Anangpal Tomar

AnangpalAnagapalaAnang Pal
Anangpal Tomar was a king of the Tomara dynasty, who ruled over areas of Delhi in India. Sources variously say this was in the 8th century CE or the 11th century. Little is known of Anangpal, who whose ancestors had settled in the Aravalli Hills around the end of the first millennium CE. Some archaeological evidence survives of earlier settlements in the area and may be related to a ruler called Surajpal. Of Anangpal, the primary source for information comes from the Prithviraj Raso, a history of Prithviraj Chauhan which was written much later.

Haryana

HarayanaHaryana StateHaryana, India
Major dams are Kaushalya Dam in Panchkula district, Hathnikund Barrage and Tajewala Barrage on Yamuna in Yamunanagar district, Pathrala barrage on Somb river in Yamunanagar district, ancient Anagpur Dam near Surajkund in Faridabad district, and Ottu barrage on Ghaggar-Hakra River in Sirsa district. Major lakes are Dighal Wetland, Basai Wetland, Badkhal Lake in Faridabad, holy Brahma Sarovar and Sannihit Sarovar in Kurukshetra, Blue Bird Lake in Hisar, Damdama Lake at Sohna in Gurgram district, Hathni Kund in Yamunanagar district, Karna Lake at Karnal, ancient Surajkund in Faridabad, and Tilyar Lake in Rohtak.

Prithviraj Chauhan

Prithviraja IIIPrithvi Raj ChauhanPrithviraj III
The construction of the now-ruined Qila Rai Pithora fort in Delhi is attributed to Prithviraj. According to Prithviraj Raso, Delhi's ruler Anangpal Tomar gave the city to his son-in-law Prithviraj, and was defeated when he wanted it back. This is historically inaccurate, as Delhi was annexed to the Chahamana territory by Prithviraj's uncle Vigraharaja IV. In addition, historical evidence suggests that Anangpal Tomar died before the birth of Prithviraj. The claim about his daughter's marriage to Prithviraj appears to have been concocted at a later date.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
All states, as well as the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments following the Westminster system of governance. The remaining six union territories are directly ruled by the centre through appointed administrators. In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, states were reorganised on a linguistic basis. There are over a quarter of a million local government bodies at city, town, block, district and village levels. In the 1950s, India strongly supported decolonisation in Africa and Asia and played a leading role in the Non-Aligned Movement.

States and union territories of India

StateIndian stateUnion Territory
The Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Cutch, Manipur, Tripura, and Vindhya Pradesh. The only Part D state was the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which were administered by a lieutenant governor appointed by the central government. Andhra Pradesh was divided into two states, Telangana and a residual Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014. Hyderabad, located entirely within the borders of Telangana, is to serve as the capital for both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years.

Hindi

Hindi languageHindi-languageStandard Hindi
This body of work included the early Rajasthani epics such as renditions of the Dhola Maru, the Prithviraj Raso in Braj Bhasha, and the works of Amir Khusrow in the Khariboli of Delhi. Modern Standard Hindi is based on the Khariboli dialect, the vernacular of Delhi and the surrounding region, which came to replace earlier prestige dialects such as Awadhi, Maithili (sometimes regarded as separate from the Hindi dialect continuum) and Braj. Urdu – another form of Hindustani – acquired linguistic prestige in the later Mughal period (1800s), and underwent significant Persian influence. Modern Hindi and its literary tradition evolved towards the end of the 18th century.

Postal Index Number

PINPincodePIN code
A Postal Index Number (PIN), or sometimes redundantly a PIN code, refers in India to a code in the post office numbering or postal code system used by India Post. The code is six digits long.

List of districts in India

District640Districts
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory. In some cases districts are further subdivided into sub-divisions, and in others directly into tehsils or talukas. there are a total of 732 districts, up from the 640 in the 2011 Census of India and the 593 recorded in the 2001 Census of India.

Indian Standard Time

ISTUTC+05:30local time
Official time signals are generated by the Time and Frequency Standards Laboratory at the National Physical Laboratory in New Delhi, for both commercial and official use. The signals are based on atomic clocks and are synchronised with the worldwide system of clocks that support the Coordinated Universal Time. Features of the Time and Frequency Standards Laboratory include: IST is taken as the standard time as it passes through almost the centre of India. To communicate the exact time to the people, the exact time is broadcast over the national All India Radio and Doordarshan television network.

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Indian MutinyIndian RebellionSepoy Mutiny
They proceeded slowly towards Delhi and fought, killed, and hanged numerous Indians along the way. Two months after the first outbreak of rebellion at Meerut, the two forces met near Karnal. The combined force including two Gurkha units serving in the Bengal Army under contract from the Kingdom of Nepal, fought the main army of the rebels at Badli-ke-Serai and drove them back to Delhi. The Company established a base on the Delhi ridge to the north of the city and the Siege of Delhi began. The siege lasted roughly from 1 July to 21 September.

Yamuna

Yamuna RiverRiver YamunaJumna
Munak canal, built in 1819 and renovated in 2008, originates at Munak in Karnal district and extends 22 km to Delhi, carrying 700 cuft/s of water. Delhi Branch. Bhalaut Branch, originating at Khubru village, flows through Jhajjar district. Jhajjar Branch, flows through Jhajjar district. Sirsa Branch, the largest branch of the WYC, constructed in 1889–1895. It originates at Indri and meanders through Jind district, Fatehabad district and Sirsa district. Jind Branch. Bhiwani Branch, which meanders through Bhiwani district and passes Bidhwan. Barwala Branch. Hansi Branch, built in 1825 and remodelled in 1959. It originates at Munak and meanders through Hansi tehsil of Hisar district.

History of Delhi

Lal KotDelhi territoriesDhillika
. * * The agreement of construction of new city of Delhi with original signatures of Herbert Baker and Edwin Luteyns cy:Hen Ddelhi 1) Surajkund (Anangpur), Tomar city dating from the 9th or 10th century, where a large masonry tank can be found. 2) Lalkot, built ca. 1052 A.D. by the Tomara ruler, Anangpal. In ca. 1180 A.D. Prithviraj Chauhan extended and fortified it as a defence against invaders; the city then became known as Qila Rai Pithora.

Mahmud of Ghazni

MahmudSultan Mahmud GhaznaviMahmud of Ghaznavid
Anandapala is defeated at Peshawar and pursued to Sodra (Wazirabad). 1005: Defends Balkh and Khorasan against NasrI of the Kara-Khanid Khanate and recaptures Nishapur from Isma'il Muntasir of the Samanids. 1005: Sewakpal rebels and is defeated. 1008: Mahmud defeats the Indian Confederacy (Ujjain, Gwalior, Kalinjar, Kannauj, Delhi, and Ajmer) in battle between Und and Peshawar, and captures the Shahi treasury at Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. Note: A historical narrative states in this battle, under the onslaught of the Gakhars, Mahmud's army was about to retreat when King Anandapala's elephant took flight and turned the tide of the battle. 1010: Ghor; against Amir Suri. 1010: Multan revolts.

Muhammad of Ghor

Muhammad GhoriMu'izz al-Din MuhammadMohammad Ghori
Hindu kingdoms like Saraswati, Samana, Kohram and Hansi were captured without any difficulty. Finally his forces advanced on Delhi, capturing it soon after the Battle of Chandwar, defeating Raja Jaichand of Kannauj. Within a year, Mu'izz controlled northern Rajasthan and the northern part of the Ganges-Yamuna Doab. The Kingdom of Ajmer was then given over to Golā, on condition that he send regular tributes to the Ghurids. Mu'izz returned west to Ghazni to deal with the threat to his western frontiers from the unrest in Iran, but he appointed Aibak as his regional governor for northern India.

Jainism in Delhi

Delhiin Delhi
Karnal Road, its idyllic setting bring out the elegance of the buildings, which were all built according to traditional Jain Shastras. The complex includes Shri Vasupujaya Temple, Shri Vallabh Smarak, a Shastra Bhandar, a Jain Museum, and a Research Centre for Indology. The complex also has a school for children, a Dharamshala & Bhojanalaya for the convenience of visitors, as well as a free dispensary. The complex also contains "Devi Padamavati Temple" and a shrine of Sadhvi Mrigavati ji. Hastinapur. Tijara. Ahichatra. Hansi. Ranila. Kasan. Central Delhi. Shri Aggarwal Digambar Jain Mandir, Jaisinghpura, near Shivaji stadium N Delhi-110 001.

Iron pillar of Delhi

iron pillarDelhi Iron PillarDelhi Pillar
The iron pillar of Delhi is a structure 23 feet 8 inches (7.2 metres) high with 16 inches diameter that was constructed by a "King Chandra", probably Chandragupta II (reigned c. 375-415 CE), and now stands in the Qutb complex at Mehrauli in Delhi, India. It is famous for the rust-resistant composition of the metals used in its construction. The pillar weighs over 5865 kg and is thought to have been erected elsewhere, perhaps outside the Udayagiri Caves, and moved to its present location early in the Delhi Sultanate. The height of the pillar, from the top of its capital to the top of its base, is 7.21 m, 1.12 m of which is below ground. Its bell pattern capital is 306 mm.

Qila Rai Pithora

Lal Kot
Some coins, called "Dehliwalas" in the early sources of the Dehli Sultanate, were issued by a series of kings which include the Tomara rulers and a king called "Prithipala". Even if "Prithipala" is assumed to be a name of Prithviraj (although some scholars believe him to be a distinct Tomara king), it is possible that Prithviraja's coins were called "Delhiwalas" not because they were minted in Delhi, but because they were used in Delhi after the city became a major Ghurid garrison. * Bawana Fortress. History of Delhi.

Delhi Sultanate

Sultanate of DelhiSultan of DelhiDelhi
The Emergence of the Delhi Sultanate. Delhi: Permanent Black. Majumdar, R. C., Raychaudhuri, H., & Datta, K. (1951). An advanced history of India: 2. London: Macmillan. Majumdar, R. C., & Munshi, K. M. (1990). The Delhi Sultanate. Bombay: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. Kumar, Sunil. (2007). The Emergence of the Delhi Sultanate. Delhi: Permanent Black.

Aurangzeb

AurangazebEmperor AurangzebAurengzeb
Delhi, Khushwant Singh, Penguin USA, Open Market Ed edition, 5 February 2000. (ISBN: 0-14-012619-8). Also published as. A Short History of Pakistan, Dr. Ishtiaque Hussain Qureshi, University of Karachi Press. Sarkar, Jadunath (1972). History of Aurangzib. Bombay: Orient Longman. Delhi, Khushwant Singh, Penguin USA, Open Market Ed edition, 5 February 2000. (ISBN: 0-14-012619-8). Also published as. A Short History of Pakistan, Dr. Ishtiaque Hussain Qureshi, University of Karachi Press. Aurangzeb, as he was according to Mughal Records. Article on Aurganzeb from MANAS group page, UCLA. by Audrey Truschke, published on AEON.

Chahamanas of Shakambhari

ChahamanaShakambhari Chahamana dynastyShakambhari Chahamana
His successor Arnoraja raided the Tomara territory, and also repulsed a Ghaznavid invasion. However, he suffered setbacks against the Gujarat Chaulukya kings Jayasimha Siddharaja and Kumarapala, and was killed by his own son Jagaddeva. Arnoraja's younger son Vigraharaja IV greatly expanded the Chahamana territories, and captured Delhi from the Tomaras. His kingdom included parts of the present-day Rajasthan, Haryana, and Delhi. It probably also included a part of Punjab (to the south-east of Sutlej river) and a portion of the northern Gangetic plain (to the west of Yamuna).

Hindus

HinduShrimantHindoos
This is documented in Islamic literature such as those relating to 8th century Muhammad bin-Qasim, 11th century Mahmud of Ghazni, the Persian traveler Al Biruni, the 14th century Islamic army invasion led by Timur, and various Sunni Islamic rulers of the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire. There were occasional exceptions such as Akbar who stopped the persecution of Hindus, and occasional severe persecution such as under Aurangzeb, who destroyed temples, forcibly converted non-Muslims to Islam and banned the celebration of Hindu festivals such as Holi and Diwali.

Vigraharaja IV

Vigraha-raja IVVigraharajaVisala Deva Vigraharaja IV
Singh, Hansi might have been under Muslim control by this time. On the other hand, Dasharatha Sharma theorizes that the Tomaras had recaptured Hansi from Ghaznavids by this time, and Vigraharaja captured it from the Tomaras. The legendary epic poem Prithviraj Raso states that the later Chahamana king Prithviraja III married the daughter of the Tomara king Anangapala, and was bequeauthed Delhi by the Tomara king. Historian R. B. Singh speculates that it was actually Vigraharaja, who married the daughter of the Tomara king.

Gwalior

GwaliarGwalior CityLashkar
At the heart of Gwalior is Gwalior Fort of the Tomara dynasty. This structure was reputed to be one of the most structurally sound forts of India, having been improved by Raja Man Singh Tomar where a previous structure existed. It occupies an isolated rock outcrop. The hill is steepened to make it virtually unscalable and is surrounded by high walls which enclose buildings from several periods. The old town of Gwalior lies at the eastern base of the fortress. Lashkar, founded by Daulat Rao Scindia, formerly a separate town that originated as a military camp, lies to the south, and Morar, also a formerly separate town, lies to the east.

Kanwari

Kanwari Indus Valley Mound
It is situated 260 km from the state capital Chandigarh, 166 km from the national capital Delhi, 24 km from the district headquarter Hisar, 42 km from Bhiwani and 12 km from the Tosham Hill range beginning at Khanak. Archaeological Survey of India's explorations, as reported in the "Indian Archaeological Review 1978-79" (page 8), found early historical and late medieval artifacts at Kanwari. Late medieval artifacts included 9th and 10th century temple [of Kaumari in Nagara architecture from the times of Tomara dynasty rule who were vassals of Pratiharas until 10th century].

Haryana Tourism Corporation

Haryana TourismHaryana Tourism Corporation Limited
Neelkanthi Krishna Dham Yatri Niwas, Kurukshetra - 154 km from Delhi. Jatayu Yatrika, Mata Mansa Devi Mandir, Panchkula - 2 km from Chandigarh. List of Monuments of National Importance in Haryana. List of State Protected Monuments in Haryana. List of Indus Valley Civilization sites. List of National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries of Haryana, India. Surajkund hot spring. Anagpur Dam - 2 km from Surajkund. Asigarh Fort at hansi. Tosham rock inscription at Tosham. Official website. HarSamadhan Haryana Govt's online Complaints portal.