Prisoner of war

prisoners of warPOWPOWs
Current status of Vietnam War POW/MIA. Clifford Reddish. War Memoirs of a British Army Signalman as a prisoner of the Japanese. Canada's Forgotten PoW Camps CBC Digital Archives. German army list of Stalags. German army list of Oflags. Colditz Oflag IVC POW Camp. Lamsdorf Reunited. New Zealand PoWs of Germany, Italy & Japan New Zealand Official History. Notes of Japanese soldier in a USSR prison camp after World War II. German prisoners of war in Allied hands (World War II) ICRC. World War II U.S. POW Archives. Korean War POW Archives. Historic films about POWs in World War I European Film Gateway. Jewish POW swapped by Germans in World War II.

Frank McLardy

History of the British Free Corps War and Game blog. British Free Corps Jewish Virtual Library.

Infantry

infantry regimentinfantrymanP.
United States Army Rangers. Riflemen. Royal Canadian Infantry Corps. Special forces. Pathfinder (military). English, John A., Gudmundsson, Bruce I., On Infantry, (Revised edition), The Military Profession series, Praeger Publishers, London, 1994. ISBN: 0-275-94972-9. The Times, Earl Wavell, Thursday, 19 April 1945 In Praise of Infantry. Tobin, James, Ernie Pyle's War: America's Eyewitness to World War II, Free Press, 1997. Mauldin, Bill, Ambrose, Stephen E., Up Front, W. W. Norton, 2000. Trogdon, Robert W., Ernest Hemingway: A Literary Reference, Da Capo Press, 2002. The New York Times, Maj Gen C T Shortis, British Director of Infantry, 4 February 1985.

Waffen-SS

Waffen SSSSSS division
Its formations included men from Nazi Germany, along with volunteers and conscripts from both occupied and unoccupied lands. The Waffen-SS grew from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, and served alongside the Heer (regular army), Ordnungspolizei (uniformed police) and other security units. Originally, it was under the control of the SS Führungshauptamt (SS operational command office) beneath Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler. With the start of World War II, tactical control was exercised by the High Command of the Armed Forces (OKW), with some units being subordinated to Kommandostab Reichsführer-SS (Command Staff Reichsführer-SS) directly under Himmler's control.

Roy Courlander

Francis Paul MatonRoy Nicholias Courlander
British Free Corps. List of members of the British Free Corps. Frank McLardy. Weale, Adrian, Renegades: Hitler's Englishmen. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1994. ISBN: 0-7515-1426-8. "Alleged Help To Germany." Times, London, England, 2 Oct. 1945: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 18 Feb. 2015. "Aid To Enemy Denied." Times, London, England, 3 Oct. 1945: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.

Eric Pleasants

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
In 1958, five years after the account of this meeting was published (in The Second World War), authorities of the Soviet Union denied that Stalin accepted the "imperialist proposal". One of the conclusions of the Yalta Conference was that the Allies would return all Soviet citizens that found themselves in the Allied zone to the Soviet Union. This immediately affected the Soviet prisoners of war liberated by the Allies, but was also extended to all Eastern European refugees. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn called the Operation Keelhaul "the last secret" of the Second World War. The operation decided the fate of up to two million post-war refugees fleeing eastern Europe.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
SS formations committed many war crimes against civilians and allied servicemen. From 1935 onward, the SS spearheaded the persecution of Jews, who were rounded up into ghettos and concentration camps. With the outbreak of World War II, the SS Einsatzgruppen units followed the army into Poland and the Soviet Union, where from 1941 to 1945 they killed more than two million people, including 1.3 million Jews. A third of the Einsatzgruppen members were recruited from Waffen-SS personnel. The SS-Totenkopfverbände (death's head units) ran the concentration camps and extermination camps, where millions more were killed. Up to 60,000 Waffen-SS men served in the camps.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
British forces played an important role in the Normandy landings of 1944, achieved with its United States ally. After the end of the Second World War in 1945, the UK was one of the Big Four powers (along with the U.S., the Soviet Union, and China) who met to plan the post-war world; it was an original signatory to the Declaration of the United Nations. The UK became one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and worked closely with the United States to establish the IMF, World Bank and NATO. The war left the UK severely weakened and depending financially on the Marshall Plan.

John Amery

JohnJack
John Amery (14 March 1912 – 19 December 1945) was a pro-Nazi British fascist who during World War II proposed to the Wehrmacht formation of a British volunteer force (that rapidly became a small unit, the British Free Corps, based in Germany), as well as making recruitment efforts and propaganda broadcasts for Nazi Germany. He later gave direct support to Benito Mussolini. He was prosecuted by the British and pled guilty to eight counts of high treason, for which he was mandatorily sentenced to execution, seven months after the war in Europe ended.

No. 4 Commando

4 CommandoNo.4 Commando4
'''No. 4 Commando''' was a battalion-sized British Army commando unit, formed in 1940 early in the Second World War. Although it was raised to conduct small-scale raids and harass garrisons along the coast of German occupied France, it was mainly employed as a highly trained infantry assault unit. The unit's first operation was the successful raid on the Lofoten Islands on 4 March 1941. The next two planned operations were both cancelled and it was not until 22 April 1942 that No. 4 Commando took part in another raid, Operation Abercrombie, a raid on the French coastal town of Hardelot. On 22 August 1942, No. 4 was one of three commando units selected for the Dieppe raid.

Adrian Weale

Weale, Adrian
One of his books, Renegades: Hitler's Englishmen gives a detailed account of British traitors and collaborators during World War II, including William Joyce, John Amery and the British Free Corps. Weale is a founding member of the British Armed Forces Federation (BAFF). Fighting Fit: The SAS Fitness Guide (1993). ISBN: 0-7528-0589-4. Renegades: Hitler's Englishmen (1994). ISBN: 0-297-81488-5. Eyewitness: Hiroshima (1995). ISBN: 1-85487-392-X. Green-Eyed Boys: 3 Para and the Battle for Mount Longdon (1996). ISBN: 0-00-255590-5. Secret Warfare: Special Operations Forces from the Great Game to the SAS (1997). The Real SAS (1998). ISBN: 0-283-06235-5.

No. 3 Commando

3 Commando3No. 3 (Army) Commando
'''No. 3 Commando''' was a battalion-sized Commando unit raised by the British Army during the Second World War. Formed in July 1940 from volunteers for special service, it was the first such unit to carry the title of "Commando". Shortly afterwards the unit was involved in a largely unsuccessful raid upon the German-occupied Channel Island of Guernsey.

Douglas Berneville-Claye

Many readers' first acquaintance with the British Free Corps came in Jack Higgins's Second World War thriller The Eagle Has Landed. In the novel, a BFC Officer named Harvey Preston, who is patterned on Berneville-Claye, is attached to a Fallschirmjäger unit which attempts to kidnap Winston Churchill. A convinced Nazi and petty criminal, Preston is viewed with disgust by all members of the German unit. *British Security Service files on him are held by The National Archives under references KV 2/626 and KV 2/627. * BBC article on Douglas Berneville-Claye Ronald Seth. Jackals of the Reich. The Story of the British Free Corps.

Friesack Camp

Stalag XX-A (301)
List of prisoner-of-war camps in Germany. The Emergency. Plan W. British Free Corps. John Amery. Irish Republican Army – Abwehr collaboration in World War II. Bibliography. Hull, Mark M. Irish Secrets. German Espionage in Wartime Ireland 1939-1945, 2003, ISBN: 0-7165-2756-1. Stephan, Enno Spies in Ireland, 1963, ISBN: 1-131-82692-2 (reprint). O'Reilly, Terence Hitler's Irishmen 2008 ISBN: 1-85635-589-6.

Operation Fusilade

DieppeDieppe was liberatedFusilade
Operation Fusilade was the planned set piece assault on the French port of Dieppe during the Second World War. In the event, the German occupiers, not having received orders to hold the town, had evacuated shortly before and the operation was largely cancelled. The 8th Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars) of the 2nd Canadian Division entered the town unopposed on September 1, 1944, to a warm welcome from the French inhabitants. The planned bombing of the town was hastily cancelled. The nearby small fishing port of Le Treport was taken on the same day by the 3rd Canadian Division.

John Codd

Codd and his wife returned to Dublin after the war. Upon his return, he was arrested by Irish Military Intelligence (G2) and interrogated/debriefed on his experiences. In 1948, unable to find a job in post-Emergency Dublin, he eventually wrote a letter to the Secretary of the Irish Minister of Defence offering to demonstrate his ability in such areas as "small arms, grenades, patrolling". The secretary turned him down. * * "Laois's Very Own Nazi" Irish Archives British Free Corps. John Amery. The Emergency. Plan W. IRA Abwehr World War II - Main article on IRA Nazi links. Operation Green (Ireland). Operation Lobster. Operation Lobster I. Operation Seagull (Ireland). Operation Seagull I.

Indian Legion

Indische LegionFree India LegionTiger Legion
British Free Corps. Free Arabian Legion. Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind.

Collaboration with the Axis Powers

collaborationistNazi collaboratorcollaborators
In Jersey and Guernsey, laws were passed to retrospectively confiscate the financial gains made by war profiteers and black marketeers, although these measures also affected those who had made legitimate profits during the years of military occupation. During the occupation, cases of women fraternising with German soldiers had aroused indignation among some citizens. In the hours following the liberation, members of the British liberating forces were obliged to intervene to prevent revenge attacks. The British Free Corps (German: Britisches Freikorps) was a unit of the Waffen SS during World War II consisting of British and Dominion prisoners of war who had been recruited by the Nazis.

2nd Canadian Division during World War II

2nd Canadian Infantry Division2ndCanadian 2nd Infantry Division
The 2nd Canadian Division, an infantry division of the Canadian Army, was mobilized for war service on 1September 1939 at the outset of World War II. Adopting the designation of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, it was initially composed of volunteers within brigades established along regional lines, though a halt in recruitment in the early months of the war caused a delay in the formation of brigade and divisional headquarters.

Red Army

Soviet Red ArmySoviet ArmySoviet
Only in the Second World War did deep operations come into play. The Red army was involved in armed conflicts in the Republic of China during the Sino-Soviet conflict (1929), the Soviet Invasion of Xinjiang (1934), when it was assisted by White Russian forces, and the Xinjiang rebellion (1937). The Red Army achieved its objectives; it maintained effective control over the Manchurian Chinese Eastern Railway, and successfully installed a pro-Soviet regime in Xinjiang. The Winter War (talvisota, vinterkriget, Зи́мняя война́) was a war between the Soviet Union and Finland.

Battle of Verrières Ridge

Verrières RidgeBattle of Verrieres RidgeBourguébus Ridge
Counter-attacks by two Panzer divisions threw the South Saskatchewans back past their support lines and their supporting battalion—the Essex Scottish—came under attack. The Essex Scottish lost over 300 men as it tried to hold back the advance of the 12th SS Panzer Division, while to the east the remainder of I SS Panzer Corps engaged British forces in Operation Goodwood, the largest armoured battle of the campaign. By the end of the day, the South Saskatchewans had taken 282 casualties and the ridge was still in enemy hands.

The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada

Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of CanadaQueen's Own Cameron Highlanders79th Cameron Highlanders of Canada
The battalion took part in Operation Jubilee, the Dieppe Raid, on 19 August 1942. It returned to France on 7 July 1944, as part of the 6th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war. The overseas battalion disbanded on 30 November 1945. The regiment contributed an aggregate of more than 20% of its authorized strength to the various Task Forces which served in Afghanistan between 2002 and 2014. In the list below, battle honours in small capitals were awarded for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles.

Kenneth Berry (British Free Corps)

Kenneth Berry
Kenneth Edward Jordan Berry was a British seaman who was taken prisoner of war in 1940 when his ship was sunk. While in prison camp he was persuaded to join the British Free Corps of the Waffen-SS as an SS-Mann during the Second World War. He was associated with the unit until 29 April 1945, when he could not be found when the Corps were leaving Neustrelitz, and was left behind. He received a nine-month sentence after the War, 'the lightest sentence passed on any traitor'. Kenneth Berry was born on 17 November 1925 at Devonport in Devon the son of Samuel Jordan Berry, an Admiralty police constable and Beatrice Amy (née Collins).