Cybersquatting

cybersquatterdomain squattingcyber squatting
Domain name front running. Domain Name System. Domain tasting. John Zuccarini, convicted of violating the Truth in Domain Names Act. Michael Urvan. Nissan Computer. Patent troll. Planned Parenthood Fed'n of Am., Inc. v. Bucci. Satyam Infoway Ltd. v. Sifynet Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Taubman Sucks, an intellectual property lawsuit. Top-level domain. Uniform Resource Locator (URL).

Top-level domain

top level domainTLDtop-level domains
A top-level domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet. The top-level domain names are installed in the root zone of the name space. For all domains in lower levels, it is the last part of the domain name, that is, the last label of a fully qualified domain name. For example, in the domain name www.example.com, the top-level domain is com. Responsibility for management of most top-level domains is delegated to specific organizations by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which operates the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), and is in charge of maintaining the DNS root zone.

ICANN

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and NumbersInternet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
Domain name scams. Domain Name System. Domain name. Domain name registrar. Internationalized domain name. Top-level domain. Country code top-level domain. Generic top-level domain. Geographic top-level domain (GeoTLD). IEEE Registration Authority. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). InterNIC. List of ICANN meetings. List of United States quangos. Montevideo Statement on the Future of Internet Cooperation. NetMundial Initiative, a plan for governance of the Internet. Network Solutions. OneWebDay. OpenNIC. Trademark Clearinghouse. Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy. WHOIS. Brito, Jerry. " ICANN vs. the World." TIME. March 5, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.

Domain Name System

DNSresource recorddomain
RFC 1032, Domain Administrators Guide. RFC 1033, Domain Administrators Operations Guide. RFC 1101, DNS Encodings of Network Names and Other Types. Alternative DNS root. Comparison of DNS server software. Domain hijacking. DNS hijacking. DNS management software. DNS over HTTPS. DNS over TLS. Hierarchical namespace. IPv6 brokenness and DNS whitelisting. Multicast DNS. Public recursive name server. resolv.conf. Split-horizon DNS. List of DNS record types. List of managed DNS providers. Zytrax.com, Open Source Guide – DNS for Rocket Scientists. Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress Congressional Research Service.

Domain drop catching

Domain drop catching or domain snipingdrop auctionsdrop catch
Domain hijacking. Domain tasting. Domain warehousing. Drop registrar.

Domain name warehousing

warehousingdomain warehousing
Domain name front running. Domain drop catching or domain sniping. Domain tasting.

Domain name registrar

domain registrarregistrarregistrars
A domain name registrar is a company that manages the reservation of Internet domain names. A domain name registrar must be accredited by a generic top-level domain (gTLD) registry or a country code top-level domain (ccTLD) registry. A registrar operates in accordance with the guidelines of the designated domain name registries. Until 1999, Network Solutions Inc. (NSI) operated the registries for the com, net, and org top-level domains (TLDs). In addition to the function of domain name registry operator, it was also the sole registrar for these domains. However, several companies had developed independent registrar services.

Country code top-level domain

ccTLDcountry-code top-level domaincountry code
Country code top-level domains with commercial licenses. gccTLD. Country code second-level domain. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Domain name dispute resolution. World-Wide Alliance of Top Level Domain-names. The ICANN Country Code Names Supporting Organisation (ccNSO).

Domain name registry

registrydomain registrydomain name registration
A domain name registry is a database of all domain names and the associated registrant information in the top level domains of the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet that allow third party entities to request administrative control of a domain name. Most registries operate on the top-level and second-level of the DNS. A registry operator, sometimes called a network information center (NIC) maintains all administrative data of the domain and generates a zone file which contains the addresses of the nameservers for each domain.

Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act

ACPA
While the ACPA contemplated the purchase of domain names for resale to trademark owners, it did not contemplate the more modern practice of domaining. Domaining is the business of registering a domain name and parking it or placing pay-per-click ads on it. Domainers rely on type-in traffic, which is when Internet surfers type in the domain name rather than using a search engine. Domainers can make a lot of money by buying and selling domain names. Some domainers relied on domain tasting, which involves placing pay-per-click ads on the domain for five days (or less) to determine whether the ads will make more than the annual cost of the domain.

Sex.com

sex.com scandal
Sex.com is an Internet domain name and web portal currently owned by Clover Holdings LTD. The domain name was the focus of one of the most publicized legal actions about ownership of domain names. Kieren McCarthy, a journalist who followed the case, wrote the book Sex.com, which was published in 2007. On October 18, 1995, entrepreneur Gary Kremen (who also founded Match.com) registered sex.com with Network Solutions, but did not develop the site as he focused on growing Match.com. Later in 1995, Network Solutions transferred, without permission, the domain to Stephen M.

.com

comdot-comDot.com
In December 2011, VeriSign reported that approximately 100 million com domains were registered. As of March 2009, VeriSign reported that the domain is served by 926 accredited registrars. On November 29 2012, the U.S. Department of Commerce approved renewal of the com Registry Agreement between Verisign, Inc., and ICANN. Through this agreement, Verisign managed the com registry until November 30, 2018. The following are the 100 oldest still-existing registered com domains. * List of most expensive domain names IANA .com whois information. List of .com accredited registrars. .com WhoIS. .com Registry Agreement at ICANN.

Type-in traffic

type in traffic
In April 2006 DemandMedia.com purchased the domain name registrar eNom as a tool for acquiring type-in traffic and for a portfolio of thousands of type-in traffic domain names. In July 2006 Demand Media purchased Bulkregister.com, another top ten ICANN accredited registrar. In May 2006 iREIT acquired Netster.com, predominantly for the thousands of generic type-in domain name names contained within the broader Netster domain name portfolio. Google's entry into the small publisher monetization space came as a result of their purchase of Applied Semantics (oingo.com) in 2003. The drop registrar phenomenon is directly related to the value and desirability of type-in traffic domain names.

Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy

UDRPUniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution PolicyUniform Dispute Resolution Policy
Whether the registrant registered the domain name to prevent the owner of the trademark or service mark from reflecting the mark in a corresponding domain name, if the domain name owner has engaged in a pattern of such conduct; and. Whether the registrant registered the domain name primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of a competitor; or. Whether by using the domain name, the registrant has intentionally attempted to attract, for commercial gain, internet users to the registrant's website, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the complainant's mark. DNS. Top-level domain. URL. Typosquatting. Cybersquatting. Reverse domain hijacking. ICANN.

Drop registrar

A drop registrar is a domain name registrar who registers expiring Internet domain names immediately after they expire and are deleted by the domain name registry. A drop registrar will typically use automated software to send up to 250 simultaneous domain name registration requests in an attempt to register the domain name first. In recognition of the potential abuse of such a "domain land rush", ICANN and VeriSign limited the number of simultaneous requests to 250 since July 17, 2001. Drop registrars usually work for a domain back-order service, and receive a percentage of the final auction price. *Domain drop catching

Domain parking

parkeddomain parkedpark
In the latter, an "Under Construction" or a "Coming Soon" message may or may not be put up on the domain by the registrar or reseller. This is a single-page website that people see when they type the domain name or follow a link in a web browser. Domain names can be parked before a web site is ready for launching. Domain parking may also refer to an advertising practice, more precisely called "parked domain monetization", used primarily by domain name registrars and internet advertising publishers to monetize type-in traffic visiting a parked or "under-developed" domain name. The domain name will usually resolve to a web page containing advertising listings and links.

Network Solutions

Network Solutions, Inc.Network Solutions Inc.Network Solutions, LLC
On January 8, 2008, Domain Name Wire published a story alleging that Network Solutions practices domain name front running. "If you try to register a domain at Network Solutions, but decide not to register it, you won’t be able to register it anywhere else," the article says. "Network Solutions registers the domain in its company name with the words 'This Domain is available at NetworkSolutions.com'."

Tucows

Tucows IncTucows Inc.
Afilias is the registry operator of the .info and .aero TLDs, and the service provider of the .org generic top-level domain (gTLD), .mobi mobile phone TLD, and a provider of domain name registry services for several countries around the world, including .AG (Antigua and Barbuda), .BZ (Belize), .GI (Gibraltar), .HN (Honduras), .IN (India), .ME (Montenegro), .SC (the Seychelles), and .VC (St. Vincent and the Grenadines). On January 8, 2008, Tucows explained its values and position on domain name front running: "We work to uphold the rights of Registrants.

Website

web sitewebsitesonline
A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server. Notable examples are wikipedia.org, google.com, and amazon.com. A website may be accessible via a public Internet Protocol (IP) network, such as the Internet, or a private local area network (LAN), by referencing a uniform resource locator (URL) that identifies the site. Websites can have many functions and can be used in various fashions; a website can be a personal website, a corporate website for a company, a government website, an organization website, etc.

Internet

onlinethe Internetweb
ICANN coordinates the assignment of unique identifiers for use on the Internet, including domain names, Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, application port numbers in the transport protocols, and many other parameters. Globally unified name spaces are essential for maintaining the global reach of the Internet. This role of ICANN distinguishes it as perhaps the only central coordinating body for the global Internet.

Subdomain

sub-domainsubdomainssub domain
Domain name. Hostname. Subdirectory. Webpage. Subpage. Vanity domain.

WHOIS

CRISPWHOIS DatabaseAPNIC Whois Database
In the case of internationalized domain names it is the responsibility of the client application to perform the translation of the domain name between its native language script and the DNS name in punycode. In cases where the registrant's (Domain Owner) identity is public, anyone can easily confirm the status of a domain via WHOIS. In the case of private registrations, ascertaining registration information may be more difficult. If a registrant, who acquired a domain name, wants to verify the registrar has completed the registration process, three steps may be required: This provides some confidence that the retailer actually registered the name.

URL

URLsweb addressuniform resource locator
The parts of the URL requiring special treatment for different alphabets are the domain name and path. The domain name in the IRI is known as an Internationalized Domain Name (IDN). Web and Internet software automatically convert the domain name into punycode usable by the Domain Name System; for example, the Chinese URL //例子.卷筒纸 becomes //xn--fsqu00a.xn--3lr804guic/. The indicates that the character was not originally ASCII. The URL path name can also be specified by the user in the local writing system.

Extensible Provisioning Protocol

EPPExtensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
The motivation for the creation of EPP was to create a robust and flexible protocol that could provide communication between domain name registries and domain name registrars. These transactions are required whenever a domain name is registered or renewed, thereby also preventing domain hijacking. Prior to its introduction, registries had no uniform approach, and many different proprietary interfaces existed. While its use for domain names was the initial driver, the protocol is designed to be usable for any kind of ordering and fulfilment system. EPP is based on XML - a structured, text-based format.

Hostname

host namehostaddress
Depending on the operating system DNS software implementation, an unqualified hostname may be automatically combined with a default domain name configured into the system, in order to complete the fully qualified domain name. As an example, a student at MIT may be able to send mail to "joe@csail" and have it automatically qualified by the mail system to be sent to joecsail.mit.edu. General guidelines on choosing a good hostname are outlined in RFC 1178. Internationalized domain name. Domain hijacking.