Mitchell Depew - Class of 1856 - The attorney for Cornelius Vanderbilt's railroad interests, president of the New York Central Railroad System, and a United States Senator from New York from 1899 to 1911.

America's Secret Establishment

America's Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones
America's Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones (ISBN: 0-937765-02-3) is a 1983 (updated 1986 and 2002) book by Hoover Institution scholar Antony C. Sutton in which, among other things, he details the business and political network of secret society Skull and Bones and its parent organization, the Russell Trust Association. "[This book] will explain why the West built the Soviets and Hitler; why we go to war, to lose; why Wall Street loves Marxists and Nazis; why the kids can't read; why the Churches have become propaganda founts; why historical facts are suppressed, why politicians lie and a hundred other whys." - Anthony C. Sutton *

University of California, Berkeley

UC BerkeleyUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeley
The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California. It was founded in 1868 and is the flagship campus of the ten campuses of the University of California. Berkeley has since grown to instruct over 40,000 students in approximately 350 undergraduate and graduate degree programs covering numerous disciplines.

American Civil War

Civil WarU.S. Civil WarUnited States Civil War
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North (the Union) and the South (the Confederacy). The Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North, which also included some geographically western and southern states, proclaimed support for the Constitution.

Southern United States

SouthSouthernAmerican South
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America. It is located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Western United States, with the Midwestern United States and Northeastern United States to its north and the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico to its south.

Phi Beta Kappa

Phi Beta Kappa SocietyPhi Beta Kappa Honor SocietyPhi Beta Kappa key
The Phi Beta Kappa Society is the oldest academic honor society in the United States, and is often described as its most prestigious honor society, due to its long history and academic selectivity. Phi Beta Kappa aims to promote and advocate excellence in the liberal arts and sciences, and to induct the most outstanding students of arts and sciences at American colleges and universities. It was founded at the College of William and Mary on December 5, 1776 as the first collegiate Greek-letter fraternity and was among the earliest collegiate fraternal societies.

Education in Germany

Education in Germany is primarily the responsibility of individual German states (Länder), with the federal government playing a minor role. Optional Kindergarten (nursery school) education is provided for all children between one and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory. The system varies throughout Germany because each state (Land) decides its own educational policies. Most children, however, first attend Grundschule (literally meaning 'Ground School') for 4 years from the age of 6 to 9.

United States Secretary of State

Secretary of StateU.S. Secretary of StateUS Secretary of State
The secretary of state is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the United States Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's minister of foreign affairs.

Alpha Delta Phi

ΑΔΦAlpha DeltaAlpha Delta Phi Fraternity
At Yale University, it was mostly brothers of Alpha Delta Phi who were invited to join the university's top-ranked senior society Skull and Bones. Students at Harvard formed a chapter of Alpha Delta Phi but disaffiliated to form the independent final club, the A.D. In 1877, the Cornell University chapter's alumni group built its first house for the undergraduates, which has been described as the "first house in America built solely for fraternity use." The chapter has since moved to a different location on campus - into a house designed by John Russell Pope - but the original chapter house, designed and built by William Henry Miller, still stands.

Yale College

YaleYale Universitycolleges
In 1832, a rift over Phi Beta Kappa inductions between the college's two debating societies, Linonia and Brothers in Unity, caused seniors established the first secret society at the university, Skull and Bones. Skull and Bones "tapped" select juniors for membership as seniors, a ritual later adopted by all undergraduate senior societies. Since then, senior societies have proliferated at Yale, with recent estimates of 41 existing societies and senior class membership ranging from ten to fifty percent of each class. Although once carefully guarded, the "secrecy" of these senior societies is dubious; their existence is widely known and membership rolls for most are published yearly.

Prescott Bush

Prescott Sheldon BushPrescott S. BushSenator father
Prescott Bush was admitted to the Zeta Psi fraternity and Skull and Bones secret society. George H. W. Bush was also a member of the society, as is his son, George W. Bush. According to Skull and Bones lore, Prescott Bush was among a group of Bonesmen who dug up and removed the skull of Geronimo from his grave at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, in 1918. According to historian David L. Miller, the Bonesmen probably dug up somebody at Fort Sill, but not Geronimo. Prescott Bush was a cheerleader, played varsity golf and baseball, and was president of the Yale Glee Club. After graduation, Bush served as a field artillery captain with the American Expeditionary Forces (1917–1919) during World War I.

W. E. B. Du Bois

W.E.B. Du BoisW.E.B. DuBoisW. E. B. DuBois
In 1892, Du Bois received a fellowship from the John F. Slater Fund for the Education of Freedmen to attend the University of Berlin for graduate work. While a student in Berlin, he traveled extensively throughout Europe. He came of age intellectually in the German capital while studying with some of that nation's most prominent social scientists, including Gustav von Schmoller, Adolph Wagner, and Heinrich von Treitschke. He wrote about his time in Germany: "I found myself on the outside of the American world, looking in. With me were white folk – students, acquaintances, teachers – who viewed the scene with me.

Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.

Brown Brothers HarrimanHarriman Brothers & CompanyBrown Brothers Harriman & Company
Eight of the partners listed above, except for Moreau Delano and Thatcher Brown, were Skull and Bones members. In 1930s the company acted as a US base for the German industrialist, Fritz Thyssen, who helped finance Adolf Hitler. After the passage of the Glass-Steagall Act, the partners decided to focus on commercial banking, becoming a private bank, and spin its securities marketing and underwriting off into Harriman, Ripley and Company which eventually evolved into Drexel Burnham Lambert via mergers. Harriman, a partner in the firm, was the ambassador and statesman responsible for the relationship between Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt during World War II.