laid offdownsizingredundant
For example, in Canada, Dorion (1995) states that white-collar workers who have been made redundant receive higher re-employment wages, than those in blue-collar occupations as their job is regarded as being of a higher status than blue collar workers, whereas in France, Margolis (1999, 2002) finds that workers who have been laid off have smaller unemployment periods and higher re-employment earnings in comparison with other unemployed people. The amount of compensation will usually depend on what level the employee holds in the company. Packages may also vary if the employee is laid off, or voluntarily quits in the face of a layoff (VRIF).

Tiggy Legge-Bourke

TiggyTiggy PettiferAlexandra "Tiggy" Legge-Bourke
In 1993, shortly after Charles, Prince of Wales, and his wife, Diana, Princess of Wales had separated, Charles hired Legge-Bourke as nanny to their two sons. As the royal nanny, she soon began to make headlines. Early controversy came when she said scornfully of the Princess of Wales's attitude towards her sons: "I give them what they need at this stage, fresh air, a rifle and a horse. She gives them a tennis racket and a bucket of popcorn at the movies". It was also considered to be a gaffe when Legge-Bourke referred to William and Harry as "my babies". She often went with the princes on holidays.


labor forceworkerworkers
According to a study done by Jacques Charmes, in the year 2000 informal labour made up 57% of non-agricultural employment, 40% of urban employment, and 83% of the new jobs in Latin America. That same year, informal labour made up 78% of non-agricultural employment, 61% of urban employment, and 93% of the new jobs in Africa. Particularly after an economic crisis, labourers tend to shift from the formal sector to the informal sector. This trend was seen after the Asian economic crisis which began in 1997. Gender is frequently associated with informal labour.


wageswage ratelabor costs
Payment by wage contrasts with salaried work, in which the employer pays an arranged amount at steady intervals (such as a week or month) regardless of hours worked, with commission which conditions pay on individual performance, and with compensation based on the performance of the company as a whole. Waged employees may also receive tips or gratuity paid directly by clients and employee benefits which are non-monetary forms of compensation. Since wage labour is the predominant form of work, the term "wage" sometimes refers to all forms (or all monetary forms) of employee compensation.


In less developed nations, various factors ensure a labour source for domestic work: very large differences in the income of urban and rural households, widespread poverty, fewer educated women, and limited opportunities for the employment of less educated women. Maids perform typical domestic chores such as laundry, ironing, cleaning the house, grocery shopping, cooking, and caring for household pets. They may also take care of children, although there are more specific occupations for this, such as nanny. In some poor countries, maids take care of the elderly and people with disabilities. Many maids are required by their employers to wear a uniform.


Kraamzorg is a service in the Netherlands and Belgium where postnatal care is provided to a new mother and her baby in the initial eight to 10 days immediately after birth.

Margaretta Eagar

Zeepvat, Charlotte, From Cradle to Crown: British Nannies and Governesses at the World's Royal Courts, Sutton Publishing, ASIN B000GREBC0. Alexander Palace Diaries. "Who was Margaretta Eagar".

Wage slavery

wage-slaverywage slavewage slaves
Job interviews and other data on requirements for lower skilled workers in developed countries – particularly in the growing service sector – indicate that the more workers depend on low wages and the less skilled or desirable their job is, the more employers screen for workers without better employment options and expect them to feign unremunerative motivation. Such screening and feigning may not only contribute to the positive self-image of the employer as someone granting desirable employment, but also signal wage-dependence by indicating the employee's willingness to feign, which in turn may discourage the dissatisfaction normally associated with job-switching or union activity.

Manual labour

manual laborlaborlabour
The first and most basic method is the domestic labour market within one country (or region thereof), in which workers compete with each other for jobs. Within this market, further market segmentation is possible. Businesses try to avoid overtime (when practical). They often try to avoid employing full-time employees (FTEs) in favor of part-time employees (PTEs) or contingent workers (for example, temporary workers, freelancers, cottage workers, contractors (who may have subcontractors), or day labourers), all of which usually entail less obligation for employee benefits (compensation beyond the wages themselves).

Nursery (room)

nurserynurserieschild's nursery
The nurse (nanny) and nursemaid (assistant) slept in the suite too, to be within earshot of the sleeping children. The schoolroom might also be adjacent, but the governess, whose job it was to teach the children, would not be part of the nursery; she would have her own bedroom, possibly in another wing. Fictional portrayals of nurseries abound, for example in the writings of Kipling and E. Nesbit; perhaps the most famous nursery is that in the 1964 Disney live action and animated film Mary Poppins, or the nursery in the 1953 Disney animated film Peter Pan and the nursery in Jim Henson's Muppet Babies.

Elizabeth Everest

Elizabeth Ann EverestMrs. Elizabeth Everest
Elizabeth Ann Everest (c. 1832 – 3 July 1895) was Winston Churchill's beloved nurse and nanny, and an important figure in his early life. She was born in Chatham, Kent. She was never married; "Mrs" was an honorific given to nannies and cooks as a courtesy. One of her early jobs was for the family of Thompson Phillips, a clergyman in Cumberland, where she brought up Ella Phillips for 12 years. She went into service with the Churchill family at the beginning of 1875, a month after Winston's birth. Later she was responsible for his younger brother Jack as well.

Monthly nurse

monthly nurses
The job still exists, although it now might be described as "postnatal doula" or "maternity nurse" or "newborn care specialist" - all specialist sorts of nannies. A modern version of this rest period has evolved, to give maximum support to the new mother, especially if she is recovering from a difficult labour and delivery. It is especially popular in China and its diaspora, where postpartum confinement is known as "sitting the month". These workers can come to the new mother's home, either daily or to live in for the month. Conversely, they may work in a central setting, where the new mothers come after they leave the hospital.

Nanny 911

Deborah CarrollLilian Sperling
Head Nanny Lilian and the other nannies – "Nanny Deb" (Deborah Carroll), "Nanny Stella" (Stella Reid), and "Nanny Yvonne" (originally Yvonne Shove, later replaced by Yvonne Finnerty for unspecified reasons) discuss the clip, whereupon Lilian announces (based on the major need; each nanny specializes in one area, such as proper etiquette or controlling temper tantrums) which nanny will visit the family. The nannies are featured visiting the family in traditional nanny dress (similar to that worn by Mary Poppins).

Employment contract

contract of employmentcontractemployment contracts
Employment opportunity limitations. Grounds for termination. Employment#Employment contract. Collective bargaining. Job description. Labour law. Labor union. Work for hire. First Employment Contract and New Employment Contract in France. Master and Servant Act. Adair v. United States, 209 U.S. 161, 175 (1908) "the employer and the employee have equality of right and any legislation that disturbs that equality is an arbitrary interference with the liberty of contract which no government can legally justify in our free land.”.

Wet nurse

wetnursewet nursingnurse
Sometimes the wetnurse came to live with the infant's family, filling a position between the monthly nurse (for the immediate post-partum period) and the nanny. In some cultures the wetnurse is simply hired as any other employee. In others, however, she has a special relationship with the family, which may incur kinship rights. In Vietnamese family structure, for example, the wetnurse is known as Nhũ mẫu, mẫu meaning "mother". Islam has a highly codified system of milk kinship known as rada.

Domestic worker

servantdomestic servantdomestic service
Ayah – a job that is similar to a nanny's. Babysitter – a worker who minds the children of someone else. Bedder / bedmaker – a worker who makes the beds. Between maid – an in-between maid whose duties are half in the reception rooms and half in the kitchen. Bodyguard – a worker who protects his employer. Boot boy – a young male servant, employed mostly to perform footwear maintenance and minor auxiliary tasks. Butler – a senior employee usually found in larger households, almost invariably a man, whose duties traditionally include overseeing the wine cellar, the silverware and some oversight of the other, usually male, servants.

Maximilian I of Mexico

Emperor MaximilianMaximilianMaximilian I
Until his sixth birthday, he was cared for by Baroness Louise von Sturmfeder, who was his aja (then rendered "nurse", now nanny). Afterward, his education was entrusted to a tutor. Most of Maximilian's day was spent in study. The hours per week of classes steadily increased from 32 at age seven to 55 by the time he was 17. The disciplines were diverse, ranging from history, geography, law and technology, to languages, military studies, fencing and diplomacy. In addition to his native German, he eventually learned to speak Hungarian, Slovak, English, French, Italian and Spanish.

Sandra Samuel

Real-life hero: When nanny turned saviour. A Mumbai miracle turns tragic.

Side job

side hustle
Millennials are the most likely to have a side job, usually in order to have a financial "safety net", leading to them being considered the "side hustle generation". However, they are also common as a means to pay off student loans, as well as to leverage one's creativity in ways that would normally not be feasible in the typical workplace. When a person's primary job only provides income so that they may pursue their preferred side job, it is typically known as a "day job". Part-time contract. Workaholic. Work-life balance.


If a corporation operates outside its home state, it is often required to register with other governments as a foreign corporation, and is almost always subject to laws of its host state pertaining to employment, crimes, contracts, civil actions, and the like. Corporations generally have a distinct name. Historically, some corporations were named after their membership: for instance, "The President and Fellows of Harvard College". Nowadays, corporations in most jurisdictions have a distinct name that does not need to make reference to their membership.


List of largest employers. Effectual calling. Otium. Religious calling. Trade (occupation). Vocational discernment in the Catholic Church. Vocational education.

The Hand That Rocks the Cradle (film)

The Hand That Rocks the CradleThe Fist that Rocks the CradleThe Hand That Rocks the Cradle'' (film)
Ebert praised De Mornay's performance in the film, saying, "she does, I think, a very good job, a very, very sound job of being the villainess in this film and I think it's an effective performance" and that he found the scenes of the children "very interesting because I saw them as a portrait of the evil of that woman." Vincent Canby of The New York Times said of the film that "The Hand That Rocks the Cradle is meant to scare audiences more or less in the way that the patrons of the early nickelodeons were frightened when they saw the image of a train rushing at them.

The Nanny (1965 film)

The Nanny1965Nanny, The
. * Psycho-biddy * Bette Davis is The Nanny (TCM Movie Morlocks). Bette Davis is The Nanny (TCM Movie Morlocks). Bette Davis is The Nanny (TCM Movie Morlocks).


contract lawcontractsagreement
Statutes or judicial rulings may create implied contractual terms, particularly in standardized relationships such as employment or shipping contracts. The Uniform Commercial Code of the United States also imposes an implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing in performance and enforcement of contracts covered by the Code. In addition, Australia, Israel and India imply a similar good faith term through laws. In England, some contracts (insurance and partnerships) require utmost good faith, while others may require good faith (employment contracts and agency). Most English contracts do not need any good faith, provided that the law is met.


This job used to be known in English as a monthly nurse, but now may be called a "postnatal doula" or "maternity nurse" or "newborn care specialist" - all specialist sorts of nannies. The main tenants of Sanhujori emphasize activities and foods that keep the body warm, rest and relaxation to maximize the body’s return to its normal state, maintaining cleanliness, eating nutritious foods, and peace of mind and heart. To facilitate recovery after childbirth, many Korean mothers consume the specific type of Korean traditional cuisines, which is commonly called "Sanhujori foods."