Independent contractor

contractorindependent contractorscontractors
In many jurisdictions, occupational safety and health regulations are less comprehensive for independent contractors. 1) where the contractor injures an invitee to the real property of the employer. 2) the contractor is involved in an ultra-hazardous activity (one likely to cause substantial injury, such as blasting with explosives), or. 3) the employer is estopped from denying liability because he has held out the independent contractor as if he were simply an employee or agent. 4) the employer is involved in an operation subject to obligations imposed by a public authority. Independent Contractor Rights. Independent Contractor vs. Employee – IRS (U.S.).

Louise von Sturmfeder

She was put in charge of the early upbringing of the royal infants, as aja (then rendered "nurse", now nanny - but see also ayah) to Franz Joseph I of Austria, his brother Maximilian I of Mexico and his other siblings. She distrusted doctors and prescribed fresh air for her charges. At first, she favoured the elder boy over the second, with unfortunate effects on the latter's character. *Governess of the Children of France Otto Ernst: Franz Joseph I. in seinen Briefen. Rikola Verlag, Wien 1924, hauptsächlich Seiten 44–47. Ferdinand Anders, Klaus Eggert: Maximilian von Mexiko. Niederösterreichisches Verlagshaus St. Pölten, 1982.

Youth unemployment

unemployedunemploymentunemployment of youth
One global survey found that more than 55% of employers worldwide believe there is a "skill crisis" as businesses witness a growing mismatch between the skills students learn in the education system and those required in the workplace. For many governments, a key question is how they can bridge this gap and ensure that young people are equipped with the skills employers are looking for. First, a high level of employment protection regulations causes employers to be cautious about hiring more than a minimum number of workers, since they cannot easily be laid off during a downturn, or fired if a new employee should turn out to be unmotivated or incompetent.

Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

Fair Labor Standards ActFLSAfair labor standards
Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, an employer must pay each employee the minimum wage, unless the employee is "engaged in an occupation in which the employee customarily and regularly receives more than $30 a month in tips." If the employee's wage does not equal minimum wage, including tips, the employer must make up the difference. However, the employee must be allowed to keep all tips, either individually or through a tip pool. A tip pool may also contain only "employees who customarily and regularly receive tips." "The phrase 'customarily and regularly' signifies a frequency which must be greater than occasional, but which may be less than constant."

The Nanny Diaries

Nanny Hutchinsonnovel of the same name
X fires her after the interaction between Nanny and Grayer, jealous that her son sees Nanny as a mother over her. The X's force Nanny to leave without letting her say goodbye to Grayer, something that haunts her. In a rage, Nanny records herself on the "NannyCam", accusing the X's of being bad parents and begging them to love their son. While working for the X's, Nanny meets and falls in love with a boy who lives in the same building as the X's, someone she nicknamed "Harvard Hottie", as that is where he went to school. In the sequel, Nanny Returns twelve years have passed since the conclusion of the first book.

Industrial relations

Labor Relationslabor studieslabor-management relations
The pluralist camp sees the employment relationship as a mixture of shared interests and conflicts of interests that are largely limited to the employment relationship. In the workplace, pluralists, therefore, champion grievance procedures, employee voice mechanisms such as works councils and trade unions, collective bargaining, and labour–management partnerships. In the policy arena, pluralists advocate for minimum wage laws, occupational health and safety standards, international labour standards, and other employment and labour laws and public policies.

Internal Revenue Code

U.S. tax codetax codeIRC
Section 401: Qualified pension, profit-sharing, and stock bonus plans. paragraph (a) ("401(a)"): employer-sponsored retirement plan for employees of state and local governments and certain tax-exempt entities. Section 402A ("Roth 401(k)"): Optional treatment of elective deferrals as Roth contributions. Section 403: Taxation of employee annuities. Section 408: Individual Retirement Accounts. Section 408A: Roth IRAs. Part II: Methods of Accounting . Subpart B: Taxable Year for Which Items of Gross Income Included . Subchapter F: Exempt Organizations . Part I: General Rule .

Severance package

severance payseveranceseverance payment
The payments in some cases will continue only until the former employee has found another job. In February 2010, a ruling in the Western District of Michigan held that severance pay is not subject to FICA taxes, but it was overturned by the Supreme Court in March 2014. Employers are required to pay severance pay after an employee working in Puerto Rico is terminated. Employees are not permitted to waive this payment. Severance pay is not required if the employee was terminated with "just cause."


Women are seen as being untrainable, placed in un-skilled, low wage jobs, while men are seen as more trainable with less turnover rates, and placed in more high skilled technical jobs. The idea of training has become a tool used against women to blame them for their high turnover rates which also benefit the industry keeping women as temporary workers.

Job performance

performancework performance performance
There are differences in the extent to which job performance is predicted by intelligence depending on the occupation. A 1998 meta-analysis of the predictors of job performance for salesperson found that extraversion and conscientiousness predicted both ratings and sales, but general cognitive ability and age correlated with ratings but not sales. Social skills, a good mentor and interpersonal virtues predict career success, a concept related to job performance, and happiness, better than high education, IQ or cerebral virtues, except for certain occupations like theoretical physics.

Melissa & Joey

Melissa and Joey
Joseph Paul "Joe" Longo (Joey Lawrence) is a former executive and commodities trader with an MBA who lost his job, money and marriage in the wake of Mel's brother-in-law's Ponzi scheme and wound up living in his car. Seeing that Mel needed help raising her niece and nephew (and that he needed a job), he has agreed to be the live-in nanny to assist Mel and give advice to the kids. He was born in a U.S. Army hospital in Uijeongbu, South Korea, and raised in Secaucus, New Jersey. He also has a brother named Tony who briefly dated Mel and a sister named Teresa. It was revealed he has a 13-year-old daughter named Dani (Jada Facer) with a woman named Felicia (Brooke Burke-Charvet).

Modern Family

Familia ModernaModern Family'' (season 9)Modern-er Family
Late Night with Jimmy Fallon writer Ali Waller asked her Twitter followers "If Modern Family is so 'modern' then why don't any of the women have jobs?" Other authors reinforce this criticism, claiming that stay-at-home mothers are no longer the norm in today's society. In season 4 of the show, the character Claire Dunphy reveals that she had been trying to find work now that her three kids didn't need a stay-at-home mother as much anymore, but that she found it tough to reenter the job market after such a long hiatus, despite her holding a college degree. In season 5, Claire returns to work with a job at her father Jay Pritchett's closet company.


SupernianiaJo Frost: SOS genitori (''Supernanny'')Super Nanny
Take Home Nanny. World's Worst Mom (TV show with the same premise—helping parents). Nanny 911. Supernanny channel 4 website. Official YouTube channel.

The Manny Files

Keats Dalinger, a shy young boy, learns how to be more outgoing and self-confident after his family hires a new Manny (male nanny) which is a word play for the words "man" and "nanny". Keats is a small boy who has many troubles at school and an ailing grandmother at home. The Manny is a homosexual, as revealed at the end of the novel, when he and Keats' Uncle Max share a kiss. The book is told in First-person narrative with Keats as the narrator. This story revolves around Keats and his family’s adventure with their Manny (Male Nanny). It also showed how Keats was struggling with his self-confidence and with the help of their manny, was able to overcome it.

Take Home Nanny

Take Home Nanny is an hour-long reality show. It originally aired on TLC. The show features professional nanny Emma Jenner whose basic approach instills manners, encourages boundaries and discipline. In each episode, Jenner visits the home of families across America helping them instill some order within their households. Jenner introduces herself to a family at their home. The family identify a forthcoming event in which Jenner needs to get the children ready for. She spends a day observing both the parents and children to identify their problems. Jenner works closely with the family, giving them the advice and tools necessary to fix undesirable behavior, bringing harmony into the home.

International Labour Organization

ILOInternational Labour OrganisationInternational Labour Office
In June 1998 the International Labour Conference adopted a Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its follow-up that obligates member states to respect, promote and realize freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining, the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour, the effective abolition of child labour, and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.

Small business

small businessesmom and popsmall business owner
Marketing plan In the US, small businesses (fewer than five hundred employees) account for more than half the non-farm, private GDP and around half the private sector employment. Regarding small business, the top job provider is those with fewer than ten employees, and those with ten or more but fewer than twenty employees comes in as the second, and those with twenty or more but fewer than one hundred employees comes in as the third (interpolation of data from the following references). The most recent data shows firms with fewer than twenty employees account for slightly more than 18% of the employment.

Party (law)

partypartiesthird party
A party is a person or group of persons that compose a single entity which can be identified as one for the purposes of the law. Parties include: plaintiff (person filing suit), defendant (person sued or charged with a crime), petitioner (files a petition asking for a court ruling), respondent (usually in opposition to a petition or an appeal), cross-complainant (a defendant who sues someone else in the same lawsuit), or cross-defendant (a person sued by a cross-complainant). A person who only appears in the case as a witness is not considered a party.