Gramophone Company

The Gramophone CompanyGramophone & Typewriter CompanyGramophone and Typewriter Company
In March 1931, Gramophone merged with the Columbia Graphophone Company to form Electric and Musical Industries Ltd (EMI). The "Gramophone Company, Ltd." name, however, continued to be used for many decades, especially for copyright notices on records. Gramophone Company of India was formed in 1946. The Gramophone Company Ltd legal entity was renamed EMI Records Ltd. in 1973. * The Gramophone Company's trademark gramophone 1898 List of record labels. EMI. His Master's Voice. List of phonograph manufacturers. Angel Records. Nipper the dog, and logo variations. Addis v Gramophone Co Ltd [1909] UKHL 1. John R.


Parlophone RecordsParlophonParlophone Music Sweden
Because Parlophone Records Ltd. absorbed the catalogues of EMI Records UK, the Columbia Graphophone Company, His Master's Voice, the archives of non-U.S. former artists of Harvest, and some European divisions of EMI Music (with new reissues bearing the Parlophone label), only artists whose recordings were originally issued by Parlophone are listed here, either during its time as a subsidiary of EMI (1931–2012) or as a Warner Music sub-label (2013–present). Artists whose recordings are controlled by Parlophone and Warner Music but were distributed by other labels: The labels shown here include those used for 78s and LPs.

Anni-Frid Lyngstad discography

Discogs discography page of Anni-Frid Lyngstad. AllMusic page of Anni-Frid Lyngstad.

Victor Talking Machine Company

VictorVictor RecordsVictrola
As Radio Corporation of America acquired Victor, the Gramophone Co. in England became EMI giving RCA a controlling interest in JVC, Columbia (UK), and EMI. During World War II, JVC severed its ties to RCA Victor and today remains one of the oldest and most successful Japanese record labels as well as an electronics giant. Meanwhile, RCA sold its remaining shares in EMI during this time. Today the "His Master's Voice" trademark in music is split amongst several companies including JVC (in Japan), HMV (in the UK), and RCA (in the US). Victor kept meticulous written records of all of its recordings.

EMI Records

EMIEMI FinlandEMI Australia
The global success that EMI enjoyed in the 1960s exposed the fact that the company had the rights to only some of its trademarks in some parts of the world, most notably His Master's Voice and Columbia, with RCA Victor Records and the American Columbia Records owning the rights to these trademarks in North America.

Columbia Records

ColumbiaCBSCBS Records
Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded in 1887, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company. Columbia is the oldest surviving brand name in the recorded sound business, and the second major company to produce records. From 1961 to 1990, Columbia recordings were released outside North America under the name CBS Records to avoid confusion with EMI's Columbia Graphophone Company.

EMI Classics

EMIVirgin ClassicsHMV
EMI Classics was a record label founded by EMI in 1990 in order to reduce the need to create country-specific packaging and catalogs for internationally distributed classical music releases. Following the European Commission's approval of the takeover of EMI Group by Universal Music in September 2012, EMI Classics was listed for divestment. The label was sold to Warner Music Group, which absorbed EMI Classics into Warner Classics in 2013. Classical recordings were formerly simultaneously released under combinations of Angel, Seraphim, Odeon, Columbia, His Master's Voice, and other labels, in part because competitors own these names in various countries.

RCA Records

RCARCA VictorRCA Victor Records
In 1956, effective in 1957, RCA ended its 55-year association with EMI/HMV, after EMI's acquisition of Capitol Records. Capitol then became the main distributor for EMI recordings in North and South America, with RCA Victor distributing its recordings through Decca Records in the United Kingdom on the RCA label, using the RCA lightning bolt logo, instead of the Nipper/His Master's Voice trademark for which EMI held the rights. RCA set up its own British distribution in 1969.


HMV JapanHMV GroupHis Master's Voice
HMV is a UK-based music and film retailer (registered in England as Sunrise Records and Entertainment Ltd.). The first HMV-branded store was opened by the Gramophone Company on Oxford Street in 1921, and the HMV name was also used for television and radio sets manufactured from the 1930s onwards. The retail side of the business began to expand in the 1960s, and in 1998 was divested from EMI, the successor to the Gramophone Company, to form what would become HMV Group. HMV stands for His Master's Voice, the title of a painting by Francis Barraud of the mixed Terrier, Nipper listening to a cylinder phonograph, which was bought by the Gramophone Company in 1899.

Sony Music

Sony Music EntertainmentSonyCBS Records
Also on January 1, 1991, to replace the CBS label, Sony reintroduced the Columbia label worldwide, which it previously held in the United States and Canada only, after it acquired the international rights to the trademark from EMI in 1990. Japan is the only country where Sony does not have rights to the Columbia name as it is controlled by Nippon Columbia, an unrelated company. Thus, Sony Music Entertainment Japan issues labels under Sony Records. The Columbia Records trademark's rightsholder in Spain was Bertelsmann Music Group, Germany, which Sony Music subsequently subsumed via a 2004 merger, and a subsequent 2008 buyout.

Warner Music Group

Warner MusicWEAWarner
In 2013, Warner acquired longtime EMI division Parlophone, along with EMI Classics and some regional EMI labels, from UMG for £487 million (around $764.54 million US). This news came after reports that WMG was in talks to acquire EMI's recorded music business, which was eventually bought by Universal. The European Commission approved the sale in May 2013, and Warner closed the acquisition on July 1. The EMI Classics roster was absorbed into Warner Classics and the Virgin Classics roster was absorbed into the revived Erato Records. In November 2013, WMG paid Universal an additional €30 million for Parlophone, following an arbitration process in respect to the original sale price.

Decca Records

DeccaDecca ClassicsDecca Record Company
In a reversal of the usual situation, in which American Decca had released original Broadway cast albums of three Rodgers and Hammerstein shows, this was the only film soundtrack album of a Rodgers and Hammerstein show ever released by Decca, while the Broadway cast album had been released by Columbia Masterworks. The American RCA label severed its longtime affiliation with EMI's His Master's Voice (HMV) label in 1957, which allowed British Decca to market and distribute Elvis Presley's recordings in the UK on the RCA label (later RCA Victor). British Decca had several missed opportunities.

Stateside Records

Stateside$tatesideStateside label
It was through EMI's relationship with Vee-Jay and Swan that pre-1964 recordings by the Beatles were released by those labels in the U.S. when EMI's American subsidiary Capitol turned them down. Stateside's black label design, with a large '45' for singles and a coloured logo for albums, was the model for the new-look Columbia, Parlophone and HMV labels which were introduced the following year.

Minos EMI

MinosEMI Music GreeceEMI Greece
Minos EMI is a record company based in Athens, Greece. The company serves as the Greek record label and offices of the multinational Universal Music Group. EMI is credited for founding the record business in Greece in the 1930s, by producing the first records and building the country's first recording studio. In 1930, British Columbia Graphophone Company and Gramophone Company, which a year later merged to form EMI Group, formed a partnership along with Greek investor Lambropoulos Brothers Limited to produce records in Greece. By 1931, company operations were in full swing and the first disc produced in Greece had been pressed under the company name EMIAL.


EMI ElectrolaEMI Electrola GmbHIntercord
In March 1931 Electrola, with its parent label and Carl Lindström Company parent Columbia Graphophone Company, merged to form the Electric & Musical Industries Ltd. (EMI). The German EMI company was first called Lindstrom-Electrola. After World War II, it acquired the German rights to the His Master's Voice trademark from Deutsche Grammophon in 1949. In 2002, Electrola was merged with the German branch of Virgin Records to form EMI Music Germany. With the acquisition of most of EMI by Universal Music Group in 2012, UMG now handles the German EMI and Electrola back catalog. The original HMV logo has continued as the label's logo over time.

London Symphony Orchestra

London SymphonyThe London Symphony OrchestraLSO
HMV's Fred Gaisberg, who supervised the sessions, wrote of "virtuoso playing which was unique at that time". Since then, according to the orchestra's website, the LSO has made more recordings than any other orchestra, a claim endorsed by Gramophone magazine. In 1920 the LSO signed a three-year contract with the Columbia Graphophone Company and what Jolly calls "a magnificent series of recordings" followed. Under Felix Weingartner the orchestra recorded Mozart (Symphony No 39), Beethoven (the Fifth, Seventh and Eighth Symphonies) and Brahms's First.

List of record labels

List of independent record labelsJoy Records (New York)major label
For lists of record labels, see:

List of EMI labels

EMI GoldEMI FranceBack Porch
EMI Classics. Parlophone Records. Regal Recordings. RAK Records. Virgin Records. Chrysalis Records. Apple Records. CJ E&M Music and Live. Primary Wave Records. Ruffhouse. Alter Bridge Recordings. Nettwerk Productions. 2kSounds. Columbia Graphophone Company (EMI's Columbia Records, outside the United States, until the 1980s). Ministry of Sound Australia (Australian subsidiary of Ministry of Sound, now operating independently with distribution handled by Universal Music Australia). EMI Films. His Master's Voice. RAK Records. Regal Zonophone Records. Studio 2 Stereo Records. EMI Records Group. Enigma Records. SBK Records. Pendulum Records. Wild Pitch Records. Top Rank Records. I.R.S. Records.

Phonograph record

The ultimately dominant "45/45" stereophonic record system was invented by Alan Blumlein of EMI in 1931 and patented the same year. EMI cut the first stereo test discs using the system in 1933 (see Bell Labs Stereo Experiments of 1933) although the system was not exploited commercially until much later. In this system, each of two stereo channels is carried independently by a separate groove wall, each wall face moving at 45 degrees to the plane of the record surface (hence the system's name) in correspondence with the signal level of that channel. By convention, the inner wall carries the left-hand channel and the outer wall carries the right-hand channel.

Elgar Violin Concerto discography

Electrical recording, introduced in the 1920s, gave a greatly improved dynamic range and realism, and the two leading English record companies, Columbia and His Master's Voice (HMV) both made recordings of the concerto that remain in the catalogue. The first was made for Columbia by Albert Sammons with the New Queen's Hall Orchestra conducted by Sir Henry Wood. Elgar's own recording with the young Yehudi Menuhin followed three years later. Since then there have been more than twenty-five further recordings, featuring British and international performers.

The Beatles' Decca audition

auditionDecca auditionauditioned
Manager Brian Epstein met with record companies in London to secure a record contract, and he was rejected by many, including Columbia, HMV, Pye, Philips, and Oriole. After Epstein had meetings with both EMI and Decca at the start of December 1961, Decca A&R executive Mike Smith travelled to Liverpool to see the Beatles perform at The Cavern Club, and was impressed enough to ask Epstein to bring the band down to London for a test in Decca's recording studios, scheduled for 1 January 1962. Neil Aspinall drove the Beatles down to London on New Year's Eve 1961 but lost his way, and the trip took ten hours.


Zonophone RecordsZon-O-PhoneZon-O-Phone Records
Regal Zonophone was also widely used as a catchall EMI label in foreign territories, and often in regions or nations where the main EMI Columbia and HMV logos and trademarks were disputed or held by competitors. In West Africa (primarily today's Ghana and Nigeria) Zonophone was used as a label to record and produce Sakara, Juju and Apala music on 78 rpm discs from 1928 to the early 1950s. In 1967 Regal Zonophone was revived again as an EMI label, featuring acts signed to music publisher David Platz's independent production group, Straight Ahead, several of which had seen chart action on Deram Records.

Alma Cogan

Please Mister BrownSandra Caron
She became resident singer at the Cumberland Hotel in 1949, where she was spotted by EMI producer Walter Ridley, who became her coach and signed her to HMV. Cogan's first release was "To Be Worthy of You" / "Would You", recorded on her 20th birthday. This led to her appearing regularly on comedian Dick Bentley's BBC's radio show Gently Bentley, and then becoming the vocalist for the BBC Radio comedy programme Take It From Here, replacing Joy Nichols, from 1953 to the end of its run in 1960. In 1953, whilst in the middle of recording "If I Had a Golden Umbrella", she broke into a giggle; she then played up the effect on later recordings.

When You Were Sweet Sixteen

Sweet Sixteen
Steve Conway (April 5, 1948, UK Columbia FB-3398). Josef Locke (April 16, 1948, UK Columbia DB-2409). Joe Loss and his Orchestra (vocal by Howard Jones) (Recorded in London, March 11, 1948; released by EMI on the His Master's Voice label BD 6007). The Mills Brothers (January 1950, Decca 24764). The Chordettes (1950). The Ink Spots (1959). Etta Jones (1975,on Westbound Records album). The Fureys with Davey Arthur, who took it to number 14 in the UK in October 1981. Glen Campbell (1985, on It's Just a Matter of Time). Tommy Fleming (2009, on Live at Saint Patrick's Cathedral [DVD]). Barry Manilow (2010, on The Greatest Love Songs of All Time). Jim Whitman (2011, on A Little Bit of Country).

World Record Club

World RecordsWRC
In 1971 he joined the EMI International Classical Division to work on Karajan recordings, but also expanded his work on historical transfers. It was during the mid to late 1970s that the Retrospect series came to prominence under the WRC label. These records were dedicated to re-issues of material mostly from 78rpm records, mainly old Columbia and His Master's Voice material from the 1920s to 1940s. There were several major projects, including the reissue of the early Thomas Beecham Delius Society recordings, and welcome returns such as the Albert Sammons/Henry Wood Elgar concerto recording of 1929, or the Gerhard Hüsch lieder recordings.